The tag has no usage guidance.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

28
votes
2answers
2k views

Unifying Geometry for Characteristic Classes

When working with characteristic classes (more concretely Chern classes), one finds at least four essentially distinct approaches: Axiomatic Approach. See, for instance, Vector Bundles and K-Theory, ...
15
votes
2answers
543 views

Are there some intrinsic invariants of surfaces other than Gaussian curvature?

The principal curvatures of a surface is denoted by $\kappa_{1}, \kappa_{2}$. Let $P(x,y)$ be a polynomial with real coefficients. Assume that $P(\kappa_{1}, \kappa_{2})$ is an intrinsically ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

Curvature of a Lie group

Since a lie group is a manifold with the structure of a continuous group, then each point of the manifold [Edit: provided we fix a metric, for example an invariant or bi-invariant one] has some scalar ...
11
votes
1answer
393 views

Differential geometric interpretation of cohomology

I'm not sure whether this is an appropriate question for this forum. I'm afraid that this is not a research level question however: 1. It's about reference request therefore the answer does not ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

History surrounding Gauss Theorema Egregium and differential geometry

I am teaching a class on elementary differential geometry and I would like to know, for myself and for my students, something more about the history of Gauss Theorema Egregium, that is the Gaussian ...
10
votes
2answers
410 views

A Converse to Cartan–Hadamard theorem?

Let $M$ be a complete Riemannian manifold, with the property that $\exp_p\colon T_pM \to M$ is a diffeomorphism for every $p \in M$. Can we say something about it's curvature? Is it true that its ...
9
votes
1answer
432 views

Surfaces in a 3-manifold with the same Gaussian curvature with respect to two ambient conformal metrics

Let $M$ be a 3-smooth manifold and $g_{1}$ and $g_{2}$ two conformal metrics on $M$. Consider an immersed surface S in $M$ and let $K_{1}$ and $K_{2}$ be the Gaussian curvatures of $S$ with respect to ...
9
votes
1answer
689 views

Is there a mathematical explanation for the Aharonov-Casher effect?

Recall that the Aharonov-Bohm effect can be interpreted mathematically as follows. Consider an electromagnetic field A on some smooth manifold M, i.e., A is an element in the first differential ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

When is a Riemannian metric equivalent to the flat metric on $\mathbb R^n$?

I'm looking for an easily-checked, local condition on an $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifold to determine whether small neighborhoods are isometric to neighborhoods in $\mathbb R^n$. For example, for ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Geometric picture of scalar curvature

In first course differential geometry you learn, that Ricci-curvature is something like a mean-value of the curvature endomorphism, because it's a trace, and the scalar curvature is again a mean-value ...
7
votes
2answers
749 views

Square of the distance function on a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold. Consider the square of the distance function $$dist^2\colon M\times M\to \mathbb{R}$$ given by $(x,y)\mapsto dist^2(x,y)$. It is easy to see that this ...
6
votes
1answer
355 views

Techniques to solve a non linear differential equation related to curvature

Many years ago, I considered the following non linear differential equation: $y=y''.(1+y'^{2})^{-3/2}$ This equation expresses the equality between the value of a given function $y\in C^{2}(R)$ and ...
6
votes
1answer
374 views

When is the hull of a space curve composed of developable patches?

Let $C$ be a smooth curve in $\mathbb{R}^3$ that lies entirely on its convex hull, $\cal{H}(C)$. Under what conditions on $C$ is $\cal{H}(C)$ the union of developable surface patches? I believe ...
6
votes
1answer
196 views

Compact Eucledean hypersurfaces with “almost” constant H_k curvature

Let $M$ be an Eucledean $n$-dimensional compact hypersurface with constant $H_k$ curvature, where $k=1,...n$. A theorem by A.Ros tell us that so $M$ is an Eucledean sphere. Does anybody know if there ...
6
votes
1answer
231 views

What is known about Lie groups with positive(strictly) curvature?

If we consider $G$ a Lie group with left invariant riemannian metric its sectional curvature is nonnegative, when this metric is positive? I thought a little about and only found $SU(2)=S³$. In ...
6
votes
0answers
235 views

Negative curvature in the middle of $R^{3}$

What's a simple example of metric on $R^{3}$ which has negative scalar curvature inside of a (limited) set N, and is equal to the standard (Euclidean) metric outside? Basically, I am asking for a ...
5
votes
5answers
2k views

Can anyone give an example of Ricci flat Riemannian or Lorentzian Manifold that is not flat?

