The convergence tag has no wiki summary.

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### convergence of sets and limit of an integral

Let $X\subset\mathbb{R}$ and $Y\subset\mathbb{R}$ be compact sets.
Let $f:X\times Y\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ be a $C^{1}$ function.
Let $s:Y\rightarrow X$ be a function (not necessarily continuous).
...

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### Is an L_1 bounded sequence of random variables with uniformly converging CDFs uniformly integrable?

Changing my question in light of Dan's answer. Thanks, Dan.
Consider a sequence of real random variables $X_i$ bounded in $L_1$, that is $\mathbb E\left|X_i\right|\leq M$ for all $i$. Suppose that ...

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### Failure of the Pointwise Ergodic Theorem

It is known that Birkhoff's pointwise ergodic theorem (unlike von Neumann's mean ergodic Theorem) fails to hold for general Folner sequences.
The counter-example usually given is the Folner sequence ...

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### Does martingale convergence hold for arbitrary time?

Let $\{\mathcal B_i:i\in I\}$ be a family of $\sigma$-algebras (over the same set $\Omega$) which are totally ordered by inclusion, in the sense that for any $i,j\in I$ either $\mathcal ...

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### Ultralimit versus partial limit

Let $\omega$ be a nonprincipal ultrafilter on $\mathbb N$.
A standard construction gives an $\omega$-limit, say $x_\omega$, for any bounded sequence $(x_n)$ of real numbers.
Namely, there is unique ...

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### Series with iterated log's: does it converge?

This came up in our office today. Let
$$f(x) = \begin{cases} x & \mbox{if } x\leq 1 \cr x\cdot f(\ln(x)) & \mbox{otherwise}\end{cases}$$
Does this series converge?
$$ \sum_{n=1}^\infty ...

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### On methods for dealing with recursively defined sequences

Define $a_1=8$ and $a_n=\frac{4^{n+1}-2^{n+2}\sqrt{4^n-a_{n-1}}}{2}$ for $n\geq 2$.
By means of harmonic analysis methods it can be shown that $a_n$ converges to $\pi^2$ (this being the first ...

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### Definition and Convergence of Iteratively Reweighted Least Squares

I've been using iteratively reweighted least squares (IRLS) to minimize functions of the following form,
$J(m) = \sum_{i=1}^{N} \rho \left(\left| x_i - m \right|\right)$
where $N$ is the number of ...

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### Convergence of a function in a metric space to its metric.

Given a metric space $(\mathbb{A},d)$ in $\mathbb{R^n}$ with a metric $d$ being the Euclidean metric:
If $\lim_{t \rightarrow \infty}||A_{t+1}-A_t||\rightarrow 0$ is a convergent sequence where $A$ ...

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### Convergence of Fourier series for $C^p$ functions

Let $f \in C^p[0,2\pi]$ and periodic. Denote $\omega_p$ as the moduli of continuous of $f^{(p)}$. Then
$
|f - S_Nf| \le K \frac{\log{N}}{N^p}\omega_p(2\pi/N),
$
where $S_N$ is the Fourier partial sum ...

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### Convergence of Difference Quotients

Let $\gamma_{\varepsilon} \rightharpoonup \gamma$ in $W^{1,\infty}(0,1)$. Then for any fixed $s \in \mathbb (0,1)$ does the limit $\lim_{\varepsilon \rightarrow 0} ...

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### Weak versus strong convergence

This is my first time posting.
I am well aware that an $L^2$ weakly converging sequence is not convergent in the corresponding strong topology. However, my question is as follows, do the sequence of ...

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### Convergence of Newton series for sin ax

Let's define half discrete-analytic function as a function whose Newton series converges to that function for each $x>0$:
$$f(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{x}k \Delta^k f\left ...

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### Uniform convergence of a series to exponent [closed]

I'm trying to prove that in the complex plane $\left(1+\frac{z}{n}\right)^n$ converges uniformly to $e^z$ in every closed disc $|z|\leq c$. I thought about showing the sequence as a logarithm of ...

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### Convergence of $L^p$ means and/or norms

Dear all,
I have a question about convergence of $L^p$-means. It can be shown (Inequalities, Theorem 193, Hardy, Littlewood, Polya) that
$\forall f \in L^p(D,\mu)\cap L^\infty(D,\mu), M_p(f) = ...

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### Sufficient conditions for gradient descent convergence

I have an unconstrained optimisation problem with convex objective function $f(x)$. Suppose I have access only to some function of the gradient $\hat{\nabla}= g(\nabla f)$, and I take gradient steps ...

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### Are weak and strong convergence of sequences not equivalent?

For some infinite-dimensional Banach spaces $E$, it is easy to find sequences $\langle x_i:i\in\mathbb N_0\rangle$ which converge to zero weakly but not in the norm topology, i.e. we have ...