The convexity tag has no wiki summary.

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384 views

### A consequence of convexity

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ a convex decreasing function. Let $x_0 < x_1 < x_2$.
Studying the behaviour of the difference quotient, it is clear that
$$f(x_0)-f(x_2) \leq M (f(x_0)-f(x_1))$$
...

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211 views

### Can you see smoothness of the boundary of a convex body from its shadow?

Let $d \geq 3$ and suppose that $K \subset \mathbb{R}^{d}$ is a convex body (compact, convex, non-empty interior). Is the following true?
The boundary $\partial K$ is a $C^1$-manifold if and only ...

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341 views

### Convexity in $\{0,1\}^n$

how is convexity defined in a subset $A \subset \{0,1\}^n$?
furthermore, is there any extention of the Brunn-Minkowski inequality for subsets of $\{0,1\}^n$?
thanks.
Edit (previously posted as an ...

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177 views

### Geometric Mean of Positive Matrices

Hello all,
My question regards the geometric mean (GM) of two positive matrices. The definition of the GM for two positive matrices $(A,B)$ is given by:
...

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**1**answer

140 views

### necessary and sufficient conditions for a function to be DC

Hi, Does anyone know the necessary and sufficient conditions for a function to be a DC-function?
Definition: A function is a DC-function if and only if it can be written as a differnece of 2 convex ...

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votes

**1**answer

132 views

### When a semigroup extension $S \times A$ of a semigroup $S$ with a commutative group $A$ contains a copy of $S$?

Maybe is a trivial question, but I don't know how to handle it.
Setting: Let $S$ be a semigroup (i.e. has an associative operation with neutral element $e$) and let $(A,+)$ be a commutative group ...

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**1**answer

528 views

### Approximating a convex function by a piecewise linear function

Suppose I have a Lipschitz-continuous convex function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$. I wish to approximate it on the unit ball by a piecewise-linear function $g:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow ...

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125 views

### A subclass of log-concave functions satifying a sum inequality

Suppose $f:[0,\infty)\to[0,\infty)$ is continuous and for all positive integers $m$ and real $x\geq0$, $\alpha,\beta>0$:
$$
...

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192 views

### Is $Q_n(x)=\sigma_{n+1}(x)/\sigma_n(x)$ logarithmically convex on $\mathbf{R}$?

In 1975 J. van de Lune considered the monotony properties of the canonical Riemann Upper and Lower sums for $\int_0^1 t^xdt$, with $x>0$.
Writing $\sigma_n(x) := 1^x+2^x+\cdots+n^x$ these sums are
...

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266 views

### Duality between extremal points and extremal maps

Suppose I have a convex set $C\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ such that $0\in C$ and every Cauchy sequence in $C$ converges in $C$, but $C$ need not be bounded. (Actually I want unbounded $C$). Consider the set
...

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**1**answer

101 views

### Is these two optimization problems share the same solution?

Hello all,
I am dealing with some SDP optimization, and I come across the following problem.
The optimization problem is given by
\begin{aligned}
&\operatorname*{min}_{t_1,\ldots,t_m,X}\ \sum ...

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votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Eigenvalues of product of two symmetric matrices

This is mostly a reference request, as this must be well known!
Let $A$ and $B$ be two real symmetric matrices, one of which is positive definite. Then it is easy to see that the product $AB$ (or ...

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vote

**1**answer

258 views

### Question regard checking convexity by “restriction to any line that intersects the function domain”

Hello all,
I have a question (probably stupid one) about the fact that " A function is convex if and only if it is convex when restricted to any line that intersects its domain".
In Stephen Boyd and ...

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**1**answer

706 views

### Is a jointly convex function of x and y convex as a function of x when y=z(x)?

Hi,
Suppose that $x \in R^m, y \in R^n, z(x) \in R^n$, and $f(x,y)$ is convex in $(x,y)$.
Is $f(x,z(x))$ a convex function in $x$ for arbitrary continuous functions $z(x)$?
Thanks!

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vote

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275 views

### non convex optimization

Hi there,
In my studies I come up with this nonconvex optimization problem
argmin |Ax|_2+lamda*|x|_1 subject to x'x=1
where cost function is nonsmooth but convex and the constrant in nonconvex.
I ...

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**1**answer

154 views

### (probably simple) optimization question

Suppose you have a concave function defined over a non-polyhedral convex cone and you are interested in the infimum. What would be standard approaches to tackle the question? (The cone is actually PSD ...

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**1**answer

297 views

### Proving that a specific function is quasiconvex

Hello all,
Assume we have a sequence of quasiconcave functions (in $X$) denoted by $f_{i,j}(X)$ for $i,j = 1,\ldots,n$. Denote by $F(X)$ the $n\times n$ matrix whose $(i,j)$ entry is the function ...

