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19
votes
4answers
544 views

Do random projections (approximately) preserve convexity?

The Johnson-Lindenstrauss lemma implies that any set of $k$ points in $\mathbb{R}^d$ can be randomly projected into $d' \approx \log(k)/\epsilon^2$ dimensions such that the distances between each pair ...
11
votes
1answer
310 views

Detecting a hidden convex body with line probes

Imagine that, somewhere inside an origin-centered, unit-radius sphere $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$, sits a convex body $K$ of volume vol$(K)=\alpha (\frac{4}{3} \pi)$, with $\alpha < 1$ the fraction of ...
5
votes
5answers
482 views

Finding an axis-aligned ellipsoid of minimal volume which contains a given ellipsoid

A friend asked me to post the following question. He's not an MO user and felt it would be better received if asked by someone who was already known to the community. This is not my area, but I'll do ...
5
votes
0answers
172 views

Generalization of the non-existence of a monostatic planar body

Domokos, Papadopulos, and Ruina showed that there does not exist a convex planar rigid body of uniform density which has only one orientation of stable equilibrium and one orientation of unstable ...
3
votes
2answers
373 views

The (Sigma) Algebra of Convex Sets

This is a question-by-proxy for a colleague from computer science. I'm sure many people here are already aware that convex decomposition forms an important sub-field of both computational geometry and ...
0
votes
0answers
174 views

A linear program related question

Dear all, recently, I encountered the following problem. It is closely related to the order of growth for UMD constants of all $n$-dimensional Banach lattice. Let $\alpha^k \in (\alpha_1^k, ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

coarser than triangulations “almost partitions” into simplices

The total space $T$ of an embedded into $\mathbb{R}^n$ pure $n$-dimensional simplicial complex (in other words, the union of finitely many $n$-dimensional compact convex polytopes) sometimes admits an ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Affine endomaps and isometries of convex bodies

Let $B$ stand for a compact convex body in a Hilbert space $H$. Suppose that a finite group $G=\{g_1,\ldots,g_n\}$ acts, via affine maps, on $B$. Write $B'$ for the image of $B$ in $B^n$ by the ...
4
votes
0answers
117 views

Convexified threshold of a function

Upd. The question in a nutshell: find convex set on plane which is «closest» to a given non-convex set. It is given integrable function $0\leq f(x,y)\leq 1$ with bounded support: $f(x,y)=0$ when ...
1
vote
1answer
469 views

proving the interior of a dual cone is the set of vectors whose inner product is strictly positive on the cone

Apologies for posting such a simple question to mathoverflow. I've have been stuck trying to solve this problem for some time and have posted this same query to math.stackexchange (but have received ...
5
votes
0answers
206 views

Smoothness of the convolution of a singular measure with itself

Let $\gamma:I\subset\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^2, s\mapsto \gamma(s)$, denote the arclength parametrization of a smooth, convex curve $\Gamma:=\gamma(I)\subset\mathbb{R}^2$. Equip $\Gamma$ with ...
2
votes
0answers
192 views

Convexity and probability

Problem instance: A closed convex body $B\subset {\Bbb R}^n$ of volume 1; a point $p\in B$; and a real number $v\in(0,1)$. Objective: Find the probability $P(B,v,p)$ that $p\in B'$, for $B'$ a ...
2
votes
1answer
268 views

Quermassintegrals as mean curvature integrals

It is well-known that the quermassintegrals $W_{i}$ of a convex body $K\subset \mathbb{R}^{n}$ can be written as a mean curvature integral $$ W_{i}(K)=n^{-1}\int_{\partial K}H_{i-1} ...
11
votes
3answers
462 views

finding the most-isolated point in a high-dimensional cube

I have a set of points {$x_1,\ldots,x_n$} located in the d-dimensional unit cube $[0,1]^d$. $n$ is about 1000 and $d$ is about 25. I'd like to find $\max_{\omega\in [0,1]^d}\min_{i=1,\ldots,n} ...
3
votes
3answers
386 views

How to find the minimum number of hyperplanes to define a convex hull?

