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5
votes
3answers
376 views

Tetrahedron angles sum to $\pi$: Bisector plane

I discovered empirically what to me is an amazing lemma concerning face angles of a tetrahedron. Let $\triangle abc$ be a triangle in the $xy$-plane, and $d$ the apex of a tetrahedron with positive ...
2
votes
0answers
144 views

Parameterizing infinitesimal perturbations of the sphere using signed measures

Let $\mathcal K^3$ be the space of convex bodies, with some metric $\delta$, and let $B$ be the unit ball. Let us define a volume-preserving perturbation of the sphere to be a continuous (substitute ...
0
votes
1answer
340 views

On the number of lines of given points

Hi all, I have a question Concerning Beck's theorem. I have read it from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beck%27s_theorem and I have two questions : I suppose Beck's theorem doesn't hold when instead ...
4
votes
2answers
480 views

Area ratio of a minimum bounding rectangle of a convex polygon

Take a convex polygon $P$ in the plane, and find its minimum area bounding rectangle, $R$. I'm interested in the ratio of the area of $R$ to the area of $P$. The ratio has a minimum of $1$ for ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Area Enclosed by the Convex Hull of a Set of Random Points

Consider $n$ points generated randomly and uniformly on a unit square. What is the expected value of the area (as a function of $n$) enclosed by the convex hull of the set of points?
3
votes
1answer
170 views

Realisation of convex polygons with an interior point from combinatorial data

A convex polygon $P$ having an interior point $A$ in generic position (not on any line defined by two vertices) can be encoded combinatorially by associating to every vertex $v$ of $P$ the unique edge ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

centrally symmetric neighborly polytopes.

Let $P$ is centrally symmetric $k$ neighborly d-polytope. Let $ P^* $ is polar( also dual) of $ P $. Consider a polytope $ Q^* $ , $ Q^* \subset P^* $( not necessarily a face of $P^*$). By duality ...
2
votes
1answer
378 views

faces of a polytope

Let $a_1,a_2,..,a_n\in\mathbb{R}^m$, $n>m$ and the points are in general position meaning, no hyperplane contains more than $m$ points. Define a polyhedron $$P=\{x\in\mathbb{R}^m:a_1'x\leq0, ...
3
votes
1answer
163 views

Flattening a corner in a convex $d$-polytope (into $d-1$ dimensions, without overlap)?

I'm interested in the following question, which seems to be assumed all over the place (at least for 3 dimensions) in convex geometry, and which I cannot find a proof of. Suppose we have a corner ...
2
votes
2answers
545 views

Cone over the Join of two topological spaces

Suppose $X$ and $Y$ are topological spaces. Let's define the join $X\ast Y$ as the quotient space $X\times Y\times [0,1]/\sim$, where $\sim$ is the equivalence relation generated by ...
3
votes
3answers
268 views

Vertex-transitive polytopes in any dimension with any number of vertices?

Given positive integers $d$ and $v$ with $v \geq d+1$, does there always exist a (convex) vertex-transitive $d$-polytope with $v$ vertices? It seems that the answer should be "obviously" true, but I ...
9
votes
1answer
750 views

Reference request: Ehrhart's conjecture on the geometry of numbers

Conjecture (Ehrhart). If a convex body $K \subset {\mathbb R}^n$ has its barycenter at the origin and contains no other point with integer coordinates, the volume of $K$ is less than or equal to $(n ...
7
votes
3answers
251 views

Expected minimum face angle of random convex polyhedron in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $P_n$ be a "random convex polyhedron" in $\mathbb{R}^3$ of $n$ vertices, where "random" could follow any one of a number of models: (1) the convex hull of $n$ points randomly and uniformly ...
4
votes
1answer
308 views

Generalized widths and reverse Urysohn inequalities

This question is inspired by the discussion in MO questions "Local minimum from directional derivatives in the space of convex bodies" and "Bodies of constant width?" about generalized notions of ...
5
votes
0answers
260 views

Local minimum from directional derivatives in the space of convex bodies

I have a function $f(K)$ defined on the space of three-dimensional convex bodies for which I want to show that the unit ball $B$ is a local minimum. I have been able to show if $K$ is not homothetic ...
4
votes
0answers
138 views

Relationship between sequential compactness of a convex set and its extremal points

Suppose that $X$ is a compact convex subset of a topological vector space. Suppose also that the extremal points of $X$ have the additional property that any sequence $x_n$ of extremal points has a ...
4
votes
4answers
965 views

Delaunay triangulations and convex hulls

This is a reference request. I have the impression that those who work in computational geometry are accustomed to the following. You have some locally finite set of sites in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and you ...
6
votes
3answers
285 views

Large geodesically convex subsets of tori

Let $X=\mathbb T^d=\mathbb R^d/\mathbb Z^d$ and let $E$ be a proper open subset of $X$. We say $E$ is geodesically convex if for any $x,y\in E$ the shortest geodesic connecting $x$ and $y$ lies in ...
10
votes
3answers
935 views

Isometric (?) embedding problem.

