# Tagged Questions

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### Unifying Geometry for Characteristic Classes

When working with characteristic classes (more concretely Chern classes), one finds at least four essentially distinct approaches: Axiomatic Approach. See, for instance, Vector Bundles and K-Theory, ...
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### Are there some intrinsic invariants of surfaces other than Gaussian curvature?

The principal curvatures of a surface is denoted by $\kappa_{1}, \kappa_{2}$. Let $P(x,y)$ be a polynomial with real coefficients. Assume that $P(\kappa_{1}, \kappa_{2})$ is an intrinsically ...
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### Curvature of a Lie group

Since a lie group is a manifold with the structure of a continuous group, then each point of the manifold [Edit: provided we fix a metric, for example an invariant or bi-invariant one] has some scalar ...
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### Differential geometric interpretation of cohomology

I'm not sure whether this is an appropriate question for this forum. I'm afraid that this is not a research level question however: 1. It's about reference request therefore the answer does not ...
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### History surrounding Gauss Theorema Egregium and differential geometry

I am teaching a class on elementary differential geometry and I would like to know, for myself and for my students, something more about the history of Gauss Theorema Egregium, that is the Gaussian ...
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### A Converse to Cartan–Hadamard theorem?

Let $M$ be a complete Riemannian manifold, with the property that $\exp_p\colon T_pM \to M$ is a diffeomorphism for every $p \in M$. Can we say something about it's curvature? Is it true that its ...
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### Surfaces in a 3-manifold with the same Gaussian curvature with respect to two ambient conformal metrics

Let $M$ be a 3-smooth manifold and $g_{1}$ and $g_{2}$ two conformal metrics on $M$. Consider an immersed surface S in $M$ and let $K_{1}$ and $K_{2}$ be the Gaussian curvatures of $S$ with respect to ...
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### Is there a mathematical explanation for the Aharonov-Casher effect?

Recall that the Aharonov-Bohm effect can be interpreted mathematically as follows. Consider an electromagnetic field A on some smooth manifold M, i.e., A is an element in the first differential ...
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### When is a Riemannian metric equivalent to the flat metric on $\mathbb R^n$?

I'm looking for an easily-checked, local condition on an $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifold to determine whether small neighborhoods are isometric to neighborhoods in $\mathbb R^n$. For example, for ...
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### Geometric picture of scalar curvature

In first course differential geometry you learn, that Ricci-curvature is something like a mean-value of the curvature endomorphism, because it's a trace, and the scalar curvature is again a mean-value ...
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### Square of the distance function on a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold. Consider the square of the distance function $$dist^2\colon M\times M\to \mathbb{R}$$ given by $(x,y)\mapsto dist^2(x,y)$. It is easy to see that this ...
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### Techniques to solve a non linear differential equation related to curvature

Many years ago, I considered the following non linear differential equation: $y=y''.(1+y'^{2})^{-3/2}$ This equation expresses the equality between the value of a given function $y\in C^{2}(R)$ and ...
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### When is the hull of a space curve composed of developable patches?

Let $C$ be a smooth curve in $\mathbb{R}^3$ that lies entirely on its convex hull, $\cal{H}(C)$. Under what conditions on $C$ is $\cal{H}(C)$ the union of developable surface patches? I believe ...
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### Compact Eucledean hypersurfaces with “almost” constant H_k curvature

Let $M$ be an Eucledean $n$-dimensional compact hypersurface with constant $H_k$ curvature, where $k=1,...n$. A theorem by A.Ros tell us that so $M$ is an Eucledean sphere. Does anybody know if there ...
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### What is known about Lie groups with positive(strictly) curvature?

If we consider $G$ a Lie group with left invariant riemannian metric its sectional curvature is nonnegative, when this metric is positive? I thought a little about and only found $SU(2)=S³$. In ...
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### Negative curvature in the middle of $R^{3}$

What's a simple example of metric on $R^{3}$ which has negative scalar curvature inside of a (limited) set N, and is equal to the standard (Euclidean) metric outside? Basically, I am asking for a ...
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### Can anyone give an example of Ricci flat Riemannian or Lorentzian Manifold that is not flat?

