2
votes
1answer
72 views

Volume of a polytope with relaxed constraints

Consider a polytope in $n$ dimensions defined by a set of linear constraints: $$P = \{x \in \mathbb{R}^n : Ax \leq b\}$$ where A is some $m \times n$ constraint matrix, and $b = (b_1,\ldots,b_m)$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
206 views

Characterization of $l_p$ up to a linear isometry

There is a science called "Geometry of Banach spaces". I wonder if they managed to give a geometric characterization of $\ell_p$ ($p\in[1,\infty]$) up to isometric isomorphism (among all Banach ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

Covering fat objects with fat objects

The family of rectangles has the cover property, i.e.: For every $R\geq 1$, $k\geq 1$: every rectangle with aspect ratio $kR$ can be exactly covered by $\lceil k\rceil$ (possibly overlapping) ...
13
votes
0answers
339 views

Surface area of convex hull [duplicate]

Let Q be the convex hull of a non-convex polyhedron P. Is it true that the surface area of Q is not greater than the surface area of P?
2
votes
0answers
114 views

A question on Hilbert geometries as metric-measure spaces

Recall that a Hilbert geometry is the interior of a convex body $K \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ provided with the metric $$ d(x,y) = \frac{1}{2} \ln\left(\frac{|x-b|}{|y-b|}\frac{|y-a|}{|x-a|}\right) , $$ ...
3
votes
1answer
175 views

Generalization of notion of convexity

I am searching for the correct term for the following, if it exists. A set $X\subset \mathbb{R}^2$ is called $r$-convex if for any two points $x_1, x_2\in X$ such that there exists an arc of radius ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

Intrinsic volumes of a family of convex sets $\{K_n\}$

Consider a family of convex sets $\{K_n\}$ such that $K_n \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ for each $n$. The kinds of sets one might be considering could be, for instance, $K_n$ is the cube of side $2A$, ...
11
votes
2answers
348 views

Triangle with largest perimeter in a convex region

What is the largest value of $r$ such that the following statement is always true? "Let $C$ be a convex region with area $1$. There must exist a triangle contained in $C$ whose perimeter is at least ...
11
votes
0answers
277 views

Unit ball of smallest volume in a Hilbert geometry

In a letter to Felix Klein published in Mathematische Annalen 1895 (see here), Hilbert generalized the Cayley-Klein model of hyperbolic geometry by defining a metric on the interior of a convex body ...
1
vote
2answers
79 views

Extreme points and centroid

It is well-known that the centroid of a triangle is the intersection point of its three medians. The medians happen to be area bisectors, but it seems that most (all?) other lines through the ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Measure of points with small neighborhood in convex bodies

Let $K \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be a "fat" convex body, i.e. one that contains a ball of radius 1. I'm interested in the following question about points $y \in K$: If you take a normally distributed $e ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Approximation of a convex body by a contained polytope

This question deals with approximating a convex body (a compact convex set of $\mathbb{R}^d$ with non-empty interior) by convex polytopes. For a given $\delta$, let $n_\delta$ be the number of faces ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Generalizations of Directly Similar Theorem?

There is an attractive theorem that says that if two plane figures are directly similar, then so is any convex combination of them. Below, $P_1$ and $P_2$ are directly similar polygons: they have the ...
5
votes
1answer
151 views

Shortest curve with given convex hull

Suppose $S\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ is compact and convex. Suppose $\Gamma:[0,1]\to S$ is a continuous curve that passes through every extreme point of $S$, i.e., the convex hull of $\Gamma([0,1])$ is $S$. ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

Map from a convex polygon that increases distance

At the risk of asking an extremely stupid question, suppose that $P\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ is a convex polygon with area $1$ that contains the origin, and let $r$ denote the farthest distance between the ...
6
votes
1answer
100 views

Maximizing ratio volume/diameter^n by an affinity

Suppose we have a convex compact body $D\subset \mathbb R^n$. We can try to apply affine transformation keeping the volume and decreasing the diameter of $D$. It is clear that there is a constant ...
6
votes
0answers
149 views

Choquet theory and Hilbert's fourth problem

The following text is an attempt to see Hilbert's fourth problem in a new light. Definition. A pseudometric $d$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ is called projective if whenever a point $z$ belongs to a line ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Circumscribed ellipsoid of minimum Hilbert-Schmidt norm

Let $K\subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be a full-dumensional convex body. The Löwner ellipsoid of $K$ is the unique ellipsoid of smallest volume containing $K$. My question is about a related object: the ...
12
votes
2answers
250 views

Lattice points and convex bodies

Given are two convex bodies $K, L \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ that contain the origin as an interior point. Assume the number of integer points contained in $\lambda K$ equals the number of integer points ...
7
votes
0answers
96 views

Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between edges are rational multiples of $\pi$?

