Modules over rings of differential operators.

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Unifying (& “justifying”) the various definitions for differential operators

Reading about differential operators in different sources I've picked up several definitions which are not obviously equivalent (to me). Here they are: Definition 1 ("naive"): Let $X$ be a (real) ...
14
votes
2answers
592 views

Codimension of the range of certain linear operators

Assume that $P(x,y), Q(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}[x,y]$ are two polynomials. We define a linear map $D$ on $\mathbb{R}[x,y]$ with $D(U)=PU_{x}+QU_{y}$. In fact $D$ is the derivational operator correspond ...
14
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0answers
222 views

Is there an approach to Gabber's theorem from the singular support of coherent sheaves?

David BZ told me that the old theory of singular support of $D$-modules fits into the new theory of singular support of coherent sheaves, via the derived loop space. I wonder how to reconcile that ...
1
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0answers
35 views

Restriction of irreducible integrable connections

Let $X$ be a complex analytic manifold and let $\mathcal{M}$ be an integrable connection on $X$, i.e. a $\mathcal{D}_X$-module which happens to be coherent as an $\mathcal{O}_X$-module. If $U$ is any ...
14
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4answers
1k views

Examples for D-affine varieties?

A variety is called $\mathcal D$- affine if the global section functor induces an equivalence between quasi-coherent $\mathcal D$-modules and modules over $\Gamma(X,\mathcal D)$. It is easy to see ...
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196 views

$\mathcal{M}(\mathcal{D}_X)$ and $\mathcal{M}^r(\mathcal{D}_X)$ have natural tensor category structures?

Write $\mathcal{M}^\ell(\mathcal{D}_{X/S}) = \mathcal{M}(\mathcal{D}_{X/S})$ for the category of left $\mathcal{D}$-modules over $X$ and $\mathcal{M}^r(\mathcal{D}_{X/S})$ for the category of right ...
8
votes
3answers
834 views

Making D-modules on affine varieties more explicit

This is a follow up to my question about D-modules supported on the nilpotent cone. I got some good answers there but now I have a more basic question. Consider an affine algebraic variety X, a ...
11
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2answers
328 views

Quotient rule, differential operator on a localization is well-defined, underlying geometry?

Using the quotient rule, we obtain that the notion of differential operator on a localization is well-defined:$$\mathcal{D}_A(B_f) \cong \mathcal{D}_A(B)_f.$$Here, $B$ is a commutative $A$-algebra, ...
3
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2answers
141 views

Rings all of whose torsion modules are cyclic

Let us call a (possibly non-commutative) ring $R$ "very good" if every finitely generated torsion left $R$-module is cyclic. Here is an example of such a ring: Let $k=\mathbb{C}((t))$ and let ...
4
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0answers
74 views

For any $f \in B$ which is not nilpotent, the set consisting of powers of $f$ is a multiplicative set in $\mathcal{D}_A(B)$? [closed]

Let $B$ be a commutative $A$-algebra. Let $\mathcal{D}_A(B)$ be the ring of differential operators of $B$ over $A$. Does it follow that for any $f \in B$ which is not nilpotent, the set consisting of ...
6
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3answers
279 views

Characteristic Variety of the Principal Symbol solves PDE system?

In the study of partial differential equations, it is often considered enough to analyze the principal symbols and their characteristic variety (see for example, ...
3
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1answer
205 views

Global sections of D-module tensor product

Let $X=\mathbb{C}^n$ be affine n-space (with the Zariski topology), $\mathcal{D}$ its sheaf of differential operators. Let $D$ be the $n$th Weyl algebra, $M$ a right $D$-module, and $N$ a left ...
6
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0answers
79 views

Toric Degenerations and Nearby Cycles

Suppose that $f: X \to \mathbb{A}^1$ is a toric degeneration in the sense of Nishinou-Siebert. In other words let X be a (possibly singular) toric variety equipped with a (not necessarily proper) ...
1
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0answers
49 views

Extremal roots of Bernstein-Sato polynomials

Let $f \in \mathbb{C}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$. Consider $D[s]$, where $D$ is the ring of polynomial coefficient differential operators in $n$ variables, and $s$ is an additional formal variable. Suppose ...
4
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2answers
657 views

The Weyl algebra modules which are also rings

Consider the space $C^\infty(\mathbb{R})$. We have on it a natural action of the Weyl algebra generated by $x$ and $d/dx$, where $x$ is the coordinate on $\mathbb{R}$, and there is plenty of Weyl ...
5
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138 views

Characteristic Cycles and Nearby Cycles

Let $Y$ be a smooth algebraic variety over $\mathbb{C}$, let $X = Y \times \mathbb{C}$ and let $f: X \to \mathbb{C}$ be the projection. Let $M$ be a (not necessarily regular) holonomic $D_X$-module ...
7
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2answers
117 views

Differential operators between modules, $\mathcal{D}_A(M, M)$ necessarily a filtered, almost commutative ring?

