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2
votes
0answers
107 views

Projective deformations of a projective hyperkahler manifold

Let $X$ be a projective hyperkahler manifold, $f:\mathcal{X}\rightarrow \mathcal{M}$ its Kuranishi family. We define $\mathcal{P}:=\{m\in \mathcal{M} $such that $\mathcal{X}_m$ is projective$\}$, ...
4
votes
1answer
196 views

Relating deformations of a scheme to deformations of its singular locus

Let $X$ be a normal scheme with quotient singularities and $Y\subset X$ its singular locus. The first order deformations of $X$ are parametrized by $\mathcal{E}xt^{1}(\Omega_{X},\mathcal{O}_{X})$. ...
4
votes
1answer
149 views

Projective embedding of curves which preserves the degree

Let $C$ be a projective curve (not necessarily reduced or irreducible). Let $f:C \hookrightarrow \mathbb{P}^n$ be a closed immersion. Suppose that the degree of $f(C)$ is equal to $e$. How many ways ...
3
votes
1answer
159 views

Generalization of Hilbert/Quot schemes

For some positive integer $n$, recall that the Quot scheme $Quot(\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^n})$ parametrizes ideal sheaves of subschemes in $\mathbb{P}^n$. As far as I understand (from a previous post) ...
1
vote
1answer
219 views

Making a family of schemes non-reduced

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a flat, family of smooth projective varieties. Assume futher that $Y$ is smooth. Suppose there exists a scheme $Y'$ such that the associated reduced scheme $Y'_{\mathrm{red}} \cong ...
4
votes
0answers
209 views

Infinitesimal deformation and contractibility of algebraic curves

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface and $X'$ be an infinitesimal deformation of $X$. Denote by $f: X \to X'$ the natural closed immersion. Let $C' \subset X'$ be a curve such that $f^{-1}(C')$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

Are singular rational curves on K3 surfaces rigid?

Let $S$ be a K3 surface over the complex numbers $\mathbb{C}$. If $C\subset S$ is a smooth rational curve, the normal bundle $N_{C/S}$ is isomorphic to $\mathbb{O}(-2)$ and thus $C$ is rigid. What ...
1
vote
1answer
262 views

A question on nested Hilbert scheme

Let $H_1, H_2$ be two Hilbert schemes parametrizing subschemes in $\mathbb{P}^{n_1}, \mathbb{P}^{n_2}$ with Hilbert polynomials $P_1, P_2$, respectively. Given a pair $(Z_1, Z_2)$ of subschemes in ...
2
votes
1answer
220 views

Is Mazur's deformation ring R integral?

Consider the absolutely irreducible Galois representation $\overline{\rho} \colon G_{\Bbb Q} \to {\mathrm{GL}}_2({\Bbb F}_p)$. We apply the Mazur's deformation theory on the lift ${\rho} \colon ...
3
votes
0answers
259 views

Deformation of a family of curves in a surface

Let $B$ parametrize a family of (reduced) curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Assume there exists a smooth hypersurface $X$. in $\mathbb{P}^3$ containing all the curves parametrized by $B$. In otherwords, for ...
2
votes
1answer
256 views

Existence of rational section to a flat projective morphism

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over an algebraically closed field $K$ of dimension greater than $1$. Suppose there exists a flat projective morphism $f:X \to \mathbb{P}^n$ for some $n \ge 1$. ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Rational equivalence and infinitesimal deformation of curves

Let $C_1$ and $C_2$ be two rationally equivalent curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Is it true that the dimension of $H^0(\mathcal{N}_{C_1|\mathbb{P}^3})$ equal to that of ...
6
votes
2answers
469 views

Higher commutators in E_n algebras and the Maurer--Cartan equation

Let $A$ be an associative algebra in $dgVect_k$. Then the commutator $[\cdot,\cdot]:A\otimes A\to A$ defined by $[x,y]=xy-(-1)^{|x||y|}yx$ gives $A$ the structure of a (dg-)Lie algebra. The ...
2
votes
0answers
67 views

Changing the Hilbert scheme of curves by adding the hyperplane section

Let $X$ be a smooth degree $d$ ($d>4$) surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Let $C$ be a divisor on $X$. Let $D$ be a general element of the linear series $|C+H_X|$ where $H_X$ is the hyperplane section of ...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

Deformations of a complex trivial up to quasi-isomorphism

Let $(C, d_0)$ be some cochain complex over commutative ring $R$ and $R$ is an algebra over a field $k$, then I could consider complex $(C[t], d_0+td_1)$ over ring $R \otimes k[t]$ where $d_1$ is some ...
2
votes
0answers
248 views

On infinitesimal deformation of projective varieties

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety. Suppose $X \hookrightarrow \mathbb{P}^n$. Let $Z$ be a closed (reduced) subscheme of $X$. Let $X'$ be an infinitesimal deformation of $X$ corresponding ...
1
vote
1answer
147 views