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vote

**1**answer

254 views

### Conjecture that two nested convex curves have a point with the same slope

I'm trying to prove a conjecture and need some help.
Consider a continuous, twice differentiable function $p(a)$ such that $p(0) = 0$ and $\forall a$, $p'(a) > 0$ and $p''(a) < 0$ and $p$ is ...

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**1**answer

167 views

### Are faces of a compact, convex body “opposed” iff their extreme points are pairwise “opposed”?

Let $P$ be a compact, convex subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ (infinite-dimensional generalisations welcome, but not necessary). Let's say that disjoint subsets $W_1$, $W_2$ $\subset P$ are opposed if there ...

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264 views

### Characterising semi-definite positiveness on vectors with non-negative entries

My problem is to characterise (or find useful information on) the cone $C$ of $N\times N$ matrices $M$ ($N\geq 1$) such that $$V^t M V\geq 0$$ for every vector $V $ with non-negative entries. Is this ...

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1k views

### A Weak Form of Borsuk's Conjecture

Problem: Let P be a d-dimensional polytope with n facets. Is it always true that P can be covered by n sets of smaller diameter?
Background and motivation
The Borsuk conjecture (disproved in ...

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273 views

### Going in the direction of the gradient

First, a motivating example. Suppose $f(x)$ is convex, differentiable, with a single minimum $x^*$.
Then the differential equation $$\dot{x}(t) = -\nabla f(x(t))$$ drives $x(t)$ to $x^*$.
Now my ...

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**1**answer

501 views

### proving the interior of a dual cone is the set of vectors whose inner product is strictly positive on the cone

Apologies for posting such a simple question to mathoverflow. I've have been stuck trying to solve this problem for some time and have posted this same query to math.stackexchange (but have received ...

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**4**answers

379 views

### Packing and isoperimetrics

Suppose a manufacturer bottles small units of liquid and ships them via very large trucks.
If the transportation cost nothing, spherical bottles would minimize the packaging cost (isoperimetric ...

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**1**answer

212 views

### Convexity of a specific semialgebraic set

I have an engineering problem which maybe resolved with semi-definite programming optimization.
I have a set which I would like to know if is convex:
Being $m \in \mathbb{R}^+$ a positive real ...

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**1**answer

262 views

### Deciding the convexity of semialgebraic sets

Given a basic closed semialgebraic set, $S \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, defined by
$S = \{ x \in \mathbb{R}^n \mid g_1 (x) \geq 0 \land \dots \land g_m (x) \geq 0\}$
where $m \in \mathbb{N}$ and $g_1, ...

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617 views

### Is the intersection of boundaries of convex bodies a topological sphere?

Let $K_1, K_2, \ldots K_n$ be convex bodies in $R^d$. Assume that for any index set $I$, $\cap_{i \in I} K_i$ is not empty and is not properly contained in any body $K_i$ for $i\in I$.
Is it true ...

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447 views

### A natural center of a convex weakly compact set in Banach space

Question: Let $S$ be a convex weakly compact set in Banach space $H$. Propose a natural way to define the unique center $O \in S$.
Motivation: A lot! For example, in game theory $S$ can be a set of ...

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**1**answer

275 views

### Quermassintegrals as mean curvature integrals

It is well-known that the quermassintegrals $W_{i}$ of a convex body $K\subset \mathbb{R}^{n}$ can be written as a mean curvature integral
$$ W_{i}(K)=n^{-1}\int_{\partial K}H_{i-1} ...

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380 views

### Does the minima of a sequence of convex convergent functions converge?

Suppose $f_1,f_2,\ldots $ is a sequence of convex functions that converges to a continuous convex $f$. Let $x_1^*,x_2^*$ be their respective (not necessarily unique) minima, and let y be a minima of ...

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154 views

### Lipshitz Constant of the convex extension of a submodular function

The title says it all :)
Given a submodular function (take the rank function of a matroid, for a concrete example) $f:\{0,1\}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, we can extend it to a convex function ...

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218 views

### A question regarding Danskin's theorem

Suppose $\phi({\bf x},{\bf z})$ is a continuous function of two arguments,
$\phi: {\mathbb R}^N \times Z \rightarrow {\mathbb R}$,
where $Z \subset {\mathbb R}^m$ is a (non-empty) compact convex ...

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329 views

### Extreme points of a compact convex set are a $G_\delta$?

Dear All,
I'm reading a paper (Residuality of Dynamical Morphisms by Burton, Keane and Serafin) that makes a claim that I've been unable to verify or find a reference for. The claim is made that the ...

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**1**answer

116 views

### Mapping a subset of semi-definite matrices through arcsinus

Hi
I am meeting a problem concerning semi-definite positive matrices, and I have no clue concerning them, the classical approaches I know have not given any result, maybe people used to manipulating ...