After reading these very interesting questions, I came up with another one: Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between all pairs of edges meeting ...
6
votes
0answers
125 views

Variations on a problem of S. Mazur

In problem 76 of the Scottish Book Mazur asked Given a convex body $K$ in three-dimensional space and a point $o$ in its interior, consider the surface $S$ formed by all points $p$ such that the ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Is the size of $\varepsilon$-nets of the Euclidean ball exponential for large $\varepsilon$

Let $X$ be the unit ball of $(\mathbb{R}^n,\|\cdot\|_2)$. A finite set $N=N(\varepsilon)$ is a $\varepsilon$-net of $X$ if every point in $X$ is at most a distance $\varepsilon$ from a point from $N$. ...
7
votes
1answer
178 views

Largest convex hull of a unit length path

What is the largest area possible for the convex hull of a path of unit length lying on a plane? For what paths is that largest area attained?
4
votes
1answer
193 views

n-simplex in an intersection of n balls

Consider any $n$-simplex, $n \geq 2$. For each edge $(i,j)$, consider $n$-ball $B_{ij}$ such that vertices $x_i$ and $x_j$ are antipodal on this ball. Fix a point $x_0$ in the simplex. The question: ...
4
votes
0answers
110 views

Hilbert metric of a sum of cones

Suppose that $K_{1}$ and $K_{2}$ are pointed closed cones in a finite-dimensional space $V$ whose Hilbert metrics $d_{1},d_{2}$ are known. Is there a way to express the Hilbert metric of $K_{1}+K_{2}$ ...
12
votes
1answer
340 views

(A question about)${}^3$ 3-dimensional convex bodies

Related to the questions mathoverflow.net question No. 137850 and mathoverflow.net question No. 39127, is there a 3-dimensional convex body other than a ball whose perpendicular projections in all ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

A question concerning convex functions

Consider points $a,b,c$ (not on a line) and $x_1,...,x_n$ in $\Bbb{R}^2$. I am looking for a necessary and sufficient condition in terms of the geometric configuration of these points such that for ...
6
votes
1answer
225 views

A question about a question about 3-dimensional convex bodies

For each positive integer n let E(n) denote n-dimensional Euclidean space and let the term "n-dimensional convex body" mean a compact convex subset of E(n) whose interior (with respect to E(n)) is ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Covering a convex body with its smaller homothetic copies

Given a convex body $C\subset R^d$ and a positive real $\lambda$, any set of the form $\lambda C + x = \{ \lambda c + x \mid c\in C \}$ for some $x\in R^d$ is called a homothetic copy of $C$. The ...
6
votes
0answers
143 views

Minkowski's convex body theorem for ellipsoids

Minkowski's theorem states that if $K\subseteq\mathbb{Z}^n$ is a convex compact set, $K=-K$, and $\mathrm{volume}(K)\geq 2^n$, then $K$ contains a nonzero integral vector. Can this bound be improved ...
5
votes
0answers
131 views

Hilbert metric and cross-ratio of points on simplices

Background and motivation: Consider the cone $C\subset \mathbb{R}^d$ of vectors with non-negative components, and let $\Delta\subset C$ be the simplex of probability vectors (those for which $\sum ...
0
votes
2answers
233 views

Higher dimensional convex hull

Let $CH(S)$ be a convex hull of a finite set $S$ and denote the set of all the vertices of $CH(S)$ as $Vert(S)$. For a vertex $v \in Vert(S)$, it has an associated set $E(v)$ which is defined as ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Maximal cross sections of the Cartesian product of two planar domains

Let $K$ and $L$ be two two-dimensional convex bodies, and consider their Cartesian product $K\times L\subseteq \mathbb R^4$. Now let $U_\theta\subseteq \mathbb R^4$ be the two-dimensional subspace ...
7
votes
0answers
279 views

Volume-like property to upper bound lattice points in a convex body

The following question arises in passing in a joint paper that I am working on. Let $K$ be a centrally symmetric convex body in an $n$-dimensional real vector space $V$ which contains a lattice $L$. ...
9
votes
2answers
212 views

Can you see smoothness of the boundary of a convex body from its shadow?

