**24**

votes

**2**answers

903 views

### An Interesting Optimization Problem

You are given n non-negative integers $a_1, a_2 ,, a_n$. In a single operation, you take any two integers out of these integers and replace them with a new integer having value equal to difference ...

**16**

votes

**8**answers

1k views

### When do people actually use the maximum entropy distribution?

One of the standard problems in convex optimization is the calculation of the maximum entropy distribution that satisfies some set of criteria. For example, if $\mathbf{x} \in \mathbb R^n$ is an ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

727 views

### Is group theory useful in any way to optimization?

For what I have seen, optimization uses a lot of linear algebra and convex analysis, but I have not seen any group theory being used, so I was curious about it.
Is group theory useful in any way to ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

295 views

### Lower bound for spectral radius on $\operatorname{GL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$

Consider the group of matrices $G =\operatorname{GL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$ with integer entries and determinant $\pm 1$. For each matrix $D \in G$, the product of the eigenvalues of $D$ is equal to $\det D ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

226 views

### Removing constraints in convex optimization

Say I have a convex optimization problem of the form $$\min_x f(x) ~~ s.t.\\ g_1(x)\leq0,\\\vdots \\g_n(x)\leq 0$$ with all functions convex. Suppose that $x^*$ is a unique optimizer to my problem and ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

359 views

### The distribution of the shortest path through $n$ points

In the big picture, I'd like to know: if I sample $n$ points uniformly at random in the unit square, what is the probability that the shortest path that visits each one of them is very small?
More ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

184 views

### On the convexity of element-wise norm 1 of the inverse

Question first asked on math.stackexchange here: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/317209/on-the-convexity-of-element-wise-norm-1-of-the-inverse
On the convexity of element-wise norm 1 of the ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

203 views

### What methods do we have to understand the spectrum of matrices with restricted entries?

Consider questions of the form (or the "most probable value of" version of these questions rather than the "largest possible"),
What is the largest possible spectral radius of a $n \times n$ matrix ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### A specific case of the $p$-center problem

Given a fixed positive integer $m$, let $\cal{S}$ be the subset from $\mathbb{R}^m$ defined as $\cal{S} = \{u \in \mathbb{R}^m \mid \forall i \in \{1, \dots, m\}, u(i) > 0$ and $\sum_{i=1}^m{u(i) = ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### Numerical linear algebra: how to compute $B^TC^{−1}B$ efficiently

Hi,
my question is similar to this one. I have to compute $B^TC^{−1}B$, where $C$ is a strictly positive definite $n\times n$ matrix and $B$ is $n\times m$.
The matrix $C$ is huge ($n$ up to a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

270 views

### What it is the volume of the unit ball section of the cone of positive definite matrices?

Let $PD_{n}$ be the cone of positive definite $n \times n$ real matrices and let $B$ be the unit sphere in $n \times n$ dimensions. What is the volume of $PD_{n} \cap B$?
EDIT: Let's assume that $B$ ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

276 views

### Minimum of squared sum minus sum of squares

I know that
$$
\min_{\|x\|_2=1=\|y\|_2} \left(\sum_{k=1}^nx_ky_k\right)^2-\sum_{k=1}^nx_k^2y_k^2 \geq -1/2
$$
with equality whenever $|x_k|=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}=|y_k|$ for two coordinates.
I'm ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### Reference request: Continuity of unique maximizer of linear functional on convex set

Does anyone know reference for a theorem of the following sort:
Proposition: Let $K \subset\mathbb {R}^n$ be a compact convex set, and assume that
$$f(w):=\operatorname{argmax}_{x\in K}w(x) $$ is ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### Algorithm to minimally connect line segments in Euclidean plane

Suppose you have finitely many line segments in the Euclidean plane. How do you "connect them to form one chain of line segments of minimal length?"
More formally and generally, what I'm looking for ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### optimization problem, any solution?

The objective is as follows:
$\min_{\mathbf{F}} a Tr(\mathbf{F} \mathbf{F}^H) - Re\{\mathbf{b}\mathbf{F}^H \mathbf{C} \mathbf{F} \mathbf{d}\}$
$s.t.\ \ \ Tr(\Sigma \mathbf{F} \mathbf{F}^H)<p$
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Finding the optimal mixture of two convex functions

I am trying to find an efficient way to solve the problem $$\min_{p,x_1,x_2} p\cdot f(x_1)+ (1-p) \cdot f(x_2)~~~~~ s.t.\\p\cdot g_1(x_1) + (1-p)\cdot g_2(x_2)\leq 1 \\ 0\leq p \leq 1$$ where ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