Does there exist a Ricci flat Riemannian or Lorentzian manifold which is geodesic complete but not flat? And is there any theorm about Ricci-flat but not flat? I am especially interset in the case ...
5
votes
2answers
220 views

Projective curves of constant curvature

A nodal projective curve in $\mathbb{CP}^2$ inherits a Kähler metric from the Fubini-Study metric, and hence a Riemannian metric. In particular, with respect to this metric, a line has constant ...
5
votes
1answer
194 views

minimal surfaces in $S^n$

Thanks to Choi-Schoen theorem, we know that the space of embedded minimal surfaces into $S^3$ of fixed genus is compact. My question are simples: Can we remove the embeddness assumption? Can we ...
5
votes
1answer
91 views

Convex embedding with a positivity condition

We have a $n$-dimensional hypersurface $\Sigma$ embedded in the Euclidean $(n+1)$-space $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. We know that $\Sigma$ is compact without boundary, convex (not necessarly strictly convex), ...
5
votes
1answer
720 views

About Sectional Curvature [closed]

In a paper by Yann Ollivier: Let $x$ be a point in $X$, $v$ a small tangent vector at $x$, $y$ the endpoint of $v$, $w_x$ a small tangent vector at $x$, and $w_y$ the parallel transport of $w_x$ from ...
5
votes
0answers
242 views

On the curvature tensor with certain conditions

Let $(M^{n+m},g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and let $\lbrace X_1,...,X_n,Y_1,...,Y_m\rbrace $ be a locally orthonormal frame for $M$($3\leq n,m$). If we suppose the curvature tensor $R$ of $g$ ...
4
votes
5answers
594 views

Variation of curvature with respect to immersion?

Let $M$ be a smooth surface and let $f: M \to \mathbb{R}^3$ be a family of immersions given by $$ f(t) = f_0 + tuN_0, $$ where $f_0$ is some initial immersion, $N_0$ is the associated Gauss map, and ...
4
votes
3answers
796 views

Open problems in sub-Riemannian geometry

What are some open problems in sub-Riemannian geometry? I am interested especially in problems concerning connections and curvature, but any contribution is welcomed.
4
votes
2answers
213 views

Holonomy of a Ricci-flat affine connection

There is some link between Ricci-flatness and reduction of holonomy. For example a Kahler manifold is Ricci-flat if and only if it has at most $SU(n)$ holonomy rather than $U(n)$, and it's apparently ...
4
votes
1answer
181 views

Gaussian Curvature of Exponentiated 2-Planes

Consider a Riemannian manifold $M$ with sectional curvatures $K\ge 0$ and let $\Pi$ be a 2-plane in the tangent space of $M$ at a point $p$. In a small enough neighborhood $U$ of 0 the exponential map ...
4
votes
0answers
94 views

Compressing a hypersurface on the sphere

Let $M^n$ be a compact, connected, orientable hypersurface of the unit sphere $S^{n+1} \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+2}$. Suppose $M$ is contained in the northern hemisphere $S_+^{n+1}$ and has nonzero ...
4
votes
0answers
95 views

Flows associated with Killing fields

Let $M$ be a Riemann manifold and $p, q$ two points on a geodesic $\sigma$ which are isotropically conjugate. That is, there is a Jacobi field along $\sigma$ vanishing at $p$ and $q$ which is the ...
4
votes
0answers
156 views

Obtaining the metric from the mixed Ricci tensor $R^i{}_j$

In chapter 5 of the book "Einstein Manifolds", Arthur Besse discusses the possibility to find the metric $g$ when knowing the Ricci curvature tensor $Ric(g)$ ($=R_{ij}$). But what do we know about ...
4
votes
0answers
189 views

Manifolds with a lower degree of regularity

I've been reading a paper about regularity theory for a P.D.E in a non-smooth domain(see the reference below). There, the authors consider domains of $R^n$ with regularity of class $W^2 L^{n-1,1}$(...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Interpretation of Curvature and Torsion

Dear all, When dealing with General Relativity one uses the Levi-Civita connection with is torsion-free. Thus the commutator of the covariant derivatives yields $[\nabla_\mu,\nabla_\nu]V^\rho = R_{\...
3
votes
1answer
138 views

The sign of the mean curvature on convex cones in three dimensions

My question is as follows: It is known that a closed smooth curve in $\mathbb{R}^2$ is convex iff its (signed) curvature has a constant sign. I wonder if one can characterize smooth convex cones in $\...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

A question on Ricci curvature and Ricci form.

It seems to me that there are two definition of Ricci flatness; real and complex ones. The real Ricci flatness claims vanishing of Ricci curvature. To define complex Ricci flatness, one needs to ...
3
votes
1answer
268 views

holomorphic sectional curvature and total scalar curvature

In a paper of Heier and Wong, It is written that from a pointwise argument due to Berger does follow that the scalar curvature (and thus also the total scalar curvature) of a Kaehler metric of ...
3
votes
1answer
181 views

Flattening a corner in a convex $d$-polytope (into $d-1$ dimensions, without overlap)?

