The deformation-theory tag has no usage guidance.

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### Existence of logarithmic structures and d-semistability

I am reading a paper ( Kawamata, Y.; Namikawa, Y. Logarithmic deformations of normal crossing varieties and smoothing of degenerate Calabi-Yau varieties. Invent. math. 1994, 118, 395–409.) I have a ...

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### Questions (related to deformation theory?) about modular ideals in mod ell Hecke algebras

I suspect that I'm asking (familiar?) questions from deformation theory in a different language. But I'm an illiterate in deformation theory language; if my suspicion is correct I'd be grateful for an ...

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### Kodaira Spencer map and versal deformation

First I want to clarify what I mean by the Kodaira-Spencer map.
Let's have a family of deformations $\pi:\mathcal{X}\rightarrow B$ of a complex manifold $X=\mathcal{X}_0:=f^{-1}(0)$ (by that I mean ...

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### When does the categorical definition of a module work?

$\DeclareMathOperator{\ab}{Ab}\DeclareMathOperator{\qcoh}{QCoh}$
This entry in the nlab shows that for $A$ a (commutative unital) ring, the category $\mathsf{Mod}_A$ of $A$-modules is equivalent to ...

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### fpqc, formal smoothness

Based on Possible formal smoothness mistake in EGA, let $X$ and $Y$ $k$-schemes ($k$ a field),
let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a fpqc morphism such that $f$ is formally smooth and $X$ formally smooth, do we ...

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### formal smooth morphism with a formal smooth source

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a morpism between $k$-schemes ( $k$ a field).
We suppose that X is formally smooth and f is formally smooth and surjective.
Do we have that $Y$ is formally smooth?
Or if it's ...

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### Strict applications of deformation theory in which to dip one's toe

I hesitate to ask a question like this, but I really have tried finding answers to this question on my own and seemed to come up short. I readily admit this is due to my ignorance of algebraic ...

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### functor of Artinian rings in Deformation theory

$k$ : algebraically closed field
$\mathcal{C}$: category of local Artinian $k$-algebras with residue field $k$
$\hat{\mathcal{C}}$: category of complete local $k$-algebras with residue field $k$
...

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### What is the genus of the limit of a family of singular curves?

Let $\mathcal{X}$ be a flat family of (proper) algebraic curves. If generic fibers in $\mathcal{X}$ are non-singular of genus $g$, then the geometric genus (i.e. genus of the desingularizations) of ...

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### How to determine “genericness” of an element of a family of algebraic varieties?

Given a (flat) family of complex algebraic varieties $X_t$ (say parametrized by $\mathbb{C}$) and a specific $t_0$, how does one proceed to check if $X_{t_0}$ is a 'generic element'?
More precisely, ...

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### calculate T^i-functor for a example

I just start to study Hartshorne's 'Deformation theory'.
I have a stupid question about $T^i$-functors. It may be an easy algebra.
Exercise 1.3.3.
Let $B=k[x,y]/(x^2,xy,y^2)$. Show that $T^0(B/k,B)=...

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### Uniqueness of deformation family,

Say I want to construct a flat family of affine schemes using deformation theory. To be more specific, suppose I have a local $k$-algebra $A$, and I want to find a flat family $\mathcal{X} \to T$, ...

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### Tangent space in Algebraic geometry and Differential geometry

We know in differential geometry, given a $C^k$ manifold for $k>1$, the tangent space at a point in this manifold is parametrized by curves passing through this point modulo certain equivalence ...

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### Morphism with non-reduced special fibre

Let $X, Y$ be irreducible projective varieties and $Y$ be smooth. Let $f:X \to Y$ be a flat projective morphism. Assume that a special fiber of $f$ is non-reduced i.e., there exists an irreducible ...

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### How do I check whether an orbifold admits deformations?

(Cross-post from math.stackexchange, where it has received no attention.)
Orbifolds $\mathbb{C}^2/\mathbb{Z}_n$, given by the action $(x, y) \mapsto (\zeta x, \zeta^{-1} y)$ with $\zeta$ a primitive $...

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### Does the vanishing of the Poisson bracket on $S(\mathfrak{g})^{\mathfrak{g}}$ inspire the disover of Duflo's isomorphism theorem?

For any finite dimensional Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, we know that the universal enveloping algebra $U(\mathfrak{g})$ is a deformation of the symmetric algebra $S(\mathfrak{g})$. In fact let's define
...

