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6
votes
0answers
117 views

Norms and distributions

Question 1. Is there a nice or explicit way to describe the class of all distributions (generalized functions) $\mu$ on the $n$-sphere $S^n \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ for which the function $$ F(v) := ...
0
votes
1answer
112 views

Homotopy with non piece-wise linear boundary

in the middle of a long proof I encounter the following problem. Let $E$ be a closed and convex set in $\mathbb R^n$ such that for all $\vec x\in E$ it holds that $\sum_ix_i=1$. (We can understand ...
5
votes
3answers
277 views

Probability that convex hull of multivariate Gaussian sample contains a given point

I am generating random vectors $X_1, \dots, X_N$ from a $d$-dimensional multivariate normal $\text N(\mu, \Sigma)$. I would like to know what is the probability that a given point $y \in R^d$ falls ...
11
votes
2answers
385 views

Triangle with largest perimeter in a convex region

What is the largest value of $r$ such that the following statement is always true? "Let $C$ be a convex region with area $1$. There must exist a triangle contained in $C$ whose perimeter is at least ...
4
votes
2answers
109 views

The maximal discrete parallelepiped in a convex body

Does the positive constant $c_d$, depending only from dimension, with the following property exist? Property: for every convex body $K\subset \mathbb R^d$ there exists parallelepiped $P\subset K$ ...
1
vote
0answers
116 views

Extreme points of a set related to semidefinite cone

Let $X \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ be symmetric matrix. Consider the following set $$ \mathcal{C} = \{ X: X \succeq 0, \quad 0 \le X_{ij} \le 1, \forall i,j\} $$ What are the extreme points of this ...
11
votes
0answers
289 views

Unit ball of smallest volume in a Hilbert geometry

In a letter to Felix Klein published in Mathematische Annalen 1895 (see here), Hilbert generalized the Cayley-Klein model of hyperbolic geometry by defining a metric on the interior of a convex body ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

Extreme points and centroid

It is well-known that the centroid of a triangle is the intersection point of its three medians. The medians happen to be area bisectors, but it seems that most (all?) other lines through the ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Measure of points with small neighborhood in convex bodies

Let $K \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be a "fat" convex body, i.e. one that contains a ball of radius 1. I'm interested in the following question about points $y \in K$: If you take a normally distributed $e ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

Approximation of a convex body by a contained polytope

This question deals with approximating a convex body (a compact convex set of $\mathbb{R}^d$ with non-empty interior) by convex polytopes. For a given $\delta$, let $n_\delta$ be the number of faces ...
11
votes
0answers
175 views

How large are the smallest-area projections of a high-dimensional convex body?

Let $B$ be a convex body in $\mathbb{R}^d$, equipped with its standard Euclidean form, and assume that $$\intop_B x \, dx = 0$$ $$\frac{1}{|B|_d} \intop_B x_i x_j \, dx = \delta_{ij},$$ a ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Generalizations of Directly Similar Theorem?

There is an attractive theorem that says that if two plane figures are directly similar, then so is any convex combination of them. Below, $P_1$ and $P_2$ are directly similar polygons: they have the ...
3
votes
2answers
195 views

The epigraph of a semi-convex function has positive reach

I've been trying to prove the following theorem for several hours with no result so far. Claim. Let $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a semi-convex function, i.e. there exists a constant $C > 0$ ...
5
votes
1answer
159 views

Shortest curve with given convex hull

Suppose $S\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ is compact and convex. Suppose $\Gamma:[0,1]\to S$ is a continuous curve that passes through every extreme point of $S$, i.e., the convex hull of $\Gamma([0,1])$ is $S$. ...
3
votes
1answer
196 views

Map from a convex polygon that increases distance

At the risk of asking an extremely stupid question, suppose that $P\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ is a convex polygon with area $1$ that contains the origin, and let $r$ denote the farthest distance between the ...
0
votes
0answers
94 views

minimizing the sum of euclidean norms with box constraints

minimizing the sum of euclidean norms with box constraints I am a graduate student in computer science, making a thesis on uncertainty geometry. During my thesis I came across the following ...
6
votes
1answer
102 views

Maximizing ratio volume/diameter^n by an affinity

Suppose we have a convex compact body $D\subset \mathbb R^n$. We can try to apply affine transformation keeping the volume and decreasing the diameter of $D$. It is clear that there is a constant ...
1
vote
0answers
101 views

