2
votes
0answers
129 views

Cavalieri's principle and inversion of the Vandermonde matrix

There are many examples on the Web of the use of Cavalieri's principle in determining areas and volumes of 2-D and 3-D geometrical figures. The Wikipedia link uses the principle as both a proof and ...
6
votes
1answer
233 views

Has this generalization of a determinant (assigning multiplicities to the rows) been studied?

I'm working on some questions in tropical geometry, and my problem led me to create the following generalization of a determinant: Let $A$ be an $m \times n$ matrix with $m \le n$, and positive ...
10
votes
1answer
374 views

When is a matrix similar to a non-negative matrix?

Consider a real square matrix $A$ of size $n\times n$. Under which conditions on $A$ does there exist a row-stochastic matrix $U$ (non-negative, rowsums = 1), such that $A'=U^{-1}AU$ is a non-negative ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Does the Border (Boundary) Points of a convex body make a concave function?

Let $\mathbb{S}$ be a closed and bounded convex body in 2-D with some non-empty intersection with positive quadrant and let it also contain origin. Let $c>0$ be the right-most point on the x-axis ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Conditions under which a set of points have a low weight representation under some basis

Let $S \subset R^d$ be a convex polytope in $d$ dimensional real space. Say that $S$ has weight $w$ if there exists some basis $x_1,\ldots,x_d$ such that for every point $v \in S$, we can write $v = ...
3
votes
3answers
343 views

Find a convex hull that contains given points?

Suppose that you have vectors $a_{1},...,a_{m}$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Can you take $n$ among them, let $v_{1},...,v_{n}$ such that $a_{1},...,a_{m}$ belong to the convex hull of ...
27
votes
4answers
1k views

Probability of zero in a random matrix

Let $M(n,k)$ be the set of $n\times n$ matrices of nonnegative integers such that every row and every column sums to $k$. Let $P(n,k)$ be the fraction of such matrices which have no zero entries, ...
4
votes
1answer
388 views

Embed the intersection of an n-dimensional unit $L_1$ sphere and a hyperplane into an (n-1)-dimensional unit $L_1$ sphere.

In $\mathbb{R}^n$, given an unit $L_1$ sphere $\mathcal{B}_n: |x_1|+|x_2|+\ldots+|x_n|\leq 1$ and a hyperplane $\mathcal{P}: a_1x_1+a_2x_2+\ldots+a_nx_n=0$. Does there always exist a rotation such ...
3
votes
2answers
749 views

The space of probability measures and its intersection with hyperplanes in the space of measures

Let $X$ be some uncountable standard Borel space (e.g., the real line). Let $D$ be the set of Borel probability measures on $X$. Let $M$ be the set of signed Borel measures on $X$ Now let ...
3
votes
1answer
336 views

Connections between a polytope's symmetry group and the existence of periodic orbits

Given an $n$-dimensional convex polytope $P$, one may set into motion a point-mass, starting on one of the facets of $P$, which travels along a straight trajectory inside $P$ except on collision with ...
1
vote
1answer
374 views

Is the direction of the longest line of a polytope unique?

The question pertains to a polytope that is generated by the intersection of an affine subspace with a hypercube in $p$ dimensions. The affine subspace is given by: $X \mbox{ u} = y$ where $u$ ...