Convex polytopes are the convex hulls of a finite set of points in Euclidean spaces. They have rich combinatorial, arithmetic, and metrical theory, and are related to toric varieties and to linear programming

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
2answers
212 views

Volume of intersection of a convex polytope with an affine space.

Given an $n$-dimensional polytope $P\subset \mathbb{R}^n$. For a subset of indices $i_1,\ldots,i_k$ of $\{1,\ldots,n\}$ and reals $a_1,\ldots,a_k$, we denote by ...
3
votes
1answer
278 views

moduli space of polytopes

When considering classification problems about polytopes, I sometimes has the feeling that one need to talk about certain parametrized families, i.e. moduli space of such polytopes. But neither do I ...
3
votes
1answer
176 views

Classification of lattice polytopes with small number of lattice points in the facets

Suppose $P$ is a convex lattice polytope in $Z^3$ without interior lattice points, and we require the interior lattice points of each facet(i.e. dimensional 2 faces) are neither too much nor too few, ...
2
votes
2answers
346 views

Convex upper bound on a linear-fractional function

I have a function of the form $f(x,y) = \frac{x}{c+y}$ where $c$ is a positive constant, $c \ge x \ge 0$, and $y \ge 0$. I would like to find a convex upper-bound for this function. Is there a ...
1
vote
0answers
157 views

Lattice-point enumeration question involving linear combinations of matrices

I would like to know some references to learn more about an answer to this question, if there are any references: Let $A_1, \dots , A_m$ and $B$ be $n\times n$ symmetric matrices. Let $$S = \{(x_1, ...
35
votes
0answers
772 views

Intersecting Family of Triangulations

Let $\cal T_n$ be the family of all triangulations on an $n$-gon using $(n-3)$ non-intersecting diagonals. The number of triangulations in $\cal T_n$ is $C_{n-2}$ the $(n-2)$th Catalan number. Let ...
11
votes
0answers
371 views

Reciprocity (Ehrhart-style) for real polytopes?

Is there some sense in which the well-known Ehrhart reciprocity law for rational, convex, polytopes can be extended to any convex polytope with arbitrary real vertices? In other words, given any ...
2
votes
2answers
186 views

Is there a simple test to determine whether a polytope is integral?

It is known that any rational convex polytope expressed as $\{ x\in\mathbb{R}^d : Ax \ge b \}$, where $A\in\mathbb{Z}^{k\times d}$ and $b\in\mathbb{Z}^k$, can be written as the convex hull of finitely ...
1
vote
0answers
152 views

Compute generalized pentagram map

Hi, (This is my first question on MathOverflow! :-) Imagine you have a set of points $S = \{p_1, \ldots, p_n\}$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$, of which $t$ are "bad". I want to compute a "safe convex hull", ...
8
votes
2answers
355 views

symmetries and faces of the associahedra

The dihedral group of order $2n+2$ acts on $K_n$, the $n-2$-dimensional associahedron. Are there any other symmetries? References? Does the answer to 1 change if we restrict to just the 1-skeleton ...
3
votes
3answers
410 views

reference for the cubical structure of the associahedra

I cannot find where I learned that the $n$-dimensional associahedron is a union of $n$-cubes. The vertices of the $n$-dimensional associahedron are the finite binary trees having $n+2$ leaves and ...
8
votes
1answer
593 views

Approximating a convex function by a piecewise linear function

Suppose I have a Lipschitz-continuous convex function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$. I wish to approximate it on the unit ball by a piecewise-linear function $g:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow ...
3
votes
1answer
213 views

Empty convex polytopes for random point sets

I know of the famous results on the Erdős-Szekeres empty convex polygon problem in the plane (the Happy-Ending Problem), and I know that there are higher-dimensional extensions. A great source ...
4
votes
2answers
295 views

Realization spaces for regular convex polytopes

Q1. Are there convex polytopes combinatorially equivalent to each of the regular polytopes that are realized with integer vertex coordinates? ...
11
votes
1answer
356 views

Can all convex polytopes be realized with vertices on surface of convex body?

The following question was asked by me on Mathematics.SE. Unfortunately, no one answered it so I thought I might give it a try one level higher. Below the line you can find the slightly edited ...
1
vote
2answers
454 views

Does Euler's formula imply bounds on the degree of vertices in a 3-polytopal graph?

A corollary of Euler's formula tells us that the edge-vertex graph of every convex 3-polyhedron must have a face with either 3, 4, or 5 edges, using an argument about the average degree of vertices. ...
19
votes
4answers
604 views

Do random projections (approximately) preserve convexity?

