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55
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0answers
3k views

Volumes of Sets of Constant Width in High Dimensions

Background The n dimensional Euclidean ball of radius 1/2 has width 1 in every direction. Namely, when you consider a pair of parallel tangent hyperplanes in any direction the distance between them ...
30
votes
0answers
901 views

Two-convexity ⇒ Lefschetz?

Assume that $\Omega$ is an open simply connected set in $\mathbb R^n$ (two-convexity) if 3 faces of a 3-simplex belong to $\Omega$ then whole simplex in $\Omega$. Is it true that any component of ...
14
votes
0answers
418 views

An open problem in convex geometry

Is it possible to find four norms $\| \cdot\|_k$ $( 1 \leq k \leq 4)$ on the plane such that a three-dimensional normed space containing four subspaces isometric to these normed planes does not exist? ...
12
votes
0answers
129 views

Finite union of closed convex sets is triangulable?

I posted this question on Stackoverflow, but didn't get an answer. Let $A_1, \ldots, A_k \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be closed convex sets. Is the union $\bigcup_{i=1}^k A_i$ triangulable, that is, ...
12
votes
0answers
1k views

Infinite convex combinations in a Banach space

Let's say that a subset $C$ of a Banach space $X$ is $\sigma$-convex if the following property holds: For any sequence $(x_k)_{k\ge0}$ in $C$, and for any sequence of non-negative real numbers ...
11
votes
0answers
169 views

How large are the smallest-area projections of a high-dimensional convex body?

Let $B$ be a convex body in $\mathbb{R}^d$, equipped with its standard Euclidean form, and assume that $$\intop_B x \, dx = 0$$ $$\frac{1}{|B|_d} \intop_B x_i x_j \, dx = \delta_{ij},$$ a ...
8
votes
0answers
294 views

What is the “positive part” of the unit ball in $M_n(R)$ ?

In ${\bf M}_n(\mathbb R)$, let us consider the usual operator norm $$\|A\|=\sup\frac{\|Ax\|}{\|x\|},$$ where $\|x\|$ is the Euclidian norm. The closed unit ball $B$ is the set of contractions (in the ...
7
votes
0answers
218 views

Are plactic classes convex under the right weak Bruhat order?

For those who are unfamiliar with the terminology, I'll explain a little. The symmetric group $S_n$, as a type A Coxeter group, has generators $\{s_1,\ldots,s_{n-1}\}$ with relations (1) $s_i^2$ for ...
6
votes
0answers
151 views

Choquet theory and Hilbert's fourth problem

The following text is an attempt to see Hilbert's fourth problem in a new light. Definition. A pseudometric $d$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ is called projective if whenever a point $z$ belongs to a line ...
6
votes
0answers
125 views

Variations on a problem of S. Mazur

In problem 76 of the Scottish Book Mazur asked Given a convex body $K$ in three-dimensional space and a point $o$ in its interior, consider the surface $S$ formed by all points $p$ such that the ...
6
votes
0answers
289 views

Minkowski's Inequality for Integrals in Orlicz spaces

EDIT: I have changed the question to have less parameters, fitting it into the context of Orlicz spaces. Suppose $f:[0,\infty)\to[0,\infty)$ is convex and increasing, ...
6
votes
0answers
193 views

Is $Q_n(x)=\sigma_{n+1}(x)/\sigma_n(x)$ logarithmically convex on $\mathbf{R}$?

In 1975 J. van de Lune considered the monotony properties of the canonical Riemann Upper and Lower sums for $\int_0^1 t^xdt$, with $x>0$. Writing $\sigma_n(x) := 1^x+2^x+\cdots+n^x$ these sums are ...
5
votes
0answers
94 views

Star shaped sets with a midpoint

Suppose $U$ is an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ which is star shaped with respect to $p\in U$. I'll call $p$ a midpoint of $U$ if for any line $\ell$ through $p$, the point $p$ is the midpoint of the ...
5
votes
0answers
103 views

Geometry of the metric cone

Let us say that two metrics $d$ and $d_0$ on a set $X$ are related if there exist positive constants $0 < \alpha \leq \beta$ such that $$ \alpha \,\left(d_0(x,y) + d_0(y,z) - d_0(x,z)\right) \leq ...
5
votes
0answers
258 views

Local minimum from directional derivatives in the space of convex bodies

I have a function $f(K)$ defined on the space of three-dimensional convex bodies for which I want to show that the unit ball $B$ is a local minimum. I have been able to show if $K$ is not homothetic ...
4
votes
0answers
151 views

When is the sum of a weak-$*$ closed convex cone and a subspace also weak-$*$ closed?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Suppose $C \subset X^*$ is a convex cone and $V \subset X^*$ is a subspace, and suppose both $C$ and $V$ are closed in the weak-$*$ topology. Are there any general ...
4
votes
0answers
111 views

Hilbert metric of a sum of cones

Suppose that $K_{1}$ and $K_{2}$ are pointed closed cones in a finite-dimensional space $V$ whose Hilbert metrics $d_{1},d_{2}$ are known. Is there a way to express the Hilbert metric of $K_{1}+K_{2}$ ...
4
votes
0answers
155 views

Convex bodies with symmetric shadows.