Maximizing an integral over a convex region

Let $C$ denote a compact, convex region in the plane containing the origin with unit area, and let $f$ be a probability distribution on $C$. Let $f^\ast$ denote the distribution that maximizes the ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

2-neighborhood of a simplex

Let $\Delta$ be an $n-1$-simplex in ${\mathbb R}^{n-1}$. For each vertex $v$ of $\Delta$ let $H_v$ be the hyperplane through $v$ and parallel to the opposite facet. By 2-neighborhood of a simplex I ...
6
votes
0answers
160 views

Choquet theory and Hilbert's fourth problem

The following text is an attempt to see Hilbert's fourth problem in a new light. Definition. A pseudometric $d$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ is called projective if whenever a point $z$ belongs to a line ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Circumscribed ellipsoid of minimum Hilbert-Schmidt norm

Let $K\subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be a full-dumensional convex body. The Löwner ellipsoid of $K$ is the unique ellipsoid of smallest volume containing $K$. My question is about a related object: the ...
13
votes
2answers
285 views

Lattice points and convex bodies

Given are two convex bodies $K, L \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ that contain the origin as an interior point. Assume the number of integer points contained in $\lambda K$ equals the number of integer points ...
7
votes
0answers
104 views

Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between edges are rational multiples of $\pi$?

After reading these very interesting questions, I came up with another one: Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between all pairs of edges meeting ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

Relative interior and dense subsets

(This is a cross-post from here.) Let $A,B\subseteq \mathbb R^d$ be non-empty, such that $B\subseteq \overline A.$ For $S\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ define the relative interior of $S$ by ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

Volume in tropical geometry as compared to volume in convex geometry

In tropical geometry, is there a notion of volume. Maybe one with some of the properties as found in classical convex geometry? If so, is there a good reference that elaborates on this question. I ...
4
votes
0answers
176 views

Wasserstein distance, convex polytopes and extreme points

Let us consider convex polytopes with $K$ extreme points in $\mathbb{R}^d$. Let $\mathbf{P}$ be such polytope, and let $\text{ext}(\mathbf{P})$ denote its set of extreme points, so that $\mathbf{P} = ...
5
votes
3answers
801 views

Set of Positive Definite matrices with determinant > 1 forms a convex set

While reading a paper An Arithmetic Proof of John’s Ellipsoid Theorem by Gruber and Schuster, I have a question on their proof. Consider an $n\times n$ real symmetric and positive definite matrix ...
6
votes
0answers
128 views

Variations on a problem of S. Mazur

In problem 76 of the Scottish Book Mazur asked Given a convex body $K$ in three-dimensional space and a point $o$ in its interior, consider the surface $S$ formed by all points $p$ such that the ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Distance function from the origin to the boundary of a convex polytope

Let $K\subseteq \mathbb R^n$, $n\ge 3$ be a convex bounded polytope containing the origin in its interior. Consider the unit sphere with geodesic distance $(\mathcal S^{n-1},d)$ and define the ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Algorithmic Version of John's Decomposition of Convex Body

While reading textbooks on convex geometry, I heard about Fritz John's theorem on convex body, which is known as John's Theorem or John's Decomposition. (I know that there are many variants, but this ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Is the size of $\varepsilon$-nets of the Euclidean ball exponential for large $\varepsilon$

Let $X$ be the unit ball of $(\mathbb{R}^n,\|\cdot\|_2)$. A finite set $N=N(\varepsilon)$ is a $\varepsilon$-net of $X$ if every point in $X$ is at most a distance $\varepsilon$ from a point from $N$. ...
13
votes
2answers
563 views

Intuitive explanation of Dvoretzky's theorem

I am wondering if anyone has an enlightening explanation of why Dvoretzky's theorem (which says that a high-dimensional convex body has an almost round central section) is true -- there are a number ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

A question about rational convex cone

Edit: Fix a lattice $N = \mathbb{Z}^n$ and let $N_{\mathbb{R}} = N \otimes \mathbb{R}$. Let $C(S)$ be a strongly convex rational cone in $N_{\mathbb{R}}$ generated by a finite set $S \subset N$, with ...
4
votes
3answers
282 views

Can the intersection of the boundaries of compact and convex sets be a single element?

