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8
votes
2answers
364 views

Inverse Galois problem for $GL_2$ of a compact local ring

Let $A$ be complete noetherian local ring with maximal ideal $m$ and residue field $A/m$ a finite field (in other words, $A$ is a noetherian compact local ring) For which $A$ as above is there a ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

Derived Deformations of associative algebras

Let $k$ be a field (if necessary for my question, we can assume its characteristic to be zero). In the non derived context, we can then define deformations of an associative algebra $S$ as follows: ...
6
votes
1answer
244 views

Isotrivial families with non-zero Kodaira spencer map

Let $S$ be a smooth quasi-projective curve over the complex numbers. Let $P$ be a closed point in $S$. Let $f:\mathcal X \to S$ be a polarized family of smooth projective connected varieties. To this ...
1
vote
0answers
161 views

Flat cohomology of an ordinary liftable Calabi-Yau threefold

Let $k$ be a perfect field of characteristic $p>0$ and consider an ordinary liftable Calabi-Yau threefold $X_{0}/k$. By this I mean that $H^{i}(X_{0},B_{X_{0}/k}^{j})=0$ for all $i\geq 0$ and ...
3
votes
0answers
119 views

What does “control of a deformation problem” mean?

Is the expression "control of a deformation problem' ever defined? There are of course many examples relating a dg-Lie or L-infty algebra to a deformation problem, and the phrase is evocative. Is it ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Relative dualizing sheaf (reference, behavior)

Let $\mathcal{C}\rightarrow S$ a flat projective family of locally complete intersection projective curves over a integral noetherian scheme (say a spectrum of a local ring). I was wondering whether ...
4
votes
1answer
170 views

Infinitesimal deformations of fake projective planes (or ball quotients)

This question is related to the answer I gave to this MO question. What I'm asking is probably well-known to the experts in the field, and I apologize in advance if this turns out to be trivial. By ...
4
votes
2answers
314 views

Infinitesimal deformations of a fibration

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of normal projective varieties over an algebraically closed field with connected fibers. Assume that both $Y$ and the general fiber of $f$ admit a non-trivial ...
0
votes
1answer
143 views

Model over DVR for smooth projective curves

Let $C$ be a smooth, projective, geometrically irreducible curve of genus at least $2$ over a complete discrete valued field $F$ of characteristic zero (not necessarily algebraically closed). Let $R$ ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

The canonical bundle of an infinitesimal deformation

Let $X_0$ be a smooth projective variety over the complex numbers and let $X$ be an infinitesimal deformation of $X_0$ over the ring of dual numbers. If the canonical bundle of $X_0$ is ample (resp. ...
4
votes
2answers
328 views

Specialisation of rigid varieties

Recall that a variety $X$ over a field $k$ is called rigid if $H^1(X, T_X) = 0$. I am interested in understanding this property under specialisation. Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring and let ...
8
votes
1answer
396 views

Deformations of Ext rings

Let $k$ be a base ring and $k[x]$ the ring of polynomials in an indeterminate $x$ over $k$. Consider a (not necessarily commutative) algebra $A$ over $k[x]$ and two $A$-modules $M$ and $N$. Then for ...
6
votes
1answer
192 views

Infinitesimal deformations of a singular projective surface

Let $X$ be a normal projective surface with just two singular points $x_1,x_2\in X$, where $X$ has rational quotient singularities. Assume that both the singularities in $x_1$ and in $x_2$ admit a ...
1
vote
1answer
213 views

Strong form of Grothendieck's algebrization theorem

Let $R$ be a Henselian discrete valuation ring with algebraically closed residue field $k$ ($R$ is not necessarily complete), $X$ a regular surface over $\mathrm{Spec}(R)$ and a sequence of locally ...
2
votes
1answer
216 views

When is the Hom-scheme connected?

Suppose that $A$ and $B$ are two algebras finite over a field $K$ (which may be assumed to be separably closed, if that helps), then we know that the functor ...
9
votes
2answers
303 views

Infinitesimal deformations of the formal group of $\mathbb{G}_m$

For a commutative ring $R$, consider the formal group $\widehat{\mathbb{G}}_m$ over $R$ that is the completion of $\mathbb{G}_{m, R}$ along its identity section (naively, $\widehat{\mathbb{G}}_m$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

formally etale deformations of algebras

Let $A$ be a local artinian ring with residue field $k$, $S$ a $k$-algebra. Suppose there is a formally etale deformation $B$ of $S$ over $A$, i.e. a flat $A$-algebra $B$ such that $S\cong ...
5
votes
2answers
326 views

