Categories and functors, universal properties, algebras and algebraic theories, topoi, enriched and internal categories, structured categories (abelian, monoidal, etc), higher categories.

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5
votes
2answers
64 views

An example of two cofibrant dg categories whose tensor product is not cofibrant

I have been reading the paper by Toën "The homotopy theory of dg categories and derived Morita theory" where in chapter 4 it is stated that the tensor product of two cofibrant dg categories $C$ and ...
18
votes
4answers
954 views

Categorical proof subgroups of free groups are free?

This is a crossport of this question from MSE. Is there a categorical proof that subgroups of free groups are free? How about the result that subgroups of free abelian groups are free abelian? ...
7
votes
1answer
205 views

Can any object in a presentable category be written as a colimit of generators?

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a presentable category, and let $S$ be a set of objects such that $S$ generates $\mathcal{C}$ under colimits, i.e., such that the smallest cocomplete subcategory of $\mathcal{C}$ ...
-3
votes
0answers
89 views

What is the full subcategory of $\it{Cat}$ consisting of categories $\mathbb{C}$ where $\mathsf{ob}(\mathbb{C}) = \mathsf{arr}(\mathbb{C})$ hold? [closed]

Let $\it{Cat}'$ be the full subcategory of $\it{Cat}$ such that $ \mathsf{ob}(\it{Cat}') = \{ \mathbb{C} \in \it{Cat} \mid \mathsf{ob}(\mathbb{C}) = \mathsf{arr}(\mathbb{C}) \}$. The questions are as ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Isomorphic subcategories of directed graphs and presets

For the purposes of this post, a digraph (directed graph) has neither loops nor multiple parallel edges, and a preset is an ordered pair consisting of a set $S$ and a preorder (viz., a reflexive and ...
-1
votes
0answers
167 views

Question about Lusternik-Schnirelmann Category? [on hold]

I have this sets: $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^N, N\geq 3$ a smooth bounded domain $\Omega_{r}^+=\{x\in \mathbb{R}^N, d(x,\Omega)\leq r\}$ and ${\Omega}^-_{r}=\{x\in \Omega, d(x,\partial\Omega)\geq ...
2
votes
2answers
146 views

Given functors $F$ and $G$, does $\mathrm{Res}_F \cong \mathrm{Res}_G$ imply $F \cong G$?

Assume $F, G : \mathbf C \to \mathbf D$ be functors. Denote by $\widehat{\mathbf C} = \mathrm{Fun}(\mathbf{C}^{\mathrm{op}}, \mathbf{Set})$ the category of presheaves of sets on $\mathbf C$. Then, $F$ ...
3
votes
0answers
73 views

Is a concretely reflective full concrete subcategory necessarily finally dense?

On p.371 of "The Joy of Cats", by J.Adamek H.Herrlich and G.E.Strecker: Proposition 21.32 If a topological category $(\mathbf{A},U)$ is a finally dense full concrete subcategory of $(\mathbf{B},V)$, ...
6
votes
2answers
149 views

How are the Walker-Wang TQFT and the Crane-Yetter TQFT related?

Mathematical physicists in solid state physics and topological insulators talk a lot about Walker-Wang models, which are a family of Hamiltonians defined on a 3d lattice. Unfortunately, the original ...
2
votes
1answer
342 views

Do hom-sets really live in the category Set?

This isn't really a research-level question (sorry!), but I asked on math.se (link), and though the question was upvoted a few times, I didn't get any answers. So since there may well be more ...
12
votes
7answers
688 views

Examples of categorical adjunctions in analysis, Lie theory, and differential geometry?

In introductory texts on category theory, it seems like the majority of examples come from algebraic topology, algebra, and logic. Are there any good examples of adjunctions in analysis, Lie theory, ...
7
votes
1answer
327 views

Is the functor of points of a scheme cofinally small?

Background: In functorial algebraic geometry one would like to consider the category of all functors $\mathsf{CRing} \to \mathsf{Set}$ and define/characterize the category of schemes as a full ...
-1
votes
0answers
38 views

When is it possible to interpret composition as a natural transformation? [migrated]

First note that for any objects $X$, $Y$, and $Z$ in a category $C$, we can get a morphism $\bigcirc: Z^Y \times Y^X \rightarrow Z^X$ as following. We define $\bigcirc$ as $\lambda (eval_{Z^Y} \circ ...
6
votes
3answers
919 views

A categorical method to, say, determine the cardinality of a group

I am trying to figure out how much one can figure out about an object using category theory. Ideally, any property that is well defined up to isomorphism should be computable using only category ...
4
votes
2answers
272 views

Has this construction, which builds a symmetric multicategory from a commutative monoid, been described or studied anywhere, and if so, where?