Obstruction map for local singularities via tangent (Andre-Quillen) cohomology

Let $R$ be a local singularity (for example $R=\mathbb{C}[[x_1, \ldots , x_n]]/I$) ring over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $\mathbb{L}_{R}$ be a cotangent complex of $R$, then one can define tangent ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

Isomorphism of homology groups under deformation

Let $\pi:\mathcal{X} \to U$ be a family of hypersurfaces (not necessarily smooth) in $\mathbb{P}^n$ for some $n \ge 3$. Assume that $U$ is simply connected (under analytic topology). For any pair $u,v ...
2
votes
0answers
282 views

Deformation over small disk and deformation over complex disk

Let $D=\mathop{Spec}(\mathbb C[[t]])$ be the algebraic small disk and let $\Delta= \{z\in \mathbb C: |z|<1\} $. Let $X_0$ be an algebraic surface over $\mathop{Spec}\mathbb C$ Suppose now that I ...
6
votes
1answer
338 views

What's the relation between the heat kernel proof of the index theorem and deformation quantization?

In the book "Heat kernels and Dirac operators", I found the slogan by Quillen in the Introduction: "Dirac operators are a quantization of the theory of connections, and the supertrace of the heat ...
6
votes
1answer
250 views

Is Nijenhuis–Richardson bracket a BV bracket?

Let $g$ be a finite dimensional Lie algebra, and let me denote $A=(\bigwedge g^* \otimes g, d)$ the Chevalley-Eilenberg complex that calculates cohomology of the Lie algebra with coefficients in the ...
4
votes
1answer
328 views

Why should we study deformations of perfect complexes

What are the advantanges of studying deformation of perfect complexes over the classical theory of deformation of coherent sheaves? Any references which elaborates on the applications on deformation ...
13
votes
1answer
343 views

Proof of Hensel's lemma by using the deformation theory

I am thinking about the simplest version of Hensel's lemma. Fix a prime $p$. Let $f(x)\in \mathbf{Z}[x]$ be a polynomial. Assume there exists $a_0\in \mathbf{F}_p$ such that $f(a_0)=0\mod p$, and ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

Functorial property of universal family

Let $P_1, P_2$ and $P_3$ be Hilbert polynomials of projective schemes. Suppose that the flag Hilbert scheme $Hilb_{P_1,P_2}$ is non-empty. Assume further that there exists a closed immersion of the ...
4
votes
1answer
445 views

Is projective morphism with projective fiber flat?

Let $X, Y$ be quasi-projective Noetherian schemes and $f:X \to Y$ be a projective surjective morphism. Assume that every fiber of $f$ is isomorphic to a projective space $\mathbb{P}^n$ for a fixed ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

cotangent complex for finite flat morphism and different ideal

Let a ring $A$, $F=A[X_{1},\dots X_{n}]$ and $B:= F/J$. We suppose that we have a finite flat lci morphism $f:Spec(B)\rightarrow Spec(A)$. To mesure the singularities of this map, Gabber-Ramero ...
6
votes
1answer
258 views

Formal series convergence in deformation quantization and $C^*$-condition

A link between formal series convergence in deformation quantization (strict deformation quantization) and producing $C^*$-algebras instead of mere $*$-algebras (which ...
1
vote
0answers
153 views

Contractibility of union of smooth rational curves in famillies

Let $\pi:\mathcal{X} \to S$ be a family of smooth surfaces containing a subfamily $\mathcal{Y} \subset \mathcal{X}$ proper, flat over $S$ parametrizing contractible curves in $\mathcal{X}$ satisfying ...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

Existence of logarithmic structures and d-semistability

I am reading a paper ( Kawamata, Y.; Namikawa, Y. Logarithmic deformations of normal crossing varieties and smoothing of degenerate Calabi-Yau varieties. Invent. math. 1994, 118, 395–409.) I have a ...
5
votes
0answers
212 views

Questions (related to deformation theory?) about modular ideals in mod ell Hecke algebras

I suspect that I'm asking (familiar?) questions from deformation theory in a different language. But I'm an illiterate in deformation theory language; if my suspicion is correct I'd be grateful for an ...
5
votes
1answer
542 views

Kodaira Spencer map and versal deformation

First I want to clarify what I mean by the Kodaira-Spencer map. Let's have a family of deformations $\pi:\mathcal{X}\rightarrow B$ of a complex manifold $X=\mathcal{X}_0:=f^{-1}(0)$ (by that I mean ...
8
votes
2answers
480 views

When does the categorical definition of a module work?

