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65
votes
9answers
10k views

Solutions to the Continuum Hypothesis

(A related MO question: What is the general opinion on the Generalized Continuum Hypothesis? ) Background The Continuum Hypothesis (CH) posed by Cantor in 1890 asserts that $ \aleph_1=2^{\aleph_0}$. ...
17
votes
2answers
483 views

Intersection of compact sets in the unit interval

Let $\mathscr K$ be an uncountable set such that every $K\in\mathscr K$ is a compact subset of $[0,1]$ with positive Lebesgue measure. Does it then follow that there exists an uncountable $\mathscr ...
17
votes
1answer
894 views

The Continuum Hypothesis and Countable Unions

I recently edited an answer of mine on math.SE which discussed the implication of the two assertions: $AH(0)$ which is $2^{\aleph_0}=\aleph_1$, and $CH$ which says that if $A\subseteq 2^{\omega}$ ...
14
votes
4answers
1k views

A New Continuum Hypothesis (Revised Version)

Define $N_n$ as $n$ th natural number: $N_0=0, N_1=1, N_2=2, ...$. What happens after exponentiation? We have the following equation: $2^{N_n}=N_{2^{n}}$. (Which says: For all finite cardinal $n$ ...
13
votes
3answers
865 views

When was the continuum hypothesis born?

The question Solutions to the Continuum Hypothesis states that the continuum hypothesis was posed by Cantor in 1890. In http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Continuum_hypothesis the year 1878 is quoted ...
13
votes
2answers
349 views

Why does CH imply that there is a unique ultrapower of $\mathbb{N}$?

I've read these words: "How many ultra products $āˆ_Uā„•$ exist up to isomorphism, where $U$ is a non-principal ultrafilter over $ā„•$? If continuum hypothesis(CH) holds, then obviously just one ..." i ...
12
votes
2answers
834 views

Continuum Hypothesis

I am new here, so forgive me if this question does not satisfy the protocols of the site. I know there are so many equivalents to the AC (axiom of choice) and there are books that lists this ...
12
votes
1answer
291 views

Families of pairwise incomparable subsets of the integers

Certain maximal objects whose existence follows from Zorn's Lemma have received some set-theoretic attention. Examples are maximal independent families and maximal almost disjoint families. There is ...
11
votes
1answer
360 views

Open coloring axiom vs. CH

Is there a simple, direct proof that the open coloring axiom contradicts CH (straight from the definitions, no machinery allowed)? The separable metric spaces version of OCA, if that helps. Edit: ...
10
votes
1answer
370 views

Ground Axiom and behaviors of continuum function

The Ground Axiom ($GA$) is the assertion that the universe of sets ($V$) is not a forcing extension of any inner model $W$ by nontrivial forcing $P\in W$. Is $GA$ consistent with any possible ...
9
votes
1answer
291 views

Conceptual Structuralism and Continuum hypothesis

In Ferefman's paper 'Is the Continuum Hypothesis a definite mathematical problem?', he argues that within the philosophy of conceptual structuralism, the continuum hypothesis is not a definite ...
8
votes
0answers
224 views

Ultrapowers of Banach spaces without the continuum hypothesis

Let $\mathcal{U}$ be a non-trivial ultrafilter on the set of integers $\mathbb{N}$, and let $C(K)$ denote the Banach space of continuous functions on a compact $K$. Under the continuum hypothesis CH, ...
7
votes
1answer
236 views

The Ground Axiom for special statements of set theory

The Ground Axiom (GA), introduced by Hamkins and Reitz, asserts that the universe is not a nontrivial set forcing extension of any inner model, and it is known that GA is consistent relative to ZFC. ...
7
votes
1answer
289 views

Making all cardinals countable and its HOD

Suppose that $G$ is $Col(\omega, <Ord)$-generic over $V$ and let $W=HOD^{V[G]}$. Is $CH$ true in $W$? In general, what can we say about the behaviour of the power function in $W$? Update. Are the ...
6
votes
3answers
494 views

Very Large Cardinal Axioms and Continuum Hypothesis

Are very large cardinal axioms like $I_0$, $I_1$, $I_2$ consistent with $CH$ and $GCH$?
6
votes
2answers
331 views

The First Failure of GCH in Large Cardinals Smaller than Measurables

A well known theorem by Scott says: If $\kappa$ is a measurable cardinal and $\mu$ a normal measure on it and $\mu (\lbrace\lambda\in\kappa~|~2^{\lambda}=\lambda^{+}\rbrace)=1$ then ...
6
votes
1answer
166 views

An explicit construction of reals added after some forcing notions

Consider the forcing notion(s) introduced by Friedman (or Mitchell or Neeman) for adding a club subset of $\omega_2$ by finite conditions. In the generic extension CH fails, but I can't see the reals ...
5
votes
3answers
550 views

PFA: A New Godel's Program & A New Large Cardinal Ladder (Updated)

We know $PFA$ implies $2^{\aleph_0}=\aleph_2$. Q1. What does $PFA$ say about other values of continuum function? Does proper forcing axiom carry any further information about values of continuum ...
5
votes
1answer
151 views

Intermediate submodels and the continuum hypothesis

Let $V$ be a model of $ZFC+GCH$ and let $V[G]$ be a generic extension of $V$ in which $CH$ fails. Question 1. Is there a model $W$ such that: 1) $V \subseteq W \subseteq V[G],$ 2) $W\models CH,$ ...
4
votes
3answers
319 views

Minimal Generalized Continuum Hypothesis & Axiom of Choice

It is well known that working in the frame of $\text{ZF}$, the Generalized Continuum Hypothesis ($\text{GCH}$) implies the Axiom of Choice ($\text{AC}$), i.e. $\text{ZF}+\text{GCH}\vdash \text{AC}$. ...
4
votes
2answers
548 views

Are all models of ZF + DC + “All set of reals are lebesgue measurable” also models of CH? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Lebesgue Measurability and Weak CH I have studied a little set theory and I found that Solovay constructed a model of ZF+DC+"All set of reals are Lebesgue measurable" and ...
1
vote
1answer
349 views

Cardinal Arithmetic, foundations and constructive math

This is not my area but a question occurred to me that I can not find the answer to. There is a very strong axiom of constructibility which ironically gives us highly non-constructive math (GCH is one ...