# Tagged Questions

Modules over rings of differential operators.

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### Unifying (& “justifying”) the various definitions for differential operators

Reading about differential operators in different sources I've picked up several definitions which are not obviously equivalent (to me). Here they are:
Definition 1 ("naive"): Let $X$ be a (real) ...

**14**

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**2**answers

592 views

### Codimension of the range of certain linear operators

Assume that $P(x,y), Q(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}[x,y]$ are two polynomials. We define a linear map
$D$ on $\mathbb{R}[x,y]$ with $D(U)=PU_{x}+QU_{y}$. In fact $D$ is the derivational operator correspond ...

**14**

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222 views

### Is there an approach to Gabber's theorem from the singular support of coherent sheaves?

David BZ told me that the old theory of singular support of $D$-modules fits into the new theory of singular support of coherent sheaves, via the derived loop space. I wonder how to reconcile that ...

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35 views

### Restriction of irreducible integrable connections

Let $X$ be a complex analytic manifold and let $\mathcal{M}$ be an integrable connection on $X$, i.e. a $\mathcal{D}_X$-module which happens to be coherent as an $\mathcal{O}_X$-module. If $U$ is any ...

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**4**answers

1k views

### Examples for D-affine varieties?

A variety is called $\mathcal D$- affine if the global section functor induces an equivalence between quasi-coherent $\mathcal D$-modules and modules over $\Gamma(X,\mathcal D)$.
It is easy to see ...

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196 views

### $\mathcal{M}(\mathcal{D}_X)$ and $\mathcal{M}^r(\mathcal{D}_X)$ have natural tensor category structures?

Write $\mathcal{M}^\ell(\mathcal{D}_{X/S}) = \mathcal{M}(\mathcal{D}_{X/S})$ for the category of left $\mathcal{D}$-modules over $X$ and $\mathcal{M}^r(\mathcal{D}_{X/S})$ for the category of right ...

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**3**answers

834 views

### Making D-modules on affine varieties more explicit

This is a follow up to my question about D-modules supported on the nilpotent cone. I got some good answers there but now I have a more basic question.
Consider an affine algebraic variety X, a ...

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328 views

### Quotient rule, differential operator on a localization is well-defined, underlying geometry?

Using the quotient rule, we obtain that the notion of differential operator on a localization is well-defined:$$\mathcal{D}_A(B_f) \cong \mathcal{D}_A(B)_f.$$Here, $B$ is a commutative $A$-algebra, ...

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141 views

### Rings all of whose torsion modules are cyclic

Let us call a (possibly non-commutative) ring $R$ "very good" if every finitely generated torsion left $R$-module is cyclic. Here is an example of such a ring:
Let $k=\mathbb{C}((t))$ and let ...

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74 views

### For any $f \in B$ which is not nilpotent, the set consisting of powers of $f$ is a multiplicative set in $\mathcal{D}_A(B)$? [closed]

Let $B$ be a commutative $A$-algebra. Let $\mathcal{D}_A(B)$ be the ring of differential operators of $B$ over $A$. Does it follow that for any $f \in B$ which is not nilpotent, the set consisting of ...

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279 views

### Characteristic Variety of the Principal Symbol solves PDE system?

In the study of partial differential equations, it is often considered enough to analyze the principal symbols and their characteristic variety (see for example, ...

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votes

**1**answer

205 views

### Global sections of D-module tensor product

Let $X=\mathbb{C}^n$ be affine n-space (with the Zariski topology), $\mathcal{D}$ its sheaf of differential operators. Let $D$ be the $n$th Weyl algebra, $M$ a right $D$-module, and $N$ a left ...

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79 views

### Toric Degenerations and Nearby Cycles

Suppose that $f: X \to \mathbb{A}^1$ is a toric degeneration in the sense of Nishinou-Siebert. In other words let X be a (possibly singular) toric variety equipped with a (not necessarily proper) ...

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49 views

### Extremal roots of Bernstein-Sato polynomials

Let $f \in \mathbb{C}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$.
Consider $D[s]$, where $D$ is the ring of polynomial coefficient differential operators in $n$ variables, and $s$ is an additional formal variable.
Suppose ...

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votes

**2**answers

657 views

### The Weyl algebra modules which are also rings

Consider the space $C^\infty(\mathbb{R})$. We have on it a natural action of the Weyl algebra generated by $x$ and $d/dx$, where $x$ is the coordinate on $\mathbb{R}$, and there is plenty of Weyl ...

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138 views

### Characteristic Cycles and Nearby Cycles

Let $Y$ be a smooth algebraic variety over $\mathbb{C}$, let $X = Y \times \mathbb{C}$ and let $f: X \to \mathbb{C}$ be the projection. Let $M$ be a (not necessarily regular) holonomic $D_X$-module ...

