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0
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0answers
64 views

Integral geometry and curvature of surfaces

I'll stick to 2-surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^3$ for simplicity. Higher dimensions generalizations welcome. In classical integral geometry, we may obtain up to a scaling factor, for example, the surface ...
4
votes
2answers
178 views

Projective curves of constant curvature

A nodal projective curve in $\mathbb{CP}^2$ inherits a Kähler metric from the Fubini-Study metric, and hence a Riemannian metric. In particular, with respect to this metric, a line has constant ...
25
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2answers
1k views

Unifying Geometry for Characteristic Classes

When working with characteristic classes (more concretely Chern classes), one finds at least four essentially distinct approaches: Axiomatic Approach. See, for instance, Vector Bundles and K-Theory, ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Gaussian Curvature of Exponentiated 2-Planes

Consider a Riemannian manifold $M$ with sectional curvatures $K\ge 0$ and let $\Pi$ be a 2-plane in the tangent space of $M$ at a point $p$. In a small enough neighborhood $U$ of 0 the exponential map ...
3
votes
5answers
460 views

Variation of curvature with respect to immersion?

Let $M$ be a smooth surface and let $f: M \to \mathbb{R}^3$ be a family of immersions given by $$ f(t) = f_0 + tuN_0, $$ where $f_0$ is some initial immersion, $N_0$ is the associated Gauss map, and ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

Vertices of Curves and Eigenvectors of Hessian

This might be a trivial question, but I can't seem to figure it out. Suppose I have an implicitly defined curve in the plane given by $f(x,y) = t$. This curve is strictly convex, and feel free to ...
1
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0answers
88 views

Exposition of the Calabi complex

I am interested in a complex derived by Eugenio Calabi in his article "On compact Riemannian manifolds with constant curvature". The complex is referenced as "Calabi complex" in various citing ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Can anyone give an example of Ricci flat Riemannian or Lorentzian Manifold that is not flat?

Does there exist a Ricci flat Riemannian or Lorentzian manifold which is geodesic complete but not flat? And is there any theorm about Ricci-flat but not flat? I am especially interset in the case ...
1
vote
1answer
258 views

curvature and volume growth

Let $M$ be a non-compact connected Riemannian manifold with $\mathrm{sec}_g=0$ and $\operatorname{vol} B(x,r)\geq c(n)r^n$ for any $r$, where $c(n)>0$. How to prove that $(M,g)$ is isometric to ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Compact Riemannian manifold with maximum average distance

Given a compact connected Riemannian $2$-manifold $M$ with positive curvature (thus by Gauß-Bonnet, $M$ is diffeomorphic to a 2-sphere) and diameter 1, what is the supremum (as $M$ varies over all ...
0
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0answers
209 views

Integral of Square of Mean Curvature

Let us assume $\text{H}$ is the mean curvature of a compact surface in $\mathbb E^3$ and $g$ is its genus. When $g$ is arbitrary, we have $\int_{\mathbb S^2}\text{H}^2dV=4\pi$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Manifold with a quasi-positive curvature

As far as I know, in a simply connected compact manifold, still there exists no well-known obstruction for a manifold with a quasi-positive curvature to be a manifold with positive curvature. But ...
0
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0answers
124 views

General form of a metric affine connection with zero curvature

I have read somewhere that the general form of a metric affine connection whose Riemann curvature is zero is given by $$\Gamma^{i}_{ij}=A^{i}_{\alpha}\partial_{j}A^{\alpha}_{k}$$ where ...
3
votes
1answer
202 views

holomorphic sectional curvature and total scalar curvature

In a paper of Heier and Wong, It is written that from a pointwise argument due to Berger does follow that the scalar curvature (and thus also the total scalar curvature) of a Kaehler metric of ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

volume of a submanifold implies bounds on curvature

I would like to ask the following question: Suppose an m-dimensional manifold in an n-dimensional euclidean space, choose some point on this manifold and take an n-dimensional ball of radius R centred ...
1
vote
0answers
223 views

Formula for the curvature of an induced connection

Let $\pi_P:P\to M$ be a principal $G$-bundle on a manifold $M$ endowed with a connection $A$ and $\pi_Q:Q\to M$ be a principal $H$-bundle on a manifold $M$. Let $f:P\to Q$ be a morphism of bundles ...
1
vote
3answers
275 views

Surface analog of clothoid: curvatures covering $\mathbb{R}$

The clothoid $C$, a.k.a. the Euler spiral, is one among many curves with the property that its curvatures cover $\mathbb{R}$ in the sense that, for every $x \in \mathbb{R}$, there is a point $p \in C$ ...
6
votes
0answers
222 views

Negative curvature in the middle of $R^{3}$

What's a simple example of metric on $R^{3}$ which has negative scalar curvature inside of a (limited) set N, and is equal to the standard (Euclidean) metric outside? Basically, I am asking for a ...
3
votes
2answers
187 views

Can one (block) diagonalize the curvature matrix of 2 forms on a Riemannian manifold?

