The convergence tag has no wiki summary.

**5**

votes

**2**answers

323 views

### How general is the convergence of the exponential function's power series?

I asked essentially this over two weeks ago on MSE, and nothing was else was posted to that question.
Let $\mathbf{V}$ be a Fréchet space whose underlying set is $V$.
Let $\;\; \beta \: : \: V\times ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

97 views

### Interior point optimisation using big M for L1 norm on linear system using Dikin's Affine method

I am a 4th year undergrad surveying student studying computations, specifically $L_{1}$ norm minimisation of residuals in large data sets. To start with (and probably to finish with) I'm using a set ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### An inequality for Lp-functions

I am interested in the following inequality:
\begin{equation}
\int\limits_\Omega \left\vert f_1 - f_2 \right\vert^p ~ d\mu \le C_p \left[ \int\limits_\Omega \left\vert f_1 \right\vert^p ~ d\mu + ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### non-trivial convergent sequence [duplicate]

I have reached a deadlock to find a example to show that a compact Hausdorff space does not need to have a no non-trivial convergent sequence.(except $\beta\omega$)
can you give me a example of ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

312 views

### What should the morphisms in the Category of Directed Sets be?

Directed sets are defined to be sets equipped with a preorder that admit (finitary) upper bounds e.g. pairs $(D, \preceq)$ such that $\forall p,q \in D$ there exists $r \in D$ such that $p \preceq r$ ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

231 views

### Speed of convergence for Weyl's Equidistribution theorem

If $f$ is a continuous periodic fonction on $[0,1]$ and $a\not\in\mathbb{Q}$, the Weyl's equidistribution theorem states that
$$\frac{1}{n}\sum_{k=0}^{n-1}f(ak)\rightarrow \int_0^1 f(x)dx.$$
Can we ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### On the continuity of $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} sin(nx) / n^\alpha$

I know that the series $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \sin(nx) / n^\alpha$, with $0 < \alpha < 1$, converges for $x \in [0,2\pi]$.
I'm trying to understand if the function $f(x) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

185 views

### Convergence of a sum to the integral

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a 1-periodic function. I am looking about the conditions on $(a,b)\in\mathbb{R}^2$ such that we have the property :
...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

488 views

### weak star convergence [closed]

if $F$ is a Banach space and $f_n \subset F^* $ weak star convergent to $f\in F^*$. If further $x\in F$ is the weak limit of $(x_n)_n \subset F$ does then $f_n(x_n) \longrightarrow f(x)$ hold?
We ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

305 views

### Pointwise convergence of double Fourier series

I'm looking for references/theorems that deal with the pointwise convergence of double Fourier series expansions for a particular function.
Let $D \subseteq [-\pi, +\pi]^2$ be an arbitrary set of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

117 views

### Bounding a recursively defined sequence

I have a sequence $\lambda_0,\lambda_1,\ldots,$ which is defined recursively as
$$ \lambda_0 = \frac{1}{2},$$
and
$$\lambda_{k+1} = \max_{\lambda\in [1,b]} \left(\frac{1}{2\lambda}\prod_{0\leq ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### splitting one limit into two?

Suppose I have the limit
$\lim_{m\rightarrow \infty}\frac{\sum_{k=0}^ma_{k,m}}{\sum_{k=0}^mb_{k,m}}$.
When can I write this as
$\lim_{n\rightarrow \infty}\lim_{m\rightarrow \infty} ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

179 views

### Well-founded families of sets and topological convergence

Background/Motivation
A space is scattered if every non-empty subset has an isolated point. A space is pseudoradial if every non-closed set contains a transfinite sequence (a well-ordered net) ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

148 views

### Weak convergence in measure for negligible sets.

Let $X$ be a Polish space and $(P_n)$ a sequence of Borel probabilities which converges weakly in measure to a Borel probability $P$. By this i mean that for any $f\in C_b(X)$ which is continuous and ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

336 views

### Limit with theorem of dominated convergence

Let $f\in L^{2,s}(\mathbb{R}^3)=\bigg\lbrace u\bigg|\int_{\mathbb{R}^3}dx\,|u(x)|^2(1+|x|^2)^s<\infty\bigg\rbrace$ ($s>\frac{1}{2}$)
I have to calculate this limit
$$\lim_{|x-y|\to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### Convergence in norm of Sobolev spaces

I consider, for $s>\frac{1}{2}$, the space $L^{2,-s}(\mathbb{R}^3)=\bigg\lbrace{f: \int_{\mathbb{R}^3}|f(x)|^2(1+|x|^2)^{-s}<\infty\bigg\rbrace}$ and I have to show that the function ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

107 views

### Exponential Ergodicity for Reflected Brownian Motion in a Bounded Domain

Assume we have a reflected Brownian motion in a smooth bounded domain $D \subseteq \mathbb R^d$. It can have nonzero (but constant) drift, non-identity (but constant) covariance matrix, and oblique ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### Central Limit Theorem for additive function of permutations of sequences

Fix the finite sets $\mathcal{X}$ and $\mathcal{Y}$, and probability mass functions $P_X(x)$ and $P_Y(y)$ on these sets. Assume each value of $P_X(x)$ and $P_Y(y)$ is rational.
For each $n$ such ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

