Categories and functors, universal properties, algebras and algebraic theories, topoi, enriched and internal categories, structured categories (abelian, monoidal, etc), higher categories.

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36
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1k views

a naive question about the second dual of a vector space

Let $K$ be a field. Are there non-scalar endomorphisms of the endofunctor $$ V\mapsto V^{**}/V $$ of the category of $K$-vector spaces? I asked a related question on Mathematics Stackexchange, but ...
28
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0answers
630 views

Enriched Categories: Ideals/Submodules and algebraic geometry

While working through Atiyah/MacDonald for my final exams I realized the following: The category(poset) of ideals $I(A)$ of a commutative ring A is a closed symmetric monoidal category if endowed ...
26
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0answers
678 views

Computer calculations in A_infinity categories?

Is there a good computer program for doing calculations in A-infinity categories? Explicit calculations in A-infinity categories are an important, useful, yet very tedious task. One has to keep ...
21
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665 views

categorical characterization of large cardinals

Question 1. Is there a categorical representation of Kunen's inconsistency result? Question 2. Is there a categorical characterization of very large cardinals (in particular for strong and ...
21
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713 views

Pre-triangulated category that isn't triangulated

I've been working through some of the early parts of Neeman's book on triangulated categories, and he mentions that he does not know of a pre-triangulated category that is not triangulated. Is this ...
18
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581 views

The topologies for which a presheaf is a sheaf?

Given a set $S$, let $Top(S)$ denote the partially ordered set (poset) of topologies on $S$, ordered by fineness, so the discrete topology, $Disc(S)$, is maximal. Suppose that $Q$ is a presheaf on ...
18
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640 views

$\infty$-topos and localic $\infty$-groupoids?

It's known that every classical (Grothendieck) topos is equivalent to the topos of sheaves on a localic groupoid (a groupoid in the category of locales). For the record, this is proved by, starting ...
16
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505 views

Is there a category of topological spaces such that open surjections admit local sections?

The class of open surjections $Q \to X$ is a Grothendieck pretopology on the category $Top$ of spaces, and includes the class of maps $\amalg U_\alpha \to X$ where $\{U_\alpha\}$ is an open cover of ...
15
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195 views

Finite limits in the category of smooth manifolds?

The category of smooth manifolds does not have all finite limits. However, it does have some limits: it has finite products, it has splittings of idempotents, and it has certain other limits if we ...
14
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519 views

Recognizing classifying toposes

Suppose $\mathbb{T}$ is a geometric theory, $\mathcal{E}$ is a topos, and $M$ is a model of $\mathbb{T}$ in $\mathcal{E}$. Is there any sort of elementary condition on $M$ and $\mathcal{E}$ (or, even ...
14
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632 views

Is the category of smooth manifolds equivalent to the opposite category of the category of commutative monoids of some additive symmetric monoidal category?

This is a followup to my previous question, which asked whether the category of commutative or noncommutative C*-algebras or von Neumann algebras is equivalent to the category of commutative or ...
13
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435 views

What are some examples of weak ω-categories?

As is usual, let's say an (n, k)-category is something with objects, morphisms, 2-morphisms, ..., n-morphisms, such that all j-morphisms for j > k are invertible, everything meant in the weak sense. ...
13
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617 views

Fully dualizable objects in classical field theories

This is a follow up to this MO question: Free symmetric monoidal $(\infty,n)$-categories with duals Freed-Hopkins-Lurie-Teleman define a classical field theory as a symmetric monoidal functor $I$ ...
12
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0answers
209 views

The topos for forcing in computability theory

My understanding is that forcing (such as Cohen forcing) can be described via a topos. For example this nlab article on forcing describes forcing as a "the topos of sheaves on a suitable site." My ...
12
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0answers
389 views

Categorification of the integers

I would like to know a natural categorification of the rig of integers $\mathbb{Z}$. This should be a $2$-rig. Among the various notions of 2-rigs, we obviously have to exclude those where $+$ is a ...
12
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359 views

How much choice is required to prove concretizability theorems in category theory?

A concretization of a category is a faithful functor to the category of sets. A category is concretizable if there exists such a functor. An evident necessary condition for concretizability is ...
12
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0answers
208 views

Is there a common framework for Tannaka and Gabriel-Ulmer reconstruction theorems?

