A branch of geometry dealing with convex sets and functions. Polytopes, convex bodies, discrete geometry, linear programming, antimatroids, ...

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51
votes
2answers
849 views

Continuous maps which send intervals of $\mathbb{R}$ to convex subsets of $\mathbb{R}^2$

Let $f : \mathbb{R} \longrightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ be a continuous map which sends any interval $I \subseteq \mathbb{R}$ to a convex subset $f(I)$ of $\mathbb{R}^2$. Is it true that there must be a ...
36
votes
4answers
3k views

Polynomial roots and convexity

A couple of years ago, I came up with the following question, to which I have no answer to this day. I have asked a few people about this, most of my teachers and some friends, but noone had ever ...
32
votes
0answers
1k views

Two-convexity ⇒ Lefschetz?

Assume that $\Omega$ is an open simply connected set in $\mathbb R^n$ (two-convexity) if 3 faces of a 3-simplex belong to $\Omega$ then whole simplex in $\Omega$. Is it true that any component of ...
28
votes
3answers
2k views

Polar body of a convex body that avoids a lattice

Let $K \subset {\bf R}^d$ be a symmetric convex body (an open bounded convex neighbourhood of the origin with $K = -K$) with the property that $K + {\bf Z}^d \neq {\bf R}^d$, i.e. the projection of $K$...
28
votes
2answers
1k views

The logic of convex sets

Let me start with Helly's theorem: Let $A_1$, $A_2$, ..., $A_{n+2}$ be $n+2$ convex subsets of $\mathbb R^n$. If any $n+1$ of these subsets intersect (this means: have nonempty intersection), the so ...
25
votes
3answers
817 views

Largest possible volume of the convex hull of a curve of unit length

What is the largest possible volume of the convex hull of an open/closed curve of unit length in $\mathbb{R}^3$?
23
votes
10answers
11k views

Algorithm for finding the volume of a convex polytope

It's easy to find the area of a convex polygon by division into triangles, but what is the optimal way of finding the volume of higher-dimensional convex bodies? I tried a few methods for dividing ...
23
votes
1answer
1k views

Which natural numbers are a square minus a sum of two squares?

Question: Which natural numbers are of the form $a^2 - b^2 - c^2$ with $a>b+c$? This question came up in (Eike Hertel, Christian Richter, Tiling Convex Polygons with Congruent Equilateral ...
23
votes
4answers
2k views

Ellipse naturally associated with a polygon

My colleagues and I have stumbled onto a way to associate an ellipse, or equivalently a positive definite symmetric matrix, to a polygon that is different from other better known ways. We want to know ...
22
votes
5answers
790 views

Is the diameter of a centrally symmetric convex body realized by a pair of antipodal points?

Let $S \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be the boundary of a centrally symmetric convex body and provide $S$ with the geodesic metric given by its embedding in Euclidean space (i.e., the distance between two ...
22
votes
3answers
2k views

Research trends in geometry of numbers?

Geometry of numbers was initiated by Hermann Minkowski roughly a hundred years ago. At its heart is the relation between lattices (the group, not the poset) and convex bodies. One of its fundamental ...
21
votes
4answers
763 views

Do random projections (approximately) preserve convexity?

The Johnson-Lindenstrauss lemma implies that any set of $k$ points in $\mathbb{R}^d$ can be randomly projected into $d' \approx \log(k)/\epsilon^2$ dimensions such that the distances between each pair ...
18
votes
5answers
2k views

How to explain the concentration-of-measure phenomenon intuitively?

One way to phrase the "concentration-of-measure" phenomenon is that, for a Euclidean sphere $S^d$ in $d$ dimensions, for large $d$, "most of the mass is close to the equator, for any equator."1 Q....
18
votes
4answers
2k views

Analogy of Parseval identity for Legendre Transform ?

Parseval's identity states that the sum of squares of coefficients of the Fourier transform of a function equals the integral of the square of the function, or $$ \sum_{-\infty}^{\infty} |c_n|^2 = (1/...
18
votes
5answers
909 views

Is there a midsphere theorem for 4-polytopes?

The (remarkable) midsphere theorem says that each combinatorial type of convex polyhedron may be realized by one all of whose edges are tangent to a sphere (and the realization is unique if the center ...
17
votes
4answers
612 views

The limit of edge-midpoint convex polyhedra

    Starting with a convex polyhedron $P_1 \subset \mathbb{R}^3$, replace that with $P_2$, the convex hull of the midpoints of the edges of $P_1$. Continuing this process, we obtain a ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

Cutting convex sets

Any bounded convex set of the Euclidean plane can be cut into two convex pieces of equal area and circumference. Can one cut every bounded convex set of the Euclidean plane into an arbitrary number $...
17
votes
2answers
839 views

Placing points on a sphere so that no 3 lie close to the same plane

Motivation I am working with arbitrary parallelopiped tilings given by projection from a higher dimensional space. The collection of tiles, and some properties of the higher dimensional space are ...
16
votes
1answer
380 views

Does the boundary of a convex body contain a regular planar pentagon?

