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About the parallel transport and choice of connection

Thought Experiment Consider a 2-sphere, $S^2$, and let $p$ be a point at the equator. Case 1 Let us parallel transport a vector, $V$ from $p$ using the recipe: Move one unit of length East. Move ...
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History surrounding Gauss Theorema Egregium and differential geometry

I am teaching a class on elementary differential geometry and I would like to know, for myself and for my students, something more about the history of Gauss Theorema Egregium, that is the Gaussian ...