The curvature tag has no usage guidance.

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### Unifying Geometry for Characteristic Classes

When working with characteristic classes (more concretely Chern classes), one finds at least four essentially distinct approaches:
Axiomatic Approach. See, for instance, Vector Bundles and K-Theory, ...

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523 views

### Are there some intrinsic invariants of surfaces other than Gaussian curvature?

The principal curvatures of a surface is denoted by $\kappa_{1}, \kappa_{2}$.
Let $P(x,y)$ be a polynomial with real coefficients. Assume that $P(\kappa_{1}, \kappa_{2})$ is an intrinsically ...

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### Curvature of a Lie group

Since a lie group is a manifold with the structure of a continuous group, then each point of the manifold [Edit: provided we fix a metric, for example an invariant or bi-invariant one] has some scalar ...

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**1**answer

390 views

### Differential geometric interpretation of cohomology

I'm not sure whether this is an appropriate question for this forum. I'm afraid that this is not a research level question however:
1. It's about reference request therefore the answer does not ...

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**3**answers

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### History surrounding Gauss Theorema Egregium and differential geometry

I am teaching a class on elementary differential geometry and I would like to know, for myself and for my students, something more about the history of Gauss Theorema Egregium, that is the Gaussian ...

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407 views

### A Converse to Cartan–Hadamard theorem?

Let $M$ be a complete Riemannian manifold, with the property that $\exp_p\colon T_pM \to M$ is a diffeomorphism for every $p \in M$.
Can we say something about it's curvature?
Is it true that its ...

**9**

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**1**answer

432 views

### Surfaces in a 3-manifold with the same Gaussian curvature with respect to two ambient conformal metrics

Let $M$ be a 3-smooth manifold and $g_{1}$ and $g_{2}$ two conformal metrics on $M$. Consider an immersed surface S in $M$ and let $K_{1}$ and $K_{2}$ be the Gaussian curvatures of $S$ with respect to ...

**9**

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**1**answer

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### Is there a mathematical explanation for the Aharonov-Casher effect?

Recall that the Aharonov-Bohm effect can be interpreted mathematically as follows.
Consider an electromagnetic field A on some smooth manifold M, i.e., A is an element in the first differential ...

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### When is a Riemannian metric equivalent to the flat metric on $\mathbb R^n$?

I'm looking for an easily-checked, local condition on an $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifold to determine whether small neighborhoods are isometric to neighborhoods in $\mathbb R^n$. For example, for ...

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### Geometric picture of scalar curvature

In first course differential geometry you learn, that Ricci-curvature is something like a mean-value of the curvature endomorphism, because it's a trace, and the scalar curvature is again a mean-value ...

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### Square of the distance function on a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold. Consider the square of the distance function
$$dist^2\colon M\times M\to \mathbb{R}$$
given by $(x,y)\mapsto dist^2(x,y)$. It is easy to see that this ...

**6**

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**1**answer

344 views

### Techniques to solve a non linear differential equation related to curvature

Many years ago, I considered the following non linear differential equation:
$y=y''.(1+y'^{2})^{-3/2}$
This equation expresses the equality between the value of a given function $y\in C^{2}(R)$ and ...

**6**

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**1**answer

370 views

### When is the hull of a space curve composed of developable patches?

Let $C$ be a smooth curve in $\mathbb{R}^3$ that lies entirely on its convex hull,
$\cal{H}(C)$.
Under what conditions on $C$ is $\cal{H}(C)$ the union of developable surface patches?
I believe ...

**6**

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**1**answer

195 views

### Compact Eucledean hypersurfaces with “almost” constant H_k curvature

Let $M$ be an Eucledean $n$-dimensional compact hypersurface with constant $H_k$ curvature, where $k=1,...n$. A theorem by A.Ros tell us that so $M$ is an Eucledean sphere. Does anybody know if there ...

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231 views

### What is known about Lie groups with positive(strictly) curvature?

If we consider $G$ a Lie group with left invariant riemannian metric its sectional curvature is nonnegative, when this metric is positive?
I thought a little about and only found $SU(2)=S³$.
In ...

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234 views

### Negative curvature in the middle of $R^{3}$

What's a simple example of metric on $R^{3}$ which has negative scalar curvature inside of a (limited) set N, and is equal to the standard (Euclidean) metric outside?
Basically, I am asking for a ...

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### Can anyone give an example of Ricci flat Riemannian or Lorentzian Manifold that is not flat?

Does there exist a Ricci flat Riemannian or Lorentzian manifold which is geodesic complete but not flat? And is there any theorm about Ricci-flat but not flat?
I am especially interset in the case ...

