**40**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### What does a projective resolution mean geometrically?

For R a commutative ring and M an R-module, we can always find a projective resolution of M which replaces M by a sequence of projective R-modules. But as R is commutative, we can consider the affine ...

**38**

votes

**5**answers

4k views

### Intuition about the cotangent complex?

Does anyone have an answer to the question "What does the cotangent complex measure?"
Algebraic intuitions (like "homology measures how far a sequence is from being exact") are as welcome as ...

**29**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### Simplicial objects

How should one think about simplicial objects in a category versus actual objects in that category? For example, both for intuition and for practical purposes, what's the difference between a ...

**28**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### A down-to-earth introduction to the uses of derived categories

When I was learning about spectral sequences, one of the most helpful sources I found was Ravi Vakil's notes here. These notes are very down-to-earth and give a kind of minimum knowledge needed about ...

**27**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### How to think about model categories?

I've read about model categories from an Appendix to one of Lurie's papers.
What are the examples of model categories? What should be my intuition about them?
E.g. I understand the typical examples ...

**24**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### What (if anything) unifies stable homotopy theory and Grothendieck's six functors formalism?

I know of two very general frameworks for describing generalizations of what a "cohomology theory" should be: Grothendieck's "six functors", and the theory of spectra.
In the former, one assigns to ...

**23**

votes

**9**answers

2k views

### What is a deformation of a category?

I have several naive and possibly stupid questions about deformations of categories. I hope that someone can at least point me to some appropriate references.
What is a deformation of a (linear, dg, ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### How do I know the derived category is NOT abelian?

I have heard the claim that the derived category of an abelian category is in general additive but not abelian. If this is true there should be some toy example of a (co)kernel that should be there ...

**22**

votes

**1**answer

646 views

### Which properties of a variety are detected by its derived category of coherent sheaves?

Context: I'm giving an informal seminar/reading group collection of talks on derived categories, following on from earlier talks giving the abstract definition. I am starting to talk about ...

**20**

votes

**6**answers

4k views

### Heuristic behind the Fourier-Mukai transform

What is the heuristic idea behind the Fourier-Mukai transform? What is the connection to the classical Fourier transform?
Moreover, could someone recommend a concise introduction to the subject?

**19**

votes

**1**answer

495 views

### Why would one “attempt” to define points of a motive as $\operatorname{Ext}^1(\mathbb{Q}(0),M)$?

I'm a novice when it comes to motives. (I've read multiple introductory texts.)
I'm attempting to read Galois Theory and Diophantine geometry by Minhyong Kim. In it, he says that "One might attempt, ...

**19**

votes

**0**answers

987 views

### Is there a Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch type of theorem generalizing Grothendieck's Lefschetz trace formula

Grothendieck deduced that the L-function of a (constructible) $\ell$-adic sheaf on a variety over $\mathbf{F}_p$ is rational from the generalized trace formula.
My first question is based on the ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Why are derived categories natural places to do deformation theory?

It seems to me that a lot of people do deformation theory (of schemes, sheaves, maps etc) in derived category (of an appropriate abelian category). For example, the cotangent complex of a morphism ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

607 views

### Homotopy-theoretic derived Morita equivalences

Recall that two $k$-algebras $A, B$ are Morita equivalent iff their categories of left modules are equivalent. However, this relation turns out to be rather fine and one introduces a coarser ...

**17**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Derived categories and homotopy categories

There are two constructions that look quite similar to me: the derived category of an abelian category, and the homotopy category of a model category. Is there any explicit relationship between these ...

**16**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### determinant of a perfect complex

Say $K_\bullet$ is a bounded complex of vector bundles. I seem to want the determinant of $K_\bullet$ to be the alternating tensor product of the terms of the complex:
$\det(K) = \bigotimes_n ...

**16**

votes

**4**answers

4k views

### Is the Fukaya category “defined”?

Sometimes people say that the Fukaya category is "not yet defined" in general.
What is meant by such a statement? (If it simplifies things, let's just stick with Fukaya categories of compact ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### distinguished triangles and cohomology

Start with A an abelian category and form the derived category D(A).
Take a triangle (not necessarily distinguished) and take it's cohomology. We obtain a long sequence (not necessarily exact). If the ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Why does the naive definition of compactly supported étale cohomology give the wrong answer?

