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5
votes
1answer
333 views

A strange condition on containment of special complex numbers in cyclotomic fields

In a recent theorem we have naturally come across this condition, that seems to be important, but rarely satisfied: $\sqrt{\frac 1 4 + a^m} \in \mathbb Q(\zeta_m, a)$ where $a\in\mathbb C^*$ and ...
18
votes
1answer
664 views

What are the products $\prod_{A\subset{\mathbb F}_p\colon |A|=n} \sum_{a\in A} \zeta^a$ equal to?

This is a somewhat more explicit version of a question I have recently asked. Let $p$ be an odd prime, and write $\zeta:=\exp(2\pi i/p)$ (any other primitive $p$th root of unity will do as well). For ...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

Prime factors of $\sum_{i\in I} \zeta_p^i$

For a rational prime $p>3$, denote by $\zeta$ a fixed primitive root of unity of degree $p$, and let ${\mathbb K}={\mathbb Q}(\zeta)$ be the $p$th cyclotomic field. Consider the set of all non-zero ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Can a sum of roots of unity be an integer?

Let $n \geq 2$, $H \lneq (\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z})^*$, $\zeta_k$ a primitive $k$-th root of unity. Is it possible that $$\sum_{h \in H} \zeta_k^{h} \in \mathbb{Z}$$ for every $k$ dividing $n$ such that ...
3
votes
2answers
385 views

Trace of n-th root of unity in cyclotomic extension of p-adic rationals

Let $n\in\mathbb N$ and $p$ be any prime. Denote by $\mathbb Q_p$ the $p$-adic numbers. For a field extension $L/K$ denote by $Tr_{L/K}$ the corresponding trace function. Let $\zeta_n$ be a primitve ...
2
votes
1answer
240 views

Cyclotomic integers with given modulus

The following problem was posted to the NMBRTHRY mailing list about a week ago, without eventually getting a satisfactory solution. Suppose that $p=(n^2+1)/2$ is a prime, with $n\ge 5$ integer. Does ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

Algebraic numbers abhorrent to cyclotomic fields

Consider an algebraic number $\alpha$, which can be taken to be an integer. With $\deg\alpha$ a prime number, one can easily arrange that to be such that all powers $\alpha^n$ to be of the same ...