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30
votes
0answers
919 views

Two-convexity ⇒ Lefschetz?

Assume that $\Omega$ is an open simply connected set in $\mathbb R^n$ (two-convexity) if 3 faces of a 3-simplex belong to $\Omega$ then whole simplex in $\Omega$. Is it true that any component of ...
11
votes
0answers
289 views

Unit ball of smallest volume in a Hilbert geometry

In a letter to Felix Klein published in Mathematische Annalen 1895 (see here), Hilbert generalized the Cayley-Klein model of hyperbolic geometry by defining a metric on the interior of a convex body ...
11
votes
0answers
175 views

How large are the smallest-area projections of a high-dimensional convex body?

Let $B$ be a convex body in $\mathbb{R}^d$, equipped with its standard Euclidean form, and assume that $$\intop_B x \, dx = 0$$ $$\frac{1}{|B|_d} \intop_B x_i x_j \, dx = \delta_{ij},$$ a ...
11
votes
0answers
690 views

Constructive aspects of Caratheodory's theorem in convex analysis

Let me paraphrase Caratheodory's theorem in a probabilistic setup: Let $X$ be a real-valued random variable. For $k = 1, \ldots, m$, let $f_k: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function such ...
9
votes
0answers
327 views

How aspherical can a Gömböc be?

A Gömböc is a homogeneous massive convex solid that can rest on a horizontal plane in just two positions of equilibrium under gravity: one stable and the other unstable. How small a proportion of the ...
7
votes
0answers
104 views

Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between edges are rational multiples of $\pi$?

After reading these very interesting questions, I came up with another one: Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between all pairs of edges meeting ...
7
votes
0answers
289 views

Volume-like property to upper bound lattice points in a convex body

The following question arises in passing in a joint paper that I am working on. Let $K$ be a centrally symmetric convex body in an $n$-dimensional real vector space $V$ which contains a lattice $L$. ...
7
votes
0answers
200 views

From convex geometry to contact topology

Here is a problem in contact topology that was suggested by Petya's answer to this mathoverflow question of mine. Let $S^* \mathbb{R}^n$ be the space of cooriented contact elements of $\mathbb{R}^n$. ...
6
votes
0answers
136 views

Is an infinite-dimensional “Lebesgue measure” uniquely determined by a set of positive finite measure?

Let $\mu$ be a probability measure on a subset $C \subset \mathbb{R}^\infty$ of the space of sequences, and assume, for simplicity, that $C$ is closed and convex. We say that $\mu$ admits shifts if ...
6
votes
0answers
133 views

An affine invariant of convex bodies

The following invariants of "pointed" convex bodies (i.e., pairs consisting of a convex body and a distinguished point in its interior) roughly measure how many of its linear images fit between the ...
6
votes
0answers
117 views

Norms and distributions

Question 1. Is there a nice or explicit way to describe the class of all distributions (generalized functions) $\mu$ on the $n$-sphere $S^n \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ for which the function $$ F(v) := ...
6
votes
0answers
163 views

Choquet theory and Hilbert's fourth problem

The following text is an attempt to see Hilbert's fourth problem in a new light. Definition. A pseudometric $d$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ is called projective if whenever a point $z$ belongs to a line ...
6
votes
0answers
128 views

Variations on a problem of S. Mazur

In problem 76 of the Scottish Book Mazur asked Given a convex body $K$ in three-dimensional space and a point $o$ in its interior, consider the surface $S$ formed by all points $p$ such that the ...
6
votes
0answers
154 views

Minkowski's convex body theorem for ellipsoids

Minkowski's theorem states that if $K\subseteq\mathbb{Z}^n$ is a convex compact set, $K=-K$, and $\mathrm{volume}(K)\geq 2^n$, then $K$ contains a nonzero integral vector. Can this bound be improved ...
6
votes
0answers
117 views

Almost Isodiametric Sets

Hi, The isodiametric inequality tells us that, of all sets of diameter $r$, the one with the largest Lebesgue measure is the ball of radius $r/2$ - and this holds regardless of norm. Let $\tau(r)$ be ...
5
votes
0answers
142 views

Hilbert metric and cross-ratio of points on simplices

Background and motivation: Consider the cone $C\subset \mathbb{R}^d$ of vectors with non-negative components, and let $\Delta\subset C$ be the simplex of probability vectors (those for which $\sum ...
5
votes
0answers
181 views

Generalization of the non-existence of a monostatic planar body

Domokos, Papadopulos, and Ruina showed that there does not exist a convex planar rigid body of uniform density which has only one orientation of stable equilibrium and one orientation of unstable ...
5
votes
0answers
262 views

Local minimum from directional derivatives in the space of convex bodies

I have a function $f(K)$ defined on the space of three-dimensional convex bodies for which I want to show that the unit ball $B$ is a local minimum. I have been able to show if $K$ is not homothetic ...
5
votes
0answers
411 views

Generalizations of generators / hyperplanes descriptions for cones to partially-ordered fields?