Illusie's article about étale cohomology available here (in French) mentions that the standard definition of compactly supported cohomology (and higher direct images with compact support) does not ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

610 views

### How can one interpret homology and Stokes' Theorem via derived categories?

I am very far removed from being an expert on derived categories. Every few months, however, I read a different introductory text with the hope that eventually I will have some basic grasp on this ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

556 views

### When is every “solid” perfect complex faithful?

Let $R$ be a noetherian commutative ring. Consider $D^{perf}(R)=K^b(R-proj)$ the category of bounded complexes of finitely generated projective $R$-modules, with maps of complexes up to homotopy.
...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### What is a flop (and when are they conjectured to give derived equivalences)?

(1) Is the definition of flop given by Wikipedia the industry standard?
(2) Regardless of the answer to (1), when is it expected that a birational transformation gives rise to a derived ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

683 views

### Analytic Torsion in the Derived Category

I recently learned about analytic torsion and about the amazing Cheeger-Muller theorem identifying analytic and Reidemeister torsion for compact Riemannian manifolds.
Now analytic torsion is defined ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

402 views

### The derived category of integral representations of a Dynkin quiver.

Let $Q$ be a Dynkin quiver. Let $\mathbb CQ$ be its complex path algebra. It is defined in a way such that modules over $\mathbb CQ$ are the same as representations of the quiver $Q$. Let's write ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

508 views

### References for a certain generalization of Hochschild cohomology?

Let $C$ be an algebra. Let $E = C^{\otimes 2n}$ be the tensor product (over the ground field) of $2n$ copies of $C$. [EDIT: Or better, $E = C\otimes C^{op}\otimes C\otimes C^{op}\cdots\otimes C ...

**11**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Sheaves without global sections

The line bundle $O(-1)$ on a projective space or $O(-\rho)$ on a flag variety has a property that all its cohomology vanish. Is there a story behind such sheaves?
Here are more precise questions. Let ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

734 views

### Freyd-Mitchell for triangulated categories?

Is there a nice analog of the Freyd-Mitchell theorem for triangulated categories (potentially with some requirements)? Freyd-Mitchell is the theorem which says that any small abelian category is a ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Examples for Decomposition Theorem

There's an important piece of geometric knowledge usually quoted as Beilinson-Bernstein-Deligne.
Here's a refresher: by $IC$ one means the intersection complex, which is just $\mathbb Q$ for a smooth ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

932 views

### When do six operations work?

This question comes (heavily edited) from my notes, thus slightly unusual structure.
We know that algebraic maps have very strict structure, and in many settings the operations ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

692 views

### Fiber functors to derived categories

Suppose that $G$ is an algebraic group over a field $k$. Then for any $k$-algebra $R$, a fiber functor from $\text{Rep}_k(G)$ to the category of projective modules over $R$ is the same as a ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

768 views

### What is the relation between the Lie bracket on $TX$ as commutator and that coming from the Atiyah class?

Let X be a complex manifold and $TX$ its tangent bundle. The Atiyah class $\alpha(E)\in \text{Ext}^1(E\otimes TX, E)$ for a vector bundle $E$ is defined to be the obstruction of the global existence ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

307 views

### An example of an object in $D^b_{\text{coh}}(\mathbb{P}^2)$ which is not formal

We know that for a curve $X$, any object $\mathcal{E}^{\bullet}$ in the derived category $D^b_{\text{coh}}(X)$ is formal, i.e. $\mathcal{E}^{\bullet}$ is quasi-isomporphic to the direct sum of its ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Derived functors vs universal delta functors

I would like to understand the relationship between the derived category definition of a right derived functor Rf (which involves an initial natural transformation n: Qf → (Rf)Q, where Q is the ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Fourier-Mukai functors being identity on objects

Let $X$ be a projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$, denote by $D^b(X)$ the bounded derived category of coherent sheaves on $X$. Suppose we have a Fourier-Mukai functor $\Phi_{X\rightarrow ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

448 views

### Fullness of pullback functor in algebraic geometry

Given $f:X\to Y$ a morphism of schemes (or stacks if it's not harder), I am interested in a geometric reformulation of the condition that the functor $f^*:D^b(Coh(Y))\to D^b(Coh(X))$ is full. I can ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Derived categories of (coherent) sheaves of modules: exceptional images, gluing, and proper descent?

