The convexity tag has no usage guidance.

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### Proving solution to linear parabolic PDE is convex with negative third derivative

I have a PDE in $g(y,t)$ of the form
\begin{equation}
a\frac{\partial^2g}{\partial y^2}y^2-b\frac{\partial g}{\partial y}y -rg + \frac{\partial g}{\partial t} - c = 0
\end{equation}
in which $a$, $b$, ...

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856 views

### An open problem in convex geometry

Is it possible to find four norms $\| \cdot\|_k$ $( 1 \leq k \leq 4)$ on the plane such that a three-dimensional normed space containing four subspaces isometric to these normed planes does not exist? ...

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379 views

### Convex hulls of families of probability measures

Let $X$ be a standard Borel space, so that the space of Borel probability measures on $X$ is also a standard Borel space. We denote it by $\mathcal P(X)$.
In this paper for any family of probability ...

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78 views

### Directional derivates and unique subgradients

I have a question about the fine structure of convex functions. Convex functions behave very regular in the interior of their domain of definition (e.g. they are locally Lipschitz continuous there) ...

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**1**answer

198 views

### Shortest curve with given convex hull

Suppose $S\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ is compact and convex. Suppose $\Gamma:[0,1]\to S$ is a continuous curve that passes through every extreme point of $S$, i.e., the convex hull of $\Gamma([0,1])$ is $S$. ...

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209 views

### Map from a convex polygon that increases distance

At the risk of asking an extremely stupid question, suppose that $P\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ is a convex polygon with area $1$ that contains the origin, and let $r$ denote the farthest distance between the ...

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389 views

### Inequalities for averaging over partially ordered sets

Let's start from a classical inequality:
If $0\le a_1\le\cdots\le a_k$ and $0\le b_1\le\cdots\le b_k$ then
$(a_1+\cdots+a_k)(b_1+\cdots+b_k)\le k(a_1b_1+\cdots+a_k b_k)$.
It can be written also in ...

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**1**answer

349 views

### Tverberg's theorem in CAT(0) spaces

Does Tverberg's theorem hold for CAT(0) spaces of covering dimension $d<\infty$:
Is it true that for any $d$-dimensional $CAT(0)$-space $X$ and a subset $E\subset X$ of cardinality $(d + 1)(r - ...

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202 views

### Choquet theory and Hilbert's fourth problem

The following text is an attempt to see Hilbert's fourth problem in a new light.
Definition. A pseudometric $d$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ is called projective if whenever a point $z$ belongs to a line ...

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379 views

### Lattice points and convex bodies

Given are two convex bodies $K, L \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ that contain the origin as an interior point. Assume the number of integer points contained in $\lambda K$ equals the number of integer points ...

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248 views

### Proof of an inequality for a linear combination of three trigonometric functions

Given a function $$f(t) = k_{1} \sin(t+\alpha) + k_{3} \sin(3t+\beta) + k_{5} \sin(5t+\gamma)$$
where $k_{1}, k_{3}$ and $k_{5}$ are all positive parameters, and the three phase angles, $ ...

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136 views

### Variations on a problem of S. Mazur

In problem 76 of the Scottish Book Mazur asked
Given a convex body $K$ in three-dimensional space and a point $o$ in its interior, consider the surface $S$ formed by all points $p$ such that the ...

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53 views

### Determining the sign of each element of the optimal of a strict convex function

The problem is:
Let $\vec{x}\in\mathbb{R}^d$ be the variable and $f(\vec{x})$ be a scalar function that is globally strictly convex in $\mathbb{R}^d$. We assume the unique optimum of $f$ to be ...

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213 views

### A construction related to scissors congruence

I was thinking about the following some time ago. My question is whether such things have been studied before.
Let $E_n$ be the abelian group with a generator for each (bounded) euclidean polytope of ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### Is a convex function continuous and almost everywhere differentiable? [closed]

is this statement true ?
assume $f:D\rightarrow \mathbf{R} $ is a convex function where $D\subset \mathbf{R}^n$ is a convex set. $f$ is continuous and almost everywhere differentiable and in class ...

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253 views

### How to examine the convexity of a complex function numerically?

I have a function which does not have a closed form . Large numerical effort should be done to evaluate the function for even a single point. How can I examine the convexity of my function over the ...

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**1**answer

197 views

### carleman inequality

Is there a connection between carleman inequality discovred by T. Carleman in 1922 if I am not mistaken in his research on quasianalytic functions and what is called Carleman estimates used in the PDE ...