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**1**answer

187 views

### minimal surfaces in $S^n$

Thanks to Choi-Schoen theorem, we know that the space of embedded minimal surfaces into $S^3$ of fixed genus is compact. My question are simples:
Can we remove the embeddness assumption?
Can we ...

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**1**answer

90 views

### Convex embedding with a positivity condition

We have a $n$-dimensional hypersurface $\Sigma$ embedded in the Euclidean $(n+1)$-space $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. We know that $\Sigma$ is compact without boundary, convex (not necessarly strictly convex), ...

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### About Sectional Curvature [closed]

In a paper by Yann Ollivier:
Let $x$ be a point in $X$, $v$ a small tangent vector at $x$, $y$ the endpoint
of $v$, $w_x$ a small tangent vector at $x$, and $w_y$ the parallel transport of $w_x$ from ...

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241 views

### On the curvature tensor with certain conditions

Let $(M^{n+m},g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and let $\lbrace X_1,...,X_n,Y_1,...,Y_m\rbrace $ be a locally orthonormal frame for $M$($3\leq n,m$).
If we suppose the curvature tensor $R$ of $g$ ...

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588 views

### Variation of curvature with respect to immersion?

Let $M$ be a smooth surface and let $f: M \to \mathbb{R}^3$ be a family of immersions given by
$$ f(t) = f_0 + tuN_0, $$
where $f_0$ is some initial immersion, $N_0$ is the associated Gauss map, and ...

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### Projective curves of constant curvature

A nodal projective curve in $\mathbb{CP}^2$ inherits a Kähler metric from the Fubini-Study metric, and hence a Riemannian metric. In particular, with respect to this metric, a line has constant ...

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782 views

### Open problems in sub-Riemannian geometry

What are some open problems in sub-Riemannian geometry?
I am interested especially in problems concerning connections and curvature, but any contribution is welcomed.

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208 views

### Holonomy of a Ricci-flat affine connection

There is some link between Ricci-flatness and reduction of holonomy. For example a Kahler manifold is Ricci-flat if and only if it has at most $SU(n)$ holonomy rather than $U(n)$, and it's apparently ...

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**1**answer

181 views

### Gaussian Curvature of Exponentiated 2-Planes

Consider a Riemannian manifold $M$ with sectional curvatures $K\ge 0$ and let $\Pi$ be a 2-plane in the tangent space of $M$ at a point $p$. In a small enough neighborhood $U$ of 0 the exponential map ...

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### Compressing a hypersurface on the sphere

Let $M^n$ be a compact, connected, orientable hypersurface of the unit sphere $S^{n+1} \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+2}$. Suppose $M$ is contained in the northern hemisphere $S_+^{n+1}$ and has nonzero ...

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### Flows associated with Killing fields

Let $M$ be a Riemann manifold and $p, q$ two points on a geodesic $\sigma$ which are isotropically conjugate. That is, there is a Jacobi field along $\sigma$ vanishing at $p$ and $q$ which is the ...

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### Obtaining the metric from the mixed Ricci tensor $R^i{}_j$

In chapter 5 of the book "Einstein Manifolds", Arthur Besse discusses the possibility to find the metric $g$ when knowing the Ricci curvature tensor $Ric(g)$ ($=R_{ij}$).
But what do we know about ...

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189 views

### Manifolds with a lower degree of regularity

I've been reading a paper about regularity theory for a P.D.E in a non-smooth domain(see the reference below).
There, the authors consider domains of $R^n$ with regularity of class $W^2 L^{n-1,1}$(...

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### Interpretation of Curvature and Torsion

Dear all,
When dealing with General Relativity one uses the Levi-Civita connection with is torsion-free. Thus the commutator of the covariant derivatives yields
$[\nabla_\mu,\nabla_\nu]V^\rho = R_{\...

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### The sign of the mean curvature on convex cones in three dimensions

my question is as follows. It is known that a closed smooth curve in $R^2$ is convex iff its (signed) curvature has a constant sign. I wonder if one can characterize smooth convex cones in $R^3$ in a ...

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### A question on Ricci curvature and Ricci form.

It seems to me that there are two definition of Ricci flatness; real and complex ones. The real Ricci flatness claims vanishing of Ricci curvature. To define complex Ricci flatness, one needs to ...

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267 views

### holomorphic sectional curvature and total scalar curvature

In a paper of Heier and Wong, It is written that from a pointwise argument due to Berger does follow that the scalar curvature (and thus also the total scalar curvature) of a Kaehler metric of ...

