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3
votes
1answer
235 views

The proof of unobstructedness of deformations for curves

I am reading Illusie's lecture notes "topics in algebraic geometry", and I have difficulty in following his proof of unobstructedness of deformation of curves. Here is the statement of the ...
3
votes
0answers
254 views

Hilbert function of a Hilbert scheme

Given a Hilbert scheme $H$ of curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$ satisfying certain Hilbert polynomial, is there any way of understanding the degree or arithmetic genus of an irreducible component of the ...
2
votes
4answers
542 views

Higgs mechanism from a deformation quantization point of view

Is it possible to describe the Higgs mechanism from a deformation quantization point of view? How would one do it? Are there aspects of the Higgs mechanism and Higgs particle which one may see clearer ...
0
votes
1answer
451 views

base-point free linear system

Let $C$ be a reduced curve in a smooth degree $d$ ($d \ge 5$) surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Suppose $C=C_1 \cup ... \cup C_r$ with $C_i$ irreducible and $C_i^2<0$ for all $i$. Then is the linear ...
2
votes
0answers
284 views

Hilbert scheme of curves in a degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$

Fix a Hilbert polynomial $P$ of a non-plane curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$. By a curve we mean a reduced scheme of pure dimension $1$ i.e., it can be reducible but is reduced. Suppose that the degree of ...
2
votes
0answers
215 views

Deformation of modules over noncommutaitve rings

Let $M$ be a finitely generated module over a commutative ring $R$. The first order deformation of module $M$ is parametrized by $Ext^{1}(M,M)$ and the obstruction is parametrized by $Ext^{2}(M,M)$. ...
7
votes
0answers
142 views

Deformation of Noether's first theorem

Noether's first variational theorem establishes a correspondence between symmetries and invariants. I would like to know what has been written on the following question: How do the invariants deform ...
2
votes
1answer
294 views

Deformation of space curves to union of lines

Does every irreducible component of a Hilbert scheme of curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$ contain a curve that is a union of lines (not necessarily reduced)? Furthermore, given a curve $C \subset \mathbb{P}^3$ ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

Rational equivalence and Hilbert flag scheme

Given a smooth surface $X \subset \mathbb{P}^3$ if we have two curves $C_1, C_2$ that are rationally equivalent is it true that both $(C_1,X)$ and $(C_2,X)$ will be in the same irreducible component ...
3
votes
2answers
630 views

How to define the equivalence of Maurer-Cartan elements in an $L_{\infty}$-algebra?

First let $L^{\bullet}$ be a pro-nilpotent differential graded Lie algebra (dgla). We have the set of Maurer-Cartan elements in $L^{\bullet}$ ($MC(L^{\bullet})$) which are $\alpha \in L^1$ such that ...
1
vote
0answers
168 views

dimension of spaces of rational curves in a variety!

Do you know calculate the dimension of the space of rational curves of degree m, through d given points, contained in some projective variety?
0
votes
0answers
144 views

Maximum number of generators of a curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$

Let $H_{d,g}$ denote the Hilbert scheme of curves of degree $d$ and genus $g$ locally of complete intersection in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Given a curve $C \in H_{d,g}$, denote by $S(C)$ a minimal set of ...
1
vote
1answer
211 views

When is the natural projection of the HIlbert flag scheme a flat morphism

Let ${Hilb_{P,Q}}_{red}$ be the reduced scheme associated to the Hilbert flag scheme parametrizing all pairs $(C,X)$ with $C \subset X \subset \mathbb{P}^3$, where $C$ is a curve and $X$ a degree $d$ ...
3
votes
0answers
284 views

triangle group representation

Let $G_{\alpha,\beta,\gamma}$ be a hyperbolic triangle group. Then $G$ has a following presentation. $G=\langle a, b; a^{\alpha}, b^{\beta}, c^{\gamma}, abc\rangle, \alpha, \beta, \gamma \geq 2$. ...
2
votes
1answer
299 views

T^i functors are isomorphic for analytically isomorphic isolated singular points

I've been having trouble proving the following: Let $B$ and $B'$ be local rings, essentially of finite type over $k$, having isolated singularities at the closed points. Suppose that they are ...
2
votes
2answers
284 views

General degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$

Let $H_{d_1,g_1}, H_{d_2,g_2}$ be two Hilbert schemes of curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$ with degrees $d_1, d_2$ and genus $g_1, g_2$. Denote by $H:=H_{d_1,g_1}\times H_{d_2,g_2}$ where an element in $H$ is ...
3
votes
2answers
310 views

Infinitesimal rigidity vs. local rigidity

I am thinking about homomorphisms $\mathrm{Hom}(\Gamma,G)$, where $G$ is a Lie group and $\Gamma$ is a discrete, finitely generated subgroup. This question talked about the difference of ...
2
votes
2answers
284 views