Does there exist a Ricci flat Riemannian or Lorentzian manifold which is geodesic complete but not flat? And is there any theorm about Ricci-flat but not flat? I am especially interset in the case ...
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### Projective curves of constant curvature

A nodal projective curve in $\mathbb{CP}^2$ inherits a Kähler metric from the Fubini-Study metric, and hence a Riemannian metric. In particular, with respect to this metric, a line has constant ...
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### minimal surfaces in $S^n$

Thanks to Choi-Schoen theorem, we know that the space of embedded minimal surfaces into $S^3$ of fixed genus is compact. My question are simples: Can we remove the embeddness assumption? Can we ...
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### Convex embedding with a positivity condition

We have a $n$-dimensional hypersurface $\Sigma$ embedded in the Euclidean $(n+1)$-space $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. We know that $\Sigma$ is compact without boundary, convex (not necessarly strictly convex), ...
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### About Sectional Curvature [closed]

In a paper by Yann Ollivier: Let $x$ be a point in $X$, $v$ a small tangent vector at $x$, $y$ the endpoint of $v$, $w_x$ a small tangent vector at $x$, and $w_y$ the parallel transport of $w_x$ from ...
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### On the curvature tensor with certain conditions

Let $(M^{n+m},g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and let $\lbrace X_1,...,X_n,Y_1,...,Y_m\rbrace$ be a locally orthonormal frame for $M$($3\leq n,m$). If we suppose the curvature tensor $R$ of $g$ ...
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### Variation of curvature with respect to immersion?

Let $M$ be a smooth surface and let $f: M \to \mathbb{R}^3$ be a family of immersions given by $$f(t) = f_0 + tuN_0,$$ where $f_0$ is some initial immersion, $N_0$ is the associated Gauss map, and ...
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### Open problems in sub-Riemannian geometry

What are some open problems in sub-Riemannian geometry? I am interested especially in problems concerning connections and curvature, but any contribution is welcomed.
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### Holonomy of a Ricci-flat affine connection

There is some link between Ricci-flatness and reduction of holonomy. For example a Kahler manifold is Ricci-flat if and only if it has at most $SU(n)$ holonomy rather than $U(n)$, and it's apparently ...
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### Gaussian Curvature of Exponentiated 2-Planes

Consider a Riemannian manifold $M$ with sectional curvatures $K\ge 0$ and let $\Pi$ be a 2-plane in the tangent space of $M$ at a point $p$. In a small enough neighborhood $U$ of 0 the exponential map ...
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### Compressing a hypersurface on the sphere

Let $M^n$ be a compact, connected, orientable hypersurface of the unit sphere $S^{n+1} \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+2}$. Suppose $M$ is contained in the northern hemisphere $S_+^{n+1}$ and has nonzero ...
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### Flows associated with Killing fields

Let $M$ be a Riemann manifold and $p, q$ two points on a geodesic $\sigma$ which are isotropically conjugate. That is, there is a Jacobi field along $\sigma$ vanishing at $p$ and $q$ which is the ...
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### Obtaining the metric from the mixed Ricci tensor $R^i{}_j$

In chapter 5 of the book "Einstein Manifolds", Arthur Besse discusses the possibility to find the metric $g$ when knowing the Ricci curvature tensor $Ric(g)$ ($=R_{ij}$). But what do we know about ...
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### Manifolds with a lower degree of regularity

I've been reading a paper about regularity theory for a P.D.E in a non-smooth domain(see the reference below). There, the authors consider domains of $R^n$ with regularity of class $W^2 L^{n-1,1}$(...
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### A question on Ricci curvature and Ricci form.

It seems to me that there are two definition of Ricci flatness; real and complex ones. The real Ricci flatness claims vanishing of Ricci curvature. To define complex Ricci flatness, one needs to ...
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### holomorphic sectional curvature and total scalar curvature

In a paper of Heier and Wong, It is written that from a pointwise argument due to Berger does follow that the scalar curvature (and thus also the total scalar curvature) of a Kaehler metric of ...
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### Flattening a corner in a convex $d$-polytope (into $d-1$ dimensions, without overlap)?

I'm interested in the following question, which seems to be assumed all over the place (at least for 3 dimensions) in convex geometry, and which I cannot find a proof of. Suppose we have a corner ...
I have a $C^{1,\alpha}$ surface defined as the graph of some function $\varphi : B \to \Bbb{R}_+$ ($B$ is a ball). This surface has positive and bounded mean curvature in the weak sense (since the ...