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181 views

### Flattening a corner in a convex $d$-polytope (into $d-1$ dimensions, without overlap)?

I'm interested in the following question, which seems to be assumed all over the place (at least for 3 dimensions) in convex geometry, and which I cannot find a proof of.
Suppose we have a corner ...

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**1**answer

79 views

### Regularization by mean curvature flow

I have a $C^{1,\alpha}$ surface defined as the graph of some function $\varphi : B \to \Bbb{R}_+$ ($B$ is a ball). This surface has positive and bounded mean curvature in the weak sense (since the ...

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326 views

### Can one (block) diagonalize the curvature matrix of 2 forms on a Riemannian manifold?

Let $M$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold, let $R$ be the Riemannian curvature operator, and let $p$ be a point in the manifold. With respect to any orthonormal basis of the tangent bundle at the point $...

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349 views

### geometric meaning of Ricci-flatness

What is the geometric meaning of Ricci-flatness? We know that if the Riemann tensor at a point vanished, manifold is flat at this point. but I don't know When the Ricci tensor vanished at a point, ...

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### Growth of norm of curvature under direct sum or existence of universal connection

For a Hermitian vector bundle E over a Riemannian $(X,g)$ and a unitary connection A we may define the sup norm of the curvature by:
$$\|R_A\|=\sup \{\| tracefree (R_A (v))\|_{op} \mid v \in \Lambda ^...

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### Classification of manifolds with ${\rm Ric}\geq 0$ wrt fundamental group

Note that $n$-manifolds $M$ with ${\rm Ric}\geq 0$ has a fundamental group of polynomial growth of degree $\leq n$ (proof : use Bishop volume theorem).
(Here a group $\Gamma$ is said to have ...

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### Strake's splitting theorem for complex sectional curvature

Strake's splitting theorem: Let $(M^n,g)$ be an open manifold with sectional curvature $K\ge 0$ and soul $\Sigma^k$. If the normal holonomy group of $\Sigma$ is trivial, $M$ splits isometrically into $...

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### Symmetries of non-Riemannian curvature tensor

The curvature tensor, $R_{ab}{}^c{}_d$, can be obtained from a connection which not necessarily is a metric connection.
By construction it is antisymmetric in the first two indices, since roughly ...

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### Compact Riemannian manifold with maximum average distance

Given a compact connected Riemannian $2$-manifold $M$ with positive curvature (thus by Gauß-Bonnet, $M$ is diffeomorphic to a 2-sphere) and diameter 1, what is the supremum (as $M$ varies over all ...

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328 views

### curvature and volume growth

Let $M$ be a non-compact connected Riemannian manifold with $\mathrm{sec}_g=0$ and $\operatorname{vol} B(x,r)\geq c(n)r^n$ for any $r$, where $c(n)>0$. How to prove that $(M,g)$ is isometric to $(R^...

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**1**answer

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### Curvature of contour lines of a scalar field

How can I compute the curvature of the contour lines (equipotential lines) $\phi (\vec{r})=c$ for the scalar field $\phi (\vec{r})$ ? I expect the direction of the curvature vector to be along the ...

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### Ricci Curvature and the Chern Class of the Levi-Civita

For a (compact) Kahler manifold $M$, the Ricci tensor is the symmetric $2$-form
$$
r(u,v) = \text{tr}\big( w \mapsto (D_wD_u - D_uD_w - D_{[u,w]})v\big).
$$
The Ricci curvature is the $2$-form
$$
r(...

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### Regularity - mean curvature equation

In my research I arrived at the following equation:
$$ \int_B \frac{\nabla u \cdot \nabla \varphi}{ \sqrt{1+|\nabla u|^2}}=\int_B f \varphi, (*)$$
for every $\varphi \in C^1(B)$,
which is a weak form ...

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### The Laplacian of an expression involving the Ricci tensor

While doing some computations on a compact Riemannian manifold I have reached the following expression:
$$ \Delta_y \big( Ric_y (\exp_y ^{-1} x, \exp_y ^{-1} x) \big) (x)$$
where $\Delta_y$ is the ...

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### Limited expansion of mean curvature of geodesic spheres

I am working with the Laplacian on a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ (compact, without boundary). In spherical geodesic coordinates $(r, \sigma)$ around some arbitrary $x \in M$ (where $\sigma$ denotes ...

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### curvature of curves in the space of gaussians measures

I have a sequence of symmetric positive definite matrices in $GL(n)$ (in my case, covariance matrices of some gaussians) and vectors $R^n$ (the mean of these gaussians). I consider this sequence to be ...