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### Non-proper intersection of projective schemes

Let $X, Y$ be projective varieties in $\mathbb{P}^n$ for $n>10$. Assume that dimensions of $X,Y$ are greater than $n/2$. My first question is as follows:
Is there any criterion (...

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### Deformation of rational points in a family

Let $\mathcal{X} \to B$ be a family of smooth projective varieties over a field $K$ (possibly finite). Assume that each fiber $\mathcal{X}_b$ of the family has a $K$-rational point. Fix a pair $(p,\...

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### Complete intersection space curves

Fix two positive integers $d, e$ and assume $d>e$. Is it true that a general degree $e$ curve which lies in a complete intersection of a degree $e$ and a smooth degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ ...

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### Family with a fixed special fiber over finite fields

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$. What are the conditions for the existence of a projective variety $X'$ over $\mathbb{Q}_p$ such that $X$ is a special fiber ...

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### Non-Drinfeld--Jimbo Deformations and Finite Quantum Groups

As is well-known, for the compact semi-simple Lie groups $G$, there exist non-commutative Hopf algebra deformations ${\cal O}_q[G]$ of their coordinate algebras ${\cal O}[G]$, the so-called Drinfeld--...

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### Is there a rigid curve in a product of complex manifolds?

Let $X=Y\times Z$ be a product of complex manifolds $Y,Z$. Is it true that there exists no rigid curve on $X$? Here I mean by a rigid curve a curve which is not a member of any family of curves on $X$....

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### Deformation rings and change of group

Let $f : G' \subset G$ be an injection between profinite groups such that $G'$ is normal in $G$ (typical situation which I deal with : $G$ the absolute Galois group of a local field, $G'$ an open ...

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### cohomology of restrictions of vector bundles to deformations

Suppose $X \subset Y$ is a pair of varieties, and $s \in H^0(N_{X/Y})$ is a section. This corresponds to a first-order deformation $X' \subset Y \times \text{Spec}(\mathbb{C}[\epsilon]/\epsilon^2)$ of ...

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### Koszul alg deformations

Is it known the maximal class of Koszul algebras for which any deformation is Koszul?

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### Local model of virtual fundamental cycle

The following baby version of virtual fundamental cycle is well known:
Let $M\subset V$ be the zero locus of a section $s$ of a vector bandle $E \to V$, in general $s$ is not transversal to the zero ...

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### does there exist a family of objects over the tangent space to the base space of a family of objects?

Suppose we have a family of objects $\Xi \to S$ over a base smooth projective scheme $S$. Take a closed point $p\in S$ and consider the tangent space to $S$ at $p$. Can one construct an "induced ...

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### Zero Sums in a $q$-Deformation Remain Zero for $q=1$

Looking at previous question, I begun to think and came upon the following more solid question: Let $SU_q(N)$ be the usual quantized coordinated algebra of $SU(N)$. Now consider, for some fixed value ...

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### Classification of first order deformations of n-pointed non-singular variety

Why is the set of first order deformations equal to $H^1(X,T_{X}(-p_1 -p_2 ... -p_k))$? And what is the motivation for studying this? (I know the proof for unpointed curves, which can be found in a ...

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### Formal criterion of flatness

Let $k$ be a field, $S$ and $R$ be local $k$-algebras with residue field $k$ and $\phi:S\to R$ be a local homomorphism. Then $\phi$ induces (obviously) a natural transformation of "functors of points" ...

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### Deformations and Dimensions: $q$-Deform Finite to Infinite?

Let $A$ be a (complex) (finitely generated) algebra with some type of $q$-deformation $A_q$, where $A_1 = A$. Moreover, let $V_q$ be a vector subspace of $A_q$, such that $V_1$ is a finite-...

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### Singular locus of a Hilbert scheme

Consider the Hilbert scheme $H$ of conics in $\mathbb{P}^3$. It is easy to see that there exists a closed subscheme $H'$ of $H$ parametrizing $2$ lines intersecting at a point. This can be seen as the ...

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### glueing flat families of objects over a blow-up

Hi Everybody,
I stumbled upon the following question for families of vector bundles (over a curve) but I guess it could be interesting to answer in general.
Suppose I have $B$ the blow-up of a ...

