# Tagged Questions

The deformation-theory tag has no usage guidance.

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### Reference request for an introduction to deformation theory in algebraic geometry

I'd like some introductory references for deformation theory in algebraic geometry. I'm interested in survey articles too but I primarily want references which give all the definitions and go through ...

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283 views

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### Obstructed automorphisms of schemes

Let $X$ be a smooth projective scheme over a field $\mathbf{k}$ of characteristic zero such that $\mathrm{H}^0(X, \mathrm{T}X)$ vanishes, and let $f$ be an automorphism of $X$. I would like to have an ...

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90 views

### Open nature of $\mathcal{H}om$ functor/upper semi-continuity of $\operatorname{Ext}^i$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, $T$ a $k$-scheme (can assume connected) and $X$ a projective variety over $k$. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a coherent (pure) sheaf on $X \times_k T$ flat over $T$. ...

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73 views

### Fiber of the specialization map of Picard groups

Let $R$ be a Henselian discrete valuation ring with residue field $k$ of positive characteristic and fraction field $K$ of characteristic zero. Let $\pi:X_R \to \mathrm{Spec}(R)$ be flat, projective ...

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124 views

### p-adic modular forms, Hecke algebra, deformation theory and modular curves.

Let $h^{ord}(N,\mathcal{O})$ be the $p$-ordinary Hecke algebra, and $\mathfrak{m}$ be a maximal ideal of the semi local ring $h^{ord}(N,\mathcal{O})$ corresponding to a residual representation ...

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110 views

### Obstruction to lifting of global sections of invertible sheaves

Are there known examples of smooth projective hypersurface in $\mathbb{P}^3$, say $X$ and an invertible sheaf $L$ on $X$ with $H^0(X,L)>0$ satisfying the following property: There exists an ...

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74 views

### Pencil of singular affine hypersurfaces differing only in the constant term

Question--quick version: Does there exist a (nonconstant) polynomial $f \in \mathbb C[x,y,z]$ such that for all $c \in \mathbb C$, the affine hypersurface cut out by $f + c$ is singular?
Motivated ...

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160 views

### Squeezing physics out of formal deformation quantizations

I am reading various texts concerning the concept of "quantization". I am interested in quantization on Riemannian manifolds (as opposed to just on $\Bbb R ^n$); for absolute clarity, I am interested ...

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273 views

### Automorphisms and infinitesimal deformations of a smooth complete intersection

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^{n+c}$ be a smooth complete intersection of dimension $n$.
Is it known when $Aut(X)$ is finite ?
Does there exist a formula for the dimension of the tangent space to the ...

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137 views

### A moduli problem inspired by Stein factorization

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a proper, birational morphism with connected fibers, $X$ is non-singular and $Y$ is normal. Does there exist a moduli space parametrizing all invertible sheaves $\mathcal{L}$ on $X$ ...

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101 views

### A naive question on rational equivalence of varieties

Let $X$ be a projective scheme and $\pi:\mathcal{Z} \to \mathbb{P}^1$ a surjective morphism of finite type such that for any pair $t_0, t_1 \in \mathbb{P}^1$, the fibers $\mathcal{Z}_{t_0}$ and ...

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177 views

### When is the flatness locus non-empty

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, $f:X \to Y$ be a surjective proper $k$-morphism locally of finite presentation between irreducible noetherian schemes. Assume that $Y$ is reduced. Under what ...

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146 views

### Is the Quot-scheme over non-singular curve reduced

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, $C$ a non-singular projective curve over $k$ of genus at least $2$ and $\mathcal{F}$ a locally free sheaf on $C$. Let $r,d$ be two integers satisfying ...

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103 views

### Does the degeneracy of the Frölicher spectral sequence vary in families?

I would like to know if there are any known examples of families of complex manifolds for which the Frölicher spectral sequence of one fibre degenerates on the $E_m$ page and the spectral sequence of ...

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62 views

### quasi-ordinary singularities on a versal deformation?

Let $V$ be a variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and suppose $O$ is a singular point of $V$. Are there conditions on $(V,O)$ such that a versal deformation $W$ of $(V,O)$ has only quasi-ordinary singularities.
...

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158 views

### Lefschetz morphisms from the relative tangent sheaf exact sequence?

Let $X\subseteq {\mathbb{P}}^N$ be an $n$-dimensional complex projective manifold. Denote by $\pi\colon U\to X$ the affine cone of $X$ with the vertex removed; it is a $\mathbb{C}^*$-bundle over $X$. ...