The Johnson-Lindenstrauss lemma implies that any set of $k$ points in $\mathbb{R}^d$ can be randomly projected into $d' \approx \log(k)/\epsilon^2$ dimensions such that the distances between each pair ...
1
vote
1answer
321 views

Question regard checking convexity by “restriction to any line that intersects the function domain”

Hello all, I have a question (probably stupid one) about the fact that " A function is convex if and only if it is convex when restricted to any line that intersects its domain". In Stephen Boyd and ...
0
votes
0answers
102 views

Area of spherical polygons in high dimensions

Given 4 points on $S^3$. If we look at the spherical polygon formed on $S^3$, is there a formula for the 3-dimensional Hausdorff measure for it? E.g.: When I tried to set up a spherical coordinate ...
2
votes
1answer
388 views

Proving that a specific function is quasiconvex

Hello all, Assume we have a sequence of quasiconcave functions (in $X$) denoted by $f_{i,j}(X)$ for $i,j = 1,\ldots,n$. Denote by $F(X)$ the $n\times n$ matrix whose $(i,j)$ entry is the function ...
5
votes
0answers
95 views

Regularity of simplices, part deux

This question is directly inspired by Pietro Majer's question and my answer to it. One can define a simplex, and the dihedral angles thereof in an infinite dimensional Hilbert space (one has to take ...
4
votes
1answer
176 views

Regularity of simplices

A triangle is regular, provided it is equilateral, or, also, equiangular. How these conditions generalize to characterizations of regularity of simplices? In particular, it turns out that a ...
1
vote
1answer
179 views

Realizing not-quite-barycentric subdivision of a polytope

Given a poset $S$, one can form a new poset $I(S)$ whose elements are intervals in $S$ (i.e. either $\emptyset$ or $[a,b]$ for some $a\leq b\in S$) with ordering by (set) inclusion. If $S$ is ranked, ...
3
votes
1answer
709 views

Complexity of convex polytope volume calculation ? (Volume of Voronoi cell) (Error probability)

Assume I have polytope in R^k given by N (k<< N) linear inequalities (A_i x < b_i). I guess complexity of its volume calculate is higher than linear in "N", am I right ? (Is the complexity ...
3
votes
0answers
85 views

Versions of Helly's Theorem for Unbounded Parallelpipeds

I'm studying Frobenius splitting of toric varieties based on Sam Payne's characterization of Frobenius splitting ("Frobenius splittings of toric varieties" (2008)) and I came across a sort of Helly's ...
3
votes
2answers
288 views

How to show that convex polytope is not a Voronoi cell?

Given a combinatorial type of a convex polytope, what techniques are available for showing that it cannot be realized as a Voronoi cell of some point system?
17
votes
4answers
703 views

The Constructions of Davis and Januszkiewicz

One of the most useful tools in the study of convex polytope is to move from polytopes (through their fans) to toric varieties and see how properties of the associated toric variety reflects back on ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

How can pushing a vertex in a polytope lead to merging facets?

I'm trying to understand the Lemma 2.2 and Corollary 2.3 of Francisco Santos paper "A counterexample to the Hirsch conjecture": http://arxiv.org/abs/1006.2814 Corollary 2.3 is a proof of a result of ...
27
votes
4answers
1k views

Probability of zero in a random matrix

Let $M(n,k)$ be the set of $n\times n$ matrices of nonnegative integers such that every row and every column sums to $k$. Let $P(n,k)$ be the fraction of such matrices which have no zero entries, ...
0
votes
1answer
349 views

The query concerning the Euler-Poincare formula’s generalizations

Euler's equation for polyhedral, Euler's polyhedral formula, V – E + F = 2, where V, E, and F, are the number of points, edges and faces, was discovered by Leonhard Euler in 1752. However, the basic ...
4
votes
1answer
235 views

Is it possible to sample uniformly on the surface of a high-dimensional polytope?

There are some pretty simple methods to do uniform sampling on the surface of high-dimensional spheres or cubes. Are there any methods that sample uniformly on the surface of a high-dimensional ...
10
votes
1answer
259 views

Connecting Lemma in the Alexandrov's existence theorem.

At the moment I am polishing my lecture notes which in particular cover Alexandrov's existence theorem. Denote by $\mathbf{P}_k$ the space of isometry classes of polyhedral metrics on the $\mathbb ...
6
votes
3answers
260 views

Inequality of arithmetic and geometric means for the lattice polytopes?

