Contact manifolds, contact structures, contact forms, Reeb dynamics, Legendrian knots, contact homology, symplectic field theory

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why is there such a 1-form on a planar open book?

Suppose $B$ is the binding (with more than one component) of a planar open book on a 3-manifold $Y$ and let $L\subset B$ be the complement of a single component of the binding. Now we perform ...
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335 views

Are there spaces in which there are no fibered knots?

I am looking for orientable closed 3-manifolds in which there are no fibered knots. Although I know little about this, I think for links the answer to the question above is "no", and the result is ...
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Is there a known Legendrian simple link?

Several knots like unknot, $4_1$, $3_1$ are known to be Legendrian simple, i.e., Thurston-Bennequin number and rotation number determine Legendrian type completely. How about the same notion for link ...
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59 views

Floer homology for manifolds with contact boundary

I am reading the paper " A survey of floer homology for manifolds with contact boundary" by A. Oancea. In theorem 2.1, he discussed the invariance of Viterbo's theory of symplectic homology with ...
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70 views

Reeb orbit and open books

Weinstein conjecture is about existence of a closed orbit of the Reeb vector field on every contact manifold. On the other hand, we know every contact 3-manifold admits a compatible open book, which ...
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104 views

Symplectic Submanifolds of Contact Manifolds and Contact Submanifolds of Symplectic Manifolds

We know every contact manifold admits a symplectic submanifold, e.g., by Giroux's bijection : if $\omega$ is a contact form for a 3-manifold $M^3$ , then $d \omega$ is symplectic on the fibers of the ...
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222 views

Generalization of Giroux's Theorem for Higher Dimensions?

Just wanted to know if Giroux's theorem for 3-dimensional contact manifolds can be generalized: In contact geometry for manifolds of dimension 3 , we have Giroux's theorem , stating that for any ...
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Embedded Contact Homology and Manifold Decompositions

Embedded Contact Homology (ECH) defines an invariant for contact 3 manifolds. It does this by considering certain J-holomorphic curves in $\mathbb R\times Y$ and "counting" them. In the symplectic ...
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Gompf's invariant of $2$-plane fields

I am interested in low dimensional contact topology. These days I read "Handlebody construction of Stein surfaces" written by R. E. Gompf, and study an invariant $\theta (\xi)$. This invariant is ...
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91 views

non-isotopic but homotopic tight contact structure

By a theorem of Eliashberg, two overtwisted contact structures on a 3-manifold which belong to the same homotopy class (as plane fields), are also isotopic (through contact structures). Is there an ...
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This weaker version of CR-structure: is it studied somewhere

When I study 5-dimensional $\mathcal{N} = 1$ supersymmetry, I came across such structure as follows. $(R, \kappa, \Phi, M)$ is an almost contact 5-manifold, such that \begin{equation} \kappa ...
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Is there a “unique” homogeneous contact structure on odd-dimensional spheres?

Let $S^{2n-1}\subset\mathbb{C}^{n}$, and denote by $\langle\,\cdot\,,\,\cdot\,\rangle$ the Hermitian product. Then $$ \mathcal{C}_p:=\{\xi\in T_pS^{2n-1}\mid\langle p,\xi\rangle=0\},\quad p\in ...
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The importance of differentiable dynamics from outside dynamics? (mainly topology)

I'm looking for examples that highlight how dynamical systems (particularly, Hamiltonian and Reeb dynamics) can be used to shed light in other areas of mathematics. This could potentially include ...
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1answer
88 views

Legendrian knots on pages of a compatible open book

Suppose we have a Legendrian knot embedded on a page of an open book compatible with the given contact structure on the 3-manifold. Is it true that the page framing and Thurston-Bennequin framing of ...
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223 views

Meaning of “ Open Book cannot be Stabilized Further”?

