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4
votes
0answers
57 views

Prove or disprove a claim about covering a polytope by convex polytopes in a certain way

Here is the claim: Given a polytope $K$ in a unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^d$, there exists a universal constant $C(d)>0$ depending only on $d$ and a countable collection of convex polytopes ...
5
votes
1answer
39 views

Uniform Sampling Subject to Linear Equalities and Non-Negativity Constraint

I'm trying to sample uniformly on the intersections of faces of several simplicies, with all coordinates being non-negative. That is, given constraints $$A\vec{x}=\vec{b} \ \ and \ \ \vec{x} \geq ...
17
votes
5answers
1k views

How to explain the concentration-of-measure phenomenon intuitively?

One way to phrase the "concentration-of-measure" phenomenon is that, for a Euclidean sphere $S^d$ in $d$ dimensions, for large $d$, "most of the mass is close to the equator, for any equator."1 ...
20
votes
10answers
9k views

Algorithm for finding the volume of a convex polytope

It's easy to find the area of a convex polygon by division into triangles, but what is the optimal way of finding the volume of higher-dimensional convex bodies? I tried a few methods for dividing ...
1
vote
1answer
173 views

Cardinality of non-integer points in the translation of the Minkowski sum of convex hull.

Let $\operatorname{conv}(a_1,\ldots,a_m)$ denote the convex hull of $\{a_1,\ldots,a_m\}$. Let $\mathbb{Z}_+=\mathbb{N}\cup\{0\}$ and $\mathbb{Q}_+$ denotes the positive (inluding 0) rational numbers. ...
1
vote
0answers
116 views

What is the name for this measure on a Minkowski plane (=R^2 with a norm)?

Suppose $(V,\|\cdot\|)$ is a normed 2-dimensional real vector space. Choose an inner product on $V$ and let $\lambda$ be the resulting Lebesgue measure. Set $$K=\sup\ \lambda(\{\alpha a+\beta b\ :\ ...
5
votes
1answer
92 views

Lattice parallelogram of minimal area containing convex lattice polygon

What is the minimal constant $\alpha$ so that for any convex lattice polygon $F$ there exists a lattice parallelogram $P\supseteq F$ of area $A(P)\leq \alpha\cdot A(F)$? It is not hard to show that ...
5
votes
1answer
129 views

partition of a convex set into squares

Let $P$ denote the perimeter function. It's not hard to prove that for any rectangle $R$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$, $R$ can be partitioned into a countable collection of squares $\{Q_k\}_{k=1}^{\infty}$ such ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

Homotopy with non piece-wise linear boundary

in the middle of a long proof I encounter the following problem. Let $E$ be a closed and convex set in $\mathbb R^n$ such that for all $\vec x\in E$ it holds that $\sum_ix_i=1$. (We can understand ...
5
votes
1answer
130 views

Measurement of “symmetry” of a convex body

I often hear that the regular simplex is "the least" symmetric convex body, and I've heard that there are some measures of symmetry of a body, that the simplex minimizes. Could you please explain or ...
9
votes
4answers
289 views

When is the convex hull of two space curves the union of lines?

I am interested in the convex hull of two space curves. Let $A,B\subset \mathbb R^3$ be two spaces curves. I am interested in when $\mathrm {con} (A \cup B)$ equals to $$\bigcup _{a\in A,b\in B} ...
6
votes
2answers
110 views

Geodesics on convex hypersufaces

Let $M^n$ be the boundary of a convex compact set in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ with non-empty interior. Question 1. Is $M$ geodesically complete, i.e. is it true that every geodesic (= locally shortest ...
22
votes
5answers
698 views

Is the diameter of a centrally symmetric convex body realized by a pair of antipodal points?

Let $S \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be the boundary of a centrally symmetric convex body and provide $S$ with the geodesic metric given by its embedding in Euclidean space (i.e., the distance between two ...
6
votes
1answer
315 views

When is the hull of a space curve composed of developable patches?

Let $C$ be a smooth curve in $\mathbb{R}^3$ that lies entirely on its convex hull, $\cal{H}(C)$. Under what conditions on $C$ is $\cal{H}(C)$ the union of developable surface patches? I believe ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

center of divisorial valuations on toric varieties

Suppose we are given a divisorial valuation $\mathcal{v}$ on a smooth toric variety $X_{\Sigma}$ (for a fan $\Sigma$), i.e. $\mathcal{v}$ is the valuation induced by a torus invariant divisor ...
12
votes
3answers
257 views

Smallest containing simplex

Let $V_n$ be the least real number such that for every convex subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with hypervolume $1$ there is a containing simplex with hypervolume $V_n$. What is known about $V_n$? Is there a ...
6
votes
1answer
107 views

Regions on a sphere that avoid a fixed point set

Let $P$ be a finite set of points on a unit-radius sphere $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Treat $P$ as a fixed pattern that can be rigidly slid around $S$ as a unit (no reflection). Let $R$ be a subset of ...
6
votes
2answers
262 views

