The convexity tag has no usage guidance.

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### Volumes of Sets of Constant Width in High Dimensions

Background
The n dimensional Euclidean ball of radius 1/2 has width 1 in every direction. Namely, when you consider a pair of parallel tangent hyperplanes in any direction the distance between them ...

**38**

votes

**1**answer

416 views

### Continuous maps which send intervals of $\mathbb{R}$ to convex subsets of $\mathbb{R}^2$

Let $f : \mathbb{R} \longmapsto \mathbb{R}^2$ be a continuous map which sends any interval $I \subseteq \mathbb{R}$ to a convex subset $f(I)$ of $\mathbb{R}^2$. Is it true that there must be a line in ...

**36**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### Polynomial roots and convexity

A couple of years ago, I came up with the following question, to which I have no
answer to this day. I have asked a few people about this, most of my teachers and some
friends, but noone had ever ...

**30**

votes

**0**answers

974 views

### Two-convexity ⇒ Lefschetz?

Assume that
$\Omega$ is an open simply connected set in $\mathbb R^n$
(two-convexity) if 3 faces of a 3-simplex belong to $\Omega$ then whole simplex in $\Omega$.
Is it true that any component of ...

**25**

votes

**6**answers

13k views

### Is all non-convex optimization heuristic?

Convex Optimization is a mathematically rigorous and well-studied field. In linear programming a whole host of tractable methods give your global optimums in lightning fast times. Quadratic ...

**22**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Covering a circle with red and blue arcs

We have a circle and two families of $n$ red arcs and $n$ blue arcs, positioned on the circle so that every two arcs of different colors intersect. Can one show that there is a point in the perimeter ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

490 views

### The maximal “nearly convex” function

The following problem is only tangently related to my present work, and I do
not have any applications. However, I am curious to know the solution -- or
even to see a lack thereof, indicating that the ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### A Weak Form of Borsuk's Conjecture

Problem: Let P be a d-dimensional polytope with n facets. Is it always true that P can be covered by n sets of smaller diameter?
Background and motivation
The Borsuk conjecture (disproved in ...

**20**

votes

**13**answers

3k views

### Generalizations of the Birkhoff-von Neumann Theorem

The famous Birkhoff-von Neumann theorem asserts that every doubly stochastic matrix can be written as a convex combination of permutation matrices.
The question is to point out different ...

**18**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Minkowski sum of small connected sets

Suppose that the convex hull of the Minkowski sum of several compact connected sets in $\mathbb R^d$ contains the unit ball centered at the origin and the diameter of each set is less than $\delta$. ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

388 views

### Trapping a convex body by a finite set of points

In $\mathbb{R}^n$, let $K$ be a convex body and $T$ a finite set of points disjoint from the interior of $K$. Say that $T$ traps $K$ if there is no continuous motion of $K$ carrying $K$ arbitrarily ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

778 views

### If $f:R^n \to R$ is a smooth real-valued function such that $\nabla f : R^n \to R^n$ is a diffeomorphism, what can one conclude about the behavior of $f(x)$ at infinity?

This question may seem peculiar, so let me preface it by saying that it arose while I was trying to understand Legendre transformations better, and in that context it is fairly natural. Anyway, ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

624 views

### An equivalence relation for norms

Let us say that two norms $\|\cdot\|_1$ and $\|\cdot\|_2$ on a real vector space $V$ are strongly equivalent if there exists a constant $\lambda \geq 1$ such that
$$
\frac{1}{\lambda} \left( \|x\|_1 ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

649 views

### A natural center of a convex weakly compact set in Banach space

Question: Let $S$ be a convex weakly compact set in Banach space $H$. Propose a natural way to define the unique center $O \in S$.
Motivation: A lot! For example, in game theory $S$ can be a set of ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

621 views

### Do the elementary properties of mixed volume characterize it uniquely?

Background
Take 2 convex sets in $\mathbb{R}^2$, or 3 convex sets in $\mathbb{R}^3$, or generally, $n$ convex sets in $\mathbb{R}^n$. "Mixed volume" assigns to such a family $A_1, \ldots, A_n$ a ...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

175 views

### Finite union of closed convex sets is triangulable?

I posted this question on Stackoverflow, but didn't get an answer.
Let $A_1, \ldots, A_k \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be closed convex sets. Is the union $\bigcup_{i=1}^k A_i$ triangulable, that is, ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

670 views

### An open problem in convex geometry

Is it possible to find four norms $\| \cdot\|_k$ $( 1 \leq k \leq 4)$ on the plane such that a three-dimensional normed space containing four subspaces isometric to these normed planes does not exist? ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