I have the following problem: I have a convex hull $\Omega$ defined by a set of n-dimensional hyperplanes $S = [(n_1,d_1), (n_2,d_2),...,(n_k,d_k)]$ such that a point $p \in \Omega$ if $n_i^T p \geq ...
7
votes
2answers
265 views

Continuity of barycentre in Hausdorff metric

Let $K_1$, $K_2$ be two convex compact sets in $\mathbb{R}^d$, and $p_1,p_2$ be their barycenters. Is it true that the distance between $p_1$ and $p_2$ does not exceed a Hausdorff distance between ...
2
votes
2answers
352 views

Finite imensional subspaces of $L^\infty.$

This is the question I had meant to ask when I asked this question.: Is there a concise characterization of finite dimensional subspaces of $L^\infty?$ (that's what the discussion with @fedja was ...
5
votes
3answers
283 views

Finite dimensional subspaces of $L^1.$

This question is motivated by my discussion (via comments) with @fedja regarding this earlier question. In any case the question is whether there is any concise characterization of finite dimensional ...
5
votes
3answers
345 views

Tetrahedron angles sum to $\pi$: Bisector plane

I discovered empirically what to me is an amazing lemma concerning face angles of a tetrahedron. Let $\triangle abc$ be a triangle in the $xy$-plane, and $d$ the apex of a tetrahedron with positive ...
2
votes
0answers
139 views

Parameterizing infinitesimal perturbations of the sphere using signed measures

Let $\mathcal K^3$ be the space of convex bodies, with some metric $\delta$, and let $B$ be the unit ball. Let us define a volume-preserving perturbation of the sphere to be a continuous (substitute ...
0
votes
1answer
334 views

On the number of lines of given points

Hi all, I have a question Concerning Beck's theorem. I have read it from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beck%27s_theorem and I have two questions : I suppose Beck's theorem doesn't hold when instead ...
4
votes
2answers
426 views

Area ratio of a minimum bounding rectangle of a convex polygon

Take a convex polygon $P$ in the plane, and find its minimum area bounding rectangle, $R$. I'm interested in the ratio of the area of $R$ to the area of $P$. The ratio has a minimum of $1$ for ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Area Enclosed by the Convex Hull of a Set of Random Points

Consider $n$ points generated randomly and uniformly on a unit square. What is the expected value of the area (as a function of $n$) enclosed by the convex hull of the set of points?
3
votes
1answer
169 views

Realisation of convex polygons with an interior point from combinatorial data

A convex polygon $P$ having an interior point $A$ in generic position (not on any line defined by two vertices) can be encoded combinatorially by associating to every vertex $v$ of $P$ the unique edge ...
0
votes
0answers
82 views

centrally symmetric neighborly polytopes.

Let $P$ is centrally symmetric $k$ neighborly d-polytope. Let $ P^* $ is polar( also dual) of $ P $. Consider a polytope $ Q^* $ , $ Q^* \subset P^* $( not necessarily a face of $P^*$). By duality ...
2
votes
1answer
358 views

faces of a polytope

Let $a_1,a_2,..,a_n\in\mathbb{R}^m$, $n>m$ and the points are in general position meaning, no hyperplane contains more than $m$ points. Define a polyhedron $$P=\{x\in\mathbb{R}^m:a_1'x\leq0, ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

Flattening a corner in a convex $d$-polytope (into $d-1$ dimensions, without overlap)?

I'm interested in the following question, which seems to be assumed all over the place (at least for 3 dimensions) in convex geometry, and which I cannot find a proof of. Suppose we have a corner ...
2
votes
2answers
510 views

Cone over the Join of two topological spaces

Suppose $X$ and $Y$ are topological spaces. Let's define the join $X\ast Y$ as the quotient space $X\times Y\times [0,1]/\sim$, where $\sim$ is the equivalence relation generated by ...
9
votes
1answer
726 views

Reference request: Ehrhart's conjecture on the geometry of numbers

Conjecture (Ehrhart). If a convex body $K \subset {\mathbb R}^n$ has its barycenter at the origin and contains no other point with integer coordinates, the volume of $K$ is less than or equal to $(n ...
7
votes
3answers
242 views

Expected minimum face angle of random convex polyhedron in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $P_n$ be a "random convex polyhedron" in $\mathbb{R}^3$ of $n$ vertices, where "random" could follow any one of a number of models: (1) the convex hull of $n$ points randomly and uniformly ...
4
votes
1answer
276 views

Generalized widths and reverse Urysohn inequalities

This question is inspired by the discussion in MO questions "Local minimum from directional derivatives in the space of convex bodies" and "Bodies of constant width?" about generalized notions of ...
5
votes
0answers
252 views

Local minimum from directional derivatives in the space of convex bodies

I have a function $f(K)$ defined on the space of three-dimensional convex bodies for which I want to show that the unit ball $B$ is a local minimum. I have been able to show if $K$ is not homothetic ...
4
votes
0answers
131 views

Relationship between sequential compactness of a convex set and its extremal points

Suppose that $X$ is a compact convex subset of a topological vector space. Suppose also that the extremal points of $X$ have the additional property that any sequence $x_n$ of extremal points has a ...
4
votes
4answers
802 views

Delaunay triangulations and convex hulls

This is a reference request. I have the impression that those who work in computational geometry are accustomed to the following. You have some locally finite set of sites in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and you ...
6
votes
3answers
280 views

Large geodesically convex subsets of tori

Let $X=\mathbb T^d=\mathbb R^d/\mathbb Z^d$ and let $E$ be a proper open subset of $X$. We say $E$ is geodesically convex if for any $x,y\in E$ the shortest geodesic connecting $x$ and $y$ lies in ...
10
votes
3answers
869 views

Isometric (?) embedding problem.