$\DeclareMathOperator{\ab}{Ab}\DeclareMathOperator{\qcoh}{QCoh}$ This entry in the nlab shows that for $A$ a (commutative unital) ring, the category $\mathsf{Mod}_A$ of $A$-modules is equivalent to ...
2
votes
0answers
144 views

fpqc, formal smoothness

Based on Possible formal smoothness mistake in EGA, let $X$ and $Y$ $k$-schemes ($k$ a field), let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a fpqc morphism such that $f$ is formally smooth and $X$ formally smooth, do we ...
4
votes
0answers
127 views

formal smooth morphism with a formal smooth source

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a morpism between $k$-schemes ( $k$ a field). We suppose that X is formally smooth and f is formally smooth and surjective. Do we have that $Y$ is formally smooth? Or if it's ...
19
votes
2answers
784 views

Strict applications of deformation theory in which to dip one's toe

I hesitate to ask a question like this, but I really have tried finding answers to this question on my own and seemed to come up short. I readily admit this is due to my ignorance of algebraic ...
2
votes
0answers
207 views

functor of Artinian rings in Deformation theory

$k$ : algebraically closed field $\mathcal{C}$: category of local Artinian $k$-algebras with residue field $k$ $\hat{\mathcal{C}}$: category of complete local $k$-algebras with residue field $k$ ...
4
votes
1answer
208 views

What is the genus of the limit of a family of singular curves?

Let $\mathcal{X}$ be a flat family of (proper) algebraic curves. If generic fibers in $\mathcal{X}$ are non-singular of genus $g$, then the geometric genus (i.e. genus of the desingularizations) of ...
3
votes
1answer
249 views

How to determine “genericness” of an element of a family of algebraic varieties?

Given a (flat) family of complex algebraic varieties $X_t$ (say parametrized by $\mathbb{C}$) and a specific $t_0$, how does one proceed to check if $X_{t_0}$ is a 'generic element'? More precisely, ...
1
vote
1answer
171 views

calculate T^i-functor for a example

I just start to study Hartshorne's 'Deformation theory'. I have a stupid question about $T^i$-functors. It may be an easy algebra. Exercise 1.3.3. Let $B=k[x,y]/(x^2,xy,y^2)$. Show that ...
0
votes
0answers
262 views

Uniqueness of deformation family,

Say I want to construct a flat family of affine schemes using deformation theory. To be more specific, suppose I have a local $k$-algebra $A$, and I want to find a flat family $\mathcal{X} \to T$, ...
5
votes
6answers
1k views

Tangent space in Algebraic geometry and Differential geometry

We know in differential geometry, given a $C^k$ manifold for $k>1$, the tangent space at a point in this manifold is parametrized by curves passing through this point modulo certain equivalence ...
2
votes
1answer
398 views

Morphism with non-reduced special fibre

Let $X, Y$ be irreducible projective varieties and $Y$ be smooth. Let $f:X \to Y$ be a flat projective morphism. Assume that a special fiber of $f$ is non-reduced i.e., there exists an irreducible ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

How do I check whether an orbifold admits deformations?

(Cross-post from math.stackexchange, where it has received no attention.) Orbifolds $\mathbb{C}^2/\mathbb{Z}_n$, given by the action $(x, y) \mapsto (\zeta x, \zeta^{-1} y)$ with $\zeta$ a primitive ...
6
votes
1answer
225 views

Does the vanishing of the Poisson bracket on $S(\mathfrak{g})^{\mathfrak{g}}$ inspire the disover of Duflo's isomorphism theorem?

For any finite dimensional Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, we know that the universal enveloping algebra $U(\mathfrak{g})$ is a deformation of the symmetric algebra $S(\mathfrak{g})$. In fact let's define ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

Non-proper intersection of projective schemes

Let $X, Y$ be projective varieties in $\mathbb{P}^n$ for $n>10$. Assume that dimensions of $X,Y$ are greater than $n/2$. My first question is as follows: Is there any criterion ...
0
votes
0answers
153 views

Deformation of rational points in a family

Let $\mathcal{X} \to B$ be a family of smooth projective varieties over a field $K$ (possibly finite). Assume that each fiber $\mathcal{X}_b$ of the family has a $K$-rational point. Fix a pair ...
4
votes
1answer
286 views

Complete intersection space curves

Fix two positive integers $d, e$ and assume $d>e$. Is it true that a general degree $e$ curve which lies in a complete intersection of a degree $e$ and a smooth degree $d$ surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Family with a fixed special fiber over finite fields

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$. What are the conditions for the existence of a projective variety $X'$ over $\mathbb{Q}_p$ such that $X$ is a special fiber ...
4
votes
4answers
294 views

Non-Drinfeld--Jimbo Deformations and Finite Quantum Groups

As is well-known, for the compact semi-simple Lie groups $G$, there exist non-commutative Hopf algebra deformations ${\cal O}_q[G]$ of their coordinate algebras ${\cal O}[G]$, the so-called ...
4
votes
1answer
174 views

Is there a rigid curve in a product of complex manifolds?

Let $X=Y\times Z$ be a product of complex manifolds $Y,Z$. Is it true that there exists no rigid curve on $X$? Here I mean by a rigid curve a curve which is not a member of any family of curves on ...