See here. Does it follow immediately that $\mathcal{D}_A(M, M)$ as defined in the link is a filtered, almost commutative ring? How can I visualize this geometrically?
24
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2answers
564 views

Equivalence of “Weyl Algebra” and “Crystalline” definitions of rings of differential operators between modules?

Let $B$ be a commutative $A$-algebra, and let $M$, $N$ be two $B$-modules. We can talk about the set of $A$-linear module homomorphisms $M \to N$, i.e. the set $\text{Hom}_A(M, N)$. Differential ...
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0answers
145 views

Characterizations of regular holonomic D-modules

I'm looking for references for the various characterizations of regular holonomic D-modules, in particular proofs of their equivalence. For instance, some characterizations I've seen (in the analytic ...
1
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1answer
198 views

Beilinson-Bernstein localization: $\mathfrak{g}$ action on $G$-equivariant sheaf

I have a few elementary questions related to Beilinson-Bernstein localization. Let $G$ be a semisimple algebraic group over $\mathbb{C}$ with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. Consider the setup of ...
6
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0answers
556 views

Recommendation textbooks on D-module

I am going to take part in a seminar on D-modules and applications, the textbooks that will be used are : D-modules, Perverse Sheaves, and Representation Theory, A Primer of Algebraic D-Modules ...
21
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4answers
2k views

Classification of PDE

Recently I have been attending a course on PDE's. I was totally ignorant of the subject and wasn't that motivated to be honest. But I was intrigued and felt I had to take the course seriously both for ...
32
votes
1answer
3k views

D-modules, deRham spaces and microlocalization

Given a variety (or scheme, or stack, or presheaf on the category of rings), some geometers, myself included, like to study D-modules. The usual definition of a D-module is as sheaves of modules over ...
6
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2answers
814 views

Confusion about D-modules and functors

Given a morphism $f:X\rightarrow Y$ between smooth complex varieties, one can define functors from the bounded derived category with holonomic cohomology on $Y$ to the same category on $X$. The ...
2
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0answers
114 views

What's the relation of the Hecke algebra of a pair and the flag variety?

Let $G$ be a real semisimple Lie group and $K$ a maximal compact subgroup. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ and $\mathfrak{k}$ be the complexified Lie algebra of $G$ and $K$, respectively. Then the Hecke algebra ...
8
votes
3answers
563 views

Ring of differential operators of a quotient ring

All rings are assumed to have unity. Let $k$ be a field. Recall the definition of Grothendieck's ring of ($k$-linear) differential operators $D(R;k)$ of a commutative $k$-algebra $R$: ...
3
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1answer
141 views

Characteristic Varieties and Associated Varieties

Two notions that occur often in representation theory seem to be that of a "characteristic variety" and that of an "associated variety". The former term seems exclusive to D-module theory while the ...
2
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1answer
206 views

Nearby cycles and specialisation - properties

I am looking for reference for properties of nearby cycles - specifically, commutation with non-characteristic pull-back (good enough - commutation with pull-back to closed subvariety which is ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Sabbah b-functions factoring

Sabbah defined a version of b-functions for multiple functions in his 1987 paper here: http://archive.numdam.org/ARCHIVE/CM/CM_1987__62_3/CM_1987__62_3_283_0/CM_1987__62_3_283_0.pdf According to ...
2
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0answers
100 views

$D^{\infty}$ modules on analytic spaces

In Mebkhout's paper on Local Cohomology of Analytic Spaces, the following theorem is stated: Let $X$ be a complex smooth manifold and $Y$ is an analytic subspace of $X$. Then ...
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335 views

Epsilon factors - a la Beilinson - What is it?

I understand, to some extent, Tate's thesis. Could somebody explain perhaps what are the epsilon factors in Beilinson's works, such as "$\epsilon$-factors for Gauss-Manin determinants", or ...
4
votes
1answer
252 views

Smooth mixed hodge modules - representations of fundamental group?

I do not know much about mixed Hodge modules. I would like to ask: Let $X$ be a smooth connected algebraic complex variety, with a chosen point. Could one describe smooth mixed Hodge modules on $X$ as ...
2
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0answers
99 views

Algebraic methods in pde [duplicate]

I'm finding myself with a linear, very symetric system of first orders pde with polynomial coefficients. Wandering on the web, i learnt there is some nice alebraic way to deal with it involving ...
1
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1answer
63 views

Projective volume form

Upon reading K. Costello's paper on Witten genus, I wonder when, on a smooth (quasi-)projective variety $X$, the canonical bundle $\omega_X$ admits a left $D$-module structure (other than the ...
11
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2answers
597 views

Microlocalizing Hochschild homology

A recent paper of Ben-Zvi and Nadler gives a general formalism for understanding "dimensions" in sheaf theories. Without getting too far into details, amongst other things, this formalism allows us ...
1
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1answer
203 views

Most general “finiteness of de Rham cohomology” statement for holonomic $D$-modules in the algebraic case?

