The curves-and-surfaces tag has no usage guidance.

**1**

vote

**1**answer

132 views

### Another type of derivative, and the associated primitive

Let $\mathbf{v}:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ be a continuous function, such that $||\mathbf{v}(t)||=1,\ \forall t\in (a,b)$. Find all continuous functions $\mathbf{r}:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ so that:
$
\...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

183 views

### Area of the minimal surface of a non-planar quadrilateral in 3d

Consider a non-planar quadrilateral in three dimensions, i.e. four points $x_1,\dots,x_4$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$ that do not lie on a plane and connected by straight lines. Then, by general theory of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

92 views

### General reparameterization of a b-spline

Say I have a bspline function (or curve) of order $k_1$, defined over some knot vector
$\mathbf{t} = \{ t_i\}_1^{n_1}$, i.e. $$f(x) = \sum_i a^i B_{i,k_1}(x).$$
Do you know of a process of finding ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

90 views

### Intersection points of closed curves inscribed in a convex polygon

Suppose that I have two distinct simple closed curves, $C_1$ & $C_2$, and each is inscribed in a convex polygon, D. By inscribed, I mean tangent to each side of D. In particular, I am most ...

**4**

votes

**5**answers

588 views

### Variation of curvature with respect to immersion?

Let $M$ be a smooth surface and let $f: M \to \mathbb{R}^3$ be a family of immersions given by
$$ f(t) = f_0 + tuN_0, $$
where $f_0$ is some initial immersion, $N_0$ is the associated Gauss map, and ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### Angle between geodesics in hyperbolic surface

Let $F$ be an oriented surface of finite type with $\chi(F)<0$. Let $\gamma_1$ and $\gamma_2$ are two oriented closed curves which intersect transversally in double points. Given a hyperbolic ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

238 views

### “Spreading out” locally free sheaves

Let $Y$ be a regular surface flat, projective over $R$, where $R$ is complete DVR. Let $X$ be the generic fiber and $F$ be a locally free sheaf on $X$. We know that if the rank of $F$ is $1$ then we ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

328 views

### Symmetry on a sphere

Let $u$ be a smooth function on the sphere $S^2$. Suppose there exists $C>0$ such that for all $R \in SO(3)$, the area of every nonempty connected component of $\{x\in S^2: u(x)> u(Rx)\}$ is at ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

243 views

### Intersection of closed geodesics in hyperbolic surface

This question may be easy but I could not come up with a proof.
Let $F$ be a hyperbolic surface of finite type (with finitely many boundary and finitely many puncture). Let $\gamma$ be a closed non-...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

554 views

### Besides the tracioid are there other surfaces of revolution that have a constant negative curvature?

There is no surface in $ R^3 $ that can represent the complete hyperbolic plane (Hilberts theorem) so we always have to do with a surface that is not completely equivalent, has a cusp somewhere, but ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

99 views

### How to approximate volumes of m-dimensional manifolds with m-dimensional polyhedra

The areas of a sequence of polyhedra approaching a surface need not approach the area of the surface, but there are theorems guaranteeing that this be so. (T. Rado, On the Problem of Plateau, Chapter ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

223 views

### Understanding a proof of a lemma in elliptic surfaces

In the following paper , The Kahler-Ricci flow on surfaces of positive Kodaira dimension (Sung and Tian) in page 621, I am trying to understand the proof of part 1 of Lemma 3.4.
In the part 1 of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### A query about Hatcher flow on arc complex

In the paper "Triangulations of Surfaces" Hatcher proved that the arc complex associated to a punctured surface is contractible. The main proof is divided into two parts. In the first part he assumes ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

76 views

### On Severi's definition of the complementary correspondence

In Weil's short note entitled "On the Riemann hypothesis in function-fields"
he mentions the notion of the complementary correspondence associated to a given correspondence $T:C\rightarrow C$ where $C$...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

244 views

### Effective cone of C x C where C is a Fermat curve

A search of the literature reveals that for a curve $C$ of genus $\geq 2$, determining the effective cone of $C \times C$ is hard. My question is this: do we know a single example of a curve $C$ of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### The class of uniformly accelerated curves and surfaces

Once upon a time I was travelling by train and noticed an intresting optic effect I started to think about in terms of math.
Let's consider two examples of curves:
1)The curve defined by the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

149 views

### Uniqueness of lifting of very ample line bundle on smooth proper surfaces over DVR

Let $R$ be a complete Henselian discrete valuation ring of characteristic 0, $X_R$ be a surface smooth, proper and flat over $R$. Assume that the residue field $k$ of $R$ is algebraically closed of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### Curvature and Failure to return to starting point