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117 views

### Differential operators between modules, $\mathcal{D}_A(M, M)$ necessarily a filtered, almost commutative ring?

See here. Does it follow immediately that $\mathcal{D}_A(M, M)$ as defined in the link is a filtered, almost commutative ring? How can I visualize this geometrically?

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**2**answers

564 views

### Equivalence of “Weyl Algebra” and “Crystalline” definitions of rings of differential operators between modules?

Let $B$ be a commutative $A$-algebra, and let $M$, $N$ be two $B$-modules. We can talk about the set of $A$-linear module homomorphisms $M \to N$, i.e. the set $\text{Hom}_A(M, N)$. Differential ...

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145 views

### Characterizations of regular holonomic D-modules

I'm looking for references for the various characterizations of regular holonomic D-modules, in particular proofs of their equivalence. For instance, some characterizations I've seen (in the analytic ...

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**1**answer

198 views

### Beilinson-Bernstein localization: $\mathfrak{g}$ action on $G$-equivariant sheaf

I have a few elementary questions related to Beilinson-Bernstein localization.
Let $G$ be a semisimple algebraic group over $\mathbb{C}$ with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. Consider the setup of ...

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556 views

### Recommendation textbooks on D-module

I am going to take part in a seminar on D-modules and applications, the textbooks that will be used are : D-modules, Perverse Sheaves, and Representation Theory, A Primer of Algebraic D-Modules
...

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**4**answers

2k views

### Classification of PDE

Recently I have been attending a course on PDE's. I was totally ignorant of the subject and wasn't that motivated to be honest. But I was intrigued and felt I had to take the course seriously both for ...

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**1**answer

3k views

### D-modules, deRham spaces and microlocalization

Given a variety (or scheme, or stack, or presheaf on the category of rings), some geometers, myself included, like to study D-modules. The usual definition of a D-module is as sheaves of modules over ...

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**2**answers

814 views

### Confusion about D-modules and functors

Given a morphism $f:X\rightarrow Y$ between smooth complex varieties, one can define functors from the bounded derived category with holonomic cohomology on $Y$ to the same category on $X$. The ...

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114 views

### What's the relation of the Hecke algebra of a pair and the flag variety?

Let $G$ be a real semisimple Lie group and $K$ a maximal compact subgroup. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ and $\mathfrak{k}$ be the complexified Lie algebra of $G$ and $K$, respectively.
Then the Hecke algebra ...

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563 views

### Ring of differential operators of a quotient ring

All rings are assumed to have unity.
Let $k$ be a field. Recall the definition of Grothendieck's ring of ($k$-linear) differential operators $D(R;k)$ of a commutative $k$-algebra $R$:
...

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votes

**1**answer

141 views

### Characteristic Varieties and Associated Varieties

Two notions that occur often in representation theory seem to be that of a "characteristic variety" and that of an "associated variety". The former term seems exclusive to D-module theory while the ...

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**1**answer

206 views

### Nearby cycles and specialisation - properties

I am looking for reference for properties of nearby cycles - specifically, commutation with non-characteristic pull-back (good enough - commutation with pull-back to closed subvariety which is ...

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**1**answer

108 views

### Sabbah b-functions factoring

Sabbah defined a version of b-functions for multiple functions in his 1987 paper here: http://archive.numdam.org/ARCHIVE/CM/CM_1987__62_3/CM_1987__62_3_283_0/CM_1987__62_3_283_0.pdf
According to ...

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100 views

### $D^{\infty}$ modules on analytic spaces

In Mebkhout's paper on Local Cohomology of Analytic Spaces, the following theorem is stated:
Let $X$ be a complex smooth manifold and $Y$ is an analytic subspace of $X$. Then ...

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335 views

### Epsilon factors - a la Beilinson - What is it?

I understand, to some extent, Tate's thesis. Could somebody explain perhaps what are the epsilon factors in Beilinson's works, such as "$\epsilon$-factors for Gauss-Manin determinants", or ...

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**1**answer

252 views

### Smooth mixed hodge modules - representations of fundamental group?

I do not know much about mixed Hodge modules. I would like to ask: Let $X$ be a smooth connected algebraic complex variety, with a chosen point. Could one describe smooth mixed Hodge modules on $X$ as ...

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99 views

### Algebraic methods in pde [duplicate]

I'm finding myself with a linear, very symetric system of first orders pde with polynomial coefficients. Wandering on the web, i learnt there is some nice alebraic way to deal with it involving ...

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vote

**1**answer

63 views

### Projective volume form

Upon reading K. Costello's paper on Witten genus, I wonder when, on a smooth (quasi-)projective variety $X$, the canonical bundle $\omega_X$ admits a left $D$-module structure (other than the ...

