**0**

votes

**2**answers

410 views

### cryptographic primitive process

Is there a cryptographic primitive process/method for creating cryptographic tools like symmetric encryption/decryption, Hash code generator, MAC generator and Random number generator?
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

127 views

### Knowing md5(c+x), is it possible to find md5(x)?

Suppose:
md5(c1 + x) = c2
md5(x) = y
Is it possible to find y, if c1 and c2 are known and x is uknown? Basically, I know md5(salt + key) and I want to find md5(key).

**0**

votes

**0**answers

239 views

### Cryptography and Availability

Hi,
Here is a question in cryptography which is probably naive, and a reference request.
Suppose I have 3 matrices(I1, I2, and I3 -same size) that I want to combine them some how(? do not know yet) ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Bitcoin Research

I have recently been assigned to advise a student on a senior thesis. She has taken linear algebra, introductory real analysis, and abstract algebra. Her interest is in cryptography. And she has a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Is there a security analysis of the GQ digital signature scheme?

I'm doing summer cryptography research and I am have been looking for a security analysis of the Guillou-Quisquater (GQ) digital signature scheme, but I have been unable to find one.
Since this is ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

358 views

### Computing the correlation between two vectors without divulging them

Alice and Bob respectively know a vector of $N$ real numbers $u$ and $v$. They would both like to know $\rho = \langle u,v \rangle/N$ but Alice does not want Bob to gain anymore information about $u$ ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

284 views

### Generating a set of integer passwords that can be securely authenticated

First, apologies for the title. This is an odd question, and I couldn't come up with a simple title for it.
My question is as follows.
Given a positive integer $k$, determine a set of properties $...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

282 views

### Cryptography and iterations

Hi,
Here is a question in cryptography which is probably naive, and a reference request.
I was wondering about the following key-exchange scheme, which is a variant on Diffie-Hellman. Consider a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

380 views

### Fastest algorithm to compute (a^(2^N))%m?

Hi.
There are well-known algorithms for cryptography to compute modular exponentiation $a^b\%c$ (like Right-to-left binary method here : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modular_exponentiation).
But do ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

179 views

### Asymtotic Complexity Analysis using logarithms and binomial coefficients

On page 11 of "Smaller decoding exponents: ball-collision decoding" by Berstein et.al. they have the formula \begin{equation}\lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} \frac{1}{n}\log_{2}\left(\dbinom{k_{1}}{p_{1}}\...

**0**

votes

**3**answers

722 views

### Weil pairing, Kummer theory, help to decrypt what Wikipedia says

I do not quite understand the sentence in the Wikipedia article:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weil_pairing
Section "Formulation" line 3:
"... for given points $P,Q \in E(K)[n]$, where $E(K)[n]=\{T \...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

204 views

### factorising an integer with certain bound on the factors

Can we count the no. of $x$ where $ p^{\alpha -1} < x < p^{\alpha}$ , $gcd(x, 2p)=1$ and if $d |x$ and $d < p ^{\beta}$ for some $1< \beta<\alpha-1$ then $ \frac {x} {d} > p^{\alpha -...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

235 views

### Is it (believed to be) possible to algorithmically generate Diffie-Hellman tuples without “being able to know” one of the discrete logs involved (formal definition given in question)?

Is it (believed to be) possible, in the various standard examples of groups in which discrete log/Diffie Hellman are hard (including multiplicative groups in modular arithmetic and elliptic curves, ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

559 views

### Any nice examples of small cancellation theory appearing in applied mathematics?

Are there any nice discussions of applications of small cancellation theory, or other cases of the word problem, in applied mathematics or algorithms for seemingly non-group theoretic problems?
I ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

482 views

### Factoring and Index Calculus and duality between DL and factoring via compuational problems made easy through them

If factoring is in $P$ (with a blazing fast polynomial time in $P$), would it affect the index calculus algorithm used for Discrete Log calculation in any serious way?
Other connections
$1.)$ "...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

594 views

### Elliptic Curves and cryptography. Recommended Reading [closed]

I have been studying RSA cryptography and want to extend this to ECC. I am interested in any books on the topic, that start off with basic principles of elliptic curves as I have almost zero knowledge ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

313 views

### Diophantine approximation

Say absolute values of $a,b,c$ is $O(log^{k}{n})$ for some positive constant $k$.
Given positive integer $n$ that is reasonably large, we cannot always find integers $a,b,c$ such that $|a{b^{c}} - n|$ ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Reduction from factoring to solving Pell equation

The paper Polynomial-Time Quantum Algorithms for Pell's Equation and the Principal Ideal Problem claims
There are reductions from factoring to solving Pell’s equation, and from solving Pell’s
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

219 views

### Oracle separating FIP for bounded-depth Frege from FIP for Frege (and hardness conditions on DDH)

Is there an oracle such that in the relativized world, bd-Frege (bounded depth Frege propositional proof system) has FIP (feasible interpolation property) but Frege does not have FIP?
Such an oracle ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

419 views

### Does this algorithm exist - a secret secret?

I'm not quite sure how to phrase this question mathematically, so I am going to express it in words first:
Let us suppose I have a secret $m_1$ and a plausible innocent secret $m_2$. Is there an ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Weil pairing and Miller's algorithm