140 views

### Statistical properties of principal components and their convergence rates.

Hello everyone, I'm interested in doing statistical tests on properties of principal components, but none of the literature I've found so far seems quite right for my purposes. Many articles present ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

474 views

### Central Limit Theorem (and Berry-Esseen theorem) for non-independent variables

Consider the triangular array $X_{n,k}$ such that, for each $n>0$, the variables $(X_{n,1},\cdots,X_{n,n})$ have the following properties:
For any given $1 \le L \le n$, all
subsets of
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

172 views

### convergence of sets and limit of an integral

Let $X\subset\mathbb{R}$ and $Y\subset\mathbb{R}$ be compact sets.
Let $f:X\times Y\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ be a $C^{1}$ function.
Let $s:Y\rightarrow X$ be a function (not necessarily continuous).
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

614 views

### Is an L_1 bounded sequence of random variables with uniformly converging CDFs uniformly integrable?

Changing my question in light of Dan's answer. Thanks, Dan.
Consider a sequence of real random variables $X_i$ bounded in $L_1$, that is $\mathbb E\left|X_i\right|\leq M$ for all $i$. Suppose that ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### Failure of the Pointwise Ergodic Theorem

It is known that Birkhoff's pointwise ergodic theorem (unlike von Neumann's mean ergodic Theorem) fails to hold for general Folner sequences.
The counter-example usually given is the Folner sequence ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Does martingale convergence hold for arbitrary time?

Let $\{\mathcal B_i:i\in I\}$ be a family of $\sigma$-algebras (over the same set $\Omega$) which are totally ordered by inclusion, in the sense that for any $i,j\in I$ either $\mathcal ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

287 views

### Ultralimit versus partial limit

Let $\omega$ be a nonprincipal ultrafilter on $\mathbb N$.
A standard construction gives an $\omega$-limit, say $x_\omega$, for any bounded sequence $(x_n)$ of real numbers.
Namely, there is unique ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

316 views

### Series with iterated log's: does it converge?

This came up in our office today. Let
$$f(x) = \begin{cases} x & \mbox{if } x\leq 1 \cr x\cdot f(\ln(x)) & \mbox{otherwise}\end{cases}$$
Does this series converge?
$$ \sum_{n=1}^\infty ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

183 views

### On methods for dealing with recursively defined sequences

Define $a_1=8$ and $a_n=\frac{4^{n+1}-2^{n+2}\sqrt{4^n-a_{n-1}}}{2}$ for $n\geq 2$.
By means of harmonic analysis methods it can be shown that $a_n$ converges to $\pi^2$ (this being the first ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

443 views

### Definition and Convergence of Iteratively Reweighted Least Squares

I've been using iteratively reweighted least squares (IRLS) to minimize functions of the following form,
$J(m) = \sum_{i=1}^{N} \rho \left(\left| x_i - m \right|\right)$
where $N$ is the number of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

227 views

### Convergence of a function in a metric space to its metric.

Given a metric space $(\mathbb{A},d)$ in $\mathbb{R^n}$ with a metric $d$ being the Euclidean metric:
If $\lim_{t \rightarrow \infty}||A_{t+1}-A_t||\rightarrow 0$ is a convergent sequence where $A$ ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

250 views

### Convergence of Fourier series for $C^p$ functions

Let $f \in C^p[0,2\pi]$ and periodic. Denote $\omega_p$ as the moduli of continuous of $f^{(p)}$. Then
$
|f - S_Nf| \le K \frac{\log{N}}{N^p}\omega_p(2\pi/N),
$
where $S_N$ is the Fourier partial sum ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

214 views

### Convergence of Difference Quotients

Let $\gamma_{\varepsilon} \rightharpoonup \gamma$ in $W^{1,\infty}(0,1)$. Then for any fixed $s \in \mathbb (0,1)$ does the limit $\lim_{\varepsilon \rightarrow 0} ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

614 views

### Weak versus strong convergence

This is my first time posting.
I am well aware that an $L^2$ weakly converging sequence is not convergent in the corresponding strong topology. However, my question is as follows, do the sequence of ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

520 views

### Convergence of Newton series for sin ax

Let's define half discrete-analytic function as a function whose Newton series converges to that function for each $x>0$:
$$f(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{x}k \Delta^k f\left ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

359 views

### Uniform convergence of a series to exponent [closed]

I'm trying to prove that in the complex plane $\left(1+\frac{z}{n}\right)^n$ converges uniformly to $e^z$ in every closed disc $|z|\leq c$. I thought about showing the sequence as a logarithm of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

169 views

### Convergence of $L^p$ means and/or norms

Dear all,
I have a question about convergence of $L^p$-means. It can be shown (Inequalities, Theorem 193, Hardy, Littlewood, Polya) that
$\forall f \in L^p(D,\mu)\cap L^\infty(D,\mu), M_p(f) = ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Sufficient conditions for gradient descent convergence

I have an unconstrained optimisation problem with convex objective function $f(x)$. Suppose I have access only to some function of the gradient $\hat{\nabla}= g(\nabla f)$, and I take gradient steps ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Are weak and strong convergence of sequences not equivalent?

For some infinite-dimensional Banach spaces $E$, it is easy to find sequences $\langle x_i:i\in\mathbb N_0\rangle$ which converge to zero weakly but not in the norm topology, i.e. we have ...