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1
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2answers
136 views

Hausdorffness inheritance in topological groups

Suppose $\mathcal T$ and $\mathcal S$ are two compatible Hausdorff topologies on a group $G$ and $\mathcal R$ is a maximum compatible topology on $G$ with $\mathcal R \subseteq \mathcal T\cap \mathcal ...
3
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1answer
59 views

existence of more distributive Boolean lattices

Are there a Boolean lattice $(X,\le)$ and a nonempty collection $(a_{ij})_{i\in I,j\in J}\subseteq X$ such that $$\bigvee_{i\in I}\bigwedge_{j\in J}{a_{ij}}\ne \bigwedge_{f:I\to J}\bigvee_{i\in ...
1
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1answer
167 views

Failure of Noether normalization

I was in a class recently where we were trying to roughly count the dimensions of certain spaces of rational maps from algebraic curves into closed subschemes $Z \subseteq \mathbb{A}^n$. One way to ...
0
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0answers
51 views

hyperspaces and selection principals

Two things bother me for which I haven't found an answer yet: 1.Is anyone familiar with an example of a topological space $X$, in which the hyperspace $2^X$ with the upper Fell topology is ...
2
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2answers
123 views

Examples of complete distributive lattices that are not Heyting algebras

Here is a short question with a possibly simple and short answer: I need an example of a complete distributive lattice that is not a Heyting algebra which should be an infinite complete lattice that ...
27
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14answers
2k views

Counterexamples in universal algebra

Universal algebra - roughly - is the study, construed broadly, of classes of algebraic structures (in a given language) defined by equations. Of course, it is really much more than that, but that's ...
1
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1answer
89 views

order of convergence of the conditional entropy (2)

Let $X_n$ be a random variable distributed on $A_n:=\{1, \ldots, n\}$ and $g_n\colon A_n \to A_n$ such that $\Pr\big(X_n \neq g_n(X_n)\big) \to 0$. Putting $Y_n=g_n(X_n)$, then by Fano's inequality ...
6
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1answer
144 views

Conjecture of Spira on the zeros of $\zeta^\prime(s)$

Let $N(T)$ be the number of complex zeros of $\zeta(s)$ with imaginary part between $0$ and $T$, and let $N_k(T)$ be the analogous counting function for the $k$th derivative $\zeta^{(k)}(s)$. Based ...
1
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0answers
162 views

Naive conjecture about zeros and local extrema of $\Re \zeta(\sigma+i t)$ (resp. $\Im \zeta(\sigma+ it)$) for $ 0 \le \sigma \le \frac12$

Based on limited numerical evidence, I suspect this conjecture. Conjecture: Fix $ 0 \le \sigma \le \frac12$ and let $t > 0$. Between consecutive local extrema of $\Re \zeta(\sigma+i t)$ (resp. ...
2
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1answer
117 views

Realizability of extensions of a free oriented matroid by an independent set

Question: I am searching for a non-realizable matroid with few dependencies relative to the number of points. Precisely, I would like to find a non-realizable (over $\mathbb{R}$) oriented matroid $M$ ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

order of convergence of the conditional entropy

Let $X_n$ be a random variable distributed on $A_n:=\{1, \ldots, n\}$ and $g_n\colon A_n \to A_n$ such that $\Pr\big(X_n \neq g_n(X_n)\big) \to 0$. Putting $Y_n=g(X_n)$ then by Fano's inequality ...
20
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8answers
1k views

Self-containing structures

(This question is partly inspired by What is inter-universal geometry?.) I have absolutely no background in Teichmuller theory or any related subject, but what I can follow of Mochizuki's description ...
6
votes
0answers
246 views

A counterexample to a conjecture of Nash-Williams about hamiltonicity of digraphs?

Maybe I am missing something, but found potential counterexample to a conjecture of Nash-Williams. According to HAMILTONIAN DEGREE SEQUENCES IN DIGRAPHS The outdegree and indegree sequences of ...
0
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4answers
471 views

A question on metrizable space

Q1, Does a metrizable space $X$ with $e(X)=\omega$ (i.e., it has countable extent) which is not lindelof exist? Q2, Let $X$ be the one point lindefication of a discret space of cardinality ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Strictness of the inequality relating the Iitaka dimension and algebraic dimension

For any (compact and connected) complex manifold $X$ and any line bundle $L$ on $X$ we have the well known inequalities $\kappa(X,L)\leq\alpha(X)\leq\dim(X)$ relating the Iitaka-dimension ...
1
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1answer
499 views

An open problem on general topology

There is an open problem in this paper: Classes defined by stars and neighbourhood assignments by van Mill and others. Problem 4.8. Is a regular (Tychonoff) star compact space metrizable if it has a ...
18
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0answers
723 views

Manifolds admitting CW-structure with single n-cell

Let $M$ be a topological $n$-manifold, closed and connected (not necessarily oriented): When does $M$ not admit (up to homotopy-type) a CW-structure with a single $n$-cell? By classification of ...
5
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1answer
180 views

