The convergence tag has no wiki summary.

**31**

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**1**answer

644 views

### Rearrangements of a power series at the boundary of convergence

Take some power series $f(z) = \sum a_n z^n$ with a finite non-zero radius of convergence. I can rearrange the terms of the series, say, to get a different infinite series
$$f_{\sigma}(z) = ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Are weak and strong convergence of sequences not equivalent?

For some infinite-dimensional Banach spaces $E$, it is easy to find sequences $\langle x_i:i\in\mathbb N_0\rangle$ which converge to zero weakly but not in the norm topology, i.e. we have ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

294 views

### Ultralimit versus partial limit

Let $\omega$ be a nonprincipal ultrafilter on $\mathbb N$.
A standard construction gives an $\omega$-limit, say $x_\omega$, for any bounded sequence $(x_n)$ of real numbers.
Namely, there is unique ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

314 views

### What should the morphisms in the Category of Directed Sets be?

Directed sets are defined to be sets equipped with a preorder that admit (finitary) upper bounds e.g. pairs $(D, \preceq)$ such that $\forall p,q \in D$ there exists $r \in D$ such that $p \preceq r$ ...

**7**

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**2**answers

315 views

### Convergence rate of the convolution of almost uniform measures on $\mathbb{Z}_p$

Statement Given a finite abelian group $G$ and two independent random variables $X,Y$ taking values in $G$ and satisfying $d_{TV}(X,U_G)\leqslant \delta$ and $d_{TV}(Y,U_G)\leqslant \delta$ (where ...

**6**

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**2**answers

225 views

### What good is (strong) mixing in dynamical systems?

For measure-preserving dynamical systems, there exist several notions of mixing. The most basic ones are strong mixing, weak mixing and ergodicity (see the wikipedia page, for instance), asserting ...

**6**

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**2**answers

1k views

### On the continuity of $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} sin(nx) / n^\alpha$

I know that the series $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \sin(nx) / n^\alpha$, with $0 < \alpha < 1$, converges for $x \in [0,2\pi]$.
I'm trying to understand if the function $f(x) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty ...

**6**

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**1**answer

76 views

### Summability of ratios of moments a weight

Recently, I encounter the following problem:
Let $w$ be a probability density on $[0,1]$. Let mk be the $k$-th moment, i.e.,
$$m_k=\int_0^1t^kw(t)dt.$$
Under what condition can we have
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

871 views

### Convergence rate of the central limit theorem near the center of the distribution

I'm looking for fast convergence rates for the central limit theorem - when we are not near the tails of the distribution.
Specifically, from the general convergence rates stated in the Berry–Esseen ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

245 views

### Failure of the Pointwise Ergodic Theorem

It is known that Birkhoff's pointwise ergodic theorem (unlike von Neumann's mean ergodic Theorem) fails to hold for general Folner sequences.
The counter-example usually given is the Folner sequence ...

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**2**answers

330 views

### How general is the convergence of the exponential function's power series?

I asked essentially this over two weeks ago on MSE, and nothing was else was posted to that question.
Let $\mathbf{V}$ be a Fréchet space whose underlying set is $V$.
Let $\;\; \beta \: : \: V\times ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

490 views

### Central Limit Theorem (and Berry-Esseen theorem) for non-independent variables

Consider the triangular array $X_{n,k}$ such that, for each $n>0$, the variables $(X_{n,1},\cdots,X_{n,n})$ have the following properties:
For any given $1 \le L \le n$, all
subsets of
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

249 views

### Estimate on gaussian distribution

Let X be an $\mathbb R^d$-valued random variable with distribution $N_d(0,\Sigma)$. I'm looking for a function $f$ such that
$$P(|X_1|\leq M, |X_2|\leq M,\dots, |X_d|\leq M)\geq f(M),$$
and such that ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Weak convergence in $W^{1,p}_0$

Note from the answerer : this question stems from this article.
I ask this question in http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1206617
I have a bounded sequence $(u_n)$ from $W^{1,p}_0(\Omega)$ so ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

69 views

### Does this infinite sum arising from separation of variables converge?

This problem came up in a PDE where I used separation of variables to formally get a solution. Now I need to know whether that formal solution is sensible.
Let $a_k >0$ be an increasing sequence ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

96 views

### Rate of convergence of Bayesian posterior

Suppose a data generating process (DGP) is parameterized by some unknown parameter $\theta_0$, say $P_{\theta_0}$, and we want to estimate the value of $\theta_0$ using Bayesian method. Let ...

**4**

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**0**answers

184 views

### Well-founded families of sets and topological convergence

Background/Motivation
A space is scattered if every non-empty subset has an isolated point. A space is pseudoradial if every non-closed set contains a transfinite sequence (a well-ordered net) ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Does martingale convergence hold for arbitrary time?

