# Tagged Questions

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### Umbilic points on Euclidean hypersurfaces

Every smooth embedding of $S^2$ into $\mathbb{R}^3$ has at least one umbilic point (in fact, the recent proof of the Caratheodory conjecture yields two such points). The usual proof of this is to use ...
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### Research topics in Curves and Surfaces [on hold]

I advance that I'm not a mathematician but I'm an undergraduate student of mathematics. In my courses at university I have studied a bit of Differential Geometry, in particoular differential geometry ...
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### Curvature of plane curves on a surface

Let $S$ be a surface and $\gamma$ a curve on $S\subseteq \mathbb{R}^3$ obtained cutting $S$ with a plane. I wuold an upper bound for the curvature of $\gamma$. Are there papers for this topic?
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### Are there some intrinsic invariants of surfaces other than Gaussian curvature?

The principal curvatures of a surface is denoted by $\kappa_{1}, \kappa_{2}$. Let $P(x,y)$ be a polynomial with real coefficients. Assume that $P(\kappa_{1}, \kappa_{2})$ is an intrinsically ...
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### Surfaces contained in a ball

In this Paper there is a proof that a closed plane curve of length $L$ and curvature bounded by $K$ can be contained inside a circle of radius $L/4 - (\pi - 2)/2K$. Are there similar results for ...
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### Trefoil Knot Seifert Minimal Surface Equation

I am not very familiar with knot theory nor with minimal surfaces, so I already apologize if my question appears too naive or simple :). I am trying to do the following: Starting from a real ...
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### Exact derivation of Von Kármán relation of Gauss curvature

Using relations for surface deformations (in structural mechanics notation) $$u,v,{\epsilon _x, \epsilon_y, \gamma_{xy}}$$ Notations {u,v } have same meaning as displacements in surface theory. ...
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### Change of length of curve when Fenchel-Nielsen length coordinate increase

Let $F$ be a hyperbolic surface of finite type. Suppose $\alpha$ is a simple closed geodesic and $\beta$ is any closed geodesic intersecting $\alpha$. Consider a Fenchel-Nielsen coordinate of the ...
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### Families of smooth projective varieties over dvr

Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring with residue field $k$, an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero and $\pi:X\to \mbox{spec}(R)$ a smooth, projective family of surfaces. Denote by $X_0$...
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### Functions approximated by rolling epicycle curves

Imagine a decreasing sequence of (positive) radii $r_1 > r_2 > r_3 > \cdots$ and a series of nested circles $C_1 \supset C_2 \supset C_3 \supset \cdots$ with these radii, initially each ...
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### Locus of points where difference in gravitational forces is constant

Is there a name for the curve in the plane defined by $a/\|x - p\|^2 - b/\|x - q\|^2=\mathrm{constant}$ where $a$ and $b$ are fixed numbers and $p$ and $q$ are fixed points? How about if I don't ...
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### Derivation of surfaces

In an Euclidean linear plane, the evolute of a given curve $C$ with support function $h(t)$ can be regarded as a kind of derivative $C'$ of $C$. Indeed, $C'$ has support function $h'(\pi/2 -t)$. Is ...
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### How to detect a simple closed curve from the element in the fundamental group?

(1) Given a fundamental group representation of a hyperbolic surface, i.e. $<a_j,b_j|\prod[a_j,b_j]=1>$, and given an element in this group, can we determine whether this element can be ...
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### Largest disk inside a spherical domain

It is known (Pestov-Ionin theorem) that if $k_{max}$ is the maximum curvature of a smooth planar loop $\gamma$, then there is a disk of radius $1/k_{max}$ inside $\gamma$. I wonder is there any ...
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### A cubic and six conics problem

I am an electrical engineer system. I live in Viet Nam. I am not a Mathematician. I construct and found a problem as follows: Let a cubic, and five conics $(C_1)$, $(C_2)$, $(C_3)$, $(C_4)$, $(C_5)$. ...
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### Finite union of affinoid is affinoid in proper smooth rigid curves (unless it is everything)

In several papers I have found the surprising statement that finite unions of affinoid subspaces of a proper smooth and connected rigid curve are either the whole curve or again affinoid. Could you ...
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### Meeting point of the vertices of a square cloth on x-y plane

Consider a standard square sheet lying on the xy plane with edge length n. Is it possible to determine the coordinates (x, y, z) of the point where the vertices of the sheet will meet, when each of ...
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### Marginally Trapped surfaces with constant Gaussian curvature

By marginally trapped surface I mean a spacelike surface in a 4-dimensional Lorentzian manifold such that the mean curvature vector is lightlike. In my research I have stumbled across marginally ...
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### Wanted, dead or alive: Have you seen this curve? (circular variant of cardioid)

Let me start with the context. This is definitely not a "research level" question, but I'm hoping that the research community will be able to settle for me whether or not a particular construction ...
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### On closed simple curve with curvature at most 1

I am looking for the reference to the following theorem. I have to apply a similar statement, and it would be nice to trace the source. Please note, I know few proofs in fact it is Problem 3 in my ...
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### In the $\mathbb{H}^3$ upper half space model, is a hemiellipsoid perpendicular to the plane at infinity a minimal surface?

Given a Jordan curve on the $\mathbb{H}^3$ boundary at infinity, there is a minimal surface (topological disk) in $\mathbb{H}^3$ with the curve as its asymptotic boundary (page.mi.fu-berlin.de/...
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### Explicit form of certain polynomials and intersection of curves

Let $X$ be a smooth degree $d$ hypersurface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ and $C, D$ two effective divisors on $X$ intersecting at finitely many points. Is it true that if $C$ and $D$ intersect in ''low'' number ...
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### When is the product of curves a complete intersection variety

Let $C$ be a smooth, projective curve over $\mathbb{C}$ of genus $g$. Let $L$ be a globally generated line bundle on $C$ and let $h^0(C,L)=r+1$. Let $\phi_L:C\rightarrow\mathbb{P}^r$ be the morphism ...
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### Besides the tracioid are there other surfaces of revolution that have a constant negative curvature?

There is no surface in $R^3$ that can represent the complete hyperbolic plane (Hilberts theorem) so we always have to do with a surface that is not completely equivalent, has a cusp somewhere, but ...
### What does the action of a 2-torsion line bundle on $Pic^d(C)$ do to the number of sections?
Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $A$ be a degree $d$ line bundle on $C$, and $M$ be a degree 0 line bundle on $C$ such that $M^2=\mathcal{O}_C$, that is, it is a 2-torsion ...