Let $M$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold, let $R$ be the Riemannian curvature operator, and let $p$ be a point in the manifold. With respect to any orthonormal basis of the tangent bundle at the point ...
2
votes
1answer
328 views

Curvature of contour lines of a scalar field

How can I compute the curvature of the contour lines (equipotential lines) $\phi (\vec{r})=c$ for the scalar field $\phi (\vec{r})$ ? I expect the direction of the curvature vector to be along the ...
5
votes
1answer
673 views

About Sectional Curvature [closed]

In a paper by Yann Ollivier: Let $x$ be a point in $X$, $v$ a small tangent vector at $x$, $y$ the endpoint of $v$, $w_x$ a small tangent vector at $x$, and $w_y$ the parallel transport of $w_x$ from ...
3
votes
1answer
284 views

geometric meaning of Ricci-flatness

What is the geometric meaning of Ricci-flatness? We know that if the Riemann tensor at a point vanished, manifold is flat at this point. but I don't know When the Ricci tensor vanished at a point, ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Geometric picture of scalar curvature

In first course differential geometry you learn, that Ricci-curvature is something like a mean-value of the curvature endomorphism, because it's a trace, and the scalar curvature is again a mean-value ...
2
votes
2answers
215 views

Is there a combinatorial analogue of the Kazdan Warner theorem?

First let me state a result of Kazdan and Warner Let $M$ be a compact orientable two dimensional manifold. Let $f:M \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a function that has the same sign as the Euler ...
3
votes
2answers
695 views

A question on Ricci curvature and Ricci form.

It seems to me that there are two definition of Ricci flatness; real and complex ones. The real Ricci flatness claims vanishing of Ricci curvature. To define complex Ricci flatness, one needs to ...
9
votes
1answer
404 views

Surfaces in a 3-manifold with the same Gaussian curvature with respect to two ambient conformal metrics

Let $M$ be a 3-smooth manifold and $g_{1}$ and $g_{2}$ two conformal metrics on $M$. Consider an immersed surface S in $M$ and let $K_{1}$ and $K_{2}$ be the Gaussian curvatures of $S$ with respect to ...
3
votes
0answers
145 views

Strake's splitting theorem for complex sectional curvature

Strake's splitting theorem: Let $(M^n,g)$ be an open manifold with sectional curvature $K\ge 0$ and soul $\Sigma^k$. If the normal holonomy group of $\Sigma$ is trivial, $M$ splits isometrically into ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

curvature of curves in the space of gaussians measures

I have a sequence of symmetric positive definite matrices in $GL(n)$ (in my case, covariance matrices of some gaussians) and vectors $R^n$ (the mean of these gaussians). I consider this sequence to be ...
1
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3answers
569 views

Open problems in sub-Riemannian geometry

What are some open problems in sub-Riemannian geometry? I am interested especially in problems concerning connections and curvature, but any contribution is welcomed.
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Interpretation of Curvature and Torsion

Dear all, When dealing with General Relativity one uses the Levi-Civita connection with is torsion-free. Thus the commutator of the covariant derivatives yields $[\nabla_\mu,\nabla_\nu]V^\rho = ...
9
votes
1answer
596 views

Is there a mathematical explanation for the Aharonov-Casher effect?

Recall that the Aharonov-Bohm effect can be interpreted mathematically as follows. Consider an electromagnetic field A on some smooth manifold M, i.e., A is an element in the first differential ...
9
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3answers
1k views

History surrounding Gauss Theorema Egregium and differential geometry

I am teaching a class on elementary differential geometry and I would like to know, for myself and for my students, something more about the history of Gauss Theorema Egregium, that is the Gaussian ...
3
votes
1answer
167 views

Flattening a corner in a convex $d$-polytope (into $d-1$ dimensions, without overlap)?

I'm interested in the following question, which seems to be assumed all over the place (at least for 3 dimensions) in convex geometry, and which I cannot find a proof of. Suppose we have a corner ...