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108 views

### Why pseudoconvexity is important in Partial differential equation theory?

I am a new researcher in mathematics and I work on convexity. Are convexity and pseudoconvexity related topics and in which respect to PDE theory ? One of the important results in PDE theory is the ...

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333 views

### Construction of a convex function nondifferentiable on a countable set [closed]

Let $H$ be a countable subset of $[0,1]$. Construct a convex function $f:[0,1]\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ such that $f$ is nondifferentiable on $H$ and differentiable in the rest.

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620 views

### Convexity of a minimum function

I was reading a proof of $9g-9$ theorem which states that $9g-9$ length parameters are sufficient the parametrize the Teichmuller space of a closed surface of genus $g$. The proof uses the following ...

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123 views

### Hilbert metric of a sum of cones

Suppose that $K_{1}$ and $K_{2}$ are pointed closed cones in a finite-dimensional space $V$ whose Hilbert metrics $d_{1},d_{2}$ are known. Is there a way to express the Hilbert metric of $K_{1}+K_{2}$ ...

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140 views

### A question concerning convex functions

Consider points $a,b,c$ (not on a line) and $x_1,...,x_n$ in $\Bbb{R}^2$. I am looking for a necessary and sufficient condition in terms of the geometric configuration of these points such that for ...

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478 views

### Small quadrilaterals containing a given convex region

It is easy to prove that
(*) Every convex planar set of area 1 is contained in a quadrilateral of area 2.
It is also easy to see that statement (*) remains true if the constant 2 is replaced with a ...

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105 views

### Symmetry of Sundry Planar Convex Sets of Constant Width & Minimal Area

In a much broader paper in “Optimization Methods & Software 27,6 (2012) pp1073-1099” Bayen & Henrion consider planar compact, convex sets with support functions which are finite Fourier ...

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107 views

### Linearization of cones

Suppose that $K$ is a closed convex cone in $R^{n}$. Is there a "nice" function $f:R^{n} \rightarrow R^{m}$ so that $f(K)$ is a subspace? What about an approximate subspace?

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59 views

### Reference request: Compact metrizable semilattices with small connected semilattices are absolute retracts

Let $X$ be a compact metrizable topological semilattice with a neighbourhood base of sub-semilattices that are path connected. I need a reference for a proof that $X$ is an absolute retract.
Here is ...

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**1**answer

155 views

### Helly's number from biconvex functions

Helly's Theorem states the following. Suppose $X_1,X_2,...,X_N$ are convex sets in $\mathbb{R}^d$, such that for any index-set $I$ with $|I| \leq h(d) := d+1$, we have $\bigcap_{i \in I} X_i \neq ...

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58 views

### convexity of two linear spaces connected by convex nonlinear equality constraints

If there are two sets of linear constraints in different variables, Ax <= b with x_l <= x <= x_u and Cy <= d with y_l <= y <= y_u, and a set of equality constraints of a specific ...

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190 views

### Zoll Flat Finsler tori and convex bodies on a starry night

The starry night. The "celestial sphere" is given by set of non-zero vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$ modulo positive dilations (i.e., $v \equiv w$ if $v = \lambda w$ for some $ \lambda > 0$) and the ...

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217 views

### On a version of gradient descent

I am trying to read this paper and have gotten stuck. The author considers the problem of minimizing a convex function whose gradient has Lipschitz constant $M$ and considers the scheme
$$ x(t+1) = ...

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**1**answer

87 views

### Constrained minimum maximal distance.

Let $C$ and $D$ be two convex sets. And suppose $C\cap D\neq \emptyset$. Let $x^*$ is the solution to the optimization problem:
$$\min_{x\in C} \max_{y \in D} |x-y|^2$$
Is it true that $x^* \in D$. ...

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263 views

### Higher dimensional convex hull

Let $CH(S)$ be a convex hull of a finite set $S$ and denote the set of all the vertices of $CH(S)$ as $Vert(S)$. For a vertex $v \in Vert(S)$, it has an associated set $E(v)$ which is defined as ...

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152 views

### Regularizing a Convex function with itself

Hi,
This is a problem that has being bothering me the last few days.
Assume a convex function $f(x): {\mathbb R}^n \rightarrow {\mathbb R}$ with a unique minimizer $x^{\star}$. Now consider the ...

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298 views

### Measuring the distance of a convex set from a ball (Nikodym distance)

Assume we have a centrally symmetric convex set $K \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ such that Vol(K)=1. In addition, assume that for every direction $u$ we know that $Vol(K \Delta R_u(K)) < \epsilon$, where ...