How to prove or disprove that the boundary of any convex body in $\mathbb{R}^3$ includes 5 points which form a regular planar pentagon? The following consideration suggests the answer "yes": if we ...
15
votes
2answers
712 views

Do the elementary properties of mixed volume characterize it uniquely?

Background Take 2 convex sets in $\mathbb{R}^2$, or 3 convex sets in $\mathbb{R}^3$, or generally, $n$ convex sets in $\mathbb{R}^n$. "Mixed volume" assigns to such a family $A_1, \ldots, A_n$ a ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

Intuitive explanation of Dvoretzky's theorem

I am wondering if anyone has an enlightening explanation of why Dvoretzky's theorem (which says that a high-dimensional convex body has an almost round central section) is true -- there are a number ...
15
votes
1answer
459 views

Convex bodies with constant maximal section function in odd dimensions

In 1970 or so, Klee asked if a convex body in $\mathbb R^n$ ($n\ge 3$) whose maximal sections by hyperplanes in all directions have the same volume must be a ball. The counterexample in $\mathbb R^4$ ...
15
votes
1answer
662 views

On convergence of convex bodies

Let $K\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a compact convex set of full dimension. Assume that $0\in \partial K$. Question 1. Is it true that there exists $\varepsilon_0>0$ such that for any $0<\...
14
votes
1answer
378 views

Minimize sum of $\ell_2$ norm and linear combination, on simplex

Let $\Delta_n := \{x \in \mathbb{R}^n | x \ge 0, \sum_{1 \le i \le n}x_i = 1\}$ be the $n$-simplex. For $a, b \in \mathbb R^n$, with $\Delta_n \not \ni a$, consider the problem of computing the ...
14
votes
0answers
280 views

A functional inequality about log-concave functions

Let $f,g$ be smooth even log-concave functions on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$, i.e.,$f=e^{-F(x)}, g=e^{-G(x)}$ for some even convex functions $F(x),G(x)$. Is it true that: $$ \int_{\mathbb{R}^{n}} \langle \...
13
votes
2answers
504 views

Lattice points and convex bodies

Given are two convex bodies $K, L \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ that contain the origin as an interior point. Assume the number of integer points contained in $\lambda K$ equals the number of integer points ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Are the Platonic solids shadows of 4-polytopes?

Say that a 3D shadow of a 4-polytope is a parallel projection to 3-space, not necessarily orthogonal to that 3-space (that would make it an orthogonal projection). I am wondering if each of the five ...
13
votes
0answers
352 views

Surface area of convex hull [duplicate]

Let Q be the convex hull of a non-convex polyhedron P. Is it true that the surface area of Q is not greater than the surface area of P?
13
votes
0answers
220 views

Does there always exist a self dual polytope that contains a given polytope contained in its dual?

Suppose a polytope $P$ is contained in its dual polytope $\tilde{P}$. Does there always exist a polytope $Q$ that contains $P$ and is self dual $Q=\tilde{Q}$? Is there any bound on the minimal number ...
12
votes
5answers
782 views

A characterization of convexity

While doing some research on polytopes I came to the following question. Maybe it's already somewhere but anyway I'll post it here. Let $X\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ be such that, for every plane $P$, $P\...
12
votes
2answers
488 views

A problem on convex geometry

Consider a convex body $K \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ containing the origin in its interior. Although the body is not necessarily symmetric, let us say that two points in its boundary $\partial K$ are ...
12
votes
3answers
273 views

Smallest containing simplex

Let $V_n$ be the least real number such that for every convex subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with hypervolume $1$ there is a containing simplex with hypervolume $V_n$. What is known about $V_n$? Is there a ...
12
votes
2answers
690 views

Point on a line nearest a point in Banach space

I have a Banach space geometry question (a curiosity-driven spin-off from a research topic). Given a point $x$ on the unit sphere of a Banach space and a vector $y\ne 0$, there is a multiple $t_0y$ of ...
12
votes
1answer
404 views

(A question about)${}^3$ 3-dimensional convex bodies

Related to the questions mathoverflow.net question No. 137850 and mathoverflow.net question No. 39127, is there a 3-dimensional convex body other than a ball whose perpendicular projections in all ...
12
votes
1answer
684 views

Optimal 8-vertex isoperimetric polyhedron?