Infinitesimal deformations of a discrete group inside Lie groups vs. algebraic groups

Let $G$ be an algebraic group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$ and let $\Gamma$ be any finitely generated (discrete) group. One can consider the representation variety $\mathfrak ...
7
votes
1answer
400 views

Deformations of smooth projective hypersurfaces and the Jacobian ring

It is a well-known result of Griffiths that the pieces of Hodge filtration of a smooth hypersurface $X:= (f=0)$ of degree $d$ in $\mathbb{P}^{n}$ are isomorphic to graded pieces of the Jacobian ring ...
1
vote
2answers
349 views

Any irreducible component of the HIlbert scheme contains an irreducible element

Consider $Hilb_{d,g}$ the Hilbert scheme of curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$ of degree $d$ and genus $g$. Is it true that if $L$ is an irreducible component of $Hilb_{d,g}$ then there exists a curve $C \in L$ ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

What is the definition of “the $L_\infty$ part of a $G_\infty$ morphism”?

We know that in Tamarkin's proof of Kontsevich's formality theorem, he defined the $G_\infty$ structure on the Hochschild cochain complex $C^\cdot(A,A)$ and constructed a $G_\infty$ morphism from ...
5
votes
1answer
658 views

Examples of nice reduced singularities on Hilbert schemes--Edited

In his "Murphy's Law" paper, Vakil showed that every "singularity type" (with a precise meaning) occurs on certain Hilbert schemes; for instance, the Hilbert scheme of nonsingular curves in projective ...
0
votes
1answer
349 views

T^1 functors and Ext^1 in deformation theory

Why are the first-order deformations of a scheme $X$ over a field $k$ given by $Ext^1_{\mathcal O_X}(\Omega_X,\mathcal O_X)$, where here I mean the Ext group? Furthermore, for an integral affine ...
4
votes
1answer
392 views

Hodge numbers of a Calabi-Yau 3-fold via deformation theory

In their paper "Calabi-Yau 3-folds and Moduli of Abelian Surfaces I", Gross and Popescu calculate the hodge numbers of smooth CY 3-folds obtained in the following way (see Remark 4.11 of their paper): ...
0
votes
1answer
369 views

Irreducible components of the Hilbert scheme

Let $P_1, P_2, Q$ denote the Hilbert scheme of a plane conic in $\mathbb{P}^3$, a quartic and a degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Then there is a natural inclusion map $i$ from Hilbert flag scheme ...
17
votes
1answer
1k views

Almost Complex Structure approach to Deformation of Compact Complex Manifolds

I don't know much about the deformation of compact complex manifolds, I've only read chapter 6 of Huybrechts' book Complex Geometry: An Introduction. There are two parts to this chapter. The second ...
2
votes
2answers
466 views

Lattices in algebraic geometry

In Chriss and Ginzburg's Complex Geometry and Representation Theory, they define a lattice in the following setting: let $A$ be a ring (I guess I only care about the case that $A$ is a commutative ...
2
votes
1answer
230 views

Deformations of pointed stable maps with “curve held rigid” or “preserving the dual graph”

I am reading the "Notes on stable maps and quantum cohomology" by Fulton and Pandharipande and I got stuck in the proof of the Theorem 2, p.27. The authors consider the space $Def(\mu)$ of first order ...
4
votes
1answer
448 views

Has the cotangent complex been used in context other than morphism of schemes?

Here is what I know about the history of the cotangent complex: Quillen did it over a point (i.e. for morphism of rings), Illusie did it in a topos (i.e. for sheaves of rings in a topos). And proved ...
6
votes
1answer
430 views

what can be reached by flat degeneration of (globally) complete intersection?

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a (globally) complete intersection, let $(X_t)_{t\in\mathbb{C}^1}$ be a flat family, with $X_1=X$. Which types of schemes can we get as $X_0$? Or, conversely, which ...
1
vote
2answers
732 views

On the algberaicity of the universal elliptic curve associated to a torsion free subgroup

So let $\Gamma\subseteq SL_2(\mathbf{Z})$ be a finite index subgroup (not necessarily a congruence subgroup). Recall that we have an action of $SL_2(\mathbf{R})$ on ...
1
vote
0answers
167 views

Smooth curve in the Hilbert flag scheme

Let $d$ be an integer greater than $0$. Let $P_2$ be the Hilbert polynomial of a degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Recall, the Hilbert flag scheme $\mathrm{Hilb}_{P_1,P_2}$ parametrizes curves $C$ ...
13
votes
1answer
461 views