Background: given a finite-dimensional real vector space V of dimension d, I can define a pointed cone in two ways: either as a set of the form $\{r_1v_1 + \cdots + r_nv_n \mid r_1, \dots, r_n \in ...
4
votes
0answers
115 views

Circumscribing simplex to convex body?

Q. Does every (perhaps smooth) compact convex body $K$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$ admit a circumscribing simplex, each facet of which touches (shares a point with) $K$? How about a circumscribing ...
4
votes
0answers
176 views

Wasserstein distance, convex polytopes and extreme points

Let us consider convex polytopes with $K$ extreme points in $\mathbb{R}^d$. Let $\mathbf{P}$ be such polytope, and let $\text{ext}(\mathbf{P})$ denote its set of extreme points, so that $\mathbf{P} = ...
4
votes
0answers
114 views

Hilbert metric of a sum of cones

Suppose that $K_{1}$ and $K_{2}$ are pointed closed cones in a finite-dimensional space $V$ whose Hilbert metrics $d_{1},d_{2}$ are known. Is there a way to express the Hilbert metric of $K_{1}+K_{2}$ ...
4
votes
0answers
157 views

Convex bodies with symmetric shadows.

Theorem. If all orthogonal projections of a convex body $K \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ onto $2$-dimensional subspaces have a center of symmetry, then $K$ has a center of symmetry. This is a classic result ...
4
votes
0answers
126 views

Convexified threshold of a function

Upd. The question in a nutshell: find convex set on plane which is «closest» to a given non-convex set. It is given integrable function $0\leq f(x,y)\leq 1$ with bounded support: $f(x,y)=0$ when ...
4
votes
0answers
214 views

Smoothness of the convolution of a singular measure with itself

Let $\gamma:I\subset\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^2, s\mapsto \gamma(s)$, denote the arclength parametrization of a smooth, convex curve $\Gamma:=\gamma(I)\subset\mathbb{R}^2$. Equip $\Gamma$ with ...
4
votes
0answers
138 views

Relationship between sequential compactness of a convex set and its extremal points

Suppose that $X$ is a compact convex subset of a topological vector space. Suppose also that the extremal points of $X$ have the additional property that any sequence $x_n$ of extremal points has a ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

Polynomials connected with Gale's condition and cyclic polytopes

I was reading about cyclic polytopes and (I think naturally) became interested in polynomials $f(X) \in \mathbb{R}[X]$ which have a factorization of the form $f(X)=g(X)g(X+1)$ for some $g(X) \in ...
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Minimax-like theorems involving union and intersection of regions in $\mathbb R^d$

From Minimax theorems, we roughly know that if $f(x,y)$ is convex on $X$ and concave $Y$ for both compact $X,Y$, then: $$ \max_{x\in X}\min_{y\in Y} f(x,y)=\min_{y\in Y}\max_{x\in X} f(x,y). $$ We can ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

Covering fat objects with fat objects

The family of rectangles has the cover property, i.e.: For every $R\geq 1$, $k\geq 1$: every rectangle with aspect ratio $kR$ can be exactly covered by $\lceil k\rceil$ (possibly overlapping) ...
3
votes
0answers
105 views

Triangulations of special polyhedra

Let $A_1,A_2,A_3 \in \mathbb{N}^3$ be three points in space all lying in some plane $x+y+z=d$ where $d$ is a positive integer. If $\{e_1,e_2,e_3\}$ is the standard basis in $\mathbb{R}^3$, we can ...
3
votes
0answers
77 views

Intrinsic volumes of a family of convex sets $\{K_n\}$

Consider a family of convex sets $\{K_n\}$ such that $K_n \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ for each $n$. The kinds of sets one might be considering could be, for instance, $K_n$ is the cube of side $2A$, ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

Covering points with a convex hull

Consider a set of $n$ points $x_1,\ldots,x_n \in \mathbb{R}^d$, for some $n \gg d$. Suppose $\{x_1,\ldots,x_n\} \subset C \subset \mathbb{R}^d$. Say that a set of points $y_1,\ldots,y_m \in C$ covers ...
3
votes
0answers
119 views

Maximising the volume of a parallelotope in a cone with a fixed vertex

Let $C\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be a cone with vertex at the origin, aperture $\theta$ and height $h$. Since a cone is a convex region in $\mathbb{R}^n$ we know there is a parallelotope $P$, completely ...
3
votes
0answers
215 views