Gabriel-Ulmer duality is a biequivalence between the 2-category of finite limit categories and the 2-category of locally finitely presentable categories. It allows for the reconstruction of a theory ...
12
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0answers
512 views

Is there some way to see a Hilbert space as a C-enriched category?

The inner product of vectors in a Hilbert space has many properties in common with a hom functor. I know that one can make a projectivized Hilbert space into a metric space with the Fubini-Study ...
12
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717 views

Homotopy flat DG-modules

A right DG-module $F$ over an associative DG-algebra (or DG-category) $A$ is said to be homotopy flat (h-flat for brevity) if for any acyclic left DG-module $M$ over $A$ the complex of abelian groups ...
11
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333 views

Lifting DG-categories to characteristic zero

The question of lifting (smooth projective) varieties from an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p$ to characteristic zero (i.e., to the Witt vectors $W(k)$) is a classical one. It's ...
11
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230 views

Is there a quantum group or loop group description of a braided monoidal 2-category giving Khovanov homology?

Recall that there are (at least) two ways to describe the modular tensor category that $3$-dimensional Chern-Simons (with gauge group $G$ and level $k$) assigns to a circle: one involving ...
11
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348 views

When can we tell if PROPs, Algebraic Theories, etc. are faithfully detected in a given category?

I am interested in understanding a certain phenomenon. I am hoping this sort of problem has been studied before, but I don't know the proper terminology and am having trouble finding answers. I am ...
11
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474 views

Can the similarity between the Riesz representation theorem and the Yoneda embedding lemma be given a formal undergirding?

For example, by viewing Hilbert spaces as enriched categories in some fashion? (I suppose the same idea of considering the inner product of a Hilbert space as a generalized Hom-set has also been ...
10
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224 views

Goodwillie calculus and morphisms of functors

Let $F,G: \mathcal{T}\to \mathcal{S}$ be two functors from topological spaces to spectra (or topological spaces) and let $s: F\to G$ be a morphism between them. Suppose $F$ and $G$ are analytic and ...
10
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195 views

Does every commutative variety of algebras have a cogenerator?

By a commutative variety $\mathcal{V}$ I mean a classical variety of algebras for some $(\Sigma,E)$, such that each pair of operations in $\Sigma$ commutes. Equivalently (i) every interpretation of ...
10
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337 views

Can a composition with itself of a universal self-map be non-universal?

I have formulated (and published) the notion of a universal map (and of a universal morphism), and the problems below, in the early 1960-ies. DEFINITION   A continuous map   $u: ...
10
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494 views

Is “being a full ring of quotients” a Morita invariant property?

Definition and context: An (associative, unital, not necessarily commutative) ring $R$ is called classical if every regular element of $R$ is a unit. Equivalently, $R$ is its own classical ring of ...
10
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404 views

Can we categorify the formula for the quadratic Gauss sum?

Background Fix an odd prime $p$ and set $\zeta=e^{2\pi i/p}$. We define the quadratic Gauss sum as $$g=\sum_{n=0}^{p-1} \zeta^{n^2}.$$ It's pretty easy to show that $$g^2= \begin{cases} p & ...
10
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359 views

Higher holonomies for higher local systems

In Jacob Lurie's classification of tqfts, one finds a version of the cobordism hypothesis for $(X,\zeta)$-structure, where an $(X,\zeta)$ structure on a manifold $M$ is the datum of a continuous map ...
10
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428 views

Can we describe equivariant vector bundles of free group action in terms of descent theory (Barr-Beck theorem)?

It is well known that for a compact topological group $G$ acts (say, from the right) freely on a compact space $X$. Then the category of equivariant complex vector bundles on $X$, $\text{Vect}_G(X)$, ...
10
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291 views

What is the history of the notion of subdivision of categories?

A recent answer by Peter May prompts me to ask a question which I have been considering to ask for several months. (The reason why I have not asked it before is that it is not directly related to my ...
10
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261 views

Adjoint functor theorem for infinity categories

In HTT, a version of the adjoint functor theorem for (locally) presentable infinity categories is proven (Corollary 5.5.2.9). Is there a more refined version of this somewhere, which more closely ...
10
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556 views

Categorical Schur's Lemma

In attempt to prove (and compute) a formula for the dimensions of the HOMFLY homology of the (p,q)-torus knot one could try to follow original proof by Jones of a formula for HOMFLY polynomial of ...
10
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0answers
644 views

monomorphisms and epimorphisms of local rings

I want to understand the structure of monomorphisms/epimorphisms in the category of local rings (with local homomorphisms), or dually in the category of local schemes. Let $LR$ denote this category. ...
9
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0answers
192 views

Does the $(\mathbb Z/2)$-graded isomorphism $E_n \cong E_{n+2}$ have any nice properties?