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**1**answer

310 views

### Is it possible to extend this inequality about Euclidean distance &Frobenius norm to more general Bregman divergence such as relative entropy & von Neumann divergence?

Motivation- A Special Case
Supposing $A,B\in\mathbb{S}^{m\times m}$ are symmetric positive semi-definite (SPD) matrices and $\mathbf{x}\in\mathbb{R}^m$ is a unit vector where $\|\mathbf{x}\|=1$, we ...

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1k views

### Area Enclosed by the Convex Hull of a Set of Random Points

Consider $n$ points generated randomly and uniformly on a unit square. What is the expected value of the area (as a function of $n$) enclosed by the convex hull of the set of points?

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298 views

### conjugate function for matrix mixed norm

I am familiar with the conjugate function of the vector norm, which uses the concept of dual norm and is defined as follows:
...

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**1**answer

211 views

### Is there relationship between $f\left({\sum_i(\mathbf{v}_i^\top\mathbf{x})^2\lambda_i},\sum_j{(\mathbf{u}_j^\top\mathbf{x})^2\theta_j}\right)$ and $\sum_i\sum_j{(\mathbf{v}_i^\top\mathbf{u}_j)^2f(\lambda_i,\theta_j)}$ if $f$ is jointly convex?

Hello, everyone!
As we know that by Jensen's inequality, for jointly convex function $f$ and $\sum_ix_i^2=1$, we have
...

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217 views

### Generalized unique nearest point problem for a compact, convex set in a strictly convex Banach space.

If $X$ is a Real Banach space with strictly convex norm, it is known that for any non-empty compact, convex set $K$ and point $x_0\notin K$, there exists a unique point $z_0\in K$ minimizing the ...

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168 views

### Given a jointly convex function $f$, what is the bound of $f\left(\sum_ip_i^2x_i,\sum_jq_j^2y_j\right)$if $\mathbf{p},\mathbf{q}$ are constrained in a manifold?

Suppose there is a jointly convex function $f:\mathbb{R}\times\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$, $\mathbf{x},\mathbf{y}\in\mathbb{R}^m$ and ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### Sufficient conditions for gradient descent convergence

I have an unconstrained optimisation problem with convex objective function $f(x)$. Suppose I have access only to some function of the gradient $\hat{\nabla}= g(\nabla f)$, and I take gradient steps ...

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595 views

### Computational complexity of unconstrained convex optimisation

What is known about the relationship between unconstrained convex optimisation and computational complexity? For example, for which optimisation problems and which gradient descent algorithms is one ...

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439 views

### Extreme points of unit ball in tensor product of spaces

Let $B_1, B_2$ be unit balls in finite-dimensional normed spaces $X_1, X_2$ respectively.
Let $e(B_1), e(B_2)$ be corresponding extreme points sets.
Consider the unit ball $B$ in tensor product ...

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491 views

### Local strong convexity of a strictly convex function

Is there a formal way to characterise strong convexity about the optimum value of a strictly convex function? I have an objective that looks something like this: $J(p,q) = ...

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181 views

### lipschitz property of the derivative of a convex function

Let $f\in C^1(\mathbb R^n\to \mathbb R)$ be a convex function. Suppose the equation
$$f(x+\Delta x)-f(x)-(f'(x),\Delta x) \leq A|\Delta x|^2$$
holds for some constant $A>0$, any $x\in \mathbb ...

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459 views

### Inequalities for uniformly convex normed spaces

When reading "Chebyshev centers and uniform convexity" by Dan Amir I encountered the following result which is apparently "known and easy to prove". I'm sure it is, but I can't find a proof and am ...

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294 views

### What is the “positive part” of the unit ball in $M_n(R)$ ?

In ${\bf M}_n(\mathbb R)$, let us consider the usual operator norm
$$\|A\|=\sup\frac{\|Ax\|}{\|x\|},$$
where $\|x\|$ is the Euclidian norm.
The closed unit ball $B$ is the set of contractions (in the ...

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votes

**1**answer

427 views

### Tverberg partitions with less than (r-1)(d+1)+1 points

The Tverberg Theorem states the following: Let $x_1,x_2,\dots, x_m$ be points in $R^d$ with $m \ge (r-1)(d+1)+1$. Then there is a partition $S_1,S_2,\dots, S_r$ of $\{1,2,\dots,m\}$ such that $\cap ...

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227 views

### Erdős-Szekeres empty pseudoconvex $k$-gons

I am wondering if the
Erdős-Szekeres
empty convex $k$-gon question has a different answer if
convexity is replaced by a pseudoline-version of convexity.
The empty convex $k$-gon question
is a variant ...

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105 views

### Mappings preserving convex compactness

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space.
How can one describe continuous mappings $F:H \to H$
that satisfy the following condition:
There exist two elements $c$, $F(c) \neq c$
and a convex compact $M$ containing ...