Whenever $R$ is a commutative ring, write $R[x^{(n)}]$ for the set of all $p \in R[x]$ such that $p$ is a monic polynomial of degree $n$. Then $R[x^{(n)}]$ is not closed under sums, nor does it ...
3
votes
1answer
418 views

A naive question about SGA4

Can someone explain to me the meaning of remark 1.1.2 at the begining of SGA4.1? It says that if $C$ is a category that belongs to some universe $U$ (which I understand as "$\mathrm{Ob}(C)$ and ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

Construction of Yoneda extension (repost)

This is a reposted question to pull a bit more attention. I unfortunately could not find a detailed construction of the Yoneda extension in literaure, namely, its action on morphisms. In "Category ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Terminology question for maps between posets

Let $P$ and $Q$ be two poset (partially ordered sets) and $\phi : P \to Q$ an order-preserving function. I would like to know whether there is a name and perhaps a different characterizations of such ...
4
votes
2answers
153 views

Colimit density and monads

Let $C$ be a cocomplete category, and suppose that it has an object that is colimit dense. Is $C$ automatically monadic over $Set$? And if not, is there an explicit counterexample?
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Getting a measure from a premeasure through an adjoint

Let's take the category of measure spaces with objects $(X,\mathcal{F},\mu)$ and avoid the morphisms for now (I'm not sure what they should be), where $X$ is a set, $\mathcal{F}$ is a ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Reference for “multi-monoidal categories”

I have attempted to find a definition of a monoidal category which incorporates $n$-fold tensor products instead of just binary tensor products. Definition. A "multi-monoidal category" consists of ...
11
votes
3answers
861 views

Non-abelian Grothendieck group

By general nonsense the forgetful functor from groups to monoids has a left adjoint. It maps a monoid $(X,\cdot,1)$ to the free group on $\{\underline{x} : x \in X\}$ modulo the relations ...
1
vote
2answers
123 views

The family of morphisms f such that Qf=identity for some functor Q

Localization of a category deals with the family of morphisms rendered invertible by a functor, i.e. the (saturated) family of weak equivalences, which I think resembles the kernel of a group or a ...
4
votes
2answers
399 views

2-category theory

I know that we can do a lot of 2-category theory, seeing 2-categories as Cat-enriched categories. Yet, I know that there are some limitations of this approach. I also know that there are many articles ...
6
votes
0answers
138 views

Correspondences as generalized morphism between $C^*$-algebras

While reading about Morita equivalence in the category of $C^*$-algebras I met also the following notion: a correspondence between two $C^*$-algebras $A,B$ is a pair $(X,\varphi)$ where $X$ is a ...
4
votes
0answers
185 views

Reference Request for TQFTs

I had originally asked this question on Math StackExchange but have not obtained any answers, so I decided to post this here. (I have flagged the MSE post to be moved to MathOverflow, for the ...
1
vote
0answers
91 views

The category of discontinuous Banach spaces

A banach space is discontinuous if it is isometric to $DC(X)$ for some Hausdorff topological space $X$. ($DC(X)$ is defined here. We denote by $DBan$, the category of all discontinuous ...
6
votes
0answers
174 views

A model category for descent?

Recall that an $(\infty,1)$-category $C$ is said to have descent if for any small diagram $X:I\to M$ with (homotopy) colimit $\overline{X}$, the adjunction between $C/\overline{X}$ and "equifibered" ...
9
votes
1answer
262 views

Example of a saturated class of morphisms which is not _obviously_ saturated?

By "saturated class of morphisms" in a category $\mathcal{C}$, I mean a subcategory $\mathcal{W} \subset \mathcal{C}$ such that the image of $\mathcal{W}$ in $\mathcal{C}[\mathcal{W}^{-1}]$ consists ...
2
votes
1answer
350 views

Opposite Symmetric Monoidal Structure on an Infinity Category

Given an $\infty$-category (in the sense of Lurie) $C$, and a symmetric monoidal structure on $C$ associated to a coCartesian fibration $p:C^\otimes\to N(Fin_\ast)$, Lurie says in Remark 2.4.2.7 of ...
8
votes
0answers
173 views

Retractions of Yoneda are retractors, i.e., left adjoints?