169 views

### Characterizing matrices with rank constraint

Given matrix $M\in\Bbb\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$, is there a nice method to characterize $$\mathscr{D}[M]=\{Q\in\Bbb\{0,1\}^{n\times n}:\mathsf{rank}(M-Q)= \mathsf{rank}(Q),\quad M-Q\in\Bbb\{0,1\}^{n\times ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

281 views

### Convex Sets and Nearest Neighbors

For a set $S \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ and a point $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$, let $c_S(x)$ be the point $s \in S$ that minimizes $\|x-s\|$ if such a point exists and is uniquely determined. It is known that ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

228 views

### Minimax theorem on a non convex domain

A minimax theorem is a theorem which states that under certain conditions on $\mathcal{X}$, $\mathcal{Y}$ and $f$:
$$ \inf_{x \in \mathcal{X}}{\sup_{y \in \mathcal{Y}}{f(x,y)}} = \sup_{y \in ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

74 views

### Convex optimization with full subdifferential information

Can anyone direct me to any algorithms or theorems that describe the difficulty of solving a non-smooth convex optimization problem for the special case where the full subdifferential is available? ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Maximizing Frobenius Norm of Commutator (an opposite Procrustes problem)

I was wondering if anybody has any suggestions on the following problem:
Let $S$ be an $n\times n$ positive definite symmetric matrix. I wish to find an $n\times n$ orthogonal matrix $R$ which ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### Analysis of first-order methods for constrained convex optimization with approximate oracles

In many first-order optimization methods an oracle is needed whose action enforces the constraint/regularizations. For example, in projected gradient descent, conditional gradient method, and proximal ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

165 views

### A certain type of constrained Rayleigh-Ritz ratio

Let $\mathbf{A_1}$ and $\mathbf{A_2}$ be two hermitian matrices. Consider the problem
\begin{align}
\max_{\mathbf{u}^H\mathbf{u}=1}~\mathbf{u}^H\mathbf{A}_1\mathbf{u} \\\
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

42 views

### Self-concordant function for dual cone

I wonder if there is any existing result for self-concordant function in the literature about the following question.
Suppose $f$ is a self-concordant barrier function of a proper cone $K$ (pointed, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### How to prove the existence of the polytope in $\mathbb{R}^d$ with a given number of faces, minimizing the isoperimetric ratio?

This is the isoperimetric type question. We know that in $\mathbb{R}^d$, balls are the sets that minimize the isoperimetric ratio $\frac{S^{d}}{V^{d-1}}$, where $S$ is the surface area and $V$ is the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

424 views

### Gradient descent-like optimization on a convex landscape with noisy sampling

This is a rewrite of the original positing (below), and is crossposted to ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Two quadratic programming problems always same answer? [closed]

Was exploring quadratic programming optimization and for two types of problems the answers seemed to always equal.
Problem 1:
Minimize $\tfrac{1}{2} \mathbf{x}^T Q\mathbf{x}$
Subject to $ A ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

170 views

### When is the sum of a weak-$*$ closed convex cone and a subspace also weak-$*$ closed?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Suppose $C \subset X^*$ is a convex cone and $V \subset X^*$ is a subspace, and suppose both $C$ and $V$ are closed in the weak-$*$ topology. Are there any general ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

229 views

### Multiplicative gradient descent?

The normal gradient descent is additive: $w_{t+1}=w_t-\lambda_t\nabla f(w_t)$, but is there a multiplicative gradient descent that looks something like $w_{t+1}=w_t[-\lambda_t\nabla f(w_t)]$?
I know ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Is the Binomial Expectation of a Multivariate Convex Function Convex in the Vector p?

Let $\mathbf{p}=(p_1,\dots,p_m)$ be a vector in $[0,1]^m$ and let $\mathbf{X}=(X_1,\dots,X_m)$ be a vector of independently-distributed binomial random variables such that $X_i\sim ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

77 views

### Is the prox-residual monotone?

$\newcommand{\scp}[2]{\langle #1,#2\rangle}\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{Id}}$
Let $f$ and $g$ be two proper, convex and lower semi-continuous functions (on a Hilbert space $X$ or $X=\mathbb{R}^n$) and let ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### generalized mean inequality extension

from generalized inequality, we now that for $p>q$, we have $M_p(\mathbf{x})\ge M_q(\mathbf{x})$. now I am curious to know if we can find a constant $\alpha(p,q)$ which is only function of $p,q$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

288 views

### SDP formulation of noisy low rank matrix completion

Exact low rank matrix completion using nuclear norm minimization can be formulated as a semidefinite program (SDP). Following the notation in the paper, a convex problem for noisy matrix completion ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### Find the minimum distance between two convex hulls

We work over $\mathbb{R}^N$. Let $\mathbf{P}_1$ denote the hyperplane constructed using $N$ points, each of which is on a different axis (there are $N$ axes). We denote by $\mathbf{P}_2$ the convex ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### Linear dependency of real numbers with integer coefficients adding up to zero [closed]

Let $x = (x_1, \dots, x_n)$ be a vector of real number. I was asking myself if there was an efficient way of telling whether there exists a non-zero vector of integers $z \in \mathbb Z$ such that both
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### Can one always find sparse solutions to an $\ell^1$-minimization problem?