Let $H_1,H_2,\dots,H_n$ be compact and convex sets in $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that $\bigcap_{j=1}^n H_j$ has non-empty interior and for each $i=1,2,\dots,n$ there exist at least one element $x \in H_i$ ...
8
votes
1answer
231 views

Largest convex hull of a unit length path

What is the largest area possible for the convex hull of a path of unit length lying on a plane? For what paths is that largest area attained?
1
vote
0answers
91 views

Extenstions of Urysohn's inequality

A version of Urysohn's inequality states that for a symmetric convex body $K \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, one has $$ \left(\frac{\text{vol}(K)}{\text{vol}(B_2)} \right)^{1/n} \le \frac{1}{\sqrt{n}} E \; \| ...
4
votes
1answer
198 views

n-simplex in an intersection of n balls

Consider any $n$-simplex, $n \geq 2$. For each edge $(i,j)$, consider $n$-ball $B_{ij}$ such that vertices $x_i$ and $x_j$ are antipodal on this ball. Fix a point $x_0$ in the simplex. The question: ...
3
votes
2answers
213 views

Minkowski successive minima inequality for a lattice base?

Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice of $\mathbb{R}^n$, and $\lambda_i$ be the radius of the smallest ball containing $i$ linearly independent lattice vectors. The Minkowski successive minima inequality says ...
4
votes
0answers
114 views

Hilbert metric of a sum of cones

Suppose that $K_{1}$ and $K_{2}$ are pointed closed cones in a finite-dimensional space $V$ whose Hilbert metrics $d_{1},d_{2}$ are known. Is there a way to express the Hilbert metric of $K_{1}+K_{2}$ ...
7
votes
2answers
365 views

Two cubes in unit cube

A cube of side one contains two cubes of sides a and b having non-overlapping interiors. How to prove the inequality $a+b \le 1$? The same question in higher dimensions. It was asked, but not answered ...
12
votes
1answer
349 views

(A question about)${}^3$ 3-dimensional convex bodies

Related to the questions mathoverflow.net question No. 137850 and mathoverflow.net question No. 39127, is there a 3-dimensional convex body other than a ball whose perpendicular projections in all ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

A question concerning convex functions

Consider points $a,b,c$ (not on a line) and $x_1,...,x_n$ in $\Bbb{R}^2$. I am looking for a necessary and sufficient condition in terms of the geometric configuration of these points such that for ...
6
votes
1answer
230 views

A question about a question about 3-dimensional convex bodies

For each positive integer n let E(n) denote n-dimensional Euclidean space and let the term "n-dimensional convex body" mean a compact convex subset of E(n) whose interior (with respect to E(n)) is ...
3
votes
1answer
262 views

What is the shape of the convex $n$ -gon which gives the maximum of a function?

Supposing that the length of every edge of the convex $n$-gon $P_1P_2$$\cdots$$P_n$ is 1, what is the shape of the $n$-gon which gives the maximum of the following function $B_n$? ...
4
votes
6answers
426 views

A convex curve inside the unit circle

Has this theorem a specific name; and I need some references for general form. Suppose ${\gamma}$ is a convex polygon contained in the interior of the unit circle. then the length of $\gamma$ is not ...
1
vote
3answers
145 views

How to determine if two rational cones intersect?

Let $$\displaystyle C_1=C(r_1,...,r_{n_1})=( x\in \mathbb{R^d}|x=\sum_{i=1}^{n_1}\lambda_i r_i, \lambda_i\in \mathbb{R_{>0}})$$ $$\displaystyle C_2=C(t_1,...,t_{n_2})=(x\in ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Covering a convex body with its smaller homothetic copies

Given a convex body $C\subset R^d$ and a positive real $\lambda$, any set of the form $\lambda C + x = \{ \lambda c + x \mid c\in C \}$ for some $x\in R^d$ is called a homothetic copy of $C$. The ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

Helly's number from biconvex functions

Helly's Theorem states the following. Suppose $X_1,X_2,...,X_N$ are convex sets in $\mathbb{R}^d$, such that for any index-set $I$ with $|I| \leq h(d) := d+1$, we have $\bigcap_{i \in I} X_i \neq ...
6
votes
1answer
249 views

Derived categories of toric varieties and convex geometry

Toric varieties and convex polyhedra are intimately connected. Some of this can be found in standard text books (the connection between divisors and mixed volumes seems to be a popular example). One ...
6
votes
0answers
154 views

Minkowski's convex body theorem for ellipsoids

Minkowski's theorem states that if $K\subseteq\mathbb{Z}^n$ is a convex compact set, $K=-K$, and $\mathrm{volume}(K)\geq 2^n$, then $K$ contains a nonzero integral vector. Can this bound be improved ...