Background It is fairly well known that if a full subcategory $i: C \hookrightarrow D$ has a left adjoint $F: D \to C$, then the canonical counit $F i(c) \to c$ is an isomorphism. (A classical ...
6
votes
0answers
108 views

Preservation of universes in presheaves

In Lifting Grothendieck universes Hofmann and Streicher construct a universe in the category of presheaves over a small category given a Grothendieck universe in $\mathbf{Set}$. Suppose now I have ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Gluings and collages along profunctors

I'm dealing with this construction, available whenever you have two categories $\cal C,D$ and a profunctor $\varphi\colon {\cal C}\leadsto{\cal D}$ between them. Define a category ${\cal ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Distributive law between Kleisli triples

A distributive law of a monad $S$ over a monad $T$ is a natural transformation $l : T S \to S T$ such that: $l \circ T \eta^S = \eta^S T$ $l \circ \eta^T S = S \eta^T$ $\mu^S T \circ S l \circ l S = ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Kan extension pseudonatural transformations

Consider the 2-category $[S, H] $ of 2-functors $S\to H $ (in which, obviously, $S$ and $H$ are 2-categories). And consider a (possibly fully faithful) functor $T: S\to Z $ For simplicity, let's ...
3
votes
3answers
211 views

Tensor product over a monoid in a monoidal category

nLab article on tensor product says: "Given two objects in a monoidal category $(C,\otimes)$ with a right and left action, respectively, of some monoid $A$, their tensor product over $A$ is the ...
25
votes
2answers
667 views

Cantor's theorem for presheaves?

Some years back (before MathOverflow was born), Tom Leinster asked an interesting question at the $n$-Category Café which I don't recall ever seeing an answer for: Does there exist a ...
2
votes
2answers
545 views

What's so special about $1$-categories?

I have been pretty thoroughly convinced for some time now that, when thinking about mathematics, one really should be thinking 'categorically', that is, one should always be thinking of the morphisms ...
3
votes
1answer
235 views

A More Advanced Version of Aluffi's Chapter 0

This is a crosspost of this question from MSE. Paulo Aluffi's Book, Algebra, Chapter 0 aims to teach basic algebra from a categorical viewpoint. The first chapters of the book, however, introduce ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Retractions and left-factoring morphisms

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be any category and let $A, B$ be objects. A retraction is a morphism $r: A\to B$ such that there is $s:B\to A$ such that $r\circ s:B\to B$ is the identity. A morphism $l: A\to B$ ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

(Affine) Schemes and the point of view of morphisms with values in a field

Let $A$ be a commutative ring with unity. If $\varphi_1 : A \rightarrow K_1$ and $\varphi_2 : A \rightarrow K_2$ are ring morphisms from $A$ to fields, $\varphi_1$ and $\varphi_2$ are said to ...
6
votes
1answer
363 views

What is the universal property of quotienting a normaliser of the subgroup?

Let $G$ be a group, $H$ a subgroup and $X$ a $G$-set. By taking orbits $X/H = X \times_H 1$ or fixed points $X^H = \mathrm{Hom}_H(1,X)$ we obtain a set on which $H$ acts trivially, and we've destroyed ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Universal and left-factoring order-preserving maps

Trying to get a different angle for the question Fixed points and universal maps for posets, I want to compare universal maps to a different kind of functions. First recall that for posets $P,Q$ an ...
6
votes
1answer
259 views

Existence of internal toposes/inner models in a topos

It has been known for some time that one can define a topos as a model of a (finitary) essentially algebraic theory (or in other words, can be defined internal to any category with finite limits). In ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

A Category-ish Structure with Morphism Domains containing Multiple Objects?

I am working on formalizing software design using category theory. However the most natural way for me to express what I want is with a Category where multiple morphisms can join into a single ...
4
votes
1answer
183 views

To what extent are homotopy colimits over a weakly contractible category “determined by local data”?

[I'd be very happy for a better question title, if anyone has any suggestions.] I have a category $C$, two functors $F,G : C \to \mbox{Cat}$, a natural transformation $\alpha : F \to G$, and a ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

Pre-Order induced by continuous functions

I'm an newbie in category theory, but I want use it to solve a pre-order question I encountered in my research: Let $X$ be a convex&compact subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$. $f,g: X \rightarrow [0,1]$ ...
9
votes
0answers
181 views

Does the $(\mathbb Z/2)$-graded isomorphism $E_n \cong E_{n+2}$ have any nice properties?

This question assumes everything is dg. Let's decide to work over the "field" $\mathbb Q[\mu,\mu^{-1}]$ where $\mu$ has homological degree $+2$. Then chain complexes are just $\mathbb Z/2$-graded. ...
4
votes
2answers
266 views

Can one make a category concrete by “enlarging the universe”?

This is more or less a followup of this question. There, it was established that (it is well known that) the homotopy category of topological spaces is not concrete, in other words, there is no ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

Model bicategories

From a conceptual point of view, the notion of a "model bicategory" is clear: a complete, cocomplete bicategory where there are two "very weak" factorization systems, where the commutativity of the ...