I'm going over some old notes on Giroux's theorem on the equivalence ( bijection, actually) between open books ( up to positive stabilization) for 3-manifolds and contact structures ( up to isotopy.) ...
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97 views

Factor of 2 In the Definition of Metric Contact Structure

In Blair's book and many many literatures, I see definition of a contact metric manifold which involves a relation \begin{equation} d\kappa \left( {X,Y} \right) = g\left( {X,\Phi Y} \right) ...
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130 views

3d-analog of “every 2d oriented manifold is complex”

Is there an analog of the statement of "every 2d oriented surface is a complex manifold"? I saw a theorem in Blair's book, that "every 3d contact metric manifold is a strongly pseudo convex CR ...
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48 views

a section invariant under Reeb flow

Let $M$ be a compact contact manifold with $R$ the Reeb vector field. Let $E$ be some vector bundle of gauge group $G$, say, $G = SU(2)$ and $E$ is the adjoint vector bundle. So my question is: If ...
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186 views

Extending Reeb field from contact submanifold to ambient contact manifold

Let $(Y,\lambda)$ be a contact manifold, with a codimension-2 contact submanifold $(S,\lambda|_S)$ (this requires $TS\pitchfork\text{Ker}\lambda$). On $Y$ there is a natural vector field, the Reeb ...
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103 views

contact metric structure on squashed spheres

My goal to write down an explicit (and simplest) contact metric structure on squashed $S_\omega^{2n + 1}$ defined as \begin{equation} S_\omega ^{2n + 1} = \left\{ {\left( {{z_i}} \right) \in ...
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158 views

Comparing Contact Structures: What do we Mean when we Say that two Contact Structures are Homotopic/Eliashbergs Class. of OT structures

Please forgive me if this is too simple for MO; most of my posts on anything contact-structure-related in Math Stack, other sites, have barely received answers (maybe because I'm not an expert in the ...
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Transversality in Bourgeois Oancea's non-equivariant contact homology

In their paper, "AN EXACT SEQUENCE FOR CONTACT- AND SYMPLECTIC HOMOLOGY", Bourgeois and Oancea defined, whenever there is sufficient transversality, a "non-equivariant contact homology". Essentially, ...
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Contact structures transverse to a given line bundle

Let M be a orientable three dimensional manifold with a 1 dimensional continuous distributon $F$ (i.e 1 dimensional subbundle of TM). It is known that every orientable three dimensional manifold ...
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Extendability of Contact Structures; Foliations of $S^2$

I am currently reading Eliashberg's paper on the classification of overtwisted contact structures (http://bogomolov-lab.ru/G-sem/eliashberg-tight-overtwisted.pdf). In it, there is the following ...
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207 views

How to compute Conley-Zehnder indices on prequantization spaces?

My question is pretty much as in the title. On page 100 of his thesis, Bourgeois gives a computation of the CZ(or I suppose more correctly this is the Robbin-Salamon index) index of the Reeb orbits ...
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Determining Tightness/Overtwistedness of Contact Structure using Lift of Structure to the Universal Cover

All: I would appreciate any ideas, refs., etc. on the following: Let $M^3$ be a contact 3-manifold, and let $X$ be its universal cover. Then the contact structure, say $\eta$ on $M^3$ lifts to a ...
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324 views

Automorphisms of Surfaces, Open Books and Contact Structures

Let $S$ be a surface with non-empty boundary $\partial S$ and let $f$ be an element of MCG(S), the Mapping Class Group of S, i.e., the group of self-diffeomorphisms of S up to isotopy, but with $f$ ...
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1answer
108 views

Group of CR automorphisms

Let $(M, D, J)$ be a strictly pseudoconvex hypersurface type CR manifold with $J$ integrable. Let $D$ be the kernel of a $1$-form $\eta_0$. As known the automorphism group is defined to be $$ CR = \{ ...
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145 views

Why is the dividing set nonempty when a convex surface has Legendrian boundary?

I am an undergrad and curious about the following question. Let $(Y,\xi)$ be a contact manifold, and $L\subset (Y,\xi)$ be a Legendrian knot which is the boundary of a convex surface $\Sigma$ embedded ...
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293 views

Is there a Legendrian Neighbourhood Theorem also for non-cooriented contact manifolds?