Les deux théorèmes d'existence en théorie formelle des modules

In Exposé 195 of the Séminaire Bourbaki, Grothendieck states the following two theorems of non-flat descent. Theorem 1. Let $\Lambda$ be a noetherian ring and $C$ the category of ...
12
votes
1answer
656 views

Lie groups vs. algebraic groups and deformations

I am interested in deformations of (discrete subgroups of) Lie groups. But, as I understand it, deformation theory, as a theory, prefers to speak schemes. At least the classical Lie groups can be ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Linear equivalence and Hilbert function

Let $X \subset \mathbb{P}^3$ be a smooth degree $d$ surface containing two irreducible curves $C_1, C_2$ linearly equivalent to each other. If we assume that $X$ is general (among all degree $d$ ...
1
vote
0answers
200 views

Do deformations of isolated hypersurface singularity naturally induce deformations of their divisors?

Let $0 \in V =(f=0) \subset \mathbb{C}^{n+1}$ be an affine variety with an isolated hypersurface singularity at the origin for $n \ge 3$. Let $0 \in D=(x=f=0) \subset V$ be a divisor with only ...
3
votes
2answers
465 views

Degeneration of projective curves

Given a projective curve $C$, is it possible that $C$ can degenerate into union of lines i.e., does there exist a family of curves $\pi:\mathcal{C} \to B$ such that $\pi^{-1}(0)=C$ and there exists $a ...
2
votes
0answers
92 views

Dual Honda systems

Hello, There is an equivalence of categories between p-divisible groups over the ring of Witt vectors $W(k)$ and the category of "Honda systems", that is couples $(M,L)$ formed by a Dieudonné module ...
2
votes
1answer
290 views

Extending smooth irreducible representations

Hi, Let $G_1, G_2$ be topological groups with $G_1 \subset G_2$ is closed. Let $\rho:G_1 \to Aut(V)$ be a smooth irreducible representation. Can anyone tell me if there is a criterion/example/idea ...
3
votes
0answers
267 views

lifting abelian varieties

Hello, Let A be an abelian variety over $k=\overline{\mathbb{F}_p}$. This abelian variety is endowed with a principal polarization and an action by $\mathcal{O}_E$, the ring of integers of an ...
15
votes
2answers
738 views

Massey Products vs. $A_\infty$-Structures

Does anyone know a good reference for a proof of the fact that given a dga $A$, an $A_\infty$-structure on $HA$ is ''the same'' as coherent choices for all of the higher Massey products of $HA$? More ...
4
votes
1answer
493 views

Deformation space of non-ordinary abelian varieties

It is a well known result of Serre and Tate that if $A$ is an ordinary abelian variety over a field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$, then the deformation space $\mathcal{M}$ of $A$ to an abelian ...
1
vote
2answers
744 views

When do infinitesimal deformations lift to global deformations?

Hi, I understand the notion of Infinitesimal and global deformations and the fact that global deformations lead to certain infinitesimal deformations. But I could not find any criterion or idea to ...
4
votes
0answers
368 views

Mazur's relative deformation functors

In his paper "Deformation Theory of Galois Representations" in the book "Modular Forms of Fermat Last Theorem", Mazur considers more general deformation functors than in his earlier paper in "Galois ...
4
votes
2answers
334 views

$H^1$ of the pull back of the tangent bundle.

If $C$ is a smooth elliptic curve and $f: C \to \mathbb P^n$, then $H^1(C,f^*T_{\mathbb P^n}) = 0.$ How do I prove this? The implication is that map from $C$ to $\mathbb P^n$ is unobstructed.
18
votes
4answers
1k views

A matrix algebra has no deformations?

I have often heard the slogan that "a matrix algebra has no deformations," and I am trying to understand precisely what that means. While I would be happy with more general statements about ...
5
votes
1answer
506 views

Why are people interested in Cohen-Macaulay of codimension 2?

In deformation theory, Cohen-Macaulay in codimension 2 is the first to be considered in higher order deformation. Does Cohen-Macaulay in codim. 2 have some good property to work with? Does it somehow ...
3
votes
5answers
290 views

Reference Request: Deformations of a map bijective to global sections of the pullback of the tangent sheaf

I have been trying to learn some deformation theory, and came across the following in a paper: The first order deformations of a morphism of smooth curves $f:X\rightarrow Y$ is in bijection with ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

Accumulation of algebraic subvarieties: Near one subvariety there are many others (?), 3

Part 3 of this series of questions. In the meantime, I realized that there is some very simple question that was left open in Accumulation of algebraic subvarieties: Near one subvariety there are many ...
5
votes
2answers
664 views

About Kodaira's book on deformations

I happened to read the following sentence in the blog by the physicist Jacques Distler: "What makes Kodaira’s Complex Manifolds and Deformation of Complex Structures such a delight to read is that ...