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**60**

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3k views

### Volumes of Sets of Constant Width in High Dimensions

Background
The n dimensional Euclidean ball of radius 1/2 has width 1 in every direction. Namely, when you consider a pair of parallel tangent hyperplanes in any direction the distance between them ...

**31**

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986 views

### Two-convexity ⇒ Lefschetz?

Assume that
$\Omega$ is an open simply connected set in $\mathbb R^n$
(two-convexity) if 3 faces of a 3-simplex belong to $\Omega$ then whole simplex in $\Omega$.
Is it true that any component of ...

**15**

votes

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191 views

### Finite union of closed convex sets is triangulable?

I posted this question on Stackoverflow, but didn't get an answer.
Let $A_1, \ldots, A_k \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be closed convex sets. Is the union $\bigcup_{i=1}^k A_i$ triangulable, that is, ...

**14**

votes

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864 views

### An open problem in convex geometry

Is it possible to find four norms $\| \cdot\|_k$ $( 1 \leq k \leq 4)$ on the plane such that a three-dimensional normed space containing four subspaces isometric to these normed planes does not exist? ...

**14**

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1k views

### Infinite convex combinations in a Banach space

Let's say that a subset $C$ of a Banach space $X$ is $\sigma$-convex if the following property holds:
For any sequence $(x_k)_{k\ge0}$ in $C$, and for
any sequence of non-negative real numbers ...

**13**

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216 views

### A functional inequality about log-concave functions

Let $f,g$ be smooth even log-concave functions on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$, i.e.,$f=e^{-F(x)}, g=e^{-G(x)}$ for some even convex functions $F(x),G(x)$. Is it true that:
$$
\int_{\mathbb{R}^{n}} \langle ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

199 views

### How large are the smallest-area projections of a high-dimensional convex body?

Let $B$ be a convex body in $\mathbb{R}^d$, equipped with its standard Euclidean form, and assume that
$$\intop_B x \, dx = 0$$
$$\frac{1}{|B|_d} \intop_B x_i x_j \, dx = \delta_{ij},$$
a ...

**8**

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199 views

### Less complicated proof of this “obvious” fact about convexity

Let $C\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a compact, convex set. In any convex analysis course, it would be a standard homework exercise to prove that the functions $f(x)=\max_{y\in C} \|x-y\|$ and ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

202 views

### Choquet theory and Hilbert's fourth problem

The following text is an attempt to see Hilbert's fourth problem in a new light.
Definition. A pseudometric $d$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ is called projective if whenever a point $z$ belongs to a line ...

**8**

votes

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308 views

### What is the “positive part” of the unit ball in $M_n(R)$ ?

In ${\bf M}_n(\mathbb R)$, let us consider the usual operator norm
$$\|A\|=\sup\frac{\|Ax\|}{\|x\|},$$
where $\|x\|$ is the Euclidian norm.
The closed unit ball $B$ is the set of contractions (in the ...

**7**

votes

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179 views

### Finding non convex functions satisfying a weak form of convexity, without the axiom of choice

If a real-valued function $f$ over reals satisfies $$ (1) \; \; \; f({x+y\over2})\le {f(x)+f(y)\over2}, $$and it is continuous, then it is not hard to see that $f$ is indeed convex. On the other ...

**7**

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388 views

### Minkowski's Inequality for Integrals in Orlicz spaces

EDIT: I have changed the question to have less parameters, fitting it into the context of Orlicz spaces.
Suppose $f:[0,\infty)\to[0,\infty)$ is convex and increasing, ...

**7**

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225 views

### Is $Q_n(x)=\sigma_{n+1}(x)/\sigma_n(x)$ logarithmically convex on $\mathbf{R}$?

In 1975 J. van de Lune considered the monotony properties of the canonical Riemann Upper and Lower sums for $\int_0^1 t^xdt$, with $x>0$.
Writing $\sigma_n(x) := 1^x+2^x+\cdots+n^x$ these sums are
...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

244 views

### Are plactic classes convex under the right weak Bruhat order?

For those who are unfamiliar with the terminology, I'll explain a little.
The symmetric group $S_n$, as a type A Coxeter group, has generators $\{s_1,\ldots,s_{n-1}\}$ with relations (1) $s_i^2$ for ...

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72 views

### Convexity of Isoperimetric Domains

I am interested in what is known about the convexity of isoperimetric domains in compact Cartan-Hadamard manifolds (Riemannian manifolds that are complete and simply-connected and have non-positive ...

**6**

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136 views

### Variations on a problem of S. Mazur

In problem 76 of the Scottish Book Mazur asked
Given a convex body $K$ in three-dimensional space and a point $o$ in its interior, consider the surface $S$ formed by all points $p$ such that the ...