Maximum of a function on $d-$dimensional convex compact sets

Let $\mathcal C_d$ denote the set of all $d-$dimensional convex compact subsets with barycenter at the origin of the $d$-dimensional Euclidean space $\mathbb E^d$. Given an element $C\in\mathcal C_d$ ...
3
votes
0answers
192 views

Maximum surface area among convex subsets of the unit sphere of a given volume

The following problem is listed in Steven Lay's "Convex Sets and Their Applications" (1982) as unsolved (paraphrased): Let $B$ be the unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and $0 < V < \pi$. Define ...
3
votes
0answers
125 views

Dimension of convex arrangements for hypergraphs

Suppose you have a hypergraph H on n vertices. Let d be the smallest integer such that we can find an arrangement A of convex subsets in Rd so that H represent the intersections of sets in A. Has ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Regularity of the Minkowski functionnal of a convex

Let $K$ be a convex compact set in $\mathbb{R}^2$ with $0 \in \overset{\circ}{K}$. The Minkowski functional associated to K is: \begin{align*} \varphi_K(x):= \inf \left\{t>0 \; : \; tx \in K ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

Linear transformation of a polyhedral cone

Let $C$ be a polyhedral cone in $\mathbb{R}^m$ with H- and V-representations $C = \{x : A x \le 0 \} = \{R y : y \ge 0\}.$ The pair $(A,R)$ is referred to as a double description (DD) pair of the ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Generators for lattice polytopes

Let $V$ be a finite set of integral vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Consider the real (positive) convex cone $\mathbb{R}_+V$ spanned by $V$. We can assume that all vectors in $V$ are extremal in ...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

Convex functions with non-singular hessian measure are continuously differentiable?

It is known that every convex function $f: \Omega\to \mathbb{R}$, $\Omega$ convex subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$, has a weak derivative of bounded variation $Df\in BV_{loc}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (e.g. Evans and ...
2
votes
0answers
118 views

A question on Hilbert geometries as metric-measure spaces

Recall that a Hilbert geometry is the interior of a convex body $K \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ provided with the metric $$ d(x,y) = \frac{1}{2} \ln\left(\frac{|x-b|}{|y-b|}\frac{|y-a|}{|x-a|}\right) , $$ ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Isoperimetric inequality, isodiametric inequality, hyperplane conjecture… what are the inequalities of this kind known or conjectured?

I duplicate here a question I asked on math.stackexchange. Question: Which inequalities similar to the famous isoperimetric inequality is known? conjectured? I recently learned about some ...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

Quickly checking an inequality on a convex region

I previously posted this question to math.sx at: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/748015/quickly-checking-if-an-inequality-holds-on-a-convex-region but I'm thinking that MO may be more ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Decomposing a cone based on decompositions of its facets

Let $C$ be a cone in $\mathbb{R}^d$, and let $x_1, \dots, x_k$ be its extreme rays. Suppose that the $x_i$ satisfy: For all $i, j$, $\langle x_i, x_j \rangle \ge 0$, There is a partition $A \cup B ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Measure of points with small neighborhood in convex bodies

Let $K \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be a "fat" convex body, i.e. one that contains a ball of radius 1. I'm interested in the following question about points $y \in K$: If you take a normally distributed $e ...
2
votes
0answers
167 views

A question on the theorem of Minkowski-Hlawka

The Minkowski-Hlawka theorem (as stated by Gruber in his lovely book Convex and Discrete Geometry) says that if $S$ is a Jordan measurable set in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with volume < 1. Then there is a ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Conditions under which a set of points have a low weight representation under some basis

Let $S \subset R^d$ be a convex polytope in $d$ dimensional real space. Say that $S$ has weight $w$ if there exists some basis $x_1,\ldots,x_d$ such that for every point $v \in S$, we can write $v = ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

Affine endomaps and isometries of convex bodies

Let $B$ stand for a compact convex body in a Hilbert space $H$. Suppose that a finite group $G=\{g_1,\ldots,g_n\}$ acts, via affine maps, on $B$. Write $B'$ for the image of $B$ in $B^n$ by the ...
2
votes
0answers
205 views

Convexity and probability

Problem instance: A closed convex body $B\subset {\Bbb R}^n$ of volume 1; a point $p\in B$; and a real number $v\in(0,1)$. Objective: Find the probability $P(B,v,p)$ that $p\in B'$, for $B'$ a ...
2
votes
0answers
144 views

Parameterizing infinitesimal perturbations of the sphere using signed measures

Let $\mathcal K^3$ be the space of convex bodies, with some metric $\delta$, and let $B$ be the unit ball. Let us define a volume-preserving perturbation of the sphere to be a continuous (substitute ...