Modules over rings of differential operators.

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### D-modules, deRham spaces and microlocalization

Given a variety (or scheme, or stack, or presheaf on the category of rings), some geometers, myself included, like to study D-modules. The usual definition of a D-module is as sheaves of modules over ...

**24**

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**2**answers

596 views

### Equivalence of “Weyl Algebra” and “Crystalline” definitions of rings of differential operators between modules?

Let $B$ be a commutative $A$-algebra, and let $M$, $N$ be two $B$-modules. We can talk about the set of $A$-linear module homomorphisms $M \to N$, i.e. the set $\text{Hom}_A(M, N)$. Differential ...

**21**

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**4**answers

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### Classification of PDE

Recently I have been attending a course on PDE's. I was totally ignorant of the subject and wasn't that motivated to be honest. But I was intrigued and felt I had to take the course seriously both for ...

**20**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### How do I compare the different notions of Fourier transform for sheaves?

There is a close but not perfect relationship between algebraic D-modules on C^n, constructible sheaves on C^n in the analytic topology, and \ell-adic sheaves on an n-dimensional vector space over a ...

**17**

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**0**answers

772 views

### Unifying (& “justifying”) the various definitions for differential operators

Reading about differential operators in different sources I've picked up several definitions which are not obviously equivalent (to me). Here they are:
Definition 1 ("naive"): Let $X$ be a (real) ...

**15**

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267 views

### Is there an approach to Gabber's theorem from the singular support of coherent sheaves?

David BZ told me that the old theory of singular support of $D$-modules fits into the new theory of singular support of coherent sheaves, via the derived loop space. I wonder how to reconcile that ...

**14**

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1k views

### Examples for D-affine varieties?

A variety is called $\mathcal D$- affine if the global section functor induces an equivalence between quasi-coherent $\mathcal D$-modules and modules over $\Gamma(X,\mathcal D)$.
It is easy to see ...

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1k views

### D-modules and Algebraic Solutions of PDEs

I am not certain if this is a complete question and I fear it might be shot down. Anyway, I try to pose it. My question is in connection to using D-modules to study PDEs (and systems of PDEs). When ...

**13**

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653 views

### Codimension of the range of certain linear operators

Assume that $P(x,y), Q(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}[x,y]$ are two polynomials. We define a linear map
$D$ on $\mathbb{R}[x,y]$ with $D(U)=PU_{x}+QU_{y}$. In fact $D$ is the derivational operator correspond ...

**12**

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**3**answers

2k views

### What is a twisted D-Module intuitively?

When I think about $\mathcal{D}$-Modules, I find it very often useful to envison them as vectorbundles endowed with a rule that decides whether a given section is flat. Or alternatively a notion of ...

**12**

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1k views

### The algebraic Version of Riemann Hilbert Correspondence

It is well known that if I have a differentialable manifold (holomorphic maniford) $M$, then I have a functor from the categroy of vector bundles on $M$ with flat connections to the categroy of local ...

**12**

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1k views

### D-modules supported on the nilpotent cone

I am reading some papers which involve D-modules on a Lie algebra g, which are supported on the nilpotent cone n. They are equivariant for the action of G. (In particular, I consider g=sl_n).
It ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What is the recent development of D-module and representation theory of Kac-Moody algebra?

I just started to collect the papers of this field and know little things. So if I make stupid mistake, please correct me.
It seems that there are several approaches to localize Kac-Moody algebra(in ...

**12**

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**0**answers

367 views

### Epsilon factors - a la Beilinson - What is it?

I understand, to some extent, Tate's thesis. Could somebody explain perhaps what are the epsilon factors in Beilinson's works, such as "$\epsilon$-factors for Gauss-Manin determinants", or ...

**11**

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**1**answer

1k views

### The Infinitesimal topos in positive characteristic

This question was inspired by and is somewhat related to this question.
In his article "Crystals and the de Rham cohomology of schemes" in the collection "Dix exposes sur la cohomologie des schemas" ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

621 views

### Microlocalizing Hochschild homology

A recent paper of Ben-Zvi and Nadler gives a general formalism for understanding "dimensions" in sheaf theories. Without getting too far into details, amongst other things, this formalism allows us ...

**11**

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**1**answer

696 views

### $\mathcal{D}$-quasi-isomorphisms and coherent $\Omega$-modules

Let $X$ be a smooth $\mathbf{C}$-scheme of finite type. In section 7.2 of their preprint "Quantization of Hitchin's Integrable System and Hecke Eigensheaves", Beilinson and Drinfeld define an ...