Assume I have a geodesic polygon $P$ in a Riemannian manifold $M$ that is given by the image of a piecewise geodesic closed curve $\gamma(t)$ (parametrized by arclength), with vertices $x_i = \gamma(...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

50 views

### Connectivity and contarctibility of complexes associated to curves and arcs

There are various complexes associated to a surface using the curves and arcs e.g. Curve complex, Arc complex, curve arc complex and so on (for a collection of such objects see This). Now to ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### A doubt from “Geometry of the complex of curves II: Hierarchical structure” by Masur and Minsky

In the paper "Geometry of the complex of curves II: Hierarchical structure" (Paper) there is a construction of curve complex for an Annular subdomain (2.4). The construction depends on the domain ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

118 views

### Invariant of isotopy of curves in a surface.

Suppose $S_g$ is a sorface of genus $g>1$. Let $\gamma_1$ and $\gamma_2$ be two simple closed curves containing points $p_1, p_2$. Suppose $\gamma_1$ and $\gamma_2$ are isotopic. Now there can be ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

142 views

### Quotient of product of curves

Let $C_1,C_2$ be smooth, projective curves of genera $g_1,g_2 \geq 2$. Assume that a group $G$ of order $(g_1 - 1)(g_2 - 1)$ acts on $C_1$ and $C_2$ such that $C_1/G \cong \mathbb{P}^1$ and $C_2/G \...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### A question on the curvature of smooth and embedded curves in a plane

I am from China. This is my first question in this website.
Given a family of embedded, smooth and closed curves $\{X_i(s)\}_{i=1}^\infty$ in a plane, let us denote by $L_i$ the perimeter and $\...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

250 views

### Surface curves equidistant from a simple closed geodesic

Let $S \subset \mathbb{R}^3$ be a surface embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$,
let's say (to keep it simple) of genus zero.
Let $\gamma$ be a simple, closed, oriented geodesic on $S$.
Because $\gamma$ is ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

423 views

### Automorphisms of a smooth quadric surface $Q\subset\mathbb{P}^{3}$

Let $Q\cong\mathbb{P^{1}_{1}}\times\mathbb{P^{1}_{2}}\subset\mathbb{P}^{3}$ be a smooth quadric surface. We have the following two actions on $Q$:
$$S_2\times Q\rightarrow Q,\; (\sigma,(x,y))\mapsto\...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

998 views

### How useful/pervasive are differential forms in surface theory?

Every year I teach an introductory class on the differential geometry of surfaces, including numerical aspects (e.g., how to solve PDEs on surfaces). Historically this class has included an ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

217 views

### Curve of 3-secant lines

Let $C\subset\mathbb{P}^{3}$ be a smooth, non-degenerate curve over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. Let $d$ be the degree of $C$ and $g$ be its genus.
Consider the variety $S_{3}...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

277 views

### Clarification of Gabai's exposition of Murasugi Sums in 'the Murasugi sum is a natural geometric operation'

Gabai states that the Murasugi sum of two hopf bands yields a spanning surface of either the figure eight knot, the trefoil knot or a link of three components. Figure one shows two oppositely twisted ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

244 views

### On the dualizing sheaf of a curve

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface in $\mathbb{P}^n$ and $C$ be an effective curve. I know that the dualizing sheaf, $\omega_C$ of $C$ is $\mathcal{E}xt^{n-1}_{\mathbb{P}^n}(\mathcal{O}_C,K_{\...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

778 views

### base points of multiplicity $>1$

Let $S$ be a smooth projective surface (I am mostly intrested in the case when $S$ is a product of curves, say $S=\mathbb{P}^1 \times \mathbb{P}^1$ but probably this is not important).
Consider a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

214 views

### Embedding a projective curve in a smooth surface (using a Bertini theorem)

Let $C$ be a reduced (not irreducible) projective curve of degree $d$ such that $C$ contains at most double points. By a result due to Kleiman and Altman, we know that there exists a smooth surface ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

210 views

### Pull-back of globally generated sheaves

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$, $D=\sum_i n_iD_i$ an effective Cartier divisor. Let $C$ be a smooth irreducible curve on $X$. Denote by $i:C \hookrightarrow X$ is the closed ...

**14**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### What is the analog of the “Fundamental Theorem of Space Curves,” for surfaces, and beyond?

