Convex polytopes are the convex hulls of a finite set of points in Euclidean spaces. They have rich combinatorial, arithmetic, and metrical theory, and are related to toric varieties and to linear programming

learn more… | top users | synonyms

44
votes
0answers
1k views

Intersecting Family of Triangulations

Let $\cal T_n$ be the family of all triangulations on an $n$-gon using $(n-3)$ non-intersecting diagonals. The number of triangulations in $\cal T_n$ is $C_{n-2}$ the $(n-2)$th Catalan number. Let ...
30
votes
0answers
2k views

A Combinatorial Abstraction for The “Polynomial Hirsch Conjecture”

Consider $t$ disjoint families of subsets of {1,2,…,n}, ${\cal F}_1,{\cal F_2},\dots {\cal F_t}$ . Suppose that (*) For every $i \lt j \lt k$ and every $R \in {\cal F}_i$, and $T \in {\cal F}_k$, ...
19
votes
0answers
2k views

Why do polytopes pop up in Lagrange inversion?

I'd be interested in hearing people's viewpoints on this. Looking for an intuitive perspective. See Wikipedia for descriptions of polytopes and the Lagrange inversion theorem/formula (LIF) for ...
17
votes
0answers
313 views

“Japanese Theorem” on cyclic polygons: Higher-dimensional generalizations?

A beautiful theorem known as the Japanese Theorem (Wikipedia, MathWorld) says that, no matter how one triangulates a cyclic (inscribed in a circle) polygon, the sum of the radii of the incircles is ...
13
votes
0answers
160 views

realization spaces of 3-dimensional polytopes

It is a well-know result (Steinitz, 1922) that the realization space of 3-dimensional convex polytopes with fixed combinatorics is contractible. A proof of this theorem can be found for instance in ...
12
votes
0answers
101 views

Rational inscribed realization of the regular dodecahedron

While it is clear that the regular dodecahedron $D$ cannot be realized with all integer coordinates, it is easy to find a polytope, which is combinatorially equivalent (face lattice isomorphic) to $D$ ...
12
votes
0answers
185 views

Polytopes with few vertices and few facets

I recently realized that, for fixed $\alpha$ and $\beta$, the number of (combinatorial types of) $d$-polytopes with $\leq d+1+\alpha$ vertices and $\leq d+1+\beta$ facets is bounded by a constant that ...
12
votes
0answers
218 views

Does there always exist a self dual polytope that contains a given polytope contained in its dual?

Suppose a polytope $P$ is contained in its dual polytope $\tilde{P}$. Does there always exist a polytope $Q$ that contains $P$ and is self dual $Q=\tilde{Q}$? Is there any bound on the minimal number ...
12
votes
0answers
411 views

Reciprocity (Ehrhart-style) for real polytopes?

Is there some sense in which the well-known Ehrhart reciprocity law for rational, convex, polytopes can be extended to any convex polytope with arbitrary real vertices? In other words, given any ...
11
votes
0answers
157 views

Is combinatorial automorphism of symmetric convex polytope always odd?

The question is formulated in the title. More precisely, if $P$ is an origin-symmetric convex polytope in $\mathbb{R}^d$, and $f$ is a bijective transform of the set of the vertices of $P$, which ...
11
votes
0answers
330 views

Lower Bound on the Volume of Certain Polytopes

Given a partition $\rho\in\mathcal{P}(n)$ with $k$ blocks $$ \rho=\{B_1,B_2,\ldots,B_{k}\} $$ we can define the set of equations $$ E_{i}:\sum_{j \in B_{i}}{x_{j-1}}=\sum_{j \in ...
11
votes
0answers
811 views

Constructive aspects of Caratheodory's theorem in convex analysis

Let me paraphrase Caratheodory's theorem in a probabilistic setup: Let $X$ be a real-valued random variable. For $k = 1, \ldots, m$, let $f_k: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function such ...
10
votes
0answers
227 views

Right-angled polytopes

%This question is motivated by the little discussion here at the bottom. The following thing are known about hyperbolic right-angled polytopes: Compact hyperbolic right-angled polytopes do not ...
9
votes
0answers
235 views

Bi-spherical polyhedra

Bicentric polygons have been studied: a polygon all of whose vertices lie on its circumcirle, and whose incircle is tangent to every edge:   I have not been able to find a comparable literature ...
8
votes
0answers
98 views

Tensor Product of Convex Sets?

I was wondering if such a concept was used anywhere. What I was thinking of is this. Consider two vectors spaces $V,W$ and convex sets $C_1 \subseteq V$ and $C_2 \subseteq W$ if we define $C_1 \otimes ...
8
votes
0answers
133 views

Positivity of coefficients of Ehrhart polynomial of n-Tetrahedron

A set of positive integers $d_1, \dots, d_n$ describe two n-dimensional closed lattice tetrahedron: $$ T = \left\{ (x_1, \dots, x_n) \in \mathbb{R}^n: \sum_{i=1}^n \frac{x_i}{d_i} \leq 1 \textrm{ and ...
8
votes
0answers
101 views

What does this number tell me about a convex lattice polygon?