Let $K$,$L$,$M$ be convex lattice polytopes (so their vertices are in $\mathbb{Z}^n$) in $\mathbb{R}^n$ satisfying $K+L\subseteq M+M$ (Minkowski sum). Do we always have ...
8
votes
1answer
452 views

Triangulations of polytopes and tilings of zonotopes

Consider a set $A = \{ a_1,a_2,\ldots, a_n \} $ of vectors in $\mathbb{R}^d$, which lie in a common affine hyperplane. Two convex polytopes may be obtained from $A$, namely the convex hull of the ...
9
votes
2answers
472 views

Detecting tilings by toric geometry

This is probably a silly question, but I figured that if there is a good answer, this would be a good place to ask. Ever since I got my hands on the book "Toric Varieties" by Cox, Little and Schenck, ...
3
votes
1answer
182 views

The facial structure of the convex hull of a family of characteristic functions

Let $S$ be a finite set and let $\mathcal{A} \subset\mathcal{P}(S)$ be a family of subsets of $S$. Consider the convex polytope spanned by the characteristic functions of members of $\mathcal{A}$ : ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

centrally symmetric neighborly polytopes.

Let $P$ is centrally symmetric $k$ neighborly d-polytope. Let $ P^* $ is polar( also dual) of $ P $. Consider a polytope $ Q^* $ , $ Q^* \subset P^* $( not necessarily a face of $P^*$). By duality ...
10
votes
0answers
275 views

Update to Shephard's “Twenty Problems on Convex Polyhedra”

Forty-three years ago, Geoffrey Shephard published an influential list of open problems on convex polyhedra. Progress has been made on several of his problems, and perhaps some have been completely ...
2
votes
1answer
380 views

faces of a polytope

Let $a_1,a_2,..,a_n\in\mathbb{R}^m$, $n>m$ and the points are in general position meaning, no hyperplane contains more than $m$ points. Define a polyhedron $$P=\{x\in\mathbb{R}^m:a_1'x\leq0, ...
2
votes
2answers
549 views

Cone over the Join of two topological spaces

Suppose $X$ and $Y$ are topological spaces. Let's define the join $X\ast Y$ as the quotient space $X\times Y\times [0,1]/\sim$, where $\sim$ is the equivalence relation generated by ...
2
votes
1answer
248 views

Max/min problems related to associahedra or their duals (ions on balls revisited)

Original motivation: This is a follow-up question to and generalization of MO Q78877 on equilibrium configurations of ions on n-Dim balls. Henry Cohn gave an excellent answer dispelling my naive ...
2
votes
0answers
228 views

Minimum solid angle and aspect ratio of an $n$-simplex

In computational geometry and other fields, it is of interest to have degeneracy measures for shapes of simplices, which quantitatively seperate the regular simplex from degenerate simplices. In two ...
2
votes
2answers
259 views

Bound on the (anticanonical) degree of toric Fano varieties

Does there exists a universal constant $C \geq 1$ such that if $X$ is any a smooth, toric, Fano $n$-dimensional manifold admitting a Kähler-Einstein metric, then its anticanonical degree $(-K_X)^n$ ...
3
votes
0answers
234 views

Place n telescopes on a sphere in R^d to see the whole sky

Where would one put $n$ telescopes on the surface of the earth to see the whole sky as well as possible ? Use the cosine metric to define how well we can see in direction $x$: $ \qquad \text{cansee}( ...
3
votes
3answers
270 views

Vertex-transitive polytopes in any dimension with any number of vertices?

Given positive integers $d$ and $v$ with $v \geq d+1$, does there always exist a (convex) vertex-transitive $d$-polytope with $v$ vertices? It seems that the answer should be "obviously" true, but I ...
5
votes
2answers
587 views

Finding the convex combination of vertices which yields an inner point of a polytope

Given a convex polytope $P\in \mathbb{R}^n$, and a point $x\in P$, Caratheodory's theorem gives us that there exists a set of at most $n+1$ vertices of $P$, such that $x$ is a convex combination of ...
3
votes
1answer
208 views

Is the number of vertices of a convex $d-$dimensional lattice polytop without interior lattice points bounded?

The lattice polytop $[0,n_1]\times[0,n_2]\times\dots\times[0,n_{d-1}]\times[0,1]$ contains $(n_1+1)(n_2+1)\cdots(n_{d-1}+1)2$ integral points on the boundary and no integral points in its interior. ...
26
votes
2answers
892 views

Bodies of constant width?

In two-dimensional case one can generalize figures of constant width as figures which can rotate in a covex polygon. Here is one example which can be used to drill triangular holes: I would like to ...
6
votes
2answers
213 views

convex polytopes with many faces and edges but few cells and vertices

For a convex polytope $P$ in $\mathbb R^4$, denote by $N_0,N_1,N_2,N_3$ respectively the number of vertices, edges, faces, cells. By Euler's formula, we know $N_0+N_2=N_1+N_3$, which means there is a ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

How many vertices/edges/faces at most for a convex polyhedron that tiles space?

I wonder if this problem has already been examined before: Consider a convex polyhedron that tiles $\mathbb R^3$. What is the maximum of vertices/edges/faces that such a polyhedron can have? ...