**118**

votes

**46**answers

39k views

### Ways to prove the fundamental theorem of algebra

This seems to be a favorite question everywhere, including Princeton quals. How many ways are there?
Please give a new way in each answer, and if possible give reference. I start by giving two:
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

14 views

### Zeroes of trigonometric-like function

Consider a function $f(z)=\cos(z)\cosh(az)+\sin(z)\sinh(bz)$ for $z\in \mathbb{Z}, a,b \in \mathbb{R}$. Denote D being a set {a,b} of such pairs of parameters that NOT ALL zeroes of corresponding ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

175 views

### Logarithms of matrices in the disk-algebra

It is easy to see that within the disk algebra $A(D)$
$$\Delta(z):= \begin{pmatrix} 1&0\\z&1 \end{pmatrix}\; \begin{pmatrix} 1&1\\0&1 \end{pmatrix}=
\begin{pmatrix} ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### Rotation invariance of an integral

Consider the integral depending on 2 parameters
$$f(\tau,x):=\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\frac{dp}{\sqrt{p^2+1}}e^{-\sqrt{p^2+1}\tau+ipx},$$
where $\tau >0,x\in \mathbb{R}$. This integral absolutely ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Functions of form $f(z)/f(z^*)$

I am doing my research in mathematical physics, and in the process I am getting functions of complex variable $z$ of form
$F(z) = \frac{f(z)}{f(z^*)}$
In my case $f$ doesn't have any interesting ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

397 views

### Does $a_n=\prod^n_{k=1}(1-e^{k\alpha \pi i})$ converge to zero when $\alpha$ is irrational?

I came across a problem concerning about the convergence of products. I wonder if the complex series $a_n=\prod^n_{k=1}(1-e^{k\alpha \pi i})$ converges to zero when $\alpha$ is irrational. Of course, ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Complex Stone-Weierstrass Type problem

I have come across this problem which resembles complex Stone-Weierstrass theorem except for a problem that the conjugate of the functions are not necessarily in the sub algebra.
Suppose $\Omega$ is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### The spectrum and the tangent space of the algebra of holomorphic functions on a Stein manifold

Let $A$ be a Fréchet algebra over ${\mathbb C}$, and let us call the spectrum ${\tt Spec}[A]$ of $A$ the set of all characters, i.e. continuous multiplicative linear functionals $s:A\to{\mathbb C}$, ...

**25**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### What is special about polylogarithms that leads to so many interesting identities and applications?

I have heard that Polylogarithms are very interesting things. The wikipedia page shows a lot of interesting identities. These functions are indeed supposed to have caught the attention of Ramanujan. ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

493 views

### Can the topological algebra of analytic functions be endowed with a norm that defines the natural topology?

Right, so in my research in complex analysis I was puzzled by this question which may have a simple approachable answer that eludes me, but I am truly itching to find out and in need of it so I am ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

34 views

### explicit conformal map of sinus-shaped region

I wonder weather an explicit conformal map of a sinus-shaped region given by $\Re(z) \in [0, 1+\delta \sin(\Im(z)) ]$ onto say a strip or a ball is known (of course $0<\delta < 1$). Thank you.

**0**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Contour integral of non holomorphic but continuous functions [closed]

Let us consider two functions $f(z)$ and $g(z)$, both holomorphic on a domain $U$ (a simply connected subset of $\mathbb{C}$).
Thus, because of Cauchy's integral theorem, along any closed rectifiable ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

86 views

### On some curves of real values of a rational function

For given parameters $a_{1},\dots,a_{k}\in\mathbb{R}$, define the rational function $\phi:\mathbb{C}\to\mathbb{C}$ as
$$\phi(z)=\frac{1}{z}-a_{1}z-a_{2}z^{2}-\dots-a_{k}z^{k}.$$
The domain of its real ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

88 views

### Analytic continuation of a specific integral with respect to a parameter

The following integral absolutely converges for $Re(z)<0$ and is analytic in this domain:
$$F(z):=\int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\sin r}{r}e^{\sqrt{r^2+m^2}z}dr ,$$
where $m>0$ is fixed.
Question. To ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

931 views

### What's the use of Malgrange preparation theorem?

The Malgrange preparation theorem,which is the $C^{\infty}$ version of the classical Weierstrass preparation theorem,says that if $f(t,x)$ is a $C^{\infty}$ function of $(t,x)\in\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ near ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Relation between complex analysis and harmonic function theory [closed]

There are some theorems in harmonic function theory that resemble results in complex analysis, like:
Holomorphic functions and complex functions are analytic;
Cauchy's integral formula in complex ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### Two similar integrals

Let $n$ be a given even positive integer. We have the following integral
\begin{align}
...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