Consider $A\in\mathbb{R}^{m \times N}$ and $b \in \mathbb{R}^m$, with $m<N$. Is it true that the optimization problem
$$\min \|x\|_1 \quad s.t. \;\; A x = b,$$
admits an $m$-sparse solution in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### A difficult combinatorial optimization problem

Let $\mathcal{J}$ be a closed, bounded, compact, convex set in $\mathbb{R}^L$.
(Notations: vector $\mathbf{x}$ is denoted in bold letters and its $i^{th}$ co-ordinate is denoted as $x_i$. ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

154 views

### Equivalent method for maximum likelihood estimation of covariance parameters

My goal is to estimate the parameters of a covariance matrix $\Omega$, by maximizing the following log-likelihood function:
$$\log L(\vec\tau, \rho, \sigma \mid W, X) = -m\ln(\left | \Omega \right |) ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

279 views

### Fast algorithm for maximizing smallest eigenvalue of linear combination of hermitian matrices

I have an engineering back ground. Due to work, I came across this problem
\begin{align}
&\max_{\lambda,y_i\in \mathbb{R}}~\lambda \\\
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Condition number after preconditioning

Suppose $A$ and $P$ are symmetric, positive definite matrices and that we factor $P^{-1}=EE^\top.$ Is it true that the condition number of $PA$ is upper-bounded by the condition number of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

138 views

### Constructing a quasiconvex function [closed]

Let $C\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ be a nonempty convex set. A function $f:C\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ is called
convex if
$$
f(\lambda u+(1-\lambda)v)\leq\lambda f(u)+(1-\lambda)f(v), \quad\forall u,v\in C, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### This function looks quasiconvex, can't understand why

Suppose that $\mathbf{C}$ is a given matrix with non-negative entries in $\mathbb{R}^{m\times n}$ and $d$ is a given scalar, and let $g(\mathbf{y})$ be defined by ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

297 views

### An intuition for three different types of subgradients (proximal, regular, limiting)

I'm having a bit of difficulty getting my head around the different types of subgradients we're currently covering in a nonsmooth optimisation class I'm taking.
These subgradients are (assume $x \in$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

364 views

### Coordinate mirror descent

Let $f$ be a jointly convex function of 2 variables say $x,y$. I am interested in solving the optimization problem $$\min_{x,y\in\Delta} f(x,y)$$ where $\Delta$ is a $d$ dimensional simplex. An ...

**2**

votes

**5**answers

255 views

### Distance between two sets

Let $A, B$ be two convex and closed subsets of $\mathbb{R}^n$. We would like to the minimum distance between these two sets. i.e., we want to find a solution for the following problem.
$$ \min ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

108 views

### Projection onto rotated box

Does anyone know if there is an efficient way to find the projection of an arbitrary point $z$ onto a rotated box, i.e. onto the set $\Omega=\{x \mid a \leq Ux \leq b\}$ where $U$ is a unitary matrix?
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

46 views

### Fixed point iteration on symmetric biconvex function

Suppose $X\subseteq\mathbb{R}^n$ is a convex set and that a function $g(x,y):X\times X\rightarrow\mathbb{R}_+$ is smooth, "strictly biconvex" (strictly convex in $x$ and $y$ independently but not ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### How can I find the maximum value of this function?

For given values of $A \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}, b \in \mathbb{R}^m$, how can I find the value of:
$$
\max_{x \in [0,1]^n} \|Ax+b \|_1
$$
Or is this problem NP-hard?

**2**

votes

**2**answers

116 views

### sensitivity analysis in conic optimization

I have a conic optimization of the form:
$\min_x \langle c, x \rangle$, s.t. $Ax = b$, $x \in K$.
Where $x \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$, $A$ is an $m \times n$ matrix, $b \in \mathbb{R}^m$, $K$ is a self ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

235 views

### quadratic programming on hypercube

I want to maximize a quadratic form $\mathbf x^T\mathbf Q\mathbf x$ and also want to find out which vector $\mathbf x$ maximizes the quadratic form when
$\mathbf Q$ is an $n\times n$ positive ...