Theorem. If all orthogonal projections of a convex body $K \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ onto $2$-dimensional subspaces have a center of symmetry, then $K$ has a center of symmetry. This is a classic result ...
4
votes
0answers
160 views

Is it possible to solve the argument maximization problem $\arg\max_x \langle x,l \rangle −f_1(x)−f_2(x)$ via convex duality?

I am attempting to solve the argument maximization problem $$\arg\sup_x \{ \langle x,l \rangle − f_1(x)−f_2(x) \} \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (1)$$ where the functions $f_1$ and $f_2$ are concave but ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

Covering fat objects with fat objects

The family of rectangles has the cover property, i.e.: For every $R\geq 1$, $k\geq 1$: every rectangle with aspect ratio $kR$ can be exactly covered by $\lceil k\rceil$ (possibly overlapping) ...
3
votes
0answers
79 views

Covering points with a convex hull

Consider a set of $n$ points $x_1,\ldots,x_n \in \mathbb{R}^d$, for some $n \gg d$. Suppose $\{x_1,\ldots,x_n\} \subset C \subset \mathbb{R}^d$. Say that a set of points $y_1,\ldots,y_m \in C$ covers ...
3
votes
0answers
158 views

Characterizing curves that bound strictly convex regions

Consider a closed curve on the plane so that if we perform any translation and dilation on it, the resulting curve intersects the original curve at most twice. Does this property characterize the ...
2
votes
0answers
73 views

Lower convex envelope of a function involving entropy

Suppose two discrete random variables $X$ and $Y$ defined on finite sets $\mathcal{X}$ and $\mathcal{Y}$ are given and also suppose the conditional distribution $P_{Y|X}$ (i.e, channel) is fixed. We ...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

proving quasi convexity of multivariable function

Given an arbitrary $(N \times N)$ square matrix ${\bf X}$ a positive definite $(M\times M)$ matrix ${\bf T}$ a $(Q\times MN), Q< MN$ matrix ${\bf Z}$ consisting of only 1s and 0s where there is ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Strictly Convex Smoothing of a function defined on an affine manifold

A function defined on an interval is strongly convex if it has positive definite second derivative. A function on an affine manifold is strongly convex if its restriction to each line is. An affine ...
2
votes
0answers
94 views

Convex functions with non-singular hessian measure are continuously differentiable?

It is known that every convex function $f: \Omega\to \mathbb{R}$, $\Omega$ convex subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$, has a weak derivative of bounded variation $Df\in BV_{loc}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (e.g. Evans and ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Are there pathological examples of log-concave measures that admit no shifts?

Does there exist a random vector $X$ in, say, the space $\mathbb{R}^\infty$ of sequences that has the following properties? The distribution of $X$ is log-concave, i.e. for every $n$ the joint ...
2
votes
0answers
97 views

Why pseudoconvexity is important in Partial differential equation theory?

I am a new researcher in mathematics and I work on convexity. Are convexity and pseudoconvexity related topics and in which respect to PDE theory ? One of the important results in PDE theory is the ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Conditions under which a set of points have a low weight representation under some basis

Let $S \subset R^d$ be a convex polytope in $d$ dimensional real space. Say that $S$ has weight $w$ if there exists some basis $x_1,\ldots,x_d$ such that for every point $v \in S$, we can write $v = ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Fastest 'Oracle' Algorithm for satisfying a single linear constraint on a convex set?

In this paper by Arora, Hazan, and Kale (http://www.cs.princeton.edu/~arora/pubs/MWsurvey.pdf) a method is given for using the Multiplicative Weights Update algorithm to quickly solve Linear Programs ...
2
votes
0answers
127 views

A subclass of log-concave functions satifying a sum inequality

Suppose $f:[0,\infty)\to[0,\infty)$ is continuous and for all positive integers $m$ and real $x\geq0$, $\alpha,\beta>0$: $$ ...
2
votes
0answers
232 views

Erdős-Szekeres empty pseudoconvex $k$-gons

I am wondering if the Erdős-Szekeres empty convex $k$-gon question has a different answer if convexity is replaced by a pseudoline-version of convexity. The empty convex $k$-gon question is a variant ...
2
votes
0answers
138 views

Minimally 6-connected 3D discrete lines that are convex lattice sets

There are several definitions of 3D discrete lines, e.g. http://diwww.epfl.ch/w3lsp/publications/discretegeo/nratddl.html , http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-19867-0_4 . However, I know of none that ...
2
votes
0answers
226 views

Are affine continuous functions on Bauer sub-simplices of the probability measures given by integration over continuous functions?