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597 views

### Microlocalizing Hochschild homology

A recent paper of Ben-Zvi and Nadler gives a general formalism for understanding "dimensions" in sheaf theories. Without getting too far into details, amongst other things, this formalism allows us ...

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203 views

### Most general “finiteness of de Rham cohomology” statement for holonomic $D$-modules in the algebraic case?

Let $X$ be a nonsingular algebraic variety over a field $k$ of characteristic zero. (We may assume $k$ algebraically closed if need be, but I want to avoid specifically demanding $k = \mathbb{C}$.) ...

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**0**answers

59 views

### Convolution of DQ-Modules

On page 92 of Deformation Quantization Modules Kashiwara and Schapira define two different convolution products for DQ-modules that differ by whether one uses $Rp_{13*}$ or $Rp_{13!}$ to push ...

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**1**answer

574 views

### what is the connection between D-modules and coordinate bundles?

Fix $n$ and a field $k$ of characteristic zero. Let $G$ be the pro-algebraic group of automorphims of $k[[x_1,...x_n]]$. Let $G_0$ be the subgroup of automorphisms preserving the closed point (note ...

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**1**answer

394 views

### Bernstein-Sato polynomial (one variable)

Let $R = \mathbb{C}[x_1,...,x_n]$, $p \in R$. There exists a monic (of lowest degree) $b_p(x) \in \mathbb{C}[s]$ and a differential operator $D(s)$ such that
$$b_p(s) p^s = D(x)p^{s+1}.$$
The ...

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164 views

### The associated graded of a mixed Hodge module

Unfortunately this question will be a bit vague, since the question revolves around a memory of something I may have heard in a talk (long time ago).
Let $X$ be a smooth complex variety. Let $MHM(X)$ ...

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100 views

### Pull back of D-modules and Koszul resolution

Consider an holonomic D-module on a smooth algebraic variety $X$ over a field $k$ of caracteristic 0.
Let $i: Y \hookrightarrow X$ be a regular embedding.
$Li^* M = \mathcal{D}_{Y\to X} ...

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**1**answer

679 views

### $\mathcal{D}$-quasi-isomorphisms and coherent $\Omega$-modules

Let $X$ be a smooth $\mathbf{C}$-scheme of finite type. In section 7.2 of their preprint "Quantization of Hitchin's Integrable System and Hecke Eigensheaves", Beilinson and Drinfeld define an ...

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106 views

### Is there an analogue of distributions in characteristic p?

Some motivation: When working over $\mathbb{C}$, distributions (in the sense of generalized functions) act as natural generators for $D$-modules (in the sense that any regular holonomic $D$-module is ...

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266 views

### singular support of D-module smooth w.r.t. a stratification

(1) Suppose that $X$ is a smooth complex algebraic variety, stratified by some nice smooth stratification $S$. Let $M$ be a $D$-module on $X$, s.t. its shriek-pullback (or star... whatever is ...

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127 views

### A nice rigid analytic model for local systems over an elliptic curve?

For $E$ an elliptic curve, let $LS(E)$ be the group of line bundles on $E$ with a flat connection. This is an $\mathbb{A}^1$-torsor over $E^\vee$. By Riemann-Hilbert (since the gauge group acts ...

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**1**answer

444 views

### What kind of algebra has geometric realization as in “Geometric Methods in Representation Theory of Hecke Algebras and Quantum Groups”

In Chriss and Ginzburg's book "Representation Theory and Complex Geometry" as well as the paper "Geometric Methods in Representation Theory of Hecke Algebras and Quantum Groups", the group algebra ...

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333 views

### About “de-Rham” and “l-adic” local systems - comparison

Hello,
Suppose that $k$ is an algebraically closed field of char. 0.
Let $X$ be a smooth connected variety over $k$.
Then I have the category $A$ of Regular Singular smooth $D$-modules on $X$ (i.e. ...

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272 views

### D-modules as quantization of modules on cotangent bundle

If we have filtration on D-module compatible with some good filtration on differential operators sheaf then adjoint graded module is module over functions on cotangent bundle. So morally D-module is ...

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**1**answer

260 views

### D-affine morphisms and composition

I am just a beginner in $D$-module, so this could be a stupid question, but I can't find an easy reference for it. I would like to define the notion of $D$-affine morphism. The most obvious way would ...

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303 views

### Weight decomposition and eigenspaces Euler vector field

Let $V$ be a finite dimensional vector space over $\mathbb{C}$, denote $V^{\times} = V -0$ and let $\pi : V^{\times} \rightarrow \mathbb{P}(V)$ be the quotient by the natural action of ...