Let $\{\mathcal B_i:i\in I\}$ be a family of $\sigma$-algebras (over the same set $\Omega$) which are totally ordered by inclusion, in the sense that for any $i,j\in I$ either $\mathcal ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

41 views

### Error for the convergence by distribution

A sequence of random variables $X_n$ converges in distribution to $X$, if there is pointwise convergence of its characteristic functions, i.e. $\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\phi_{X_n}(\lambda) = ...

**3**

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**1**answer

155 views

### On the domain of convergence of usual definition of Riemann zeta function [closed]

If we define Riemann zeta function as it is usually defined so that $$\zeta (s)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}n^{-s}=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}e^{-s\ln n}$$ then we can rewrite it as:
$$\zeta ...

**3**

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**2**answers

141 views

### Statistical properties of principal components and their convergence rates.

Hello everyone, I'm interested in doing statistical tests on properties of principal components, but none of the literature I've found so far seems quite right for my purposes. Many articles present ...

**3**

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**1**answer

255 views

### Convergence of random variables with hypergeometric distribution

This is a very interesting conjecture of large scale property of hypergeometric distribution.
Let $a>1$ be a integer constant, $N\in\mathbb{N_+}$, for any $x<N-1$, consider $N+(a-1)x$ balls in ...

**3**

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**0**answers

150 views

### Quantile convergence

Let $X^1,\dots,X^n$ be a sample of (not necessarily iid) random variables and denote
$$F^n(x)=\frac{1}{n}\sum_{i=1}^n \mathbf 1_{X^i\leq x}$$
the empirical distribution function. Suppose that we know ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

232 views

### Speed of convergence for Weyl's Equidistribution theorem

If $f$ is a continuous periodic fonction on $[0,1]$ and $a\not\in\mathbb{Q}$, the Weyl's equidistribution theorem states that
$$\frac{1}{n}\sum_{k=0}^{n-1}f(ak)\rightarrow \int_0^1 f(x)dx.$$
Can we ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### Convergence in norm of Sobolev spaces

I consider, for $s>\frac{1}{2}$, the space $L^{2,-s}(\mathbb{R}^3)=\bigg\lbrace{f: \int_{\mathbb{R}^3}|f(x)|^2(1+|x|^2)^{-s}<\infty\bigg\rbrace}$ and I have to show that the function ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Sufficient conditions for gradient descent convergence

I have an unconstrained optimisation problem with convex objective function $f(x)$. Suppose I have access only to some function of the gradient $\hat{\nabla}= g(\nabla f)$, and I take gradient steps ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

116 views

### Are there examples of functions in $L_1$ and $L_\infty$ whose Fourier series divergent (“weakly”)?

It is wellknown that there is a convergence in norm for Fourier series in $L_p$, if $1<p<\infty$, but are there some examples for pointwise divergence if $p=1,\infty$ in books, or somewhere? I ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Growth of the truncation of the integral multiples of an irrational number

Let $[a]$ denote the integral part of a real number $a$.
Let $a$ be an irrational number and $b$ a real number greater than $1$.
Consider the sequence $(b^n(na-[na]))$ with $n$ running on the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### Linear or quadratic combinations of i.i.d. random variables [closed]

I already posted this question here http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/769920/law-of-large-numbers-for-linear-quadratic-combinations-of-i-i-d-random-variab but I received no answers.
Let ...

**2**

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**1**answer

175 views

### Central Limit Theorem for additive function of permutations of sequences

Fix the finite sets $\mathcal{X}$ and $\mathcal{Y}$, and probability mass functions $P_X(x)$ and $P_Y(y)$ on these sets. Assume each value of $P_X(x)$ and $P_Y(y)$ is rational.
For each $n$ such ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

101 views

### Variant of Skorokhod's theorem

Consider the following situation:
$S, T$ are standard Borel spaces (say $S = [0,1]^k$, $T = [0,1]$ if it is helpful).
There is a a random variable $\zeta: \Omega \to S$.
$f_n(\zeta) \to^d \eta$, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### On uniform or simple convergence of Poisson Summation formula

Under good conditions on an even function $f(x)$ we have the Poisson Summation formula ($x>0$):
$$f(0) + 2 \sum\limits_{n =1}^{\infty} f(nx)= \frac{1}{x} \left( \hat{f}(0) + 2 \sum\limits_{n ...

**2**

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107 views

### Speed of Approach to Invariant Measure

Let $X_t$ represent a continuous-time Markov process on $\mathbb{R}^d$, say a diffusion with locally Lipschitz coefficients. Suppose that there exists a unique invariant measure $\mu$ on the space, ...

