Contact manifolds, contact structures, contact forms, Reeb dynamics, Legendrian knots, contact homology, symplectic field theory

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

5
votes
0answers
186 views

Schoenflies and symplectic topology

The final report from a workshop on Morse theory in low-dimensional and symplectic topology includes the following question, posed by Michael Hutchings: Can we apply symplectic geometry to solve the ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

What is the “type” of a contact vector field?

Let $(M,\theta)$ be a $(2n+1)$-dimensional contact manifold, $\mathcal{C}=\ker\theta$ the contact distribution, and $X\in\mathcal{C}$ a vector field belonging to $\mathcal{C}$. In a couple of minor ...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

Symplectic (contact) structure on $M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$

Assume that $n$ is an even number. What is a natural symplectic structure on $M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$, such that for every $1\leq k \leq n$ the manifold of $k$-rank matrices would be invariant under ...
3
votes
2answers
263 views

Boundary geometry of a contact manifold

Let $(M, \xi = \text{ker}\,\alpha)$ be a compact contact manifold with non-empty boundary. Vaguely asked, is there any natural geometric structure on the boundary $\partial M$ induced from the contact ...
3
votes
2answers
167 views

Modifying the Reeb vector field by multplying by a function

Given a contact 3-manifold $(M,\omega)$ and its Reeb vector field $R$ and contact structure $\Delta$, I want to understand in some sense 'how large' is the set of Reeb vector fields supported by ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Regularity of the taut foliation

In Eliashberg-Thurston's famous paper "Confoliations" Corollary 3.2.11, they proved that Irreducible three manifold with $b_{1}>0$ admits semi-fillable contact structure using Gabai's theorem in ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

why is there such a 1-form on a planar open book?

Suppose $B$ is the binding (with more than one component) of a planar open book on a 3-manifold $Y$ and let $L\subset B$ be the complement of a single component of the binding. Now we perform ...
5
votes
1answer
370 views

Are there spaces in which there are no fibered knots?

I am looking for orientable closed 3-manifolds in which there are no fibered knots. Although I know little about this, I think for links the answer to the question above is "no", and the result is ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

Is there a known Legendrian simple link?

Several knots like unknot, $4_1$, $3_1$ are known to be Legendrian simple, i.e., Thurston-Bennequin number and rotation number determine Legendrian type completely. How about the same notion for link ...
0
votes
0answers
89 views

Floer homology for manifolds with contact boundary

I am reading the paper " A survey of floer homology for manifolds with contact boundary" by A. Oancea. In theorem 2.1, he discussed the invariance of Viterbo's theory of symplectic homology with ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Reeb orbit and open books

Weinstein conjecture is about existence of a closed orbit of the Reeb vector field on every contact manifold. On the other hand, we know every contact 3-manifold admits a compatible open book, which ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

Symplectic Submanifolds of Contact Manifolds and Contact Submanifolds of Symplectic Manifolds

We know every contact manifold admits a symplectic submanifold, e.g., by Giroux's bijection : if $\omega$ is a contact form for a 3-manifold $M^3$ , then $d \omega$ is symplectic on the fibers of the ...
3
votes
1answer
254 views

Generalization of Giroux's Theorem for Higher Dimensions?

Just wanted to know if Giroux's theorem for 3-dimensional contact manifolds can be generalized: In contact geometry for manifolds of dimension 3 , we have Giroux's theorem , stating that for any ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Embedded Contact Homology and Manifold Decompositions

Embedded Contact Homology (ECH) defines an invariant for contact 3 manifolds. It does this by considering certain J-holomorphic curves in $\mathbb R\times Y$ and "counting" them. In the symplectic ...
5
votes
0answers
213 views

Gompf's invariant of $2$-plane fields

I am interested in low dimensional contact topology. These days I read "Handlebody construction of Stein surfaces" written by R. E. Gompf, and study an invariant $\theta (\xi)$. This invariant is ...
3
votes
2answers
110 views

non-isotopic but homotopic tight contact structure

By a theorem of Eliashberg, two overtwisted contact structures on a 3-manifold which belong to the same homotopy class (as plane fields), are also isotopic (through contact structures). Is there an ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

This weaker version of CR-structure: is it studied somewhere

When I study 5-dimensional $\mathcal{N} = 1$ supersymmetry, I came across such structure as follows. $(R, \kappa, \Phi, M)$ is an almost contact 5-manifold, such that \begin{equation} \kappa ...
11
votes
3answers
590 views

Is there a “unique” homogeneous contact structure on odd-dimensional spheres?