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### When is a smooth projective variety a fibration

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety. Is there a criterion (apart from the definition) for the existence of a projective curve $C$ and a proper surjective morphism $\pi:X \to C$?

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### Algebraic definition of the Kuranishi map

Let $X$ be a smooth projective algebraic variety over an algebraically closed field $k$. If $k=\mathbb{C}$, we know by work of Kuranishi that the base of the versal deformation of $X$ is the germ at $...

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### Deformations of the punctured affine plane

Let $k$ be some field, algebraically closed and of characteristic $0$, if you like.
Let $U= \mathbb{A}^2_k \setminus \{ (0,0) \}$ be the punctured affine plane over $k$. Write $U$ as the union of $...

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### Obstruction sheaf is a vector bundle when the moduli space is non-singular?

I am working on some basic of Gromov-Witten theory and stuck in understanding obstruction bundle. Recall that a perfect obstruction theory on a scheme or stack $M$ due to Behrend and Fantechi is a ...

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### Infinitesimal deformations and moving cycles

The wonderful responses to an earlier question Self-intersection and the normal bundle motivated me to ask the following question:
Let $Y \subset X$ be a subvariety of a variety $X$. Infinitesimal ...

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### Upper bound on the dimension of linear series on a smooth hypersurface

Let $X$ be a smooth degree $d$ hypersurface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ and $d \ge 5$. Let $C \subset X$ be a reduced curve such that $C$ is not a complete intersection curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Is it true that ...

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### orthotropic materials solution of boundary value problems

What are the methods or approaches for the analytical solutions of boundary value problems in the theory of elasticity for orthotropic materials?

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### Techniques for showing that a curve is not smoothable

There are a number of techniques in algebraic geometry that can be used to show that a given reducible (often genus-zero) curve $C$ in a smooth variety $X$ becomes smooth and irreducible after a (...

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### tangent bundle of the toric variety of the wonderful compactification.

Let G be a adjoint group over $k$,algebraically closed of caracteristic zero.
Let $\overline{G}$ be its wonderful compactification.
I denote by $\overline{T}$ the closure of the torus $T$ in $\...

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### Tangent space of the stack $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}(X,\beta)$.

Let $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}(X,\beta)$ be the moduli stack of stable maps $f$ from genus $g$, $n$-marked curve $C$ to a variety $X$ i nth curve class $\beta \in H^2(X,\mathbb{Z})$. I would like ...

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### Normal sheaf of non-reduced locally complete intersection space curves

Let $C$ be a non-reduced locally complete intersection curve on a smooth degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ (for example a non-reduced Cartier divisor). For simplicity we can assume that $d>deg(C)...

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### What is the universal deformation of the formal additive group $\widehat{\mathbb{G}}_a$ over $\mathbb{F}_p$?

Lubin and Tate show in their paper Formal moduli for one-parameter formal Lie groups that for any formal group over a field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$ with height $h<\infty$, the functor of ...

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### Can any local complete intersection subvariety be an intersection of smooth hypersurfaces

Let $Z$ be a local complete intersection subscheme of dimension $m$ in $\mathbb{P}^{2m+1}$. Let $P$ be the Hilbert polynomial of $Z$. Denote by $Hilb_P$ the Hilbert scheme of local complete ...

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### Def-Obs theory of sheaves with fixed determinant on CY3.

Let $\mathcal{E}$ be a stable sheaf on a smooth complex projective threefold $X$ and $Ext^k_0(\mathcal{E},\mathcal{E})$ be the traceless Ext groups, defined by the kernel of the trace map
$$
Ext^k(\...

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### which deformation of a matrix lead to flat deformations of determinantal varieties (fitting ideals)?

Let $(R,m)$ be a complete local ring over a field (of char=0). Consider a (not necessarily square) matrix $A$ over $R$. Consider its fitting ideal, $I_j(A)$. In general, a deformation of the matrix, $...

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### Upper bound on the dimension of the Hilbert scheme of space cuves

Denote by $H_{P,Q}$ the flag Hilbert scheme parametrizing a pair $(C,X)$ such that $X$ is a degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ with Hilbert polynomial $Q$ and $C \subset X$ is a curve with Hilbert ...

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### Why are derived categories natural places to do deformation theory?

It seems to me that a lot of people do deformation theory (of schemes, sheaves, maps etc) in derived category (of an appropriate abelian category). For example, the cotangent complex of a morphism $f:...