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62 views

### Which matrix/operator in a cone has the largest negative spectral part?

Background:
Let $\mathcal{K}$ be set (convex cone, if you like) of symmetric matrices of order $n$. Each matrix $A \in \mathcal{K}$ can be decomposed in a unique way as $A=A_{+}-A_{-}$, where ...

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379 views

### A question on the Mahler conjecture

In its asymmetric version, the Mahler conjecture states that if $K \subset \mathbb{R^n}$ is a convex body containing the origin as an interior point and
$$
K^* := \{y \in \mathbb{R}^n : \langle y, x ...

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**1**answer

246 views

### When does the finite union of convex sets have a hole in it?

Let $f_1, \dots, f_j$ be convex functions from $\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$. I am trying to develop a test that decides whether or not the set $\{x | f_1(x) \le k_1\} \cup \dots \cup \{x | f_n(x) ...

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111 views

### What is the doubling dimension of convex functions?

I am interested in the complexity of convex functions, specifically the "doubling dimension" of the class of convex functions defined on a compact subset of Euclidean space, when compared using the ...

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406 views

### Is Ryser's conjecture on permanent minimizers still open?

Let $A(k,n)$ be the set of $\{0,1\}$ matrices of order $n$ with all their line sums equal to $k$.
Conjecture number 5 on the list from Minc's book, attributed to Ryser, says that if $A(k,n)$ ...

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107 views

### Covering points with a convex hull

Consider a set of $n$ points $x_1,\ldots,x_n \in \mathbb{R}^d$, for some $n \gg d$. Suppose $\{x_1,\ldots,x_n\} \subset C \subset \mathbb{R}^d$. Say that a set of points $y_1,\ldots,y_m \in C$ covers ...

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193 views

### Extensions of Carathéodory's theorem

We know about the Carathéodory's theorem which is on the convex bodies of $\mathbb{R}^d$. My question is, how far we can extend it? Is it true for say, any convex object of Banach space, or for convex ...

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258 views

### Monotonicity of Loewner ellipsoid?

Given two $0$-symmetric convex bodies $K \subset L \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, is it true that the Loewner ellipsoid of $K$ is contained in the Loewner ellipsoid of $L$?
I have just finished proving a ...

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656 views

### Why are all these families of polynomials finally log-concave?

This started when I was examining certain families of unimodal polynomials, i.e. $\sum_{k=0}^n a_kx^k$ where $a_0\le a_1\le\cdots \le a_k\ge\cdots \ge a_n$.
(Notation: in the following, the $a_k$ ...

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462 views

### Possible to find a set of log-concave functions with log-concave sums?

While the set of log-convex functions is closed under addition, the set of log-concave functions is not. Yet if $f$ is log-concave, $\ln(k f) = \ln(k)+\ln(f)$, with $k \in \mathbb{R}^+$ constant, is ...

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### Conditions under which a set of points have a low weight representation under some basis

Let $S \subset R^d$ be a convex polytope in $d$ dimensional real space. Say that $S$ has weight $w$ if there exists some basis $x_1,\ldots,x_d$ such that for every point $v \in S$, we can write $v = ...

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200 views

### On the convexity of element-wise norm 1 of the inverse

Question first asked on math.stackexchange here: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/317209/on-the-convexity-of-element-wise-norm-1-of-the-inverse
On the convexity of element-wise norm 1 of the ...

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101 views

### Fastest 'Oracle' Algorithm for satisfying a single linear constraint on a convex set?

In this paper by Arora, Hazan, and Kale (http://www.cs.princeton.edu/~arora/pubs/MWsurvey.pdf) a method is given for using the Multiplicative Weights Update algorithm to quickly solve Linear Programs ...

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307 views

### How do you prove that every curve of constant width is convex?

Cross-posted from math.stackexchange:
Let C be a simple closed plane curve and let D be its interior. Recall that the width of C in a direction θ is the distance between two supporting lines for D ...

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190 views

### Support Functions Of 3D Convex Bodies In Spherical Polar Coordinates

What are the known sufficient conditions,analagous to the planar curvature condition, in terms of functions of theta and phi, on the support function h(theta,phi) of a surface in 3D which imply it is ...

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262 views

### Covering the cone of positive semidefinite matrices by intervals

Is it possible to cover the cone of positive semidefinite matrices by a finite/countable/interesting family of closed intervals of matrices?
How about a general convex cone?
For the finite case the ...