Convex polytopes are the convex hulls of a finite set of points in Euclidean spaces. They have rich combinatorial, arithmetic, and metrical theory, and are related to toric varieties and to linear programming

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4D polytope analogues of the icosahedron/Rogers-Ramanujan continued fraction relationship?

The formula for the j-function which employs polynomial invariants of the icosahedron, $$j(\tau)=-\frac{(r^{20} - 228r^{15} + 494r^{10} + 228r^5 + 1)^3}{r^5(r^{10} + 11r^5 - 1)^5}$$ where, ...
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1answer
113 views

2-neighborhood of a simplex

Let $\Delta$ be an $n-1$-simplex in ${\mathbb R}^{n-1}$. For each vertex $v$ of $\Delta$ let $H_v$ be the hyperplane through $v$ and parallel to the opposite facet. By 2-neighborhood of a simplex I ...
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541 views

“Derived” polyhedra and polytopes

The notion of derived polygon is natural and leads to remarkable convergence. Start with a polygon, and replace it by locating a point on every edge a fraction $\alpha$ between the two endpoints. For ...
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Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between edges are rational multiples of $\pi$?

After reading these very interesting questions, I came up with another one: Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between all pairs of edges meeting ...
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1answer
210 views

Why do convex polytope options constrict with dimension, rather than expand?

There are an infinite number of regular polygons in the plane, five regular polyhedra, six regular polytopes in $\mathbb{R}^4$, and then three regular polytopes in every dimension $d > 4$. There ...
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134 views

Convex deltahedra in higher dimensions

There are eight convex polyhedra whose faces are equilateral triangles, so-called deltahedra:        (Image from here) Q. Have the equivalent higher-dimensional ...
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137 views

realization spaces of 3-dimensional polytopes

It is a well-know result (Steinitz, 1922) that the realization space of 3-dimensional convex polytopes with fixed combinatorics is contractible. A proof of this theorem can be found for instance in ...
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190 views

Wasserstein distance, convex polytopes and extreme points

Let us consider convex polytopes with $K$ extreme points in $\mathbb{R}^d$. Let $\mathbf{P}$ be such polytope, and let $\text{ext}(\mathbf{P})$ denote its set of extreme points, so that $\mathbf{P} = ...
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89 views

Distance function from the origin to the boundary of a convex polytope

Let $K\subseteq \mathbb R^n$, $n\ge 3$ be a convex bounded polytope containing the origin in its interior. Consider the unit sphere with geodesic distance $(\mathcal S^{n-1},d)$ and define the ...
3
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1answer
158 views

n-dimensional Delaunay Triangulation of Lattices

I have several questions concerning the Delaunay triangulation of a high dimensional lattice. Given an $n$-dimensional lattice $L$ and its Delaunay triangulation (partition of $R^n$ into simplices ...
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3answers
348 views

Repeating an operation infinitely makes any convex $n$-gon a regular $n$-gon?

For any convex $n$-gon $P_{0,1}P_{0,2}\cdots P_{0,n}$, let us consider the following operation : Operation : Let $k=0,1,\cdots$. Take $n$ points $P_{k+1,i}\ (i=1,2,\cdots,n)$ outside of $n$-gon ...
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1answer
198 views

A construction related to scissors congruence

I was thinking about the following some time ago. My question is whether such things have been studied before. Let $E_n$ be the abelian group with a generator for each (bounded) euclidean polytope of ...
6
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2answers
623 views

“MultiCatalan numbers”

Could anyone provide a reference for the following (sort of) generalization of Catalan numbers: the multinomial coefficient $$ \binom{2k_1+3k_2+4k_3+...}{k_1+2k_2+3k_3+...,k_1,k_2,k_3,...} $$ is ...
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2answers
380 views

Vertices of a Polytope

Given two convex polytopes $P,Q$ such that $P\subset Q$. We are given that all the vertices of $P$ are also vertices of $Q$ and all the facets defining planes of $Q$ are also facets defining planes of ...
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2answers
5k views

The amplituhedron minus the physics

Is it possible to appreciate the geometric/polytopal properties of the amplituhedron without delving into the physics that gave rise to it? All the descriptions I've so far encountered assume ...
4
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2answers
216 views

point in polytope

Suppose I have the convex hull $P$ of a finite collection of points in $\mathbb{R}^d,$ and I want to see whether a point $p$ is contained in $P.$ This is a standard (some would say the standard linear ...
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2answers
593 views

Efficiently determine if convex hull contains the unit ball

Given a set of $n$ points in $\mathbb{R}^d$, is there an algorithm to determine if the convex hull contains the unit ball centered at the origin in polynomial time? The convex hull itself might have ...
2
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1answer
91 views