**2**

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**1**answer

242 views

### Using a probability measure, P, defined on uncountable sets to construct a probability measure, P' on singleton P-null sets

Let $\Omega$ be an uncountable set and $(\Omega, \mathcal{F},P)$ be a probability space built on $\Omega$.
Let $S \subset \{A \in \mathcal{F}: P(A)=0,\;|A|=1\}:|S|<\infty$ be a finite subset of ...

**2**

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**0**answers

98 views

### Pointwise convergence of ergodic averages of unconventional conditional expectations

Let $(X_i,Y_i)_{i\in\mathbb{Z}}$ be a finite-valued stationary process whose $\sigma$-algebra of tail events is trivial. Let $\mathcal{F}_n^m$ be the $\sigma$-algebra generated by $X_n,\dots,X_m$ ...

**2**

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69 views

### Convergence of Symmetric Iterative Proportional Fitting

Let $A$ denote a symmetric matrix of non-negative entries, whose rows (and columns) sum up to the all-positive vector $d := A\mathbf{1}$ with $\mathbf{1}$ the all-one-vector. Denote $D := diag(d)$ by ...

**2**

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**0**answers

79 views

### Greedy interpolation of functions

Let $f:[-1,1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function. Consider the following greedy algorithm for interpolation:
Set $r_0 = f$.
for $k = 0,1,\ldots,$
Find the location of the global ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### An inequality for Lp-functions

I am interested in the following inequality:
\begin{equation}
\int\limits_\Omega \left\vert f_1 - f_2 \right\vert^p ~ d\mu \le C_p \left[ \int\limits_\Omega \left\vert f_1 \right\vert^p ~ d\mu + ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

188 views

### Convergence of a sum to the integral

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a 1-periodic function. I am looking about the conditions on $(a,b)\in\mathbb{R}^2$ such that we have the property :
...

**1**

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**1**answer

187 views

### On methods for dealing with recursively defined sequences

Define $a_1=8$ and $a_n=\frac{4^{n+1}-2^{n+2}\sqrt{4^n-a_{n-1}}}{2}$ for $n\geq 2$.
By means of harmonic analysis methods it can be shown that $a_n$ converges to $\pi^2$ (this being the first ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

522 views

### Convergence of Newton series for sin ax

Let's define half discrete-analytic function as a function whose Newton series converges to that function for each $x>0$:
$$f(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{x}k \Delta^k f\left ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

218 views

### Convergence of Difference Quotients

Let $\gamma_{\varepsilon} \rightharpoonup \gamma$ in $W^{1,\infty}(0,1)$. Then for any fixed $s \in \mathbb (0,1)$ does the limit $\lim_{\varepsilon \rightarrow 0} ...

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**1**answer

72 views

### Division methods for divergent continued fractions

I hadn't even noticed before entering the subject above the parellel with the title of an earlier question posted here titled Summation methods for divergent series. And it's just mutatis mutandis as ...

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**1**answer

206 views

### Book on Convergence Concepts in Probability without Measure Theory [closed]

I am looking for a comprehensive book on Probability which discusses Convergence of Random Variables in detail, excluding portions of Measure Theory. Allan Gut's "Probability: A Graduate Course" seems ...

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**1**answer

194 views

### Abscissa of absolute convergence of the product of two Dirichlet series

I first asked the following question on Mathematics StackExchange (a few weeks ago), since the content of MathOverflow is mostly above my academic level. I didn't want to bother people on this forum ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

268 views

### Convergence of a Trigonometric Series

After working with a Fourier series for a while, I realized that it would be of great help to me if I could prove that the following limit is zero:
$$\lim_{N\to\infty}_{N\in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

74 views

### Local Uniform Convergence

Suppose $f(x)$ is a positive continuous function on $[0,\infty)$ and that $f(x+u)-f(x)\to 0$ as $x\to\infty$ for every given $u\in[0,\infty)$. Prove that, given any $a>0$, $f(x+u)-f(x)\to 0$, as ...

**1**

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**1**answer

193 views

### Central limit theorem and convergence of means [closed]

If $Z_1,Z_2,Z_3,\ldots$ are i.i.d. with $P(Z_i=-1) = P(Z_i=+1) = \frac 12,$ then we have by the Central Limit Theorem that $\frac{\sum_{i=1}^n Z_i}{\sqrt{n}}\stackrel{d}{\to} \mathcal{N}(0,1),$ so ...

**1**

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**1**answer

105 views

### Preserving Predimension Functions under Functional Convergences

Definition 1. If $\mathcal{L}$ is a countable relational language, a predimension class $C$ is a class of $\mathcal{L}$-structures with the following properties:
C1: ...

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**1**answer

311 views

### Pointwise convergence of double Fourier series

I'm looking for references/theorems that deal with the pointwise convergence of double Fourier series expansions for a particular function.
Let $D \subseteq [-\pi, +\pi]^2$ be an arbitrary set of ...