EDIT: I realized I'd tricked myself by working with a too special case of $f$, the question is now updated (boundary lattice points replaced vertices). Suppose I have a convex lattice polygon $P$, ...
8
votes
0answers
117 views

How many facets can $\{\|D^T x\|_1\leq 1\}$ have?

$\newcommand{\RR}{\mathbb{R}}$Consider $x\in\RR^n$ and $D\in \RR^{n\times p}$ with $p\geq n$ and full rank. My question is: How many facets can the polytope $ \{x\in\RR^n\ :\ \|D^T x\|_1\leq 1\}$ ...
8
votes
0answers
168 views

An affine invariant of convex bodies

The following invariants of "pointed" convex bodies (i.e., pairs consisting of a convex body and a distinguished point in its interior) roughly measure how many of its linear images fit between the ...
8
votes
0answers
606 views

Counting Lattice Points in Real Polytopes

Suppose one did have an exact formula for the number of $\mathbb{Z}^n$-lattice points intersecting an arbitrary dilate of a (not necessarily rational) finite, closed and convex $n$-polytope. As a ...
7
votes
0answers
285 views

A question about a blue fan and a red fan and their common refinement

Is the following conjecture true? Conjecture: Let $M_1$ be a red map and let $M_2$ be a blue map drawn in general position on $S^n$, and let $M$ be their common refinement. There is a vertex $w$ of ...
6
votes
0answers
54 views

Convex hull of the orbit of a matrix under permutations

Let $P$ be a generic permutation matrix on $\mathbb{R}^n$. For any vector $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$, the convex hull of the set $\{ Px : \; \text{$P$ is a permutation matrix}\}$ is the set of vectors ...
6
votes
0answers
146 views

Looking for the correct version of a wrong statement from Barvinok's book on convex polyhedra

The book I'm concerned with is "Integer Points in Polyhedra" by A. Barvinok, which, I must say, is turning out to be highly fascinating. A real finite-dimensional vector space $V$ defines the ...
6
votes
0answers
152 views

Sampling from a Convex Body with Many Extremal Points

Let $p_{1}, \ldots, p_{N}$ be a collection of points in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$. I would like to sample uniformly from the convex hull of these $N$ points in an `efficienct' way. In my setting, I have $n$ ...
6
votes
0answers
146 views

Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between edges are rational multiples of $\pi$?

After reading these very interesting questions, I came up with another one: Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between all pairs of edges meeting ...
5
votes
0answers
83 views

Algorithm to express a point from a H-polyhedron as convex combination of extreme points

Let $P\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be a convex polyhedron described as an intersection of hyperspaces, that is, $$P:=\{\boldsymbol{x}: A\boldsymbol{x} \leq \boldsymbol{b}\}$$ Let $\boldsymbol{x} \in P$. We ...
5
votes
0answers
68 views

Measure-minimizing simplex with fixed inradius

Let $\Delta^n$ be an $n$-simplex in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $V$ be the volume and $r$ the inradius (radius of the inscribed sphere) of $\Delta^n$. There is a well-known result that $$ V \geq ...
5
votes
0answers
70 views

Is every planar point set be projections of vertices of a neighborly 4-polytope?

More exactly, written in coordinates, I'm curious to know if for every point set $(x_i,y_i)$ there are $(x_i,y_i,z_i,w_i)$ be vertices of a neighborly polytope. This problem comes from a simple ...
5
votes
0answers
158 views

Geometry of the metric cone

Let us say that two metrics $d$ and $d_0$ on a set $X$ are related if there exist positive constants $0 < \alpha \leq \beta$ such that $$ \alpha \,\left(d_0(x,y) + d_0(y,z) - d_0(x,z)\right) \leq ...
5
votes
0answers
184 views

4D polytope analogues of the icosahedron/Rogers-Ramanujan continued fraction relationship?

The formula for the j-function which employs polynomial invariants of the icosahedron, $$j(\tau)=-\frac{(r^{20} - 228r^{15} + 494r^{10} + 228r^5 + 1)^3}{r^5(r^{10} + 11r^5 - 1)^5}$$ where, ...
5
votes
0answers
233 views

Lattice points inside a (n-dimensional) tetrahedron

Hi, overflowers. I was interested in a sharp lower bound for the number of lattice points (say, integral lattice points) inside the tetrahedron defined by the coordinate hyperplanes and ...
5
votes
0answers
96 views

Regularity of simplices, part deux

This question is directly inspired by Pietro Majer's question and my answer to it. One can define a simplex, and the dihedral angles thereof in an infinite dimensional Hilbert space (one has to take ...
5
votes
0answers
184 views

A polytope associated with the Hadamard Transform

In an investigation of whether or not a subset $V$ of "Hamming Space" $M_n = \mathbb{F}_2^n$ is a tile (i.e. whether $M_n$ can be written as a disjoint partition of translates of $V$) in ...
5
votes
0answers
403 views

Reference for this polyhedral lemma

Recall the definition of a fan: Let $U$ be a finite dimensional real vector space. Then a fan is a collection $\mathcal{F}$ of cones in $U$ such that (1) If $\sigma \in \mathcal{F}$ and $\tau$ is a ...
5
votes
0answers
483 views

When should a moment polytope have “smooth” faces?