290 views

### Equivalence of Branched Coverings

For equivalence of unbranched coverings of topological spaces, there is a criteria:
Two coverings (unbranched) $p_1\colon Y_1\rightarrow X$ and $p_2\colon Y_2\rightarrow X$ are equivalent iff for ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

74 views

### Poincaré inequality for holomorphic line bundles

Let $M$ be a Riemann surface of genus >1, $g$ be an Hermitian metric on $M$. Let $E$ is a holomorphic negative line bundle over $M$, for example, the holomorhic tangent bundle of $M$. Let $h$ be an ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Estimates for hyperbolic metrics on nested surfaces

Suppose that $X$ and $Y$ are connected hyperbolic Riemann surfaces, with $X\subsetneq Y$. Let $\rho_{X,Y}$ be the density of the hyperbolic metric of $X$ with respect to that of $Y$; then $\rho_{X,Y} ...

**21**

votes

**4**answers

699 views

### When are some products of gamma functions algebraic numbers?

I want to know when certain expressions of the form
$ {\Gamma(r_1/m) \Gamma(r_2/m) \ldots \Gamma(r_j/m) \over \Gamma(s_1/m) \Gamma(s_2/m) \ldots \Gamma(s_j/m)} $
are algebraic numbers. These ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Blaschke Condition for hyperbolic lattices

For $r$, $s$, small positive integers, do the complex numbers on the unit disc (without the hyperbolic metric) corresponding to the vertices of the hyperbolic tiling with Schläfli symbol $\{r,s\}$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Artin approximation vs implicit function theorem in the class of analytic functions

I asked this on math stackexchange but I had no luck, so I am posting my question also here.
I am not an algebraist so my question might be stupid. I am doing mainly complex analysis and recently I ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

49 views

### Complex integration over 1-singular chain

Let $f$ be a continuous function on $\mathbb{C}$ and assume that $\lim_{z\to \infty} zf(z) = \lambda.$ Let us note for all natural $n$ $$C_n = \{z \in \mathbb{C} : |z|=n\}.$$ Then, a usual fact of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

53 views

### Can I apply Lagrange inversion theorem? [closed]

I want to invert the equation
$$\eta = g(x)\sqrt{1+g'(x)^2}$$
to get $x$ as a function of $\eta$. Assume $g(0)=0$, $g'(0)=0$ and $g'(x)>0$ for $x>0$ (Think $g(x) = x^p$ for $p\geq 2$ integer).
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

149 views

### find solution of complex number recurrence equation

I have the following recurrence equation:
$$(\mu\ n + \nu) f_{n} + J\Phi^{*} \sqrt{n+1}f_{n+1} + J\Phi\ \sqrt{n}f_{n-1} = 0$$
for complex numbers $f_{n}$ where $n = 0,1,2,3,...,\infty$ and complex ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

146 views

### A Generalization of growth exponents

The growth exponent of a function $f(\sigma + it)$ is defined as
the least nonnegative real number $\psi(\sigma)$ satisfying
$$
f(\sigma + it) \ll |t|^{\psi(\sigma) + \epsilon}
$$
as $t \to \infty$, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

31 views

### Normality criterion based on Brownian motion

Consider analytic family $\mathcal{F}$ btw domains $U,V\subset \mathbb{C}$. For any $f\in \mathcal{F}$ we have time-changed Brownian motion $f(B_{t})=\widetilde{B}_{\int_{0}^{t}|f(B_{s})|^{2}ds}$. So ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

41 views

### How to get Wiener-Hopf decomposition of this matrix function

I met a matrix function $M(z)$ that I need to get its Wiener-Hopf decomposition that $M(z) = M_+(z) M_-(z)$ with $M_+(z)$ and $M_-(z)$ being analytic inside and outside the unit circle respectively. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Proof of Euler's reflection formula via rapidly decreasing Fourier series

Story
I want to prove Euler's reflection formula by showing that
\begin{equation*}
f(s) = \sin(\pi s) \Gamma(s) \Gamma(1 - s)
\end{equation*}
is constant, where $s = \sigma + it$. It's easy to see ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### How did Riemann calculate the first few non-trivial zeros of the zeta-function?

