The decomposition-theorem tag has no wiki summary.

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### Nonlinear system of equations whereas most of the equations are linear. How to minimise operation?

Let us say we have a n * n system of equations like KU=F where K is a n*n matrix and U and F are n*1 vectors. K and F are defined and the final goal is to find U values.
K is a sparse banded matrix ...

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### Trace of multiplied positive definite matrices

I have to compute $Tr(K^{-1}\Sigma)$ where both $K$ and $\Sigma$ are symmetric positive definite matrices.
Question is considering that I have computed the Cholesky, $L_1$ of $K$ previously, is there ...

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### Divisibility of all entries in an intersection form

What are situations where one can conclude that all entries of an intersection form are divisible by a fixed integer?
More precisely: $F \subset S$ is a proper connected (usually reducible) ...

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### Eigenfunctions and eigenvalues of the product of two exponential kernels

Consider the following exponential kernel:
$k(x_1, x_2) = \exp\left(\frac{|x_1 - x_2|}{L}\right)$,
which is symmetric and non-negative definite. By virtue of Mercer's theorem, we have
$k(x_1, x_2) ...

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### Do signed measures on sigma-rings always have a Hahn decomposition?

Let $X$ be a set.
Let $\mathcal{R}$ be a set of subsets of $X$ such that
$\{\} \in \mathcal{R}$
and
For all members $A$ and $B$ of $\mathcal{R}$, $\;\; (A\cup B)-(A\cap B) \; \in \; \mathcal{R} ...

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### Decomposing a discrete signal into a sum of rectangle functions

Hello mathoverflow community !
I have a simple question that seems to have a non trivial answer.
Given a discrete one dimensional signal $w(x)$ defined in a finite range, and the boxcar ...

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### complexity of eigenvalue decomposition

what is the computational complexity of eigenvalue decomposition for a unitary matrix?
is O(n^3) a correct answer?

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### Which statement do people usually call the Decomposition Theorem, and what is the precise reference for it?

Which statement is usually called the Decomposition Theorem (for perverse sheaves)? Is this (roughly): a proper pushforward of an intersection complex could be decomposed into a direct sum of ...

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### Iwasawa Decomposition & Polar Decomposition related how ?

In an earlier post (Use Lie Sub-Groups of GL(3, R) for elastic deformation ? here), I mentioned polar decompositions as in F = RU where R in SO(3) & U in symmetric positive-semidefinite matrices. ...

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### Easy special cases of the decomposition theorem?

The decomposition theorem states roughly, that the pushforward of an IC complex,
along a proper map decomposes into a direct sum of shifted IC complexes.
Are there special cases for the decomposition ...

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### Morphisms between pure complexes of sheaves

I would like to understand the theory of pure complexes of (etale?) sheaves (of geometric origin?). In particular, I would like to understand which conditions are realy necessary in (part 1 of) ...

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### Why is the decomposition theorem awesome?

I saw the statement of the decomposition theorem for perverse sheaves sometime ago. I know that (modulo most of the details) it implies some big theorems in algebraic geometry and gives new proofs for ...

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### Examples for Decomposition Theorem

There's an important piece of geometric knowledge usually quoted as Beilinson-Bernstein-Deligne.
Here's a refresher: by $IC$ one means the intersection complex, which is just $\mathbb Q$ for a smooth ...

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### How to do Computations Using the Decomposition Theorem for Perverse Sheaves

This is a follow-up to this post on the Decomposition Theorem. Hopefully, this will also invite some discussion about the theorem and perverse sheaves in general.
My question is how does one use the ...

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### Explicit Direct Summands in the Decomposition Theorem

Let f:X→Y be a semismall resolution of singularities. Then the pushforward of the constant sheaf on X is a semisimple perverse sheaf on Y. Under these conditions, I know how to calculate the ...