Given a convex surface $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^3,$ you can associate to each point the length of the inward pointing normal contained inside $S.$ Call this quantity $s(x).$ Now, given a positive function ...
23
votes
3answers
657 views

Largest possible volume of the convex hull of a curve of unit length

What is the largest possible volume of the convex hull of an open/closed curve of unit length in $\mathbb{R}^3$?
17
votes
2answers
792 views

Placing points on a sphere so that no 3 lie close to the same plane

Motivation I am working with arbitrary parallelopiped tilings given by projection from a higher dimensional space. The collection of tiles, and some properties of the higher dimensional space are ...
12
votes
2answers
223 views

Smallest containing simplex

Let $V_n$ be the least real number such that for every convex subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with hypervolume $1$ there is a containing simplex with hypervolume $V_n$. What is known about $V_n$? Is there a ...
1
vote
1answer
349 views

Convex Polygon - Splitting into Two Congruent Pieces

Dear All, I have convex polygon (expressed by points in cartesian coordinate system). I am looking for a solution to splitting into two congruent pieces. Is there any way to to estimate the points ...
6
votes
2answers
376 views

Complexity of detecting a convex body in $\mathbb{R}^n$?

Let $K_0$ be a bounded convex set in $\mathbb{R}^n$ within which lie two sets $K_1$ and $K_2$. $K_0,K_1,K_2$ have nonempty interior. Assume that, $K_1\cup K_2=K_0$ and $K_1\cap K_2=\emptyset$. The ...
1
vote
1answer
625 views

Applications of ham sandwich type results. References? A general principle?

Lately there has been a lot of interest on applications of the ham sandwich theorem and related results. There is a bunch of lecture notes and surveys that touch upon the subject. I dont know of any ...
4
votes
2answers
626 views

gradient of convex functions

Hello. Can somebody help me with the following question that I have thought over for quite some time, to no avail? Let $f$ be a smooth function (class $\mathrm{C}^{\infty}$), $f:\mathbb{R}^n ...
8
votes
4answers
802 views

Applications of Hilbert's metric

Among the fascinating constructions in mathematics is the Hilbert metric on a bounded convex subset of ${\mathbb R}^n$. Where, within mathematics, is it used ? I know at least a proof of the ...
5
votes
1answer
333 views

Isometric embedding a convex cap to render its boundary planar

I would like to know if there is a polyhedral analog to this beautiful theorem of Hong: Theorem 11.0.1. Any smooth positive disk $(\bar{D},g)$ with a positive geodesic curvature along ...
0
votes
0answers
344 views

Upper and Lower Bounds of the Total Surface Area of Convex Polytopes that Partition a Hypercube

Let $C$ be a hypercube in $\mathbb{R}^D$ with edge length of $L$. Let $\mathcal{P}_1,\ldots,\mathcal{P}_K$ be $K$ convex polytopes that partition $C$. Let $S_k$ be the surface area of the polytope ...
1
vote
2answers
437 views

Extreme points of transportation polytope

I'm interested in $n \times m$ joint probability tables with prescribed row and column marginals. Such tables form a convex set known as the transportation polytope. What are the extreme points of ...
2
votes
2answers
490 views

Finding smallest ellipsoid that circumscribes over intersection of two ellipsoids that do not have common center

Does this already exist in literature? The closest Ive been able to find is circumscribe intersection of two ellipsoids with a common center by W. Kahan ...
2
votes
1answer
290 views

Angle btween Coordinate Vector and Normal Vector of Facet in a Convex Polytope, Asking for a Counterexample

Definitions Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a convex polytope in $\mathbb{R}^{D}$ with $K$-facets $F_{1},\ldots,F_{K}$. I denote the normal vector of the $k^\mathrm{th}$ facet as ...
12
votes
1answer
636 views

Optimal 8-vertex isoperimetric polyhedron?

I know from Marcel Berger's Geometry Revealed: A Jacob's Ladder to Modern Higher Geometry (p.531) that it is not yet established which polyhedron in $\mathbb{R}^3$ on 8 vertices achieves the optimal ...
1
vote
0answers
255 views

Computing the intersection of dual affine subspaces

Suppose we have a convex function , $\phi(x): R^d \to R$. It is well known that the Legendre transform of $\phi$ is also a convex function, and can (loosely) be thought of as the dual or derivative ...
2
votes
3answers
827 views

Draw a Random Line Through a Voronoi Tessellation, What is the Average Number of Voronoi Cell the Line Intersects?