Does anyone know how Riemann calculated the first few non-trivial zeros of the Zeta function? I am wondering if he approximated the integral, $\frac{1}{2 \pi i} \int_{R} \frac{{\xi}^\prime(z)}{\xi ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

303 views

### Dominated convergence to characteristic function

Let $\phi_m(x):=\chi_{[0,1]} * \chi_{[0,1]} *...* \chi_{[0,1]}$ be the m -times convolution (so $m+1$ characteristic functions are involved).
Then the Fourier transform of this function is given by
...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

34 views

### How to prove that arc segment vanishes

I have this integral:
$$iNx^a\int_{-\frac{\pi}{2}}^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \frac{x^{Ne^{i\theta}}e^{i\theta}}{\Gamma(Ne^{i\theta}+a-m)\zeta(2Ne^{i\theta}+2a+n)\sin (\pi \left(a+Ne^{i\theta}\right))} ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

77 views

### Nonlinear PDE for a 2D foliation

I am trying to solve a 4th order nonlinear PDE for a real function $u(x,y)$ of two variables. It is too complicated to reproduce here but it exhibits the following two very nice properties:
1) if ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

40 views

### Modulus of Continuity for an Analytic Function on an Ellipse

This is a question which I stumbled upon while working on Legendre Polynomials, but it is actually a question in complex analysis.
Consider: Given $f\in C^{\infty} (E)$, where $E_{\rho} \subseteq ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

375 views

### regular polygon question

Let $a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n$ be distinct points on the complex plane $\mathbb{C}$ and $L$ be a circle in $\mathbb{C}$ such that
$$f(z):=\sum_{i=1}^n|z-a_i|^{2n-2}$$
is constant on $L.$ Could somebody ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

159 views

### Biholomorphic neighborhoods of the boundary of Stein domains

Let $(X_1,J_1)$ and $(X_2,J_2)$ be Stein domains with the same contact boundary $(Y,\xi)$. Under what conditions does there exist a biholomorphism between a neighborhood of their respective boundaries ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### Embed a bordered Riemann surface into punctured Riemann surfaces?

Let $U$ be a bordered Riemann surface of genus $g$ with $n -1$ punctures and one hole (i.e., the border has one connected component). For any punctured Riemann surface $\Sigma$ of genus $g$ with $n$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### Wiener-Hopf factorization of matrices

Given a $2\times2$ matrix, which entries are functions in the complex plane $$\hat{A}(z)=\left(\begin{array}{cc}a(z)&b(z)\\c(z)&d(z)\end{array}\right)$$Where $a(z),b(z),c(z)$ and $d(z)$ are ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### The boundedness of an entire function along the imaginary axis

I am looking for an answer in the affirmative or the negative concerning the asymptotics of an entire function. The question, relatively simple to state, has proven very taxing to solve and requires ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### $L^p$ norm of boundary values of holomorphic function

I am looking for an estimate of the following form:
Suppose that $D\subset \mathbb{C}$ is a simply connected domain. Suppose that $F$ is holomorphic and bounded on $D$ and can be holomorphically ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

62 views

### Explicit formula of biholomorphism between the rectangle and unit disk [closed]

From the Riemann mapping theorem we know that there exists a biholomorphism between the rectangle $R$ and the unit disk $D$, can we write this biholomorphic map explicitly?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### How to calculate the expected value of complex-valued random variable? [closed]

Suppose $\theta_1,\theta_2,\cdots, \theta_n$ are independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) real-valued random variables and here we specifically consider the uniform distribution in the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Siegel's article “The volume of the fundamental domain for some infinite groups”: trouble with understanding computations

This is the article I mentioned. While the idea of what Siegel is doing in order to compute the volume of the fundamental domain described in the article (the very first one, for there are discussed ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Convex Hull of univalent functions and Bieberbach Conjecture

Consider the class $S$ of univalent functions on the unit disk $D$ normalized so that $f(0)=0$ and $f'(0)=1$.
Each function in $S$ satisfy the Bieberbach conjecture, that is the $n$-th coefficient in ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### State of the art for univariate complex polynomials factorization with algebraic coefficients

Let $\mathbb{K}:=\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ be the field of algebraic numbers. We choose to represent an element of $\mathbb{K}$ as its minimal monic polynomial, which is a vector in some $\mathbb{Q}^n$.
...

**-4**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### Proof of formula for $\pi$ in terms of infinite number [closed]

What is the shortest proof of the formula $\pi=\frac{\infty\sqrt[\infty]{-1}-\infty}{\sqrt{-1}}$? Here we choose the principal branch of the root. Hopefully a fairly elementary proof can be provided ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

489 views

### Holomorphy of a function with values in a Hilbert space

I asked the same question on MathStackExchange. EDIT: This question has now a open bounty worth +50 reputation on MSE.
Denote by $\mathbb C^\infty $ the Hilbert space $\ell^2 (\mathbb C)$. Fix $1\leq ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

158 views

### Criterion for deciding the conformal class of a metric on a complete surface

For orientable closed Riemannian surfaces $(S,g)$, there is a constant curvature metric $\overline{g}$ on $S$ that is conformal to $g$ in the sense that $\overline{g} = e^ug$ for some smooth function ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

515 views

### How many isolated roots can a polynomial in $z$ and $\overline{z}$ have?

This is probably well-known by I can't find it now online. My guess is that if the degree is $n$ then it's $2n$ but it's just a hunch.
EDIT:
This is an edited version. Before I asked about roots ...