Given a convex surface $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^3,$ you can associate to each point the length of the inward pointing normal contained inside $S.$ Call this quantity $s(x).$ Now, given a positive function ...
17
votes
1answer
439 views

Largest possible volume of the convex hull of a curve of unit length

What is the largest possible volume of the convex hull of an open/closed curve of unit length in $\mathbb{R}^3$?
17
votes
2answers
760 views

Placing points on a sphere so that no 3 lie close to the same plane

Motivation I am working with arbitrary parallelopiped tilings given by projection from a higher dimensional space. The collection of tiles, and some properties of the higher dimensional space are ...
12
votes
2answers
216 views

Smallest containing simplex

Let $V_n$ be the least real number such that for every convex subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with hypervolume $1$ there is a containing simplex with hypervolume $V_n$. What is known about $V_n$? Is there a ...
1
vote
1answer
324 views

Convex Polygon - Splitting into Two Congruent Pieces

Dear All, I have convex polygon (expressed by points in cartesian coordinate system). I am looking for a solution to splitting into two congruent pieces. Is there any way to to estimate the points ...
6
votes
2answers
375 views

Complexity of detecting a convex body in $\mathbb{R}^n$?

Let $K_0$ be a bounded convex set in $\mathbb{R}^n$ within which lie two sets $K_1$ and $K_2$. $K_0,K_1,K_2$ have nonempty interior. Assume that, $K_1\cup K_2=K_0$ and $K_1\cap K_2=\emptyset$. The ...
1
vote
1answer
596 views

Applications of ham sandwich type results. References? A general principle?

Lately there has been a lot of interest on applications of the ham sandwich theorem and related results. There is a bunch of lecture notes and surveys that touch upon the subject. I dont know of any ...
4
votes
2answers
600 views

gradient of convex functions

Hello. Can somebody help me with the following question that I have thought over for quite some time, to no avail? Let $f$ be a smooth function (class $\mathrm{C}^{\infty}$), $f:\mathbb{R}^n ...
8
votes
4answers
739 views

Applications of Hilbert's metric

Among the fascinating constructions in mathematics is the Hilbert metric on a bounded convex subset of ${\mathbb R}^n$. Where, within mathematics, is it used ? I know at least a proof of the ...
5
votes
1answer
312 views

Isometric embedding a convex cap to render its boundary planar

I would like to know if there is a polyhedral analog to this beautiful theorem of Hong: Theorem 11.0.1. Any smooth positive disk $(\bar{D},g)$ with a positive geodesic curvature along ...
0
votes
0answers
298 views

Upper and Lower Bounds of the Total Surface Area of Convex Polytopes that Partition a Hypercube

Let $C$ be a hypercube in $\mathbb{R}^D$ with edge length of $L$. Let $\mathcal{P}_1,\ldots,\mathcal{P}_K$ be $K$ convex polytopes that partition $C$. Let $S_k$ be the surface area of the polytope ...
1
vote
2answers
411 views

Extreme points of transportation polytope

I'm interested in $n \times m$ joint probability tables with prescribed row and column marginals. Such tables form a convex set known as the transportation polytope. What are the extreme points of ...
2
votes
2answers
445 views

Finding smallest ellipsoid that circumscribes over intersection of two ellipsoids that do not have common center

Does this already exist in literature? The closest Ive been able to find is circumscribe intersection of two ellipsoids with a common center by W. Kahan ...
2
votes
1answer
274 views

Angle btween Coordinate Vector and Normal Vector of Facet in a Convex Polytope, Asking for a Counterexample

Definitions Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a convex polytope in $\mathbb{R}^{D}$ with $K$-facets $F_{1},\ldots,F_{K}$. I denote the normal vector of the $k^\mathrm{th}$ facet as ...
1
vote
0answers
235 views

Computing the intersection of dual affine subspaces

Suppose we have a convex function , $\phi(x): R^d \to R$. It is well known that the Legendre transform of $\phi$ is also a convex function, and can (loosely) be thought of as the dual or derivative ...