Let $X$ be a compact (non-metrizable) Hausdorff space and $\mathcal{P}(X)$ the set of Radon probability measures with weak-$*$ topology (weak topology induced by the continuous functions). Consider a ...
2
votes
0answers
173 views

Radon transform and Log-concavity

This question is related to (but different from) that of Darsh Ranjan. Is there a characterization of the functions $f:\mathbb R^n\rightarrow\mathbb R_{\ge0}$ whose Radon transform $\hat ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Convex Optimization related problem

Suppose two non-negative convex functions $f$ and $g$ be given. We want to solve the following optimization $$\max_{g\leq\epsilon}f.$$ Now suppose that both $f$ and $g$ can be upper-bounded by a ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Changing a nonlinear equality constraint into some conic inequality plus rank constraint

If we have a constraint optimization problem in which one of our constraint is $\prod\limits_{k = 1}^N {\left( {x - {a_k}} \right) = 0} $ . How could this nonlinear equality condition be changed into ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Closed approximately convex set is convex

In Convex Analysis and Nonlinear Optimization by Borwein and Lewis there's the following exercise, stating that a closed approximately convex is convex: ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

the validity of a basic statement involving the Hausdorff distance

Let $\Omega_1 \supset \Omega_2 \supset \cdots$ be a sequence of nonempty, open, bounded and convex sets in $R^n.$ Define $\Omega = \operatorname{int} \Bigl( \overline{\bigcap_{k=1}^{\infty} \Omega_k ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Given a multivariate polynomial with even degree, can we find its tightest convex polynomial 'envelop'?

To be specific, given a multivariate polynomial function $f: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ with even degree $2d$, can we construct a convex polynomial function $g$, such that: $\forall ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Proving solution to linear parabolic PDE is convex with negative third derivative

I have a PDE in $g(y,t)$ of the form \begin{equation} a\frac{\partial^2g}{\partial y^2}y^2-b\frac{\partial g}{\partial y}y -rg + \frac{\partial g}{\partial t} - c = 0 \end{equation} in which $a$, $b$, ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Directional derivates and unique subgradients

I have a question about the fine structure of convex functions. Convex functions behave very regular in the interior of their domain of definition (e.g. they are locally Lipschitz continuous there) ...
1
vote
0answers
205 views

Proof of an inequality for a linear combination of three trigonometric functions

Given a function $$f(t) = k_{1} \sin(t+\alpha) + k_{3} \sin(3t+\beta) + k_{5} \sin(5t+\gamma)$$ where $k_{1}, k_{3}$ and $k_{5}$ are all positive parameters, and the three phase angles, $ ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Symmetry of Sundry Planar Convex Sets of Constant Width & Minimal Area

In a much broader paper in “Optimization Methods & Software 27,6 (2012) pp1073-1099” Bayen & Henrion consider planar compact, convex sets with support functions which are finite Fourier ...
1
vote
0answers
90 views

Linearization of cones

Suppose that $K$ is a closed convex cone in $R^{n}$. Is there a "nice" function $f:R^{n} \rightarrow R^{m}$ so that $f(K)$ is a subspace? What about an approximate subspace?
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Reference request: Compact metrizable semilattices with small connected semilattices are absolute retracts

Let $X$ be a compact metrizable topological semilattice with a neighbourhood base of sub-semilattices that are path connected. I need a reference for a proof that $X$ is an absolute retract. Here is ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Which matrix/operator in a cone has the largest negative spectral part?

Background: Let $\mathcal{K}$ be set (convex cone, if you like) of symmetric matrices of order $n$. Each matrix $A \in \mathcal{K}$ can be decomposed in a unique way as $A=A_{+}-A_{-}$, where ...
1
vote
0answers
169 views

Given a jointly convex function $f$, what is the bound of $f\left(\sum_ip_i^2x_i,\sum_jq_j^2y_j\right)$if $\mathbf{p},\mathbf{q}$ are constrained in a manifold?

Suppose there is a jointly convex function $f:\mathbb{R}\times\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$, $\mathbf{x},\mathbf{y}\in\mathbb{R}^m$ and ...
1
vote
0answers
105 views

Mappings preserving convex compactness

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space. How can one describe continuous mappings $F:H \to H$ that satisfy the following condition: There exist two elements $c$, $F(c) \neq c$ and a convex compact $M$ containing ...
1
vote
0answers
242 views

Computing the intersection of dual affine subspaces

Suppose we have a convex function , $\phi(x): R^d \to R$. It is well known that the Legendre transform of $\phi$ is also a convex function, and can (loosely) be thought of as the dual or derivative ...