The "Fundamental Theorem of Space Curves"
(Wikipedia link; MathWorld link)
states that there is a unique (up to congruence)
curve in space that simultaneously realizes
given continuous curvature $\...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

396 views

### Realizing homology classes on surfaces with boundary by simple closed curves

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact oriented surface with boundary. Assume that the genus of $\Sigma$ is positive. We say that an element $h \in H_1(\Sigma)$ can be realized by a simple closed curve if there ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

132 views

### Bitangent locus of torus knots

Anyone know how to compute the bitangent locus of a space curve, e.g. a torus knot (pick whatever parametrization you like)? Specifically, what is the set of normal vectors (in the two-sphere) of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

186 views

### Points of a linear system on a cubic surface

Let $S$ be a generic cubic surface and let $C$ be its intersection with a generic quadric surface.
In the linear system of hyperplane sections of $S$, how many points represent the planes $H$ tangent ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

630 views

### On discrete version of curve shortening flow

One can define an analogous version of the curve shortening flow for polygons in $\mathbb R^2$, namely defined by the differential equation $\dot{p_i}(t)=\frac{v_i(t)}{|v_i(t)|^2}$, where $p_i$ is the ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

851 views

### Geodesics on the twisted pseudosphere (Dini's surface)

I wonder how difficult it is to compute geodesics on Dini's Surface,
a twisted pseudosphere?
Here is one parametrization, from
Alfred Gray's Modern Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces, p....

**0**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### invariance of the dimension of severi varieties of surfaces

Suppose I have a smooth projective surface $S\subset P^n$ embedded by a very ample linear system $|L|$. Consider now the generalized Severi varieties that parametrize curves on $S$ belonging to $|L|$, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

131 views

### Centralizer of a pseudo-Anosov element

What is the centralizer of a pseudo-Anosov element in the mapping class group of an orientable punctured surface? Is it cyclic? If so, where can I find a proof?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

185 views

### Mapping One Curve to another using Dehn Twists

Let $M$ be an orientable surface with genus $g>1$. Let $\alpha$ and $\beta$ represent two different isotopy classes of essential curves on the surface. Is anyone aware of a technique or algorithm ...

**15**

votes

**5**answers

675 views

### How to detect a simple closed curve from the element in the fundamental group?

(1) Given a fundamental group representation of a hyperbolic surface, i.e. $<a_j,b_j|\prod[a_j,b_j]=1>$, and given an element in this group, can we determine whether this element can be ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

269 views

### Curvature flows for PL closed curves in the plane?

I'm curious to what extent people have studied "curvature flows" on PL closed curves in the plane.
There's a paper by Gage and Hamilton from 1986 that describes the long-term behaviour of smooth ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Injective simplicial maps between Arc complexes

Let $A(S)$ denotes the Arc complex of a finite type hyperbolic surface $S$ with nonempty boundary. Let $\lambda:A(S)\rightarrow A(S)$ be a map such that on triangulations of $S$ i.e. on the top ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

532 views

### Bezout Theorem in $\mathbb P^3$

For a $\mathbb C P^2$ is known a result: if through the generic points $p_1,p_2,\dots p_n$ with multiplicities $m_1,m_2\dots, m_n$ correspondingly a degree $d$ curve passes then $d^2\geq m_1^2+m_2^2+\...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### winding number for outer-pointing normal

While trying to characterize the complexity of a closed differentiable curve (for a path planning application), I've been using a notion which is similar in spirit to the winding number of a curve. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Characterization of convex space curve

In general, a smooth curve $C$ in $R^3$ that lies entirely on the boundary of its convex hull, $\mathcal{H}(C)$, is defined to be convex.
Does any one know of a characterization of a curve in space ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Existence of special pants decompositions for non-elementary representations into PSL(2,R)

A Theorem by Gallo, Goldman and Porter states the following:
Let $S_g$ be a closed orientable surface of genus $g$ with fundamental group $\Gamma_g$, and fix a non-elementary representation $\rho\...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

401 views

### Surface in 3D that realizes all pairs of principal curvatures

This is a question that Willie Wong raised in comments after he answered my question,
Surface analog of clothoid: curvatures covering $\mathbb{R}^3$. Willie's question is
more interesting (and ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

323 views

### Surface analog of clothoid: curvatures covering $\mathbb{R}$

The clothoid $C$, a.k.a. the Euler spiral,
is one among many curves with
the property that its curvatures cover $\mathbb{R}$
in the sense that, for every $x \in \mathbb{R}$,
there is a point $p \in C$ ...