Let $S^{2n-1}\subset\mathbb{C}^{n}$, and denote by $\langle\,\cdot\,,\,\cdot\,\rangle$ the Hermitian product. Then $$ \mathcal{C}_p:=\{\xi\in T_pS^{2n-1}\mid\langle p,\xi\rangle=0\},\quad p\in ...
8
votes
2answers
264 views

The importance of differentiable dynamics from outside dynamics? (mainly topology)

I'm looking for examples that highlight how dynamical systems (particularly, Hamiltonian and Reeb dynamics) can be used to shed light in other areas of mathematics. This could potentially include ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Legendrian knots on pages of a compatible open book

Suppose we have a Legendrian knot embedded on a page of an open book compatible with the given contact structure on the 3-manifold. Is it true that the page framing and Thurston-Bennequin framing of ...
2
votes
1answer
242 views

Meaning of “ Open Book cannot be Stabilized Further”?

I'm going over some old notes on Giroux's theorem on the equivalence ( bijection, actually) between open books ( up to positive stabilization) for 3-manifolds and contact structures ( up to isotopy.) ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Factor of 2 In the Definition of Metric Contact Structure

In Blair's book and many many literatures, I see definition of a contact metric manifold which involves a relation \begin{equation} d\kappa \left( {X,Y} \right) = g\left( {X,\Phi Y} \right) ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

3d-analog of “every 2d oriented manifold is complex”

Is there an analog of the statement of "every 2d oriented surface is a complex manifold"? I saw a theorem in Blair's book, that "every 3d contact metric manifold is a strongly pseudo convex CR ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

a section invariant under Reeb flow

Let $M$ be a compact contact manifold with $R$ the Reeb vector field. Let $E$ be some vector bundle of gauge group $G$, say, $G = SU(2)$ and $E$ is the adjoint vector bundle. So my question is: If ...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

Extending Reeb field from contact submanifold to ambient contact manifold

Let $(Y,\lambda)$ be a contact manifold, with a codimension-2 contact submanifold $(S,\lambda|_S)$ (this requires $TS\pitchfork\text{Ker}\lambda$). On $Y$ there is a natural vector field, the Reeb ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

contact metric structure on squashed spheres

My goal to write down an explicit (and simplest) contact metric structure on squashed $S_\omega^{2n + 1}$ defined as \begin{equation} S_\omega ^{2n + 1} = \left\{ {\left( {{z_i}} \right) \in ...
3
votes
1answer
166 views

Comparing Contact Structures: What do we Mean when we Say that two Contact Structures are Homotopic/Eliashbergs Class. of OT structures

Please forgive me if this is too simple for MO; most of my posts on anything contact-structure-related in Math Stack, other sites, have barely received answers (maybe because I'm not an expert in the ...
3
votes
0answers
236 views

Transversality in Bourgeois Oancea's non-equivariant contact homology

In their paper, "AN EXACT SEQUENCE FOR CONTACT- AND SYMPLECTIC HOMOLOGY", Bourgeois and Oancea defined, whenever there is sufficient transversality, a "non-equivariant contact homology". Essentially, ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Contact structures transverse to a given line bundle

Let M be a orientable three dimensional manifold with a 1 dimensional continuous distributon $F$ (i.e 1 dimensional subbundle of TM). It is known that every orientable three dimensional manifold ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Extendability of Contact Structures; Foliations of $S^2$

I am currently reading Eliashberg's paper on the classification of overtwisted contact structures (http://bogomolov-lab.ru/G-sem/eliashberg-tight-overtwisted.pdf). In it, there is the following ...
2
votes
1answer
245 views

How to compute Conley-Zehnder indices on prequantization spaces?

My question is pretty much as in the title. On page 100 of his thesis, Bourgeois gives a computation of the CZ(or I suppose more correctly this is the Robbin-Salamon index) index of the Reeb orbits ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

Determining Tightness/Overtwistedness of Contact Structure using Lift of Structure to the Universal Cover

All: I would appreciate any ideas, refs., etc. on the following: Let $M^3$ be a contact 3-manifold, and let $X$ be its universal cover. Then the contact structure, say $\eta$ on $M^3$ lifts to a ...
3
votes
2answers
352 views

Automorphisms of Surfaces, Open Books and Contact Structures

Let $S$ be a surface with non-empty boundary $\partial S$ and let $f$ be an element of MCG(S), the Mapping Class Group of S, i.e., the group of self-diffeomorphisms of S up to isotopy, but with $f$ ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Group of CR automorphisms

Let $(M, D, J)$ be a strictly pseudoconvex hypersurface type CR manifold with $J$ integrable. Let $D$ be the kernel of a $1$-form $\eta_0$. As known the automorphism group is defined to be $$ CR = \{ ...
7
votes
1answer
146 views

Why is the dividing set nonempty when a convex surface has Legendrian boundary?