**5**

votes

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99 views

### In what sense is the Bayesian posterior mean a “convex combination”?

I asked this on math.stackexchange with no response, I'm hoping someone here might have something.
Suppose I want to estimate $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$ from two signals with zero mean, normally ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### Star shaped sets with a midpoint

Suppose $U$ is an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ which is star shaped with respect to $p\in U$. I'll call $p$ a midpoint of $U$ if for any line $\ell$ through $p$, the point $p$ is the midpoint of the ...

**5**

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135 views

### Geometry of the metric cone

Let us say that two metrics $d$ and $d_0$ on a set $X$ are related if there exist positive constants $0 < \alpha \leq \beta$ such that
$$
\alpha \,\left(d_0(x,y) + d_0(y,z) - d_0(x,z)\right) \leq
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

282 views

### Local minimum from directional derivatives in the space of convex bodies

I have a function $f(K)$ defined on the space of three-dimensional convex bodies for which I want to show that the unit ball $B$ is a local minimum. I have been able to show if $K$ is not homothetic ...

**4**

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65 views

### Linear projections of convex sets with unique preimages of boundary points

Fix a compact convex subset $C \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ with nonempty interior. For any subspace $S \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, let $P_S$ denote the orthogonal linear projection onto $S$. I'd like to claim ...

**4**

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96 views

### Prove a complicated function (in epidemic spreading search) to be convex

When analyse epidemic spreading, I came across to prove that a complicated function $f(x)$ is convex when $0 \leq x \leq 1$.
\begin{equation}
f(x)=\frac{b_1g'(x) f_1(x)^{n-2}+g'(1) \gamma}{g'(1) ( ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

181 views

### When is the sum of a weak-$*$ closed convex cone and a subspace also weak-$*$ closed?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Suppose $C \subset X^*$ is a convex cone and $V \subset X^*$ is a subspace, and suppose both $C$ and $V$ are closed in the weak-$*$ topology. Are there any general ...

**4**

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123 views

### Hilbert metric of a sum of cones

Suppose that $K_{1}$ and $K_{2}$ are pointed closed cones in a finite-dimensional space $V$ whose Hilbert metrics $d_{1},d_{2}$ are known. Is there a way to express the Hilbert metric of $K_{1}+K_{2}$ ...

**4**

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105 views

### Symmetry of Sundry Planar Convex Sets of Constant Width & Minimal Area

In a much broader paper in “Optimization Methods & Software 27,6 (2012) pp1073-1099” Bayen & Henrion consider planar compact, convex sets with support functions which are finite Fourier ...

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171 views

### Convex bodies with symmetric shadows.

Theorem. If all orthogonal projections of a convex body $K \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ onto $2$-dimensional subspaces have a center of symmetry, then $K$ has a center of symmetry.
This is a classic result ...

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82 views

### On the modulus of convexity of mixed-norm $\ell_{p_1,p_2}$ spaces

Let $\ell_{p_1,p_2}=(\mathbb{R}^{m\times n},\|\cdot\|_{p_1,p_2})$ be the space of $m\times n$ matrices endowed with the mixed-norm
$$ \|X\|_{p_1,p_2} = \left( \sum_{j=1}^n \left( \sum_{i=1}^m ...

**3**

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**0**answers

180 views

### Convex Conjugate of Relative Entropy

The convex conjugate of a function, say, $f:X\mapsto \mathbb{R}$ is a function $f^*:X^*\mapsto \mathbb{R}$ defined as
$$f^*(x^*):=\sup_{x\in X} ~\langle x, x^*\rangle-f(x),$$ where $X^*$ is the ...

**3**

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**0**answers

108 views

### This function looks quasiconvex, can't understand why

Suppose that $\mathbf{C}$ is a given matrix with non-negative entries in $\mathbb{R}^{m\times n}$ and $d$ is a given scalar, and let $g(\mathbf{y})$ be defined by ...

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78 views

### Covering fat objects with fat objects

The family of rectangles has the cover property, i.e.:
For every $R\geq 1$, $k\geq 1$: every rectangle with aspect ratio $kR$ can be exactly covered by $\lceil k\rceil$ (possibly overlapping) ...

**3**

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**0**answers

107 views

### Covering points with a convex hull

Consider a set of $n$ points $x_1,\ldots,x_n \in \mathbb{R}^d$, for some $n \gg d$. Suppose $\{x_1,\ldots,x_n\} \subset C \subset \mathbb{R}^d$. Say that a set of points $y_1,\ldots,y_m \in C$ covers ...

**3**

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164 views

### Characterizing curves that bound strictly convex regions

Consider a closed curve on the plane so that if we perform any translation and dilation on it, the resulting curve intersects the original curve at most twice. Does this property characterize the ...

**2**

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**0**answers

97 views

### How to check if a manifold can be foliated by strictly convex hypersurfaces?

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold with boundary.
How can one recognize whether the manifold can be foliated by strictly convex hypersurfaces?
An exact definition is given below.
If the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Fixed area, largest mass — is there a name?