I'm interested in the following question, which seems to be assumed all over the place (at least for 3 dimensions) in convex geometry, and which I cannot find a proof of. Suppose we have a corner ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Regularization by mean curvature flow

I have a $C^{1,\alpha}$ surface defined as the graph of some function $\varphi : B \to \Bbb{R}_+$ ($B$ is a ball). This surface has positive and bounded mean curvature in the weak sense (since the ...
3
votes
2answers
326 views

Can one (block) diagonalize the curvature matrix of 2 forms on a Riemannian manifold?

Let $M$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold, let $R$ be the Riemannian curvature operator, and let $p$ be a point in the manifold. With respect to any orthonormal basis of the tangent bundle at the point $...
3
votes
1answer
349 views

geometric meaning of Ricci-flatness

What is the geometric meaning of Ricci-flatness? We know that if the Riemann tensor at a point vanished, manifold is flat at this point. but I don't know When the Ricci tensor vanished at a point, ...
3
votes
0answers
91 views

Growth of norm of curvature under direct sum or existence of universal connection

For a Hermitian vector bundle E over a Riemannian $(X,g)$ and a unitary connection A we may define the sup norm of the curvature by: $$\|R_A\|=\sup \{\| tracefree (R_A (v))\|_{op} \mid v \in \Lambda ^...
3
votes
0answers
76 views

Classification of manifolds with ${\rm Ric}\geq 0$ wrt fundamental group

Note that $n$-manifolds $M$ with ${\rm Ric}\geq 0$ has a fundamental group of polynomial growth of degree $\leq n$ (proof : use Bishop volume theorem). (Here a group $\Gamma$ is said to have ...
3
votes
0answers
152 views

Strake's splitting theorem for complex sectional curvature

Strake's splitting theorem: Let $(M^n,g)$ be an open manifold with sectional curvature $K\ge 0$ and soul $\Sigma^k$. If the normal holonomy group of $\Sigma$ is trivial, $M$ splits isometrically into $...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

Symmetries of non-Riemannian curvature tensor

The curvature tensor, $R_{ab}{}^c{}_d$, can be obtained from a connection which not necessarily is a metric connection. By construction it is antisymmetric in the first two indices, since roughly ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Compact Riemannian manifold with maximum average distance

Given a compact connected Riemannian $2$-manifold $M$ with positive curvature (thus by Gauß-Bonnet, $M$ is diffeomorphic to a 2-sphere) and diameter 1, what is the supremum (as $M$ varies over all ...
2
votes
1answer
334 views

curvature and volume growth

Let $M$ be a non-compact connected Riemannian manifold with $\mathrm{sec}_g=0$ and $\operatorname{vol} B(x,r)\geq c(n)r^n$ for any $r$, where $c(n)>0$. How to prove that $(M,g)$ is isometric to $(R^...
2
votes
1answer
687 views

Curvature of contour lines of a scalar field

How can I compute the curvature of the contour lines (equipotential lines) $\phi (\vec{r})=c$ for the scalar field $\phi (\vec{r})$ ? I expect the direction of the curvature vector to be along the ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

Ricci Curvature and the Chern Class of the Levi-Civita

For a (compact) Kahler manifold $M$, the Ricci tensor is the symmetric $2$-form $$ r(u,v) = \text{tr}\big( w \mapsto (D_wD_u - D_uD_w - D_{[u,w]})v\big). $$ The Ricci curvature is the $2$-form $$ r(...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Regularity - mean curvature equation

In my research I arrived at the following equation: $$ \int_B \frac{\nabla u \cdot \nabla \varphi}{ \sqrt{1+|\nabla u|^2}}=\int_B f \varphi, (*)$$ for every $\varphi \in C^1(B)$, which is a weak form ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

The Laplacian of an expression involving the Ricci tensor

While doing some computations on a compact Riemannian manifold I have reached the following expression: $$ \Delta_y \big( Ric_y (\exp_y ^{-1} x, \exp_y ^{-1} x) \big) (x)$$ where $\Delta_y$ is the ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Limited expansion of mean curvature of geodesic spheres

I am working with the Laplacian on a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ (compact, without boundary). In spherical geodesic coordinates $(r, \sigma)$ around some arbitrary $x \in M$ (where $\sigma$ denotes ...
2
votes
1answer
198 views

curvature of curves in the space of gaussians measures

I have a sequence of symmetric positive definite matrices in $GL(n)$ (in my case, covariance matrices of some gaussians) and vectors $R^n$ (the mean of these gaussians). I consider this sequence to be ...