I am interested in the properties of (the derived categories) of various categories of (coherent) sheaves of modules (over varieties). I would like to understand in what extent these properties are ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

526 views

### Are $D^b_{coh}(X)$ and $D^b(Coh(X))$ derived equivalent?

Let $X$ be a variety. Let $D^b(Coh(X))$ be the derived category of bounded complexes of coherent sheaves on $X$, and $D^b_{coh}(X)$ be the derived category of bounded complexes of sheaves of ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

743 views

### How to write down the determinant of a quasi-isomorphism?

This question about the determinant of a perfect complex reminded me of an old question that I had.
The construction of the determinant (as in MR1914072 or MR0437541) is a difficult piece of ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

749 views

### Why is proving fully-faithfulness of an integral functor locally analytically sufficient?

More than once I've come across a statement in a paper about derived categories in which it says something to the effect of "in order to prove that $\Phi:D^b(X)\rightarrow D^b(Y)$ is fully-faithful we ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

333 views

### McKay correspondence and tensor products

The theorem of Bridgeland-King-Reid says that if $M$ is a smooth quasi-projective complex variety of dimension at most $3$ on which a finite group $G$ acts such that the canonical sheaf $\omega_M$ is ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

681 views

### Generating the derived category with line bundles

The following lemma is useful and well-known:
LEMMA If $L^{\pm 1}$ is ample on proper scheme over a field $k$, then some number of powers $\mathcal{O},L,...,L^{m}$ generate the unbounded derived ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Categories which are not compactly generated

Do you know natural examples of triangulated categories (or [presentable] stable $\infty$-categories) which are not compactly generated? (ideally they'd be defined algebraically, but curious to hear ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Derived Physics

Hello to all,
This question will probably be closed down as being off-topic faster than one can say "string theory", but here it goes: I've noticed that the problems I'm working on -the structure of ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

420 views

### Recovering an abelian category out of its derived category

I'm trying to learn more about derived category stuff and my curiosity has made me to ask these questions. Sorry if I'm being sloppy, I'm a new learner.
In Wikipedia it has been stated that since ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What is the Hochschild cohomology of the dg category of perfect complexes on a variety?

Let $X$ be a quasi-projective variety over a field $k$. Let $D_{qcoh}$ be a dg enhancement of the unbounded derived category of quasi-coherent sheaves over $X$, and $D_{perf}$ its full subcategory of ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

796 views

### Is there a (satisfying) proof that cellular cohomology is isomorphic to simplicial cohomology that doesn't use relative cohomlogy?

That singular and de Rham cohomologies of a smooth manifold are isomorphic has two proofs that I know of. The classical one uses Stokes' theorem to give the isomorphism explicitly. The second proof ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### Can Enriques Surfaces have non-trivial TWISTED Fourier-Mukai partners?

It is a well-known fact that for an Enriques surface $Y$, if $D^b(Y)\cong D^b(X)$ for some smooth projective variety $X$, then $X\cong Y$. In other words, Enriques surfaces have no non-trivial ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

289 views

### Reconstructing the Chow ring from the derived category

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety and write $\mathbf{D}(X)$ for its triangulated category of perfect complexes of quasi-coherent sheaves.
Recall that $\mathbf{D}(X)$ determines the Grothendieck ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

849 views

### The composition of derived functors - commutation fails hazardly?

Hello,
When we have left exact functors $F: A \to B , G: B \to C$ (between abelian categories), we would like sometimes to state that $D(GF)=D(G)D(F)$ (functors between bounded below derived ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

829 views

### Intuition about the triangulation of a homotopy category K(A)

Let $\cal{A}$ be an additive category. Given a morphism of (cochain) complexes $f:X\rightarrow Y$ we can form the mapping cone $C_f$, which is the complex $X[1]\oplus Y$ with differential given by
...