I am an undergrad and curious about the following question. Let $(Y,\xi)$ be a contact manifold, and $L\subset (Y,\xi)$ be a Legendrian knot which is the boundary of a convex surface $\Sigma$ embedded ...
4
votes
1answer
301 views

Is there a Legendrian Neighbourhood Theorem also for non-cooriented contact manifolds?

Context According to Arnol'd, a contact structure on a smooth manifold $M$ is given by a corank 1 tangent distribution $C$ which is maximally non-integrable; this means that, for any local $1$-form ...
1
vote
1answer
367 views

pre-quantization of Jet bundle

We know that the notion of Jet bundle $J^kM×\mathbb{R}$, is generalization of cotangent bundle. What is the prequantization of $J^kM×\mathbb{R}$?
3
votes
2answers
590 views

Legendrian Tubular Neighborhood Theorem

Given a Lagrangian submanifold $L\subset(M,\omega)$ of a symplectic manifold, we have Alan Weinstein's celebrated Lagrangian tubular neighborhood theorem. I now look for the analog on Legendrian ...
1
vote
0answers
125 views

Classification of (almost) contact structures on $S^3$

Question: Is there a classification of almost contact or contact structures on $S^3$? What is it and references? The motivation of this question is as follows: (1) There is one paper showing that a ...
2
votes
2answers
214 views

question on Thurston-Bennequin number

I have three questions actually: 1- is it true that in a sufficiently small neighborhood of Legendrian knot in a 3-manifold we can find another Legendrian knot? 2- If the above is true, suppose we ...
3
votes
1answer
336 views

Shortest geodesic loop vs. shortest periodic geodesic

Are there simple conditions on a Riemannian metric on the two-sphere that imply that a geodesic loop of minimal length is actually a periodic geodesic? For example, is this true for small ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Minimal Legendrian submanifolds and laplacian of particular functions

I'm reading the paper Lê, Hôngvân(D-MPI-NS); Wang, Guofang(PRC-ASBJ-MSY) A characterization of minimal Legendrian submanifolds in $S^{2n+1}$. Compositio Math. 129 (2001), no. 1, 87–93. Let $x: L^n ...
2
votes
0answers
120 views

Homotoping a 2-plane field on a closed orientable 3-manifold to a contact structure

I am a beginner in Contact Geometry. To prove that the inclusion $\text{Cont}(M)\hookrightarrow \text{Dist}(M)$ induces surjection at $\pi_0$ level, the closest I got was based on Ko Honda's notes. ...
1
vote
1answer
183 views

Contact structures and adjunction inequality in 3-manifolds

It is a theorem of Eliashberg that in a tight contact 3-manifold $(M, \xi)$ we have the adjunction inequality $|\langle e(s),[\Sigma] \rangle| \leq -\chi(\Sigma) $ where $s=s(\xi)$ is the ...
4
votes
2answers
645 views

Tight vs. overtwisted contact structure

I know the familiar differences between tight and overtwisted contact structures. For example, each homotopy class of plane-bundles on a three-manifold has an overtwisted representative but tight ...
1
vote
1answer
499 views

the existence of (almost) contact (metric) structure

I am trying to understand some basic facts about (almost) contact (metric) structure, especially on 3-manifolds 5-manifolds. (1) I saw statement that "any compact oriented 3-manifold admit contact ...
1
vote
0answers
145 views

The shape operator and an almost contact structure of a real hypersurface in $\mathbb{C}^n$

Let $S$ be an immersed real hypersurface in the Euclidean $\mathbb{C}^n$ with the standard complex structure $J$. Let $A:T(S)\rightarrow T(S)$ be the shape operator of $S$ (e.g. w.r.t. the outer ...
1
vote
0answers
287 views

a question about contact manifolds

Let $\mathfrak{g}=< X_{f_1},X_{f_2},...,X_{f_n}> $ be a lie algebra of contact symmetries , $\mathfrak{g}\subset Sym(E_\omega )$ , such that the orbit spact $ B_\mathfrak{g}=E_\mathfrak{g}/ ...
3
votes
1answer
138 views

Contact structures on pseudo-riemannian manifolds

I am looking for references on contact structures in the framework of pseudo-riemannian manifolds. For instance on the Lorentz-Minkowski 3-space (resp. (n+1)-space). Denoting by L (resp. H) the ...
1
vote
1answer
217 views

Normalized Hamiltonian holomorphic vector fields on Sasakian manifolds

Hello, I am reading the paper Futaki; Ono; Wang Transverse Kähler geometry of Sasaki manifolds and toric Sasaki-Einstein manifolds. J. Differential Geom. 83 (2009), no. 3, 585–635. For your ...