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2
votes
1answer
200 views

Techniques for showing that a curve is not smoothable

There are a number of techniques in algebraic geometry that can be used to show that a given reducible (often genus-zero) curve $C$ in a smooth variety $X$ becomes smooth and irreducible after a ...
0
votes
0answers
201 views

tangent bundle of the toric variety of the wonderful compactification.

Let G be a adjoint group over $k$,algebraically closed of caracteristic zero. Let $\overline{G}$ be its wonderful compactification. I denote by $\overline{T}$ the closure of the torus $T$ in ...
6
votes
2answers
645 views

Tangent space of the stack $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}(X,\beta)$.

Let $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}(X,\beta)$ be the moduli stack of stable maps $f$ from genus $g$, $n$-marked curve $C$ to a variety $X$ i nth curve class $\beta \in H^2(X,\mathbb{Z})$. I would like ...
0
votes
0answers
178 views

Normal sheaf of non-reduced locally complete intersection space curves

Let $C$ be a non-reduced locally complete intersection curve on a smooth degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ (for example a non-reduced Cartier divisor). For simplicity we can assume that ...
8
votes
1answer
472 views

What is the universal deformation of the formal additive group $\widehat{\mathbb{G}}_a$ over $\mathbb{F}_p$?

Lubin and Tate show in their paper Formal moduli for one-parameter formal Lie groups that for any formal group over a field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$ with height $h<\infty$, the functor of ...
1
vote
1answer
519 views

Can any local complete intersection subvariety be an intersection of smooth hypersurfaces

Let $Z$ be a local complete intersection subscheme of dimension $m$ in $\mathbb{P}^{2m+1}$. Let $P$ be the Hilbert polynomial of $Z$. Denote by $Hilb_P$ the Hilbert scheme of local complete ...
6
votes
0answers
154 views

Def-Obs theory of sheaves with fixed determinant on CY3.

Let $\mathcal{E}$ be a stable sheaf on a smooth complex projective threefold $X$ and $Ext^k_0(\mathcal{E},\mathcal{E})$ be the traceless Ext groups, defined by the kernel of the trace map $$ ...
2
votes
0answers
136 views

which deformation of a matrix lead to flat deformations of determinantal varieties (fitting ideals)?

Let $(R,m)$ be a complete local ring over a field (of char=0). Consider a (not necessarily square) matrix $A$ over $R$. Consider its fitting ideal, $I_j(A)$. In general, a deformation of the matrix, ...
3
votes
1answer
253 views

Upper bound on the dimension of the Hilbert scheme of space cuves

Denote by $H_{P,Q}$ the flag Hilbert scheme parametrizing a pair $(C,X)$ such that $X$ is a degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ with Hilbert polynomial $Q$ and $C \subset X$ is a curve with Hilbert ...
18
votes
3answers
2k views

Why are derived categories natural places to do deformation theory?

It seems to me that a lot of people do deformation theory (of schemes, sheaves, maps etc) in derived category (of an appropriate abelian category). For example, the cotangent complex of a morphism ...
5
votes
0answers
256 views

Deformation theory with a view toward GW theory and DT theory

I am studying GW theory (and DT theory) in algebraic geometry. I now understand the heuristic "Aut, Def, Obs" argument written in Mirror Symmetry book (by Hori et al.), but it is too hard for me to ...
2
votes
0answers
409 views

Grothendieck-Messing theory

Hello, I would like to work out some examples of deformation of isogenies via Grothendieck-Messing theory. Let's take an easy example: Let A be an abelian variety over $k=\overline{\mathbb{F}_p}$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
200 views

linear system of non-reduced divisor and associated reduced divisors

Let $X$ be a smooth degree $d$ $(d \ge 5)$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Let $D$ be an effective Cartier divisor (hence locally of complete intersection) on $X$ and $D_{red}$ the associated reduced ...
6
votes
1answer
308 views

on a Deformation long exact sequence of moduli space of stable maps

I am reading the book "mirror symmetry" by Hori,Katz,Klemm,etc. And I want to understand the following Deformation long exact sequence \begin{align} 0 & \to Aut(Σ, p_1, . . . , p_n, f)\to Aut(Σ, ...
3
votes
1answer
238 views

The proof of unobstructedness of deformations for curves

I am reading Illusie's lecture notes "topics in algebraic geometry", and I have difficulty in following his proof of unobstructedness of deformation of curves. Here is the statement of the ...
3
votes
0answers
254 views

Hilbert function of a Hilbert scheme

Given a Hilbert scheme $H$ of curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$ satisfying certain Hilbert polynomial, is there any way of understanding the degree or arithmetic genus of an irreducible component of the ...
2
votes
4answers
544 views