Estimates on the number of vertices of reflexive polytopes

Suppose $M \cong \mathbb{Z}^n$ is a rank $n$ lattice, with dual lattice $N$. Suppose $\Delta$ is a full dimensional lattice polytope (i.e. convex hull of finite lattice points) in $M$. Then $\Delta$ ...
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196 views

Right-angled polytopes

%This question is motivated by the little discussion here at the bottom. The following thing are known about hyperbolic right-angled polytopes: Compact hyperbolic right-angled polytopes do not ...
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1answer
92 views

Submodular measures on the hypercube

By the hypercube I mean the lattice formed by all n-bit strings ordered by pointwise inequality. For example, $000 \leq 110$, $010 \leq 110$, $110$ and $001$ are not comparable. Further we have the ...
5
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1answer
129 views

name for a polytope constructed from a system of linear equations?

To a system of inhomogeneous linear equations, one can associate a polytope, as follows. Let $A\in\mathbb{R}^{m\times n}$, $b\in\mathbb{R}^m$ and $V=\{x\mid Ax=b, \text{support of $x$ ...
4
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1answer
213 views

n-simplex in an intersection of n balls

Consider any $n$-simplex, $n \geq 2$. For each edge $(i,j)$, consider $n$-ball $B_{ij}$ such that vertices $x_i$ and $x_j$ are antipodal on this ball. Fix a point $x_0$ in the simplex. The question: ...
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209 views

Bi-spherical polyhedra

Bicentric polygons have been studied: a polygon all of whose vertices lie on its circumcirle, and whose incircle is tangent to every edge:   I have not been able to find a comparable literature ...
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1answer
218 views

Smallest regular simplex containing the unit cube in $R^n$

What is the length $e_n$ of the edge of the smallest $n$-dimensional regular simplex $S_n$ containing the $n$-dimensional unit cube $Q_n$? In particular, is there $n$ such that ...
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134 views

Tetrahedra passing through a hole

Assume a plane $P\subset\mathbb R^3$ has a hole $H$, and that the hole is topologically a compact disc. Being so, $P\setminus H$ does not separate the space. A regular tetrahedron $\sigma^3$ (of ...
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2answers
181 views

Hales's fan associated with a polyhedron

In Hales's book (cited below), he associates what he calls a fan with any convex polyhedron in $\mathbb{R}^3$. I will not define his notion of fan, but let his figure (p.137) serve as a definition: ...
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3answers
696 views

On maximal regular polyhedra inscribed in a regular polyhedron

Let T, C, O, D, or I be regular tetrahedron, cube, octahedron, dodecahedron, and icosahedron, respectively. Suppose that the outer polyhedron have edge-length 1. For example, it's easy to prove that ...
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2answers
215 views

Do maximal polyhedra have algebraic volume?

Is it possible to prove that for every $n > 3$ the maximal possible volume of a convex polyhedron having $n$ vertices inscribed in a sphere of unit radius is an algebraic number? Update: What ...
2
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1answer
150 views

Equiprojective polyhedra

Seeing Garabed Gulbenkian's question (which was inspired by Joel Hamkins' question), reminds me of an analogous problem which I believe remains open, and which some might find intriguing. Define an ...
5
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2answers
273 views

Covering convex polygons with inscribed disks

The following problem came up when discussing mapping software (e.g., Google maps) with computer scientists. By $B(c,r)$ I mean the planar disk (open or closed, it doesn't matter) of radius $r$ around ...
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3answers
206 views

Cellular decomposition of a sphere to polytope

My primary question is: given a cellular decomposition of a sphere is there any way to check if it can be embedded as the boundary of a polytope? My question is motivated by the following problem. I ...
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0answers
132 views

existence of lattice point in polytope

This question was probably asked before but here goes. I have a convex polytope given by $Ax\leq b$ for a specific integer matrix $A$ and integer vector $b$. I need a simple method/result on how to ...
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0answers
60 views

Optimization over a variable domain defined as a convex hull of given points [closed]

I have an optimization problem: $\max_{\bf{x}} Z(\bf{x})$, s.t. $\bf{x} \in conv(\bf{S})$ where $\bf{x}$ is an $n$-dimensional vector, $Z(\bf{x})$ is a non-linear function. The domain of $\bf{x}$ ...
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2answers
206 views

Volumes of convex vs non-convex polyhedra with prescribed facets areas

It is known that given a set of Areas $A_f$ and normals $\vec{n}_f$ if $\sum_f A_f \vec{n}_f=0$ exist a unique convex polyhedron with given face areas and normals. (Minkowski theorem - See Alexandrov ...
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3answers
161 views

How to determine if two rational cones intersect?