Let $x\in \mathbb{R}^n$ and let $s_k(x)$ denote the sum of the $k$ largest entries of $x$. The function $s_k(x)$ is well-known to be convex and is often used in optimization, such as
...

**2**

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**0**answers

67 views

### Regularity of the Minkowski functionnal of a convex

Let $K$ be a convex compact set in $\mathbb{R}^2$ with $0 \in \overset{\circ}{K}$. The Minkowski functional associated to K is:
\begin{align*}
\varphi_K(x):= \inf \left\{t>0 \; : \; tx \in K ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

119 views

### Lower convex envelope of a function involving entropy

Suppose two discrete random variables $X$ and $Y$ defined on finite sets $\mathcal{X}$ and $\mathcal{Y}$ are given and also suppose the conditional distribution $P_{Y|X}$ (i.e, channel) is fixed. We ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

172 views

### proving quasi convexity of multivariable function

Given
an arbitrary $(N \times N)$ square matrix ${\bf X}$
a positive definite $(M\times M)$ matrix ${\bf T}$
a $(Q\times MN), Q< MN$ matrix ${\bf Z}$ consisting of only 1s and 0s where there is
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Strictly Convex Smoothing of a function defined on an affine manifold

A function defined on an interval is strongly convex if it has positive definite second derivative. A function on an affine manifold is strongly convex
if its restriction to each line is. An affine ...

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**0**answers

164 views

### Convex functions with non-singular hessian measure are continuously differentiable?

It is known that every convex function $f: \Omega\to \mathbb{R}$, $\Omega$ convex subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$, has a weak derivative of bounded variation $Df\in BV_{loc}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (e.g. Evans and ...

**2**

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**0**answers

72 views

### Are there pathological examples of log-concave measures that admit no shifts?

Does there exist a random vector $X$ in, say, the space $\mathbb{R}^\infty$ of sequences that has the following properties?
The distribution of $X$ is log-concave, i.e. for every $n$ the joint ...

**2**

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**0**answers

144 views

### Given a multivariate polynomial with even degree, can we find its tightest convex polynomial 'envelop'?

To be specific, given a multivariate polynomial function $f: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ with even degree $2d$, can we construct a convex polynomial function $g$, such that:
$\forall ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### Why pseudoconvexity is important in Partial differential equation theory?

I am a new researcher in mathematics and I work on convexity. Are convexity and pseudoconvexity related topics and in which respect to PDE theory ? One of the important results in PDE theory is the ...

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**0**answers

44 views

### Conditions under which a set of points have a low weight representation under some basis

Let $S \subset R^d$ be a convex polytope in $d$ dimensional real space. Say that $S$ has weight $w$ if there exists some basis $x_1,\ldots,x_d$ such that for every point $v \in S$, we can write $v = ...

**2**

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149 views

### A subclass of log-concave functions satifying a sum inequality

Suppose $f:[0,\infty)\to[0,\infty)$ is continuous and for all positive integers $m$ and real $x\geq0$, $\alpha,\beta>0$:
$$
...

**2**

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**0**answers

258 views

### Erdős-Szekeres empty pseudoconvex $k$-gons

I am wondering if the
Erdős-Szekeres
empty convex $k$-gon question has a different answer if
convexity is replaced by a pseudoline-version of convexity.
The empty convex $k$-gon question
is a variant ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### Minimally 6-connected 3D discrete lines that are convex lattice sets

There are several definitions of 3D discrete lines, e.g. http://diwww.epfl.ch/w3lsp/publications/discretegeo/nratddl.html , http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-19867-0_4 . However, I know of none that ...

**2**

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**0**answers

266 views

### Are affine continuous functions on Bauer sub-simplices of the probability measures given by integration over continuous functions?

Let $X$ be a compact (non-metrizable) Hausdorff space and $\mathcal{P}(X)$ the set of Radon probability measures with
weak-$*$ topology (weak topology induced by the continuous functions).
Consider a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

189 views

### Radon transform and Log-concavity

This question is related to (but different from) that of Darsh Ranjan.
Is there a characterization of the functions $f:\mathbb R^n\rightarrow\mathbb R_{\ge0}$ whose Radon transform $\hat ...

**1**

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**0**answers

39 views

### Geodesically convex neighborhood in Finsler manifolds

It is well known that every point of a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ possesses a fundamental system $\{U_n\}_{n\in\mathbb N}$ of geodesically convex neighborhoods. This means that every pair of points ...

**1**

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**0**answers

59 views

### Choosing the weights of a Voronoi diagram — is this function always the gradient of another function?

This question is related to the earlier question Weighted area of a Voronoi cell . As in that question, let $X = \{ x_1,\dots,x_n\} $ denote a set of $n$ points in the unit square $S = ...