350 views

### Lattice points and convex bodies

Given are two convex bodies $K, L \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ that contain the origin as an interior point. Assume the number of integer points contained in $\lambda K$ equals the number of integer points ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Weighted area of a Voronoi cell

Let $X = \{ x_1,\dots,x_n\} $ denote a set of $n$ points in the unit square $S = [0,1]\times[0,1]$, and let $w = \{w_1,\dots,w_n\}$ denote a set of weights corresponding to the $n$ points in $X$. ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

503 views

### Extreme points of unit ball in tensor product of spaces

Let $B_1, B_2$ be unit balls in finite-dimensional normed spaces $X_1, X_2$ respectively.
Let $e(B_1), e(B_2)$ be corresponding extreme points sets.
Consider the unit ball $B$ in tensor product ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Infinite convex combinations in a Banach space

Let's say that a subset $C$ of a Banach space $X$ is $\sigma$-convex if the following property holds:
For any sequence $(x_k)_{k\ge0}$ in $C$, and for
any sequence of non-negative real numbers ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

498 views

### Convex cones and self-duality

Consider the Euclidian space $E_n={\mathbb R}^n$, with standard scalar product
$$x\cdot y=x_1y_1+\cdots+x_ny_n.$$
A closed convex cone $\Gamma\subset E_n$ defines an order by $y\ge x$ iff ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

195 views

### How large are the smallest-area projections of a high-dimensional convex body?

Let $B$ be a convex body in $\mathbb{R}^d$, equipped with its standard Euclidean form, and assume that
$$\intop_B x \, dx = 0$$
$$\frac{1}{|B|_d} \intop_B x_i x_j \, dx = \delta_{ij},$$
a ...

**11**

votes

**5**answers

754 views

### A characterization of convexity

While doing some research on polytopes I came to the following question. Maybe it's already somewhere but anyway I'll post it here.
Let $X\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ be such that, for every plane $P$, ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

901 views

### convex hull of k random points

suppose we have $k$ points placed uniformly at random in the unit cube in $\mathbb{R}^n$.
what is the probability that their convex hull has all of the $k$ points as extreme points?
[if it would be ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

345 views

### Tverberg's theorem in CAT(0) spaces

Does Tverberg's theorem hold for CAT(0) spaces of covering dimension $d<\infty$:
Is it true that for any $d$-dimensional $CAT(0)$-space $X$ and a subset $E\subset X$ of cardinality $(d + 1)(r - ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

408 views

### Determination of a symmetric convex region by parallel sections

This question is partly inspired by a problem in Stewart's Calculus: "Find the area of the region enclosed by $y=x^2$ and $x=y^2$."
Suppose $f\colon [0,1]\to [0,1]$ is a convex increasing function ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

425 views

### Status of the compact AR problem?

The so-called "compact AR Problem" reads:
Is every compact convex set in a metrizable topological vector space an absolute retract?
It is open according to the chapter by T. Banakh, R. Cauty ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

5k views

### Eigenvalues of product of two symmetric matrices

This is mostly a reference request, as this must be well known!
Let $A$ and $B$ be two real symmetric matrices, one of which is positive definite. Then it is easy to see that the product $AB$ (or ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

383 views

### Inequalities for averaging over partially ordered sets

Let's start from a classical inequality:
If $0\le a_1\le\cdots\le a_k$ and $0\le b_1\le\cdots\le b_k$ then
$(a_1+\cdots+a_k)(b_1+\cdots+b_k)\le k(a_1b_1+\cdots+a_k b_k)$.
It can be written also in ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

609 views

### A “round” lattice with low kissing number?

Historically, the lattices with high density were studied intensively, e.g. E_8 lattice or Leech Lattice. However, there are situations that lattices with low kissing number are required. ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

385 views

### convexity of images of space-filling curves

Suppose $f:[0,1]\to[0,1]^2$ is continuous and for each $t\in[0,1]$, the area of $\lbrace f(s) : 0\le s\le t \rbrace$ is $t$. For what sets of values of $t\in[0,1]$ can $\lbrace f(s) : 0\le s\le t ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Area Enclosed by the Convex Hull of a Set of Random Points

Consider $n$ points generated randomly and uniformly on a unit square. What is the expected value of the area (as a function of $n$) enclosed by the convex hull of the set of points?