Let $$\displaystyle C_1=C(r_1,...,r_{n_1})=( x\in \mathbb{R^d}|x=\sum_{i=1}^{n_1}\lambda_i r_i, \lambda_i\in \mathbb{R_{>0}})$$ $$\displaystyle C_2=C(t_1,...,t_{n_2})=(x\in ...
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1answer
229 views

Lattice points in cross-polytopes

Let $E\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a cross-polytope: $$E= \left\lbrace x : \frac{|x_1|}{q_1}+\cdots+\frac{|x_n|}{q_n}\leq 1 \right\rbrace, $$ where $q_1,\dots,q_n$ are positive integers. I am interested ...
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1answer
160 views

Do there exist “expanding” $1$-skeletons of simple $4$-polytopes?

Let $\{ G_n \}_{n \ge 1}$ be a sequence of graphs such that the number of vertices of $G_n$ tends to $\infty$ as $n \to \infty$. We say that $\{ G_n \}_{n \ge 1}$ is an expander family if $\lambda_2( ...
4
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1answer
185 views

Zoll Flat Finsler tori and convex bodies on a starry night

The starry night. The "celestial sphere" is given by set of non-zero vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$ modulo positive dilations (i.e., $v \equiv w$ if $v = \lambda w$ for some $ \lambda > 0$) and the ...
4
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1answer
210 views

convex polyhedron in the unit cube

Let $P$ be a given finite set of points within the $n$-dimensional unit cube. A finite set $Q$ of points within the $n$-dimensional unit cube covers $P$ if $\operatorname{conv}(Q) \supseteq P$ where ...
9
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1answer
306 views

Needle probing for a convex body

Suppose there is an unknown closed convex body $K$ of volume vol$(K) = V$ inside the unit cube $[-\frac{1}{2}, \frac{1}{2}]^d$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$. You are permitted to probe with a (one-dimensional) ...
8
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3answers
425 views

Rate of growth of an explicit integral

Let $$J_1=\int_0^1\frac{1}{\sqrt{1-t_2}}dt_2,$$ $$J_2=\int_0^1 \int_0^{t_2}\frac{1}{\sqrt{1-t_2}}(\frac{1}{\sqrt{1-t_3}}+\frac{1}{\sqrt{t_2-t_3}})dt_3dt_2,$$ $J_3=\int_0^1 ...
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1answer
368 views

Question about tetrahedron decomposition

Are there tetrahedra which can be subdivided into three non-overlapping parts similar to the original? I believe this would require splitting one face into three parts. I know some types of tetrahedra ...
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1answer
396 views

When is a matrix similar to a non-negative matrix?

Consider a real square matrix $A$ of size $n\times n$. Under which conditions on $A$ does there exist a row-stochastic matrix $U$ (non-negative, rowsums = 1), such that $A'=U^{-1}AU$ is a non-negative ...
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1answer
161 views

Simplex with edges of length at least s having smallest circumradius

Is it true that of all $n$-simplices with edge lengths greater than or equal to some parameter $s$, the regular simplex with edge lengths $s$ has the smallest circumradius? It seems obvious, but I ...
5
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2answers
244 views

Diameter-area ratio for affine tranformations.

Consider an convex plane figure $F$. How to prove that there is an affine transformation $a$ such that $\sqrt{3}$ diameter$(a(F))^2\leq 4$ area$(a(F))$? I found only one reference, to "Über einige ...
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2answers
246 views

Higher dimensional convex hull

Let $CH(S)$ be a convex hull of a finite set $S$ and denote the set of all the vertices of $CH(S)$ as $Vert(S)$. For a vertex $v \in Vert(S)$, it has an associated set $E(v)$ which is defined as ...
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1answer
275 views

non-convex Polytope definition

I have a simple question. I read that given a vector space $N_{\mathbb{R}}$ over $\mathbb{R}$, we can define a convex polytope in the following way: $$P:= \Big\{ \sum_{u\in S} \mu_u u \,\Big| \, ...
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1answer
161 views

Straight Line Passing Through a Convex Region

Is there any test to tell me whether a straight line in a 3D euclidean space passes through a bounded closed convex region? To focus on a more specialised version of the problem, you can assume that ...
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1answer
351 views

Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose all faces have rational areas?

Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose faces all have rational areas? Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose edges ...
2
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1answer
157 views

Does the Border (Boundary) Points of a convex body make a concave function?

Let $\mathbb{S}$ be a closed and bounded convex body in 2-D with some non-empty intersection with positive quadrant and let it also contain origin. Let $c>0$ be the right-most point on the x-axis ...