Higgs mechanism from a deformation quantization point of view

Is it possible to describe the Higgs mechanism from a deformation quantization point of view? How would one do it? Are there aspects of the Higgs mechanism and Higgs particle which one may see clearer ...
0
votes
1answer
468 views

base-point free linear system

Let $C$ be a reduced curve in a smooth degree $d$ ($d \ge 5$) surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Suppose $C=C_1 \cup ... \cup C_r$ with $C_i$ irreducible and $C_i^2<0$ for all $i$. Then is the linear ...
2
votes
0answers
288 views

Hilbert scheme of curves in a degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$

Fix a Hilbert polynomial $P$ of a non-plane curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$. By a curve we mean a reduced scheme of pure dimension $1$ i.e., it can be reducible but is reduced. Suppose that the degree of ...
2
votes
0answers
220 views

Deformation of modules over noncommutaitve rings

Let $M$ be a finitely generated module over a commutative ring $R$. The first order deformation of module $M$ is parametrized by $Ext^{1}(M,M)$ and the obstruction is parametrized by $Ext^{2}(M,M)$. ...
7
votes
0answers
145 views

Deformation of Noether's first theorem

Noether's first variational theorem establishes a correspondence between symmetries and invariants. I would like to know what has been written on the following question: How do the invariants deform ...
2
votes
1answer
299 views

Deformation of space curves to union of lines

Does every irreducible component of a Hilbert scheme of curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$ contain a curve that is a union of lines (not necessarily reduced)? Furthermore, given a curve $C \subset \mathbb{P}^3$ ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

Rational equivalence and Hilbert flag scheme

Given a smooth surface $X \subset \mathbb{P}^3$ if we have two curves $C_1, C_2$ that are rationally equivalent is it true that both $(C_1,X)$ and $(C_2,X)$ will be in the same irreducible component ...
3
votes
2answers
662 views

How to define the equivalence of Maurer-Cartan elements in an $L_{\infty}$-algebra?

First let $L^{\bullet}$ be a pro-nilpotent differential graded Lie algebra (dgla). We have the set of Maurer-Cartan elements in $L^{\bullet}$ ($MC(L^{\bullet})$) which are $\alpha \in L^1$ such that ...
1
vote
0answers
168 views

dimension of spaces of rational curves in a variety!

Do you know calculate the dimension of the space of rational curves of degree m, through d given points, contained in some projective variety?
0
votes
0answers
145 views

Maximum number of generators of a curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$

Let $H_{d,g}$ denote the Hilbert scheme of curves of degree $d$ and genus $g$ locally of complete intersection in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Given a curve $C \in H_{d,g}$, denote by $S(C)$ a minimal set of ...
1
vote
1answer
221 views

When is the natural projection of the HIlbert flag scheme a flat morphism

Let ${Hilb_{P,Q}}_{red}$ be the reduced scheme associated to the Hilbert flag scheme parametrizing all pairs $(C,X)$ with $C \subset X \subset \mathbb{P}^3$, where $C$ is a curve and $X$ a degree $d$ ...
3
votes
0answers
285 views

triangle group representation

Let $G_{\alpha,\beta,\gamma}$ be a hyperbolic triangle group. Then $G$ has a following presentation. $G=\langle a, b; a^{\alpha}, b^{\beta}, c^{\gamma}, abc\rangle, \alpha, \beta, \gamma \geq 2$. ...
2
votes
1answer
305 views

T^i functors are isomorphic for analytically isomorphic isolated singular points

I've been having trouble proving the following: Let $B$ and $B'$ be local rings, essentially of finite type over $k$, having isolated singularities at the closed points. Suppose that they are ...
2
votes
2answers
287 views

General degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$

Let $H_{d_1,g_1}, H_{d_2,g_2}$ be two Hilbert schemes of curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$ with degrees $d_1, d_2$ and genus $g_1, g_2$. Denote by $H:=H_{d_1,g_1}\times H_{d_2,g_2}$ where an element in $H$ is ...
3
votes
2answers
322 views

Infinitesimal rigidity vs. local rigidity

I am thinking about homomorphisms $\mathrm{Hom}(\Gamma,G)$, where $G$ is a Lie group and $\Gamma$ is a discrete, finitely generated subgroup. This question talked about the difference of ...
2
votes
2answers
286 views

Infinitesimal deformations of a discrete group inside Lie groups vs. algebraic groups

Let $G$ be an algebraic group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$ and let $\Gamma$ be any finitely generated (discrete) group. One can consider the representation variety $\mathfrak ...
7
votes
1answer
414 views

Deformations of smooth projective hypersurfaces and the Jacobian ring

It is a well-known result of Griffiths that the pieces of Hodge filtration of a smooth hypersurface $X:= (f=0)$ of degree $d$ in $\mathbb{P}^{n}$ are isomorphic to graded pieces of the Jacobian ring ...
1
vote
2answers
360 views

Any irreducible component of the HIlbert scheme contains an irreducible element

Consider $Hilb_{d,g}$ the Hilbert scheme of curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$ of degree $d$ and genus $g$. Is it true that if $L$ is an irreducible component of $Hilb_{d,g}$ then there exists a curve $C \in L$ ...
2
votes
1answer
184 views

What is the definition of “the $L_\infty$ part of a $G_\infty$ morphism”?