A codimension $d$ face of a polytope is called rationally smooth if it lies on only $d$ facets, because this is exactly the condition for the corresponding toric variety to have only orbifold ...
4
votes
0answers
65 views

Rational $d$-simplices

Define a rational $d$-simplex as a simplex in $\mathbb{R}^d$ such that the measure of all its $k$-dimensional faces, $k \ge 1$, is rational. So a rational triangle has rational edge lengths and ...
4
votes
0answers
118 views

Reference for the notion of polyhedra “degenerations”

Let $P$ be a convex polyhedron and let $P(t)$ be a continuous deformation thereof, such that: a) $P(0)=P$; b) for all $t\in[0;1)$ the polyhedron $P(t)$ is strongly combinatorially equivalent to $P$ ...
4
votes
0answers
82 views

Face structures of chain polytopes

For a finite poset $P$ the chain polytope $\mathscr C(P)\subset\mathbb{R}^P$ consists of such $g$ that $g(p)\ge 0$ for all $p\in P$ and $$g(p_1)+\ldots+g(p_n)\le 1$$ for any chain ...
4
votes
0answers
43 views

Is every 1-skeleton of a 4-tope Steinitzian?

Call a graph "polyhedral" if it is simple, planar, and 3-connected. For example, the 1-dimensional skeleton of every 3-dimensional convex polytope, regarded as a graph, is polyhedral. By a theoreom ...
4
votes
0answers
97 views

Prove or disprove a claim about covering a polytope by convex polytopes in a certain way

Here is the claim: Given a polytope $K$ in a unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^d$, there exists a universal constant $C(d)>0$ depending only on $d$ and a countable collection of convex polytopes ...
4
votes
0answers
78 views

Can the GUE be thought of as a uniform point in a high-dimensional polytope

I have thought about this question for a long time and could only find partial answers. The Gaussian Unitary Ensemble (or GUE) is the eigenvalues of a random Hermitian matrix with complex Gaussian ...
4
votes
0answers
266 views

Regular cross-sections of a dodecahedron; analogous sections of 4-polytopes

One can intersect a dodecahedron with a plane and obtain an equilateral triangle, a square, a regular pentagon, a regular hexagon, and a regular decagon:             ...
4
votes
0answers
1k views

Convex hulls of compact sets

Let $A$ be a compact set in a separable Hilbert space $H$, and let $\bar A$ denote its convex hull. Is $\bar A$ compact?
4
votes
0answers
164 views

Tetrahedra passing through a hole

Assume a plane $P\subset\mathbb R^3$ has a hole $H$, and that the hole is topologically a compact disc. Being so, $P\setminus H$ does not separate the space. A regular tetrahedron $\sigma^3$ (of ...
3
votes
0answers
114 views

Average nastiness of a Newton polytope

Given a Newton polytope $P$ inside the $d$-scaled simplex ( i.e $\alpha \in P \implies | \alpha |=d $ ), then we define the following quantity: $$ P(x)= \left( \sum_{\alpha \in P} ...
3
votes
0answers
105 views

Zeros of Hilbert series of affine toric varieties

Consider a convex rational polyhedral cone $C\subset\mathbb R^m$ with vertex at the origin. Let $X$ be the corresponding affine toric variety, i.e. $\mathbb C[X]=\mathbb C[\mathbb Z^m\cap C^\circ]$. ...
3
votes
0answers
83 views

regular triangulations of the product of two simplices

Is description of all regular triangluations of $\Delta^n\times \Delta^k$ known? (Regular triangulations are those which correspond to vertices of Gelfand--Kapranov--Zelevinsky secondary polytope, or, ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

Delzant polytopes and combinatorial types

At first, let us see the following matheoverflow question, About a Delzant polytope. (In particular dodecahedron) The question is whether (combinatorial) regular dodecahedron can be realized as a ...
3
votes
0answers
99 views

Testing if a point is inside a convex polytope formed by halfspaces in n-dimension

Assume we have a convex polytope that is formed by the intersection of $k$-halfspaces in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$. $$ a_{0,0}x^{n-1} + {a}_{0,1}x^{n-2} + ... a_{0,n-1} \leq 0 $$ $$ a_{1,0}x^{n-1} + ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

“Spherelike” embedding for smooth Fano polytope

Let $\mathbb{R}^n$ be a vector space with Euclidean inner product and $\mathbb{Z}^n \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a lattice. Let $P$ be a full dimension convex lattice polytope in $\mathbb{R}^n$ containing ...