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125 views

### On tangent space of relative quot schemes in positive characteristic

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic and $f:X \to S$ be a smooth, flat, projective morphism between noetherian $k$-schemes. Assume that $S$ is a non-singular ...

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70 views

### Normal bundle of reducible nodal curve

Let $X=\mathbb P^3_k$ ($k=\bar k$) and $l_1,l_2,l_3$ three distinct lines such that $l_1\cap l_2\neq \emptyset$,$l_2\cap l_3\neq \emptyset$, $l_1\cap l_3=\emptyset$ and $l_2\cap l_3\neq l_1\cap l_2$ ...

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188 views

### Deformation of finite coverings between smooth projective varieties

Assume that we have a finite covering $$f \colon X \longrightarrow Y,$$
where $X$ and $Y$ are smooth, complex projective varieties of dimension $n$. Therefore we obtain a splitting $$f_* \mathscr{O}_X ...

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189 views

### Quantities associated to deformed sheaves

I am trying to figure out what happens to "quantities" associated to a sheaf when one deforms it. I am actually interested in deforming a bounded complex of coherent sheaves but I want to make the ...

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378 views

### Inverse Galois problem for $GL_2$ of a compact local ring

Let $A$ be complete noetherian local ring with maximal ideal $m$ and residue field $A/m$ a finite field (in other words, $A$ is a noetherian compact local ring)
For which $A$ as above is there a ...

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63 views

### Derived Deformations of associative algebras

Let $k$ be a field (if necessary for my question, we can assume its characteristic to be zero). In the non derived context, we can then define deformations of an associative algebra $S$ as follows:
...

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285 views

### Isotrivial families with non-zero Kodaira spencer map

Let $S$ be a smooth quasi-projective curve over the complex numbers. Let $P$ be a closed point in $S$. Let $f:\mathcal X \to S$ be a polarized family of smooth projective connected varieties. To this ...

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197 views

### Flat cohomology of an ordinary liftable Calabi-Yau threefold

Let $k$ be a perfect field of characteristic $p>0$ and consider an ordinary liftable Calabi-Yau threefold $X_{0}/k$. By this I mean that $H^{i}(X_{0},B_{X_{0}/k}^{j})=0$ for all $i\geq 0$ and ...

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163 views

### What does “control of a deformation problem” mean?

Is the expression "control of a deformation problem' ever defined? There are of course many examples relating a dg-Lie or L-infty algebra to a deformation problem, and the phrase is evocative. Is it ...

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162 views

### Relative dualizing sheaf (reference, behavior)

Let $\mathcal{C}\rightarrow S$ a flat projective family of locally complete intersection projective curves over a integral noetherian scheme (say a spectrum of a local ring). I was wondering whether ...

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187 views

### Infinitesimal deformations of fake projective planes (or ball quotients)

This question is related to the answer I gave to this MO question. What I'm asking is probably well-known to the experts in the field, and I apologize in advance if this turns out to be trivial.
By ...

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335 views

### Infinitesimal deformations of a fibration

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of normal projective varieties over an algebraically closed field with connected fibers.
Assume that both $Y$ and the general fiber of $f$ admit a non-trivial ...

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164 views

### Model over DVR for smooth projective curves

Let $C$ be a smooth, projective, geometrically irreducible curve of genus at least $2$ over a complete discrete valued field $F$ of characteristic zero (not necessarily algebraically closed). Let $R$ ...

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134 views

### The canonical bundle of an infinitesimal deformation

Let $X_0$ be a smooth projective variety over the complex numbers and let $X$ be an infinitesimal deformation of $X_0$ over the ring of dual numbers.
If the canonical bundle of $X_0$ is ample (resp. ...

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383 views

### Specialisation of rigid varieties

Recall that a variety $X$ over a field $k$ is called rigid if $H^1(X, T_X) = 0$. I am interested in understanding this property under specialisation.
Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring and let ...

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412 views

### Deformations of Ext rings

Let $k$ be a base ring and $k[x]$ the ring of polynomials in an indeterminate $x$ over $k$. Consider a (not necessarily commutative) algebra $A$ over $k[x]$ and two $A$-modules $M$ and $N$. Then for ...

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209 views

### Infinitesimal deformations of a singular projective surface

Let $X$ be a normal projective surface with just two singular points $x_1,x_2\in X$, where $X$ has rational quotient singularities.
Assume that both the singularities in $x_1$ and in $x_2$ admit a ...