We know that in Tamarkin's proof of Kontsevich's formality theorem, he defined the $G_\infty$ structure on the Hochschild cochain complex $C^\cdot(A,A)$ and constructed a $G_\infty$ morphism from ...
5
votes
1answer
664 views

Examples of nice reduced singularities on Hilbert schemes--Edited

In his "Murphy's Law" paper, Vakil showed that every "singularity type" (with a precise meaning) occurs on certain Hilbert schemes; for instance, the Hilbert scheme of nonsingular curves in projective ...
0
votes
1answer
366 views

T^1 functors and Ext^1 in deformation theory

Why are the first-order deformations of a scheme $X$ over a field $k$ given by $Ext^1_{\mathcal O_X}(\Omega_X,\mathcal O_X)$, where here I mean the Ext group? Furthermore, for an integral affine ...
4
votes
1answer
415 views

Hodge numbers of a Calabi-Yau 3-fold via deformation theory

In their paper "Calabi-Yau 3-folds and Moduli of Abelian Surfaces I", Gross and Popescu calculate the hodge numbers of smooth CY 3-folds obtained in the following way (see Remark 4.11 of their paper): ...
0
votes
1answer
374 views

Irreducible components of the Hilbert scheme

Let $P_1, P_2, Q$ denote the Hilbert scheme of a plane conic in $\mathbb{P}^3$, a quartic and a degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Then there is a natural inclusion map $i$ from Hilbert flag scheme ...
17
votes
1answer
1k views

Almost Complex Structure approach to Deformation of Compact Complex Manifolds

I don't know much about the deformation of compact complex manifolds, I've only read chapter 6 of Huybrechts' book Complex Geometry: An Introduction. There are two parts to this chapter. The second ...
2
votes
2answers
469 views

Lattices in algebraic geometry

In Chriss and Ginzburg's Complex Geometry and Representation Theory, they define a lattice in the following setting: let $A$ be a ring (I guess I only care about the case that $A$ is a commutative ...
2
votes
1answer
233 views

Deformations of pointed stable maps with “curve held rigid” or “preserving the dual graph”

I am reading the "Notes on stable maps and quantum cohomology" by Fulton and Pandharipande and I got stuck in the proof of the Theorem 2, p.27. The authors consider the space $Def(\mu)$ of first order ...
4
votes
1answer
454 views

Has the cotangent complex been used in context other than morphism of schemes?

Here is what I know about the history of the cotangent complex: Quillen did it over a point (i.e. for morphism of rings), Illusie did it in a topos (i.e. for sheaves of rings in a topos). And proved ...
6
votes
1answer
454 views

what can be reached by flat degeneration of (globally) complete intersection?

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a (globally) complete intersection, let $(X_t)_{t\in\mathbb{C}^1}$ be a flat family, with $X_1=X$. Which types of schemes can we get as $X_0$? Or, conversely, which ...
1
vote
2answers
736 views

On the algberaicity of the universal elliptic curve associated to a torsion free subgroup

So let $\Gamma\subseteq SL_2(\mathbf{Z})$ be a finite index subgroup (not necessarily a congruence subgroup). Recall that we have an action of $SL_2(\mathbf{R})$ on ...
1
vote
0answers
174 views

Smooth curve in the Hilbert flag scheme

Let $d$ be an integer greater than $0$. Let $P_2$ be the Hilbert polynomial of a degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Recall, the Hilbert flag scheme $\mathrm{Hilb}_{P_1,P_2}$ parametrizes curves $C$ ...
13
votes
1answer
463 views

Les deux théorèmes d'existence en théorie formelle des modules

In Exposé 195 of the Séminaire Bourbaki, Grothendieck states the following two theorems of non-flat descent. Theorem 1. Let $\Lambda$ be a noetherian ring and $C$ the category of ...
12
votes
1answer
678 views

Lie groups vs. algebraic groups and deformations

I am interested in deformations of (discrete subgroups of) Lie groups. But, as I understand it, deformation theory, as a theory, prefers to speak schemes. At least the classical Lie groups can be ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Linear equivalence and Hilbert function

Let $X \subset \mathbb{P}^3$ be a smooth degree $d$ surface containing two irreducible curves $C_1, C_2$ linearly equivalent to each other. If we assume that $X$ is general (among all degree $d$ ...
1
vote
0answers
201 views

Do deformations of isolated hypersurface singularity naturally induce deformations of their divisors?

Let $0 \in V =(f=0) \subset \mathbb{C}^{n+1}$ be an affine variety with an isolated hypersurface singularity at the origin for $n \ge 3$. Let $0 \in D=(x=f=0) \subset V$ be a divisor with only ...