A question about a question about 3-dimensional convex bodies

For each positive integer n let E(n) denote n-dimensional Euclidean space and let the term "n-dimensional convex body" mean a compact convex subset of E(n) whose interior (with respect to E(n)) is ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Diameter of a convex body relative to its Legendre ellipsoid

Given a convex body in $\mathbb{R}^n$ that is symmetric with respect to the origin, let us measure its diameter with respect to the Euclidean metric determined by its own Legendre ellipsoid. How large ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

polynomial expression for counting number of integral points of a set

Let $v_i=a_ie_i\in\mathbb R^d$ and $w_i=b_ie_i\in\mathbb R^d$ for $i=1,\dots,d$ where $e_i$'s are unit vetcors and $a_i,b_i$ are positive integers. Let $$S=conv\{0,rv_i+sw_i:i=1,\dots,d\}.$$ Can we ...
4
votes
0answers
46 views

Linear projections of convex sets with unique preimages of boundary points

Fix a compact convex subset $C \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ with nonempty interior. For any subspace $S \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, let $P_S$ denote the orthogonal linear projection onto $S$. I'd like to claim ...
7
votes
3answers
464 views

Helly's theorem in other areas of mathematics

Are there some outstanding results using some version of Helly's theorem in a totally different area (whatever that means) than convex geometry?
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Bounds on the spherical measure of sub-level sets of quadratic forms

I'm wondering if there are any bounds on the spherical measure of sets of the form $$ \mu_n\left(\{y\in S^{n-1} : \frac{y_1^2}{y_2^2} < \alpha\}\right) \leq f(\alpha) $$ where $\alpha$ is some ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

planes intersecting a convex polytope

We are given a $d$-dimensional convex polytope ${\cal P}$ in $N$-dimensional space where $d<N-1$. Consider several planes $P_i$ corresponding to inequalities $f_i(X)\ge 0$. We are given that each ...
5
votes
0answers
54 views

Concavity of mixed volumes and mixed discriminants

For $n\times n$ symmetric matrices $A_1, \ldots, A_n$, the mixed discriminant $D(A_1, \ldots, A_n)$ can be defined as $1/n!$ times the coefficient of $t_1\ldots t_n$ in the homogeneous polynomial ...
4
votes
2answers
62 views

Expressing a convex Polytope as a sublevel set of a function

Given an n-dimensional polytope $P$ in $\mathbb R^n$, Given as a convex hull of a finite set of points, $S$ I would like to construct an expliict formula for a function $f\colon \mathbb R^n \to ...
2
votes
0answers
126 views

Find the intersection between two convex hulls, in this specific case

We work over $\mathbb{R}^K$. Let $V$ be the set of vectors whose coordinates take values $0$ or $1$, or equivalently the corners of the unit cube $[0,1]^K$. Let $d:\{0, \ldots, K\} \to \mathbb{R}_+$ ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Newton polyhedron and product of ideals

Let $I$ be an ideal generated by monomials $\underline{x}^{\underline{a}_1},\ldots ,\underline{x}^{\underline{a}_s}$ and $J$ be the ideal generated by $\underline{x}^{\underline{b}_1},\ldots ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Projecting a convex partition onto a convex set

Say that $X$ and $Y$ are two convex regions in the plane, and suppose that $X \subset Y$. Further suppose that $Y$ is partitioned into disjoint convex subsets $Y_1 ,\dots, Y_n$. Is there a way of ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Extreme points of convex hull of Minkowski sum [closed]

Let $\operatorname{conv}(a_1,\ldots,a_m)$ denote the convex hull of $\{a_1,\ldots,a_n\}$. Let $P = \operatorname{conv}(a_1,\ldots,a_p)$ and $Q = \operatorname{conv}(b_1,\ldots,b_q)$ be two convex sets ...
4
votes
3answers
975 views

Proof that domains of positivity of symmetric nondegenerate bilinear forms are self-dual cones?

Max Koecher (for example, in The Minnesota Notes on Jordan Algebras and Their Applications; new edition: Springer Lecture Notes in Mathematics, number 1710, 1999), defined a domain of positivity for a ...
3
votes
1answer
230 views

Polar interpretation of convexity

Let $C$ be a convex polygon in the plane containing the origin, and let $r(\theta)$ for $\theta\in[0,2\pi)$ be a parametrization of its boundary. Is there a condition on $r$ that is equivalent to (or ...
12
votes
2answers
453 views

A problem on convex geometry

Consider a convex body $K \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ containing the origin in its interior. Although the body is not necessarily symmetric, let us say that two points in its boundary $\partial K$ are ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Projection of a ray onto a random polytope

Suppose $P$ is a polytope formed by $p$ (general) random planes in $\mathbb{R}^n$. We assume $p \asymp n$ and $P$ has a diameter $O(\sqrt{n})$. For any $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$, denote by ...
6
votes
2answers
235 views

A (possibly boring) Voronoi Game

The board for this game is a compact convex region $\cal C$ of $\mathbb{R}^2$. Below I illustrate with $\cal C$ an equilateral triangle. Two players, $A$ and $B$, alternate turns. At each turn they ...
5
votes
1answer
119 views

Approximation of convex body by polytopes

In a recent survey paper, Approximation of convex sets by polytopes, Bronstein claims that under Hausdorff distance $\rho_H$, for every convex body $U$, $$\rho_H(U,\mathcal{P}_n)\leq c(U) ...
6
votes
1answer
181 views

Is the center of gravity in a CAT(0) space contained in the convex hull?

