Optimization with convex constraints and convex objectives; notions related to convex optimization such as sub-gradients, normal cones, separating hyperplanes

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2
votes
2answers
362 views

Can one estimate the distribution of eigenvalues of a matrix by its Cauchy/Stieltje transform?

Given a real symmetric $n$ dimensional matrix $A$, with eigenvalues $\lambda_i$ I am defining its Cauchy transform as the function, $f_A(z) = \sum_i \frac{1}{z-\lambda_i}\,$ Is there any information ...
1
vote
2answers
695 views

Hessian of function of covariance matrices

Suppose we have a typical logdet function $\mathcal{L}$ with respect to a covariance matrix $\mathbf{A}$, $$ \mathcal{L}(\mathbf{A}) = \log\vert \mathbf{I} + \mathbf{A}\mathbf{S} \vert - \mathbf{q}^T(\...
1
vote
1answer
402 views

Subgradient of Minimum Eigenvalue

Consider three $N \times N$ Hermitian matrices $A_0$, $A_1$, $A_2$. Consider the function \begin{align} f(t_1,t_2)=\lambda_{\text{min}}(A_0+t_1A_1+t_2A_2) \end{align} where $\lambda_{\text{min}}$ ...
9
votes
4answers
541 views

The distribution of the shortest path through $n$ points

In the big picture, I'd like to know: if I sample $n$ points uniformly at random in the unit square, what is the probability that the shortest path that visits each one of them is very small? More ...
5
votes
2answers
332 views

Minimum of squared sum minus sum of squares

I know that $$ \min_{\|x\|_2=1=\|y\|_2} \left(\sum_{k=1}^nx_ky_k\right)^2-\sum_{k=1}^nx_k^2y_k^2 \geq -1/2 $$ with equality whenever $|x_k|=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}=|y_k|$ for two coordinates. I'm ...
3
votes
1answer
194 views

Linear dependency of real numbers with integer coefficients adding up to zero [closed]

Let $x = (x_1, \dots, x_n)$ be a vector of real number. I was asking myself if there was an efficient way of telling whether there exists a non-zero vector of integers $z \in \mathbb Z$ such that both ...
2
votes
1answer
236 views

Homotopy with non piece-wise linear boundary

in the middle of a long proof I encounter the following problem. Let $E$ be a closed and convex set in $\mathbb R^n$ such that for all $\vec x\in E$ it holds that $\sum_ix_i=1$. (We can understand $E$...
2
votes
2answers
432 views

Interior of a dual cone

Let $K$ be a closed convex cone in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Its dual cone (which is also closed and convex) is defined by $K' = \{ \phi\ |\ \phi(x) \geq 0,\ \ \forall x \in K\}$. I know that the interior of $...
2
votes
1answer
480 views

optimization of inverse matrix with constraint on matrix elements

everyone! I have this optimization problem with constraint. $D$ and $T$ are symmetric matrices, where T is known and D is the unknown parameter. $x$ and $v$ are two known p-dimensional vectors. The ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

Is there some quantitative version of interlacing of eigenvalues of a matrix under rank-1 update?

Given a real symmetric matrix $A$ and a vector $v$ of the same dimension we know that the eigenvalues of $A + vv^T$ are left interlaced by the eigenvalues of $A$. But do we have any quantitative ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Limit of argmin of sum

Suppose that I know $f_n\rightarrow f$ and $g_n\rightarrow g$ are both continuous maps from a Complete Riemmanian Manifold $X$ to $\mathbb{R}$ which converge pointwise almost everywhere. Then is it ...