Let $X$ be a nonsingular algebraic variety over a field $k$ of characteristic zero. (We may assume $k$ algebraically closed if need be, but I want to avoid specifically demanding $k = \mathbb{C}$.) ...
3
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0answers
59 views

Convolution of DQ-Modules

On page 92 of Deformation Quantization Modules Kashiwara and Schapira define two different convolution products for DQ-modules that differ by whether one uses $Rp_{13*}$ or $Rp_{13!}$ to push ...
8
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1answer
574 views

what is the connection between D-modules and coordinate bundles?

Fix $n$ and a field $k$ of characteristic zero. Let $G$ be the pro-algebraic group of automorphims of $k[[x_1,...x_n]]$. Let $G_0$ be the subgroup of automorphisms preserving the closed point (note ...
10
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1answer
394 views

Bernstein-Sato polynomial (one variable)

Let $R = \mathbb{C}[x_1,...,x_n]$, $p \in R$. There exists a monic (of lowest degree) $b_p(x) \in \mathbb{C}[s]$ and a differential operator $D(s)$ such that $$b_p(s) p^s = D(x)p^{s+1}.$$ The ...
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0answers
164 views

The associated graded of a mixed Hodge module

Unfortunately this question will be a bit vague, since the question revolves around a memory of something I may have heard in a talk (long time ago). Let $X$ be a smooth complex variety. Let $MHM(X)$ ...
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0answers
100 views

Pull back of D-modules and Koszul resolution

Consider an holonomic D-module on a smooth algebraic variety $X$ over a field $k$ of caracteristic 0. Let $i: Y \hookrightarrow X$ be a regular embedding. $Li^* M = \mathcal{D}_{Y\to X} ...
11
votes
1answer
679 views

$\mathcal{D}$-quasi-isomorphisms and coherent $\Omega$-modules

Let $X$ be a smooth $\mathbf{C}$-scheme of finite type. In section 7.2 of their preprint "Quantization of Hitchin's Integrable System and Hecke Eigensheaves", Beilinson and Drinfeld define an ...
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0answers
106 views

Is there an analogue of distributions in characteristic p?

Some motivation: When working over $\mathbb{C}$, distributions (in the sense of generalized functions) act as natural generators for $D$-modules (in the sense that any regular holonomic $D$-module is ...
4
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266 views

singular support of D-module smooth w.r.t. a stratification

(1) Suppose that $X$ is a smooth complex algebraic variety, stratified by some nice smooth stratification $S$. Let $M$ be a $D$-module on $X$, s.t. its shriek-pullback (or star... whatever is ...
2
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0answers
127 views

A nice rigid analytic model for local systems over an elliptic curve?

For $E$ an elliptic curve, let $LS(E)$ be the group of line bundles on $E$ with a flat connection. This is an $\mathbb{A}^1$-torsor over $E^\vee$. By Riemann-Hilbert (since the gauge group acts ...
5
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1answer
444 views

What kind of algebra has geometric realization as in “Geometric Methods in Representation Theory of Hecke Algebras and Quantum Groups”

In Chriss and Ginzburg's book "Representation Theory and Complex Geometry" as well as the paper "Geometric Methods in Representation Theory of Hecke Algebras and Quantum Groups", the group algebra ...
3
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2answers
333 views

About “de-Rham” and “l-adic” local systems - comparison

Hello, Suppose that $k$ is an algebraically closed field of char. 0. Let $X$ be a smooth connected variety over $k$. Then I have the category $A$ of Regular Singular smooth $D$-modules on $X$ (i.e. ...
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0answers
272 views

D-modules as quantization of modules on cotangent bundle

If we have filtration on D-module compatible with some good filtration on differential operators sheaf then adjoint graded module is module over functions on cotangent bundle. So morally D-module is ...
2
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1answer
260 views

D-affine morphisms and composition

I am just a beginner in $D$-module, so this could be a stupid question, but I can't find an easy reference for it. I would like to define the notion of $D$-affine morphism. The most obvious way would ...
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303 views

Weight decomposition and eigenspaces Euler vector field

Let $V$ be a finite dimensional vector space over $\mathbb{C}$, denote $V^{\times} = V -0$ and let $\pi : V^{\times} \rightarrow \mathbb{P}(V)$ be the quotient by the natural action of ...