# Tagged Questions

Optimization with convex constraints and convex objectives; notions related to convex optimization such as sub-gradients, normal cones, separating hyperplanes

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### An Interesting Optimization Problem

You are given n non-negative integers $a_1, a_2 ,, a_n$. In a single operation, you take any two integers out of these integers and replace them with a new integer having value equal to difference ...
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### When do people actually use the maximum entropy distribution?

One of the standard problems in convex optimization is the calculation of the maximum entropy distribution that satisfies some set of criteria. For example, if $\mathbf{x} \in \mathbb R^n$ is an ...
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### Minimize sum of $\ell_2$ norm and linear combination, on simplex

Let $\Delta_n := \{x \in \mathbb{R}^n | x \ge 0, \sum_{1 \le i \le n}x_i = 1\}$ be the $n$-simplex. For $a, b \in \mathbb R^n$, with $\Delta_n \not \ni a$, consider the problem of computing the ...
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### More general than semidefinite program?

I was TAing my convex optimization class and explaining that Linear Programs are a special case of Second Order Cone Programs, which are themselves special cases of Semidefinite Programs. My question ...
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### Is group theory useful in any way to optimization?

For what I have seen, optimization uses a lot of linear algebra and convex analysis, but I have not seen any group theory being used, so I was curious about it. Is group theory useful in any way to ...
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### The distribution of the shortest path through $n$ points

In the big picture, I'd like to know: if I sample $n$ points uniformly at random in the unit square, what is the probability that the shortest path that visits each one of them is very small? More ...
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### Numerical linear algebra: how to compute $B^TC^{−1}B$ efficiently

Hi, my question is similar to this one. I have to compute $B^TC^{−1}B$, where $C$ is a strictly positive definite $n\times n$ matrix and $B$ is $n\times m$. The matrix $C$ is huge ($n$ up to a ...
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### What it is the volume of the unit ball section of the cone of positive definite matrices?

Let $PD_{n}$ be the cone of positive definite $n \times n$ real matrices and let $B$ be the unit sphere in $n \times n$ dimensions. What is the volume of $PD_{n} \cap B$? EDIT: Let's assume that $B$ ...
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### Minimum of squared sum minus sum of squares

I know that $$\min_{\|x\|_2=1=\|y\|_2} \left(\sum_{k=1}^nx_ky_k\right)^2-\sum_{k=1}^nx_k^2y_k^2 \geq -1/2$$ with equality whenever $|x_k|=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}=|y_k|$ for two coordinates. I'm ...
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The normal gradient descent is additive: $w_{t+1}=w_t-\lambda_t\nabla f(w_t)$, but is there a multiplicative gradient descent that looks something like $w_{t+1}=w_t[-\lambda_t\nabla f(w_t)]$? I know ...
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### convert a special case of nonlinear fractional programming into a convex problem

Is it possible to convert a fractional problem (maximization) with objective function equal to the ratio of a concave function and convex function ? This question sound impossible but I have read this ...
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### Linearly constrained eigenvalue problem

Suppose I'd like to: \begin{align} \mathop{\text{min}}_\mathbf{x} && \mathbf{x}^T\mathbf{A}\mathbf{x} \\ \text{subject to:} && \mathbf{x}^T \mathbf{M} \mathbf{x} = 1\\ && \...
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### Reference request: Continuity of unique maximizer of linear functional on convex set

Does anyone know reference for a theorem of the following sort: Proposition: Let $K \subset\mathbb {R}^n$ be a compact convex set, and assume that $$f(w):=\operatorname{argmax}_{x\in K}w(x)$$ is ...
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### Complexity for solving linear equations?

What is the best known complexity for finding a vector $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$ to minimize $||Ax - b||^2$ and/or to solve (when possible) the system of linear equations $Ax=b$? I am interested in ...
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### How to prove the existence of the polytope in $\mathbb{R}^d$ with a given number of faces, minimizing the isoperimetric ratio?

This is the isoperimetric type question. We know that in $\mathbb{R}^d$, balls are the sets that minimize the isoperimetric ratio $\frac{S^{d}}{V^{d-1}}$, where $S$ is the surface area and $V$ is the ...
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### Algorithm to minimally connect line segments in Euclidean plane

Suppose you have finitely many line segments in the Euclidean plane. How do you "connect them to form one chain of line segments of minimal length?" More formally and generally, what I'm looking for ...
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### optimization problem, any solution?

The objective is as follows: $\min_{\mathbf{F}} a Tr(\mathbf{F} \mathbf{F}^H) - Re\{\mathbf{b}\mathbf{F}^H \mathbf{C} \mathbf{F} \mathbf{d}\}$ $s.t.\ \ \ Tr(\Sigma \mathbf{F} \mathbf{F}^H)<p$ ...
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### Minimize Frobenius norm

My question is the following: Suppose $M$ is an $n \times n$ symmetric real matrix. I want to find an $n \times n$ symmetric real matrix X such that $|| X -M||_F$ is minimized with the constraint ...
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### Questions concerning convergence rate of Iterated Projections

Assume for simplicity $C_1,C_2,...,C_n\subset \mathbb{R}^m$ to be closed and convex subsets with $\underset{i=1}{\overset{n}{\bigcap{}}}C_i\neq\emptyset$. Let $x^0\in\mathbb{R}^n$ and define the ...
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### Maximizing Frobenius Norm of Commutator (an opposite Procrustes problem)

I was wondering if anybody has any suggestions on the following problem: Let $S$ be an $n\times n$ positive definite symmetric matrix. I wish to find an $n\times n$ orthogonal matrix $R$ which ...
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### SDP formulation of noisy low rank matrix completion

Exact low rank matrix completion using nuclear norm minimization can be formulated as a semidefinite program (SDP). Following the notation in the paper, a convex problem for noisy matrix completion ...
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### About optimization with Renyi divergence

Can someone link me to some pedagogic example of computing the Renyi divergence between two discrete/continuous distributions? Like examples where someone has been able to obtain a neat closed form or ...
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### Self-concordant function for dual cone

I wonder if there is any existing result for self-concordant function in the literature about the following question. Suppose $f$ is a self-concordant barrier function of a proper cone $K$ (pointed, ...
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### When is the sum of a weak-$*$ closed convex cone and a subspace also weak-$*$ closed?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Suppose $C \subset X^*$ is a convex cone and $V \subset X^*$ is a subspace, and suppose both $C$ and $V$ are closed in the weak-$*$ topology. Are there any general ...
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### Is the Binomial Expectation of a Multivariate Convex Function Convex in the Vector p?

Let $\mathbf{p}=(p_1,\dots,p_m)$ be a vector in $[0,1]^m$ and let $\mathbf{X}=(X_1,\dots,X_m)$ be a vector of independently-distributed binomial random variables such that $X_i\sim \text{Binom}(n,p_i)$...
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### Computational complexity of low rank SDP

Suppose we are given a general SDP of the form with an additinal rank requirement \begin{array}{rl} {\displaystyle\min_{X \in \mathbb{S}^n}} & \langle C, X \rangle_{\mathbb{S}^n} \\ \text{subject ...
$\newcommand{\scp}[2]{\langle #1,#2\rangle}\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{Id}}$ Let $f$ and $g$ be two proper, convex and lower semi-continuous functions (on a Hilbert space $X$ or $X=\mathbb{R}^n$) and let ...
I want to maximize a quadratic form $\mathbf x^T\mathbf Q\mathbf x$ and also want to find out which vector $\mathbf x$ maximizes the quadratic form when $\mathbf Q$ is an $n\times n$ positive ...