References for the moduli space of complex structures

I am looking for references where the moduli space of complex structures on a complex manifold is well explained: in particular the infinitesimal deformations, the obstructions, the elliptic complex ...
1
vote
1answer
174 views

Infinitely many rational nt multisection in elliptic K3 surfaces by deformation theory

I'm trying to read this paper of Bogomolov and Tschinkel http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/9902092.pdf about potential density of rational points on elliptic K3 Surfaces. I got quite stuck in Corollary 3.27 ...
4
votes
1answer
176 views

Deformation of curves and closed immersions

Let $\pi:\mathcal{C} \to B$ be a (flat) family of complex projective schemes of pure dimension $1$ with fixed Hilbert polynomial, in particular, for some $n \ge 3$, $\mathcal{C} \hookrightarrow ...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

Representability of deformation functors via SGA

I'm trying to understand Böckle's proof of Theorem 2.1.1 in his notes on deformation theory. Let's start with some motivation. Let $\Gamma$ be a profinite group (I'm thinking of an absolute Galois ...
0
votes
0answers
160 views

Flatness and intersection of fibers

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a flat, proper, surjective morphism between noetherian schemes. Assume $Y$ is irreducible and smooth over $\mathbb{C}$. Suppose that $X$ is the union of two schemes $X_1$ and $X_2$ ...
2
votes
0answers
90 views

Deformations of associative algebras and Hochschild cohomology

I am studying the deformation theory of associative algebras (and Poisson algebras) and came across a question for which I cannot find an answer: Let $(A,\mu)$ be a commutative associative algebra ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Residual scheme to local complete intersection schemes in the projective space

Let $A$ be an integral Noetherian $\mathbb{C}$-algebra. Denote by $\mathbb{P}^3_A:=\mathbb{P}^3_{\mathbb{C}} \times_{\mathbb{C}} \mathrm{Spec}(A)$. Let $X,Y$ be closed local complete intersection ...
6
votes
0answers
159 views

Reference or explanation: Cup products, deformations of complex structure and Mirror Symmetry

In section 0.3. of their paper "Frobenius Manifolds and Formality of Lie Algebras of Polyvector Fields," Barannikov and Kontsevich discuss the fact that Kontsevich's formality morphism (from his paper ...
10
votes
1answer
580 views

Associativity of Kontsevich's star product up to second order

In Deformation quantization of Poisson manifolds, Kontsevich gives the quantization formula $$f \star g = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \hbar^n \sum_{\Gamma \in G_n} w_\Gamma B_{\Gamma,\alpha}(f,g).$$ He gives ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

miniversality vs versality

Consider a moduli problem $\mathcal{M}$. Assume, at each point $x$, the associated deformation problem $\mathcal{M}_x$ has a tangent-obstruction theory. It follows that $\mathcal{M}_x$ has a hull ...
7
votes
2answers
316 views

Deformations of a blowup

Let $S$ be a smooth projective surface over $\mathbb{C}$. (I guess this can be more general—higher dimension, other ground fields, non-projective, maybe even singular?—and I'dd like to hear that.) Let ...
4
votes
0answers
298 views

Obstructions to deformations of complex manifolds

Roughly, a deformation of a compact complex manifold $M$ (in the sense of Kodaira-Spencer) is a triple $(\mathcal{M},w,B)$ where $w:\mathcal{M}\to B$ is a holomorphic map over domain $0\in B\subset ...
2
votes
0answers
115 views

What is the technical difference between a deformation and a perturbation?

What is the technical difference between a deformation and a perturbation? Do they exist in somewhat different categories?
1
vote
0answers
125 views

How to determine a functor (natrually arising from geometry or homological algebra) to be locally of finite presentation?

How to determine a functor (natrually arising from geometry or homological algebra) to be locally of finite presentation? Is there any reference for such staff? My example of functors underlying this ...
3
votes
1answer
191 views

Classical deformation of algebras

Given a complex manifold (or a smooth scheme) $X$, the classical (infinitesimal) deformation theory is parametrized by the first cohomology with coefficients in the tangent sheaf $H^1 (X, T_X)$. ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

wedge product deformation space Calabi-Yau fourfold

I know that the Lie bracket for $(1,1)$ vector field corresponds to the obstruction map in deformation theory. I was wondering if the wedge product of the deformation vector with itself has any ...
0
votes
0answers
78 views

Lie bialgebras cohomology

I am wondering if there exist a universal construction of (co)-chain complex associated to a given algebra to study deformations as Hochschild homology for associative algebras, or Chevalley-Eilenberg ...
1
vote
1answer
217 views

Smoothness and smoothness over formal neighborhood

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a locally finitely presented map. Let $x\in X$ and $y=f(x)$. We assume that the map on the level of fomal neighborhoods $X_{x}\rightarrow Y_{y}$ is formally smooth, can we find ...
7
votes
0answers
229 views

Is Hironaka's example the only known deformation of Kähler manifolds with non-Kähler central fibre?

