1
vote
1answer
195 views

Sufficient condition for coverings between non-orientable surfaces

Let $X_k$ be the connected sum of $k$ projective planes. I am interested in necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of a covering $\pi: X_{k'} \to X_k$, where $k$ and $k'$ are integers. ...
27
votes
9answers
2k views

Covering maps in real life that can be demonstrated to students

Edit: I've really enjoyed everyone's examples (especially the pictures!), but I was mostly looking for a general theorem. For instance, a similar statement to mine is, Can the mapping cylinder of ...
6
votes
3answers
727 views

Universal covering space for non-semilocally simply connected spaces

Consider a topological space $X$. Let us consider a universal covering space to be a covering $ p : \tilde{X} \rightarrow X$ which is a covering of all other covering spaces. (Perhaps I should call ...