I know from Marcel Berger's Geometry Revealed: A Jacob's Ladder to Modern Higher Geometry (p.531) that it is not yet established which polyhedron in $\mathbb{R}^3$ on 8 vertices achieves the optimal ...
12
votes
0answers
170 views

Dividing a convex region to minimize average distances

Let $C$ be a convex region in the plane with area 1 that contains distinct points $p_1,\dots,p_n$. Say I'd like to divide $C$ into $n$ pieces $C_1,\dots,C_n$, each of area $1/n$, and I'd like to ...
12
votes
0answers
208 views

How large are the smallest-area projections of a high-dimensional convex body?

Let $B$ be a convex body in $\mathbb{R}^d$, equipped with its standard Euclidean form, and assume that $$\intop_B x \, dx = 0$$ $$\frac{1}{|B|_d} \intop_B x_i x_j \, dx = \delta_{ij},$$ a ...
11
votes
3answers
663 views

Continuous automorphism groups of normed vector spaces?

Consider the metric space on, say, ℝ2 induced by the various $L^p$ norms, and the group of isometries from that space into itself that preserve the origin. When $p=2$ I get the continuous group ...
11
votes
3answers
782 views

Deciding membership in a convex hull

Problem: Given points $u,v_1,\dots,v_n\in\mathbb{R}^m$, decide if $u$ is contained in the convex hull of $v_1,\dots,v_n.$ This can be done efficiently by linear programming (time polynomial in $n,m$)...
11
votes
2answers
554 views

Triangle with largest perimeter in a convex region

What is the largest value of $r$ such that the following statement is always true? "Let $C$ be a convex region with area $1$. There must exist a triangle contained in $C$ whose perimeter is at least ...
11
votes
1answer
437 views

Pushing convex bodies together

Given two convex bodies $A$ and $B$, in $\mathbb R^3$ let's say. We define $A(t)$ and $B(t)$ as $A+xt$ and $B+yt$ where $x,y$ are two arbitrary points. (That is the Minkowski sum, so the two bodies ...
11
votes
3answers
574 views

finding the most-isolated point in a high-dimensional cube

I have a set of points {$x_1,\ldots,x_n$} located in the d-dimensional unit cube $[0,1]^d$. $n$ is about 1000 and $d$ is about 25. I'd like to find $\max_{\omega\in [0,1]^d}\min_{i=1,\ldots,n} \|\...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

The cone of positive semidefinite matrices is self-dual? (reference needed)

I'm seeking a reference for the following fact. The cone of positive semidefinite matrices is self-dual (a.k.a. self-polar). This result is relatively easy to prove, has been known for a long ...
11
votes
1answer
346 views

Detecting a hidden convex body with line probes

Imagine that, somewhere inside an origin-centered, unit-radius sphere $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$, sits a convex body $K$ of volume vol$(K)=\alpha (\frac{4}{3} \pi)$, with $\alpha < 1$ the fraction of ...
11
votes
1answer
299 views

Choquet theory and Hilbert's fourth problem

The following text is an attempt to see Hilbert's fourth problem in a new light. Definition. A pseudometric $d$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ is called projective if whenever a point $z$ belongs to a line ...
11
votes
0answers
346 views

Unit ball of smallest volume in a Hilbert geometry

In a letter to Felix Klein published in Mathematische Annalen 1895 (see here), Hilbert generalized the Cayley-Klein model of hyperbolic geometry by defining a metric on the interior of a convex body ...
11
votes
0answers
819 views

Constructive aspects of Caratheodory's theorem in convex analysis

Let me paraphrase Caratheodory's theorem in a probabilistic setup: Let $X$ be a real-valued random variable. For $k = 1, \ldots, m$, let $f_k: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function such ...
10
votes
2answers
281 views

Can you see smoothness of the boundary of a convex body from its shadow?

Let $d \geq 3$ and suppose that $K \subset \mathbb{R}^{d}$ is a convex body (compact, convex, non-empty interior). Is the following true? The boundary $\partial K$ is a $C^1$-manifold if and only ...
10
votes
2answers
615 views

Helly theorem + Nerve

Consider nerve $\mathcal N$ of a finite set of convex sets in $\mathbb R^n$. Helly theorem says that $\mathcal N$ is completely determined by its $n$-skeleton, say $\mathcal N_n$. It seems that not ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Isometric (?) embedding problem.

Given a convex surface $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^3,$ you can associate to each point the length of the inward pointing normal contained inside $S.$ Call this quantity $s(x).$ Now, given a positive function $...