A well-known example in the deformation theory of compact complex manifolds is the one given by Hironaka in his 1962 paper An Example of a Non-Kählerian Complex-Analytic Deformation of Kählerian ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

On the infinitesimal lifting property of non-singular affine schemes

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field (not necessarily of characteristic $0$), $X$ a non-singular affine closed subscheme in $\mathbb{A}^n_k$ for some $n \ge 2$. Denote by $I_X$ the ideal of $X$ in ...
0
votes
1answer
223 views

Line on a hyper surface

Assume $X$ is a hyper surface in $\mathbb{P}^n$, can one always find a closed immersion $i:\mathbb{P}^1 \rightarrow X$?
2
votes
1answer
160 views

deformations of vector bundles on curves

Let $X$ be a smooth algebraic curve. Suppose I have a flat family $V_y\to X$ of vector bundles on $X$ over an affine scheme $S$. Let $p=Spec(k)$ be one geometric point of $S$. If the determinant of ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

An application of the Grauert's upper semi-continuity theorem

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety, $A$ a complete discrete valuation ring, $Y=\mbox{Spec} A$ and $f:X \to Y$ a smooth, projective, surjective morphism. Denote by $y$ the closed point of $Y$. Let ...
1
vote
2answers
155 views

Jacobian of a curve and field extension

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero and $X_K$ a smooth projective curve on $K$. Denote by $\bar{K}$ the algebraic closure of $K$ and $X_{\bar{K}}$ the base change of $X_K$ to $\bar{K}$. Under ...
3
votes
2answers
223 views

Injectivity under flat base change of the Picard group on smooth projective curves

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic $0$, $X_K$ a smooth projective curve over $K$. Denote by $\bar{K}$ the algebraic closure of $K$. The base change morphism $X_{\bar{K}} \to X_K$, induces via the ...
4
votes
0answers
88 views

$q$-deformations of fundamental equation of information and entropies

Classical information theory: fundamental equation of information In classical information theory, the information $I(A)$ of an event $A$ (any element of the $\sigma$-algebra $\mathcal F$ of a ...
4
votes
2answers
420 views

Are linear algebraic groups rigid?

The underlying variety of a linear elgebraic group (say, over an algebraically closed field) is affine, so doesn't have nontrivial (infinitesimal) deformations. I'm curious to know whether it's ...
4
votes
0answers
191 views

On the cohomology of Kontsevich graph complex

Kontsevich's formality theorem asserts that a certain quasi-isomorphism of chain complexes between the graded Lie algebra of polyvector fields on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and the dg Lie algebra of ...
0
votes
1answer
228 views

Obstruction and 1st order infinitesimal deformations of Generalized Elliptic Curves (Deligne-Rapoport)

We consider the deformation theory of a generalized elliptic curve $(C_0,+)$ over a field $k$. Let $D$ be the deformation functor. And now we only consider the case that $C_0$ is irreducible as in ...
5
votes
3answers
128 views

graded generalization of the Moyal–Weyl product

Has anyone written about the graded generalization of the Moyal–Weyl product/star product, that is, where the original algebra is already graded? Is it just a matter of signs?
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Generic vs General property of reducedness in a family of projective schemes

Let $\pi:\mathcal{X} \to B$ be a flat family of projective schemes, $B$ is irreducible. Let $\mathrm{Spec} K$ be a generic point on $B$. Denote by $\mathcal{X}_K$, the pull-back of $\mathcal{X}$. This ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Obstruction to Gorenstein Liaisons of space curves

Let $P_1,P$ be Hilbert polynomials of curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Denote by $H_{P_1,P}$ the flag Hilbert scheme parametrizing pairs $(C_1 \subset C)$ where $C_1, C$ are of Hilbert polynomials $P_1$ and ...
9
votes
1answer
364 views

Motivation behind the definition of hochschild cohomology

For an associative algebra $A$ one can define the Hochschild cohomology of $A$ as $ HH^n(A,A):= Hom_{\mathcal{D}(A^{op} \otimes A)}(A, [n]A)$ (this definition also works for the graded and dg cases as ...