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218 views

### Strong form of Grothendieck's algebrization theorem

Let $R$ be a Henselian discrete valuation ring with algebraically closed residue field $k$ ($R$ is not necessarily complete), $X$ a regular surface over $\mathrm{Spec}(R)$ and a sequence of locally ...

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226 views

### When is the Hom-scheme connected?

Suppose that $A$ and $B$ are two algebras finite over a field $K$ (which may be assumed to be separably closed, if that helps), then we know that the functor ...

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342 views

### Infinitesimal deformations of the formal group of $\mathbb{G}_m$

For a commutative ring $R$, consider the formal group $\widehat{\mathbb{G}}_m$ over $R$ that is the completion of $\mathbb{G}_{m, R}$ along its identity section (naively, $\widehat{\mathbb{G}}_m$ is ...

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### formally etale deformations of algebras

Let $A$ be a local artinian ring with residue field $k$, $S$ a $k$-algebra. Suppose there is a formally etale deformation $B$ of $S$ over $A$, i.e. a flat $A$-algebra $B$ such that $S\cong ...

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387 views

### References for the moduli space of complex structures

I am looking for references where the moduli space of complex structures on a complex manifold is well explained: in particular the infinitesimal deformations, the obstructions, the elliptic complex ...

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192 views

### Infinitely many rational nt multisection in elliptic K3 surfaces by deformation theory

I'm trying to read this paper of Bogomolov and Tschinkel http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/9902092.pdf about potential density of rational points on elliptic K3 Surfaces.
I got quite stuck in Corollary 3.27 ...

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187 views

### Deformation of curves and closed immersions

Let $\pi:\mathcal{C} \to B$ be a (flat) family of complex projective schemes of pure dimension $1$ with fixed Hilbert polynomial, in particular, for some $n \ge 3$, $\mathcal{C} \hookrightarrow ...

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### Representability of deformation functors via SGA

I'm trying to understand Böckle's proof of Theorem 2.1.1 in his notes on deformation theory.
Let's start with some motivation. Let $\Gamma$ be a profinite group (I'm thinking of an absolute Galois ...

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### Flatness and intersection of fibers

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a flat, proper, surjective morphism between noetherian schemes. Assume $Y$ is irreducible and smooth over $\mathbb{C}$. Suppose that $X$ is the union of two schemes $X_1$ and $X_2$ ...

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101 views

### Deformations of associative algebras and Hochschild cohomology

I am studying the deformation theory of associative algebras (and Poisson algebras) and came across a question for which I cannot find an answer:
Let $(A,\mu)$ be a commutative associative algebra ...

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### Residual scheme to local complete intersection schemes in the projective space

Let $A$ be an integral Noetherian $\mathbb{C}$-algebra. Denote by $\mathbb{P}^3_A:=\mathbb{P}^3_{\mathbb{C}} \times_{\mathbb{C}} \mathrm{Spec}(A)$. Let $X,Y$ be closed local complete intersection ...

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### Reference or explanation: Cup products, deformations of complex structure and Mirror Symmetry

In section 0.3. of their paper "Frobenius Manifolds and Formality of Lie Algebras of Polyvector Fields," Barannikov and Kontsevich discuss the fact that Kontsevich's formality morphism (from his paper ...

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### Associativity of Kontsevich's star product up to second order

In Deformation quantization of Poisson manifolds, Kontsevich gives the quantization formula
$$f \star g = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \hbar^n \sum_{\Gamma \in G_n} w_\Gamma B_{\Gamma,\alpha}(f,g).$$
He gives ...

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### miniversality vs versality

Consider a moduli problem $\mathcal{M}$. Assume, at each point $x$, the associated deformation problem $\mathcal{M}_x$ has a tangent-obstruction theory. It follows that $\mathcal{M}_x$ has a hull ...

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336 views

### Deformations of a blowup

Let $S$ be a smooth projective surface over $\mathbb{C}$. (I guess this can be more general—higher dimension, other ground fields, non-projective, maybe even singular?—and I'dd like to hear that.) Let ...

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312 views

### Obstructions to deformations of complex manifolds

Roughly, a deformation of a compact complex manifold $M$ (in the sense of Kodaira-Spencer) is a triple $(\mathcal{M},w,B)$ where $w:\mathcal{M}\to B$ is a holomorphic map over domain $0\in B\subset ...

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### What is the technical difference between a deformation and a perturbation?

What is the technical difference between a deformation and a perturbation? Do they exist in somewhat different categories?