In reading Greg Kuperberg's partial answer to this question Convex hull in CAT(0) , I started wondering if the center of gravity is always contained in the closed convex hull. More precisely, given ...
7
votes
0answers
83 views

What are the extremal CAT(0) metrics?

(Split off from Does every CAT(0) space embed in a product of trees? ) Fix an integer $k \ge 2$, and let $MC0_k \subset \mathbb{R}^{\binom{k}{2}}$ be the set of possible squared-distances between $k$ ...
4
votes
1answer
240 views

Finding the “top” or “bottom” vertex of a simplex

A vertex $v$ of a simplex in $\mathbb{R}^n$ is a "top" vertex if there exists a point $p \neq v$ in the simplex with $v \ge p$ (i.e. $v_1 \ge p_1$, ... , $v_n \ge p_n$). Similarly, $v$ is a "bottom" ...
5
votes
1answer
145 views

Bounding the number of lattice points inside an $n$-dimensional ellipsoid

I am wondering if it is possible to produce an upper and/or lower bound on the number of integer lattice points that lie inside an $n$-dimensional ellipse. That is, given an $n$-dimensional ellipsoid ...
5
votes
1answer
259 views

Radius of the largest enclosed ball in the convex hull of an algebraic variety

Let $\mathcal{V}\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be a real compact algebraic variety. Let $\mathcal{V}^c$ be the convex hull of $\mathcal{V}$ and let us assume that $\mathcal{V}^c$ has nonzero n-dimensional ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Averaging a log-concave centrally-symmetric function over convex bodies

the question is the following: given a log-concave isotropic function $f$ defined on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and two compact 0-symmetric convex bodies $C_1, C_2$, where $C_1 \subset C_2$. Is it true that $$ ...
16
votes
4answers
778 views

Is there a midsphere theorem for 4-polytopes?

The (remarkable) midsphere theorem says that each combinatorial type of convex polyhedron may be realized by one all of whose edges are tangent to a sphere (and the realization is unique if the center ...
10
votes
0answers
135 views

Dividing a convex region to minimize average distances

Let $C$ be a convex region in the plane with area 1 that contains distinct points $p_1,\dots,p_n$. Say I'd like to divide $C$ into $n$ pieces $C_1,\dots,C_n$, each of area $1/n$, and I'd like to ...
3
votes
0answers
68 views

On the modulus of convexity of mixed-norm $\ell_{p_1,p_2}$ spaces

Let $\ell_{p_1,p_2}=(\mathbb{R}^{m\times n},\|\cdot\|_{p_1,p_2})$ be the space of $m\times n$ matrices endowed with the mixed-norm $$ \|X\|_{p_1,p_2} = \left( \sum_{j=1}^n \left( \sum_{i=1}^m ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

Largest ball with fixed center in a a convex region

Let $x_0$ be a point contained inside a compact, convex set $C\subset\mathbb{R}^d$, which is of the form $C=\{x:f(x)\leq0\}$ for some explicit convex function $f$. Is there a computationally ...
6
votes
1answer
129 views

Angle subtended by the shortest segment that bisects the area of a convex polygon

Let $C$ be a convex polygon in the plane and let $s$ be the shortest line segment (I believe this is called a "chord") that divides the area of $C$ in half. What is the smallest angle that $s$ could ...
2
votes
0answers
111 views

Intersecting balls with convex regions and a bisector thereof

This question is related to my previous posting Angle subtended by the shortest segment that bisects the area of a convex polygon Let $C$ be a convex region in the plane and let $s$ be the shortest ...
38
votes
1answer
409 views

Continuous maps which send intervals of $\mathbb{R}$ to convex subsets of $\mathbb{R}^2$

Let $f : \mathbb{R} \longmapsto \mathbb{R}^2$ be a continuous map which sends any interval $I \subseteq \mathbb{R}$ to a convex subset $f(I)$ of $\mathbb{R}^2$. Is it true that there must be a line in ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

If $\angle 0xy\leq \pi/2$ for every $x\in \partial K$, $y\in K$, then $K$ is a ball

Let $K$ be a bounded closed convex set in $\mathbb{R}^d$, $0$ lies in interior of $K$. Assume that for every boundary point $x$ of $K$ the plane through $x$ perpendicular to $x$ is a support plane of ...