Update: problem reformulation Following the advice in comments, I now restate my problem using Voronoi tessellation. Given a unit hypercube $H_n=\{(x_1,\ldots,x_n)\in \mathbb{R}^n: 0\leq x_i\leq ...
3
votes
1answer
214 views

Sobolev type inequalities involving affine metric

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a compact smooth hypersurface in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ with affine metric $h$ and affine volume measure $d\mu_{h}$. If $$\int_{\mathcal{M}}|\nabla f|^2_{h}d\mu_{h}$$ is small what can ...
13
votes
2answers
566 views

Do the elementary properties of mixed volume characterize it uniquely?

Background Take 2 convex sets in $\mathbb{R}^2$, or 3 convex sets in $\mathbb{R}^3$, or generally, $n$ convex sets in $\mathbb{R}^n$. "Mixed volume" assigns to such a family $A_1, \ldots, A_n$ a ...
15
votes
1answer
441 views

Convex bodies with constant maximal section function in odd dimensions

In 1970 or so, Klee asked if a convex body in $\mathbb R^n$ ($n\ge 3$) whose maximal sections by hyperplanes in all directions have the same volume must be a ball. The counterexample in $\mathbb R^4$ ...
3
votes
0answers
119 views

Maximising the volume of a parallelotope in a cone with a fixed vertex

Let $C\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be a cone with vertex at the origin, aperture $\theta$ and height $h$. Since a cone is a convex region in $\mathbb{R}^n$ we know there is a parallelotope $P$, completely ...
9
votes
2answers
495 views

Concentration of measure for arbitrary convex bodies?

There are various "concentration-of-measure" theorems, the best known that due to Lévy, which is this (informally): the volume of a sphere $S^d$ in $d$ dimensions is largely concentrated around an ...
5
votes
2answers
318 views

Distributing points with respect to a concave function

Suppose I have a concave function defined on the unit interval such that $f(0) = f(1) = 0$ and $\int_0^1 f(t) dt = \alpha$, where $\alpha$ is "small" (say $0.01$ or thereabouts). Say I distribute $n$ ...
0
votes
0answers
200 views

How do control the boundary regularity of the Legendre transformation domain from a convex function

Let f(x) be a strongly convex smooth function (its Hessian matrix is positive definite) defined in a convex domain D, introduce the Legendre transformation $$x=(x_1,...,x_n)\rightarrow ...
4
votes
3answers
686 views

Area-preserving map between rectangles and fat polygons

Are there any well-known continuous area-preserving maps between fat convex polygons and fat rectangles? Specifically, given a fat convex polygon $C$, is there a natural way to choose a fat rectangle ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

The cone of positive semidefinite matrices is self-dual? (reference needed)

I'm seeking a reference for the following fact. The cone of positive semidefinite matrices is self-dual (a.k.a. self-polar). This result is relatively easy to prove, has been known for a long ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Geometric meaning of derivatives of the curvature

Let $\Gamma$ be a sufficiently smooth, closed, convex curve in the plane parametrized by arclength $s$. Further assume that $\kappa>0$ and that the second derivative of $\kappa$ with respect to $s$ ...
13
votes
3answers
656 views

Is there a midsphere theorem for 4-polytopes?

The (remarkable) midsphere theorem says that each combinatorial type of convex polyhedron may be realized by one all of whose edges are tangent to a sphere (and the realization is unique if the center ...
3
votes
3answers
795 views

Minimum norm of convex hull

Dear all, I am currently stuck at a problem which seems too easy to be stuck at to me... Summary Let $H$ be the convex hull of the points $d_1,\ldots, d_n\in \mathbb{R}^d$. How can one compute ...
2
votes
1answer
354 views

A min-max formula for depth of the origin in a convex set

Depth is defined as the distance to the boundary of a set, i.e., $\operatorname{depth}(x, C) = \operatorname{dist}(x, \mathbb{R}^n \backslash C)$. Let $C$ be a convex set that contains the origin. I ...
10
votes
2answers
576 views

Helly theorem + Nerve

Consider nerve $\mathcal N$ of a finite set of convex sets in $\mathbb R^n$. Helly theorem says that $\mathcal N$ is completely determined by its $n$-skeleton, say $\mathcal N_n$. It seems that not ...
3
votes
1answer
373 views

minimal maximal ellipsoids

Suppose $K$ is a centrally symmetric, strictly convex body in $\mathbb{R}^2$. Let denote the curvature and the support function of $\partial K$, boundary of $K$, respectively with $\kappa$ and $s$. If ...