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20
votes
2answers
1k views

The logic of convex sets

Let me start with Helly's theorem: Let $A_1$, $A_2$, ..., $A_{n+2}$ be $n+2$ convex subsets of $\mathbb R^n$. If any $n+1$ of these subsets intersect (this means: have nonempty intersection), the so ...
3
votes
1answer
351 views

A conjecture of parallelogram inside convex and central symmetric curve

Assume Q is a convex central symmetric curve, whose area is $\displaystyle S$. The area of the maximum parallelogram inside Q is $\displaystyle S'$. How to prove the conjecture that $\displaystyle ...
8
votes
1answer
191 views

Finding a point that lies in a majority of polytopes

Suppose I have $k$ $n$-dimensional polytopes $P_1,\ldots,P_k$, each explicitly specified as the intersection of a collection of hyperplanes. If there was a point $p \in \mathbb{R}^n$ that lay in the ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

Quantifying that near a point on a smooth hypersurface, it looks like a tangent hyperplane

Suppose $C$ is a smoothly bounded convex body (*) in $\mathbb{R}^d$, and $p$ is a point on the boundary of $C$. Let $r>0$ and let $B(r)$ denote the ball of radius $r$ centered at $p$. Is it ...
0
votes
3answers
518 views

a different algebra/representation for convex sets

Hi, I was dealing with finding a feasible region for a set of norm inequalities and the feasible region is convex. The question is not about how to find the feasible region but how to represent the ...
5
votes
2answers
354 views

Isodiametric hull

Let A be a convex compact set in the plane (with a piecewise smooth boundary, say). We want to `inflate' it in such a way that the diameter does not increase. More accurately, we are looking for ...
3
votes
0answers
123 views

Dimension of convex arrangements for hypergraphs

Suppose you have a hypergraph H on n vertices. Let d be the smallest integer such that we can find an arrangement A of convex subsets in Rd so that H represent the intersections of sets in A. Has ...
25
votes
3answers
2k views

Polar body of a convex body that avoids a lattice

Let $K \subset {\bf R}^d$ be a symmetric convex body (an open bounded convex neighbourhood of the origin with $K = -K$) with the property that $K + {\bf Z}^d \neq {\bf R}^d$, i.e. the projection of ...
3
votes
3answers
919 views

Estimate probability( 0 is in the convex hull of N random points ) ?

Can anyone estimate N such that Prob( 0 is in the convex hull of $N$ points ) >= .95 for points uniformly scatterered in $[-1,1]^d$, $d = 2, 3, 4, 10$ ? The application is nearest-neghbour ...
2
votes
1answer
622 views

Condition number for Ellipsoid method matrix

Hello, When using the ellipsoid method (for solving a linear program for example), the volume of the ellipsoid at each iteration is proven to decrease, and do so by at least a factor of $e^{1/2n}$. ...
11
votes
5answers
722 views

A characterization of convexity

While doing some research on polytopes I came to the following question. Maybe it's already somewhere but anyway I'll post it here. Let $X\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ be such that, for every plane $P$, ...
7
votes
1answer
430 views

A variation of Minkowski sum

I have to work with the following variation of Minkowski sum: Let $\mathbb E$ be a Euclidean space and $K$ be a convex set in $\mathbb E\times \mathbb E$. Set $$K^+=\{\\,x+y\in\mathbb ...
11
votes
1answer
384 views

Pushing convex bodies together

Given two convex bodies $A$ and $B$, in $\mathbb R^3$ let's say. We define $A(t)$ and $B(t)$ as $A+xt$ and $B+yt$ where $x,y$ are two arbitrary points. (That is the Minkowski sum, so the two bodies ...
10
votes
0answers
646 views

Constructive aspects of Caratheodory's theorem in convex analysis

Let me paraphrase Caratheodory's theorem in a probabilistic setup: Let $X$ be a real-valued random variable. For $k = 1, \ldots, m$, let $f_k: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function such ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

Cutting convex sets

Any bounded convex set of the Euclidean plane can be cut into two convex pieces of equal area and circumference. Can one cut every bounded convex set of the Euclidean plane into an arbitrary number ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Minimum enclosing rectangle of a convex polygon proof

Hi, I've been reading about the rotating calipers algorithm for solving the minimum-area enclosing rectangle problem. It relies on a theorem: The rectangle of minimum area enclosing a convex polygon ...
4
votes
1answer
192 views

Diameter of a metric on orbits under affine bijections of $n-$dimensional convex compact sets

Given two $n-$dimensional convex compact sets $A,B$, we define $d(A,B)$ as $\log({\mathrm{Vol}}(\alpha_2(A)))-\log(\mathrm{Vol}(\alpha_1(A)))$ where $\alpha_1,\alpha_2$ are two affine bijections such ...
5
votes
2answers
438 views

Applications of Cauchy's Arm Lemma

Cauchy's Arm Lemma is used in the proof of Cauchy's Rigidity Theorem for convex polyhedra. The Lemma states that in the plane or on the sphere that if all but one of the side lengths of two convex ...
1
vote
1answer
730 views

Geometric interpretation of singular values

The singular values of a matrix A can be viewed as describing the geometry of AB, where AB is the image of the euclidean ball under the linear transformation A. In particular, AB is an elipsoid, and ...
3
votes
1answer
151 views

Edge-maximizing projective transformation on polytopes

Let P and Q be simple polytopes such that P = Q ∩ H and let H be a halfspace with normal vector n. Let projn(e) denote the length of the projection of edge e onto vector n. Consider the set E of ...
11
votes
3answers
620 views

Continuous automorphism groups of normed vector spaces?

Consider the metric space on, say, ℝ2 induced by the various $L^p$ norms, and the group of isometries from that space into itself that preserve the origin. When $p=2$ I get the continuous group ...
5
votes
2answers
682 views

Maximal Ellipsoid

John's Theorem can be stated as "To every compact, convex body, there is a unique inscribed ellipsoid, whose volume is maximal among all inscribed ellipsoids." It goes on to classify this maximal ...
1
vote
1answer
374 views

Is the direction of the longest line of a polytope unique?

The question pertains to a polytope that is generated by the intersection of an affine subspace with a hypercube in $p$ dimensions. The affine subspace is given by: $X \mbox{ u} = y$ where $u$ ...
5
votes
0answers
409 views

Generalizations of generators / hyperplanes descriptions for cones to partially-ordered fields?

Background: given a finite-dimensional real vector space V of dimension d, I can define a pointed cone in two ways: either as a set of the form $\{r_1v_1 + \cdots + r_nv_n \mid r_1, \dots, r_n \in ...
14
votes
9answers
6k views

Algorithm for finding the volume of a convex polytope

It's easy to find the area of a convex polygon by division into triangles, but what is the optimal way of finding the volume of higher-dimensional convex bodies? I tried a few methods for dividing ...