Failure of the Pointwise Ergodic Theorem

It is known that Birkhoff's pointwise ergodic theorem (unlike von Neumann's mean ergodic Theorem) fails to hold for general Folner sequences. The counter-example usually given is the Folner sequence ...
0
votes
2answers
188 views

Pairwise Gaussian vs Jointly Gaussian (k-wise Gaussian vs n-wise Gaussian)

Suppose $X_i, \; i=1,2,3...,n$ are each Gaussian, then it is not in general true that the set is jointly Gaussian (a multivariate Gaussian). Does a similar statement hold if the variates are pairwise ...
5
votes
2answers
337 views

Is this a counterexample to a conjecture about independent domination in cartesian graph products?

VIZING’S CONJECTURE: A SURVEY AND RECENT RESULTS (2009) by Bostjan Bresar , Paul Dorbec , Wayne Goddard , Bert L. Hartnell , Michael A. Henning , Sandi Klavzar , Douglas F. Rall p.25: ...
0
votes
1answer
236 views

Counterexamples for this algorithm for recognizing lexicographic product of graphs?

Found a possible reduction from recognizing lexicographic product of graphs to 2SAT (since 2SAT is polynomial, the algorithm is polynomial). Can't prove completeness of the algorithm and since it is ...
10
votes
1answer
460 views

Frobenius splitting of Fano varieties

Dear MO, Question 1. Do you know of an example of a Fano variety which is not Frobenius split? Background (1) A variety $X$ in characteristic $p$ is called Frobenius split if there is a "$p$-th ...
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votes
2answers
1k views

Counterexamples to differentiation under integral sign?

I'm exploring differentiation under the integral sign (I want to be much faster and more assured in doing this common task). So one thing I'm interested in is good counterexamples, where both ...
4
votes
2answers
166 views

Module in category O not generated by a finite set of HWVs.

For a while I've been reading J.E.Humphreys's book "Representations of semisimple Lie algebras in the BGG category $\mathcal O$" under the impression that any module in $\mathcal O$ has a finite ...
3
votes
1answer
399 views

A Nisnevich cover which is not Zariski

The Nisnevich topology on $Sch$ is a Grothendieck topology strictly finer than the Zariski topology, and the etale topology is strictly finer than the Nisnevich topology. Colin McLarty asked me for ...
3
votes
2answers
666 views

Example for the Sobolev embedding theorem when p=n.

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain in $\mathbb R^2$. By the Sobolev embedding theorem, if $k>\frac np$ (in this case $k>\frac 2p$) then $u\in W^{k,p}(U) \implies u\in C^{k-[\frac 2 ...
0
votes
1answer
222 views

The part of an operator as an analytic generator

Let the operator $A$ be the generator of an analytic semigroup on a Banach space $X$. $Y$ is another Banach space embedded in $X$. $A_Y$, the part of $A$ in $Y$ is defined as the operator with domain ...
29
votes
7answers
2k views

Example of a manifold which is not a homogeneous space of any Lie group

Every manifold that I ever met in a differential geometry class was a homogeneous space: spheres, tori, Grassmannians, flag manifolds, Stiefel manifolds, etc. What is an example of a connected smooth ...
4
votes
2answers
206 views

Is there a counterexample to this stronger version of James homotopy splitting?

James proved the homotopy decomposition $\Sigma\Omega\Sigma X\simeq \bigvee_{n=1}^\infty \Sigma X^{\wedge n}$. This is a natural homotopy equivalence for a pointed connected CW complex $X$. Here ...
1
vote
1answer
296 views

$G_\delta$-diagonal

Could one find a counterexample that a topology space X is Tychonoff, seperable but hasn't a $G_\delta$-diagonal? A topology space has a $G_\delta$-diagonal when there is a sequence ${G_n}$ of ...
19
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3answers
1k views

Convergence of finite element method: counterexamples

There are many known results proving convergence of finite element method for elliptic problems under certain assumptions on underlying mesh [e.g., Braess,2007]. Which of these common assumptions are ...
0
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0answers
209 views

Example of function with a certain behavior.

Let $f: R \rightarrow R$. Consider the following properties: $(1)$ - There are positive constants $a$ and $r$ such that $\forall x, y$ $$|f(x)-f(y)|\leq a(1 + |x|^r+|y|^r)|x-y|.$$ $(2)$ - There is a ...
5
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1answer
820 views

Haar measure for large locally compact groups

In this answer, Gerald Edgar mentions that Haar measure is naturally defined on the $\sigma$-algebra of Baire sets (the smallest $\sigma$-algebra that contains all the compact $G_\delta$ sets) of a ...
49
votes
12answers
3k views

Counterexamples in PDE

Let us compile a list of counterexamples in PDE, similar in spirit to the books Counterexamples in topology and Counterexamples in analysis. Eventually I plan to type up the examples with their ...