This question assumes everything is dg. Let's decide to work over the "field" $\mathbb Q[\mu,\mu^{-1}]$ where $\mu$ has homological degree $+2$. Then chain complexes are just $\mathbb Z/2$-graded. ...
9
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0answers
272 views

Unitary structures on fusion categories

A unitary fusion category is a fusion category with a $C^*$-tensor structure. Hence, in principle, a fusion category could have more than one unitary structure. Does exist a fusion category with more ...
9
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0answers
395 views

The category theory of $(\infty, 1)$-categories

There are many proposed models for the theory of $(\infty, 1)$-categories and it has now been shown that many of these theories have Quillen-equivalent model categories, i.e. that they are equivalent ...
9
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182 views

Smallest class of rings closed under familiar operations

Suppose I start out with the ring $\mathbb{Z}$, and call $\mathcal{C}$ the smallest collection of (commutative, unital) rings closed under the following list of operations (which I am aware has some ...
9
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504 views

Categorification of finite type invariants

Recall that finite type invariants are those numerical knots invariants vanishing on knots with enough singularities. The value of an invariant on a singular knots is computed using the Vassiliev ...
9
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0answers
171 views

Are pivotal categories the algebras for a cartesian monad?

It seems to be "known" but not written down that the following are more-or-less equivalent: ...
9
votes
0answers
456 views

The open problem of nth quantization

In trying to explain a quote by E. Nelson, "First quantization is a mystery, but second quantization is a functor!" Baez points out what follows (full text available in this week find; I'm also ...
9
votes
0answers
461 views

Is there any elementary text unravelling the definitions of 2-category, lax functor and lax transformation, allowing people who do not know in the first place what these things are to really understand the definitions?

The question is in the title. My current research subject is the homotopy theory of $2$-categories. It may be slightly unreasonable to expect my PhD thesis to be read or even looked at by people ...
9
votes
0answers
534 views

Characterizing the surcomplex numbers

Conway showed that the Field of surreal numbers ("${\bf No}$") is the maximal totally ordered Field. Later Jacob Lurie showed that the Group of all partizan games ${\bf Pg}$ is the universally ...
8
votes
0answers
175 views

Retractions of Yoneda are retractors, i.e., left adjoints?

Background It is fairly well known that if a full subcategory $i: C \hookrightarrow D$ has a left adjoint $F: D \to C$, then the canonical counit $F i(c) \to c$ is an isomorphism. (A classical ...
8
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106 views

A “small” definition of sub-(∞,1)-topoi

Suppose I have an $(\infty,1)$-topos $\mathcal{X}$ and a (small) set of maps $S$ in $\mathcal{X}$, which therefore generates an accessible localization $S^{-1}\mathcal{X}$. Is there any "small" ...
8
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94 views

What suffices to check completeness in an n-fold Segal space?

Recall that a Segal space is a simplicial space $X : \Delta \to \mathrm{Spaces}$, $\bullet \mapsto X_\bullet$, which satisfies the Segal condition: For each $j$, the map $$ X_j \to ...
8
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0answers
150 views

Reference for maps whose pushouts are also homotopy pushouts

Consider a category C with weak equivalences, e.g., a model category. For the purposes of this question, let's say that a morphism f in C is an i-cofibration if any pushout (alias cobase change) ...
8
votes
0answers
157 views

Does simplicial localization with a 3-arrow calculus commute with functor categories?

Let $(C,W)$ be a category with a class of weak equivalences, and $D$ a small category. Then I can form the diagram category $(C^D,W^D)$ with objectwise weak equivalences, and its simplicial ...
8
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0answers
211 views

Quotient of a category by a group

Let $G$ be a group acting on a category $\mathcal{C}$; that is, a monoidal functor $G\rightarrow \mathrm{Aut}(\mathcal{C})$, where the latter is the 2-group of auto-equivalences of $G$. Explicitly, ...
8
votes
0answers
72 views

What are filtered colimits in the category of complete semilattices?

My question is basically stated in the title. Does somebody know an explicit description of the filtered colimits in the category of complete semilattices? I am happy to provide background explaining ...