**9**

votes

**2**answers

248 views

### Can you see smoothness of the boundary of a convex body from its shadow?

Let $d \geq 3$ and suppose that $K \subset \mathbb{R}^{d}$ is a convex body (compact, convex, non-empty interior). Is the following true?
The boundary $\partial K$ is a $C^1$-manifold if and only ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

466 views

### Small quadrilaterals containing a given convex region

It is easy to prove that
(*) Every convex planar set of area 1 is contained in a quadrilateral of area 2.
It is also easy to see that statement (*) remains true if the constant 2 is replaced with a ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

709 views

### Approximating a convex function by a piecewise linear function

Suppose I have a Lipschitz-continuous convex function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$. I wish to approximate it on the unit ball by a piecewise-linear function $g:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

153 views

### Convexity of a certain sublevel set

Consider the polynomial of degree $4$ in the variable $r$ :
$$ r^4 + (x^2 + y^2)\ r^2 - 2 x y\ r + x^2 y^2 $$
The discriminant of this polynomial in $r$ is the following expression
(obtained using ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

976 views

### Extreme points of a set of probability measures

Consider the set of Borel-measurable probability measures over the interval $[0,1]$ with a given mean, say 1/2. To be precise, I'm talking about the following set $$M=\left(\mu\in \Delta([0,1]):\int ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

303 views

### Generalization of Popoviciu's inequality

Popoviciu's inequality states that for convex $f$ and numbers $x_1,x_2,x_3$, we have
$f(x_1)+f(x_2) + f(x_3) + 3\cdot f(\frac{x_1+x_2+x_3}3) \geq 2\cdot f(\frac{x_1+x_2}2)+2\cdot ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

464 views

### surfaces of constant centro-affine curvature

It is well-known that every closed surface in $\mathbb R^3$ having constant Gauss curvature is a round sphere. Inspired by this question, I'd like to ask whether a similar rigidity holds for ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Banach-Mazur distance between $\ell^p$-norms

Let $E^n$ be the real or complex space of dimension $n$. If $N$ and $M$ are two norms over $E^n$, and if $A$ is an endomorphism, then
$$\|A\|^M_N:=\sup_{x\ne0}\frac{M(Ax)}{N(x)}$$
is an operator norm ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

597 views

### volume of the unit ball of the Banach space $\ell_1^n\otimes_{\epsilon}\ell_1^n$?

We denote by $\otimes_{\epsilon}$ the injective Banach tensor product.
Which is the asymptotic volume of the unit ball of the Banach space $\ell_1^n\otimes_{\epsilon}\ell_1^n$?

**8**

votes

**2**answers

916 views

### Does a notion of convex graph make sense?

Let $X=(V,E)$ be a finite connected graph. I would be interested in some notion of convexity.
General question: Is there a notion of convexity for finite connected graphs? How does it look like?
...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

482 views

### A variation on “Hearing the shape of a drum” for polytopes.

Let $\varphi:\mathcal S^{d-1}\longrightarrow \mathbb R_{>0}$ be a strictly positive function describing the boundary $\varphi(\mathbf x)\mathbf x,\mathbf x\in\mathbb S^{d-1}$ of a $d-$dimensional ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

192 views

### Less complicated proof of this “obvious” fact about convexity

Let $C\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a compact, convex set. In any convex analysis course, it would be a standard homework exercise to prove that the functions $f(x)=\max_{y\in C} \|x-y\|$ and ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

305 views

### What is the “positive part” of the unit ball in $M_n(R)$ ?

In ${\bf M}_n(\mathbb R)$, let us consider the usual operator norm
$$\|A\|=\sup\frac{\|Ax\|}{\|x\|},$$
where $\|x\|$ is the Euclidian norm.
The closed unit ball $B$ is the set of contractions (in the ...

**7**

votes

**9**answers

3k views

### Ways to prove an inequality

It seems that there are three basic ways to prove an inequality eg $x>0$.
Show that x is a sum of squares.
Use an entropy argument. (Entropy always increases)
Convexity.
Are there other means?
...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

282 views

### Characterising semi-definite positiveness on vectors with non-negative entries

My problem is to characterise (or find useful information on) the cone $C$ of $N\times N$ matrices $M$ ($N\geq 1$) such that $$V^t M V\geq 0$$ for every vector $V $ with non-negative entries. Is this ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

271 views

### Duality between extremal points and extremal maps

Suppose I have a convex set $C\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ such that $0\in C$ and every Cauchy sequence in $C$ converges in $C$, but $C$ need not be bounded. (Actually I want unbounded $C$). Consider the set
...

**7**

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**0**answers

188 views

### Choquet theory and Hilbert's fourth problem

The following text is an attempt to see Hilbert's fourth problem in a new light.
Definition. A pseudometric $d$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ is called projective if whenever a point $z$ belongs to a line ...