I'm studying Weil pairing and its applications in cryptography. I already know that it can be defined like this:
$$w(P, Q) = (-1)^n\frac{f_P(Q)}{f_Q(P)}\frac{f_Q}{f_P}(\mathcal{O})$$
where
$\textrm{...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Question on randomness extractors

Person A has a source $W$ with min-entropy($W$) = $k$. He also has an extra piece of information about the random source, denoted with $y$, such that min-entropy($W|y$) = $k/3$.
The adversary doesn't ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

4k views

### Encrypting a message for multiple recipients

Let $m$ be a secret message that needs to be sent to $n >1$ recipients. Let each recipient $r_i$ have a public key $p_i$ and private key $s_i$. Is there a scheme such that we can encrypt the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

706 views

### Elliptic curve over finite field: scalar multiplication

I'm implementing arithmetics for elliptic curves over secp256r1 as a homework assignment.
For scalar multiplication, the assignment specifically specifies that $k$ is "any hexidecimal encoded integer"...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

683 views

### Torus based cryptography

In cryptography one needs finite groups $G$ in which the discrete logarithm problem is infeasible. Often they use the multiplicative group $\mathbb{G}_m(\mathbb{F}_p)$ where $p$ is a prime number of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

174 views

### AES key schedule: round 1 and round 0 equal?

is there a key that gives round 1 and round 0 that are equal?
(a0,b0,c0,d0) = (a1,b1,c1,d1)
how many keys like that exist?
can it continue to round 2? round3...?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

515 views

### A silly question: is the number of points on a Jacobian (of a curve, over a finite field) known?

In a cryptography book I read that people does not known how to compute the number of points on a Jacobian of a hyperelliptic curve $C$ over a finite field $F_q$? Is this true? It seems easy to ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

634 views

### What can I say about the permutation $\alpha\beta$ if I know the permutation $\beta\alpha$?

I'm looking into a secret sharing scheme that has a secret permutation $\theta$ which has the cycle structure (n/2)+(n/2) (i.e. two (n/2)-cycles).
The permutation $\theta$ is decomposed into two ...

**14**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Zero-knowledge proof of positivity

If I have committed to a number x by revealing g^x mod p, can I prove that 0 < x mod (p-1) < (p-1)/2, i.e. that x is positive, without leaking any more information about x?
My bounty is ending ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

472 views

### Reducing two variable linear Diophantine equation to modular inversion

I'm in the field of secure multiparty computation using Homomrphic encryption or secret sharing. I want to implement a secure protocol to compute the GCD of two encrypted numbers.
To calculate the ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Is there a two-party multiplicative and additive secret sharing scheme ?

A secret sharing scheme such as Shamir's secret sharing allow to perform addition and multiplication for secret values so far as there is at least 3 participants. Addition of two secret values is done ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

648 views

### Predicting if something is a code

I'm trying to help a non-mathematical friend by posting a question of his here. He studies literature and has come across a book which is written in a made-up language. The book is hundreds of pages,...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Whitening a random bit sequence

Given an (infinite) stream of uncorrelated random bit with a known "reasonable" bias (say 15-85% 1's) I want to whiten it, e.i. produce a shorter stream of bits that has no bias. The restriction is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

438 views

### Matrix Conjugates over Finite Fields

Thinking about Diffe-Hillman for matrices brought me to the following question.
Given $\mathbb{F}_{p^k}$ the finite field with $p^k$ elements when can we find non-trivial solutions to
$\begin{...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

299 views

### Good quality data/packages for statistical/structure analysis of words in the English language

From time to time I find myself wishing to calculate basic statistics on words in the English language. For example, today I found myself wanting a graph of the number of English words vs. their ...

**11**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Introducing Cryptology to Undergraduates

This summer I am going to give some lectures to some REU students. I am still tossing around ideas for what I am going to talk about, but one thing I would at least like to give one or two lectures on,...

**33**

votes

**7**answers

18k views

### Example of a good Zero Knowledge Proof.

I am working on my zero knowledge proofs and I am looking for a good example of a real world proof of this type. An even better answer would be a Zero Knowledge Proof that shows the statement isn't ...

**4**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Analog to the Chinese Remainder Theorem in groups other than Z_n.

The idea hit me when I was in my Elliptic Curve Cryptography class. $Z_n \leftrightarrow Z_{f_1} \times Z_{f_2} \times ...$ where $f_1 \times f_2 \times ... = n$ and $\{f_1, f_2, ...\}$ are pairwise ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

684 views

### The Discrete Logarithm problem [closed]

I am puzzled with the following discrete logarithm problem:
Given positive integers b, c, m where (b < m) is True it is to ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Recovering $\Phi(n)$ from a multiple?

I've been attending a series of lectures on Cryptography from an engineering perspective, which means that most of the assertions made are supplied without proof... here's one that the lecturer couldn'...

**19**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Discrete logs vs. factoring

One thing that I've never quite understood is why computing discrete logarithms (in the multiplicative group mod p) and factoring seem to be so closely related. I don't think that there's a reduction ...