**11**

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823 views

### Does the Riemann-Hilbert Correspondence work at the DG level?

let $X$ denote a smooth complex algebraic variety. Let $D_{rh}(X)$ denote the category of regular holonomic $D$-modules on $X$ and $D_{rh}^b(D(X))$ denote the bounded derived category of $D$-modules ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

682 views

### On the definition of regularity

In the litterature on D-modules, there are many definitions of regularity of holonomic D-modules.
(1) Bernstein first defines regularity on a curve then says a holonomic D-module is regular if its ...

**11**

votes

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330 views

### Quotient rule, differential operator on a localization is well-defined, underlying geometry?

Using the quotient rule, we obtain that the notion of differential operator on a localization is well-defined:$$\mathcal{D}_A(B_f) \cong \mathcal{D}_A(B)_f.$$Here, $B$ is a commutative $A$-algebra, ...

**10**

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**1**answer

428 views

### Bernstein-Sato polynomial (one variable)

Let $R = \mathbb{C}[x_1,...,x_n]$, $p \in R$. There exists a monic (of lowest degree) $b_p(x) \in \mathbb{C}[s]$ and a differential operator $D(s)$ such that
$$b_p(s) p^s = D(x)p^{s+1}.$$
The ...

**10**

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**0**answers

376 views

### Duality in category O vs. Duality of D-modules

Hello,
I omit in the following all the words "derived, twisted, holonomic, finitely-generated...".
We have the Bernstein-Beilinson equivalence between the category of $N$-equivariant $D$-modules on ...

**9**

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199 views

### $\mathcal{M}(\mathcal{D}_X)$ and $\mathcal{M}^r(\mathcal{D}_X)$ have natural tensor category structures?

Write $\mathcal{M}^\ell(\mathcal{D}_{X/S}) = \mathcal{M}(\mathcal{D}_{X/S})$ for the category of left $\mathcal{D}$-modules over $X$ and $\mathcal{M}^r(\mathcal{D}_{X/S})$ for the category of right ...

**9**

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590 views

### Recommendation textbooks on D-module

I am going to take part in a seminar on D-modules and applications, the textbooks that will be used are : D-modules, Perverse Sheaves, and Representation Theory, A Primer of Algebraic D-Modules
...

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**4**answers

2k views

### Gluing perverse sheaves?

It might be a stupid question.
How to glue perverse sheaves? I am considering the following example. Flag variety of $sl_2$, which is $P^1$. Consider category of perverse sheaves on $P^1$. Denoted ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

542 views

### How does one interpret the naive t-structure on constructible sheaves as a t-structure on D-modules?

By the Riemann-Hilbert correspondence, there is an equivalence between
(1)
$\mathcal{D}\operatorname{-mod}(X)$
, the (derived) category of holonomic D-modules on a complex variety X, and
(2)
...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

626 views

### Ring of differential operators of a quotient ring

All rings are assumed to have unity.
Let $k$ be a field. Recall the definition of Grothendieck's ring of ($k$-linear) differential operators $D(R;k)$ of a commutative $k$-algebra $R$:
...

**8**

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847 views

### Making D-modules on affine varieties more explicit

This is a follow up to my question about D-modules supported on the nilpotent cone. I got some good answers there but now I have a more basic question.
Consider an affine algebraic variety X, a ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

591 views

### what is the connection between D-modules and coordinate bundles?

Fix $n$ and a field $k$ of characteristic zero. Let $G$ be the pro-algebraic group of automorphims of $k[[x_1,...x_n]]$. Let $G_0$ be the subgroup of automorphisms preserving the closed point (note ...

**8**

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205 views

### Is the formal neighborhood of the diagonal a generalization of the Jet bundle?

Let $f: X \to S$ be a morphism of locally ringed spaces and $\triangle: X \to X \times_S X$ the corresponding diagonal morphism with kernel sheaf $\mathcal{I} = \ker \triangle^{\flat}$.
...

**7**

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2k views

### Beilinson-Bernstein and Koszul duality

For geometric representation theorists down here.
Consider the Beilinson-Bernstein theorem:
Functor of global sections establishes
the correspondence between twisted
D-modules with fixed ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

117 views

### Differential operators between modules, $\mathcal{D}_A(M, M)$ necessarily a filtered, almost commutative ring?

See here. Does it follow immediately that $\mathcal{D}_A(M, M)$ as defined in the link is a filtered, almost commutative ring? How can I visualize this geometrically?