Let $d \geq 3$ and suppose that $K \subset \mathbb{R}^{d}$ is a convex body (compact, convex, non-empty interior). Is the following true? The boundary $\partial K$ is a $C^1$-manifold if and only ...
6
votes
0answers
114 views

Almost Isodiametric Sets

Hi, The isodiametric inequality tells us that, of all sets of diameter $r$, the one with the largest Lebesgue measure is the ball of radius $r/2$ - and this holds regardless of norm. Let $\tau(r)$ be ...
19
votes
4answers
573 views

Do random projections (approximately) preserve convexity?

The Johnson-Lindenstrauss lemma implies that any set of $k$ points in $\mathbb{R}^d$ can be randomly projected into $d' \approx \log(k)/\epsilon^2$ dimensions such that the distances between each pair ...
11
votes
1answer
320 views

Detecting a hidden convex body with line probes

Imagine that, somewhere inside an origin-centered, unit-radius sphere $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$, sits a convex body $K$ of volume vol$(K)=\alpha (\frac{4}{3} \pi)$, with $\alpha < 1$ the fraction of ...
5
votes
0answers
175 views

Generalization of the non-existence of a monostatic planar body

Domokos, Papadopulos, and Ruina showed that there does not exist a convex planar rigid body of uniform density which has only one orientation of stable equilibrium and one orientation of unstable ...
4
votes
0answers
119 views

Convexified threshold of a function

Upd. The question in a nutshell: find convex set on plane which is «closest» to a given non-convex set. It is given integrable function $0\leq f(x,y)\leq 1$ with bounded support: $f(x,y)=0$ when ...
11
votes
3answers
472 views

finding the most-isolated point in a high-dimensional cube

I have a set of points {$x_1,\ldots,x_n$} located in the d-dimensional unit cube $[0,1]^d$. $n$ is about 1000 and $d$ is about 25. I'd like to find $\max_{\omega\in [0,1]^d}\min_{i=1,\ldots,n} ...
5
votes
3answers
361 views

Tetrahedron angles sum to $\pi$: Bisector plane

I discovered empirically what to me is an amazing lemma concerning face angles of a tetrahedron. Let $\triangle abc$ be a triangle in the $xy$-plane, and $d$ the apex of a tetrahedron with positive ...
2
votes
0answers
143 views

Parameterizing infinitesimal perturbations of the sphere using signed measures

Let $\mathcal K^3$ be the space of convex bodies, with some metric $\delta$, and let $B$ be the unit ball. Let us define a volume-preserving perturbation of the sphere to be a continuous (substitute ...
9
votes
1answer
733 views

Reference request: Ehrhart's conjecture on the geometry of numbers

Conjecture (Ehrhart). If a convex body $K \subset {\mathbb R}^n$ has its barycenter at the origin and contains no other point with integer coordinates, the volume of $K$ is less than or equal to $(n ...
7
votes
3answers
250 views

Expected minimum face angle of random convex polyhedron in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $P_n$ be a "random convex polyhedron" in $\mathbb{R}^3$ of $n$ vertices, where "random" could follow any one of a number of models: (1) the convex hull of $n$ points randomly and uniformly ...
4
votes
1answer
290 views

Generalized widths and reverse Urysohn inequalities

This question is inspired by the discussion in MO questions "Local minimum from directional derivatives in the space of convex bodies" and "Bodies of constant width?" about generalized notions of ...
5
votes
0answers
258 views

Local minimum from directional derivatives in the space of convex bodies

I have a function $f(K)$ defined on the space of three-dimensional convex bodies for which I want to show that the unit ball $B$ is a local minimum. I have been able to show if $K$ is not homothetic ...
4
votes
4answers
882 views

Delaunay triangulations and convex hulls

This is a reference request. I have the impression that those who work in computational geometry are accustomed to the following. You have some locally finite set of sites in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and you ...
10
votes
3answers
894 views

Isometric (?) embedding problem.

Given a convex surface $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^3,$ you can associate to each point the length of the inward pointing normal contained inside $S.$ Call this quantity $s(x).$ Now, given a positive function ...
5
votes
1answer
323 views

Isometric embedding a convex cap to render its boundary planar

I would like to know if there is a polyhedral analog to this beautiful theorem of Hong: Theorem 11.0.1. Any smooth positive disk $(\bar{D},g)$ with a positive geodesic curvature along ...