**7**

votes

**1**answer

484 views

### l-adic Turrittin

What would be an l-adic analogue of the Turrittin-Levelt decomposition theorem?
Turrittin-Levelt is a structure theorem of meromorphic connections on a complex curve in the formal neighbourhood of a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### Distinguished triangle of closed - open partition, for D-modules

Hello,
I am sorry if this question is not appropriate for MO.
Suppose $X$ is the affine line, $i:Z\to X$ is the origin, and $j: U \to X$ is the complement to $Z$ in $X$.
I then have a distinguished ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Homological contractibility of a prestack

This question is in reference to Gaitsgory's preprint Contractibility of the space of rational maps. On p. 5 of the preprint, Gaitsgory defines a prestack $\mathscr{Y}$ (say over affine ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

442 views

### Status of Borho and Brylinski's irreducibility conjectures?

In Differential Operators on Homogeneous Spaces, III, Section 6.7, Borho and Brylinski make a long series of equivalent conjectures which they show are all equivalent. Perhaps the easiest statement ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

312 views

### Characteristic Variety of the Principal Symbol solves PDE system?

In the study of partial differential equations, it is often considered enough to analyze the principal symbols and their characteristic variety (see for example, ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

834 views

### Confusion about D-modules and functors

Given a morphism $f:X\rightarrow Y$ between smooth complex varieties, one can define functors from the bounded derived category with holonomic cohomology on $Y$ to the same category on $X$. The ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Relation between characteristic variety and support of D-Module

Given a coherent $\mathcal{D}_X$-Module $M$, one can assign to it its characteristic variety
$$ch(M)\subseteq T^*X$$
or one could look at its support
$$supp(M)\subseteq X$$
as an $\mathcal {O}_X$ ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

894 views

### For quasi-coherent D-Modules

It is well-know that the category of coherent D-modules over a smooth algebraic $k$-scheme is a Tannakian category. So it is equivalent to the category of finite representations of some affine group ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

742 views

### Localization of vanishing cycles

Consider a regular holonomic D-module (or a perverse sheaf) $M$ on a smooth variety $X$. Let $f:X\to A^1$ be a polynomial (or holomorphic) function.
Question: Is it true that the $\lambda \in A^1$ ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

387 views

### D-module that is coherent as O-module

Suppose that $X$ is an algebraic variety over $\mathbb C$, not necessarily smooth. Is it still true that each $\mathcal D_X$-module ($\mathcal D_X$ is of course the sheaf of differential operators) ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

250 views

### D-modules on affine space that are regular at infinity

If I have a D-module $M$ on $\mathbb{A}^n$ (which is essentially the same thing as a module over the Weyl algebra), then I can push this D-module forward to $\mathbb{P}^n$ to get a D-module $j_*M$ on ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

992 views

### Computation of vanishing cycles

Here's the problem I'm looking at:
$F$ is a perverse sheaf (or a regular holonomic D-module, or even a mixed hodge module) on $\mathbb{C}^2$ stratified by $z_1 = 0$, $z_2=0$. It can be caracterized ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### Toric Degenerations and Nearby Cycles

Suppose that $f: X \to \mathbb{A}^1$ is a toric degeneration in the sense of Nishinou-Siebert. In other words let X be a (possibly singular) toric variety equipped with a (not necessarily proper) ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

237 views

### Non-characteristic maps (ala D-modules)

I am trying to understand a `well known' fact (see Kashiwara'sIntroduction to microlocal analysis page 63, remark 4.8) about non-characteristic morphisms. Here is ...

**5**

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**1**answer

666 views

### $\mathcal{D}$-modules of level m

My question is regarding the definition of $\mathcal{D}$-modules of level $m$ given in this paper. As an example, let $X=\mathbb{A}^1$ over $S=\text{Spec }\overline{\mathbb{F}_p}$; I was told that a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

457 views

### Are these notions of strongly equivariant D-modules equivalent?

It seems that there are two notions of strongly equivaraint $D_X$- Modules and I would like to know if they are equivalent, or at least how they are related.
Let $\rho: G\times X \rightarrow X$ be an ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

416 views

### Tensor product of $\mathcal{D}$-modules and constructible sheaves

The Riemann-Hilbert correspondence, as proved by Kashiwara and Mebkhout, says that for X a smooth algebraic variety over $\mathbb{C}$ there is an equivalence of triangulated categories
...

**5**

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**1**answer

760 views

### Relation between holonomic D-modules and perverse sheaves

Given a smooth complex algebraic variety, the Riemann-Hilbert-correspondence tells us, that the category of perverse sheaves is equivalent to the category of regular, holonomic D-modules.
However not ...