Context According to Arnol'd, a contact structure on a smooth manifold $M$ is given by a corank 1 tangent distribution $C$ which is maximally non-integrable; this means that, for any local $1$-form ...
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351 views

pre-quantization of Jet bundle

We know that the notion of Jet bundle $J^kM×\mathbb{R}$, is generalization of cotangent bundle. What is the prequantization of $J^kM×\mathbb{R}$?
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548 views

Legendrian Tubular Neighborhood Theorem

Given a Lagrangian submanifold $L\subset(M,\omega)$ of a symplectic manifold, we have Alan Weinstein's celebrated Lagrangian tubular neighborhood theorem. I now look for the analog on Legendrian ...
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Classification of (almost) contact structures on $S^3$

Question: Is there a classification of almost contact or contact structures on $S^3$? What is it and references? The motivation of this question is as follows: (1) There is one paper showing that a ...
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2answers
193 views

question on Thurston-Bennequin number

I have three questions actually: 1- is it true that in a sufficiently small neighborhood of Legendrian knot in a 3-manifold we can find another Legendrian knot? 2- If the above is true, suppose we ...
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316 views

Shortest geodesic loop vs. shortest periodic geodesic

Are there simple conditions on a Riemannian metric on the two-sphere that imply that a geodesic loop of minimal length is actually a periodic geodesic? For example, is this true for small ...
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69 views

Minimal Legendrian submanifolds and laplacian of particular functions

I'm reading the paper Lê, Hôngvân(D-MPI-NS); Wang, Guofang(PRC-ASBJ-MSY) A characterization of minimal Legendrian submanifolds in $S^{2n+1}$. Compositio Math. 129 (2001), no. 1, 87–93. Let $x: L^n ...
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Homotoping a 2-plane field on a closed orientable 3-manifold to a contact structure

I am a beginner in Contact Geometry. To prove that the inclusion $\text{Cont}(M)\hookrightarrow \text{Dist}(M)$ induces surjection at $\pi_0$ level, the closest I got was based on Ko Honda's notes. ...
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173 views

Contact structures and adjunction inequality in 3-manifolds

It is a theorem of Eliashberg that in a tight contact 3-manifold $(M, \xi)$ we have the adjunction inequality $|\langle e(s),[\Sigma] \rangle| \leq -\chi(\Sigma) $ where $s=s(\xi)$ is the ...
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561 views

Tight vs. overtwisted contact structure

I know the familiar differences between tight and overtwisted contact structures. For example, each homotopy class of plane-bundles on a three-manifold has an overtwisted representative but tight ...
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428 views

the existence of (almost) contact (metric) structure

I am trying to understand some basic facts about (almost) contact (metric) structure, especially on 3-manifolds 5-manifolds. (1) I saw statement that "any compact oriented 3-manifold admit contact ...
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The shape operator and an almost contact structure of a real hypersurface in $\mathbb{C}^n$

Let $S$ be an immersed real hypersurface in the Euclidean $\mathbb{C}^n$ with the standard complex structure $J$. Let $A:T(S)\rightarrow T(S)$ be the shape operator of $S$ (e.g. w.r.t. the outer ...
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a question about contact manifolds

Let $\mathfrak{g}=< X_{f_1},X_{f_2},...,X_{f_n}> $ be a lie algebra of contact symmetries , $\mathfrak{g}\subset Sym(E_\omega )$ , such that the orbit spact $ B_\mathfrak{g}=E_\mathfrak{g}/ ...
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Contact structures on pseudo-riemannian manifolds

I am looking for references on contact structures in the framework of pseudo-riemannian manifolds. For instance on the Lorentz-Minkowski 3-space (resp. (n+1)-space). Denoting by L (resp. H) the ...
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211 views

Normalized Hamiltonian holomorphic vector fields on Sasakian manifolds

Hello, I am reading the paper Futaki; Ono; Wang Transverse Kähler geometry of Sasaki manifolds and toric Sasaki-Einstein manifolds. J. Differential Geom. 83 (2009), no. 3, 585–635. For your ...
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From convex geometry to contact topology

Here is a problem in contact topology that was suggested by Petya's answer to this mathoverflow question of mine. Let $S^* \mathbb{R}^n$ be the space of cooriented contact elements of $\mathbb{R}^n$. ...
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What is knot contact homology?

Recently, it was conjectured by the paper of Aganagic and Vafa that the $Q$-deformed $A$-polynomials can be identified with the augmentation polynomials of the knot contact homology. The $Q$-deformed ...
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860 views

'Contactization' and Symplectization

Given any manifold $M$, we can get a symplectic manifold by taking the cotangent bundle $T^\ast M$ with symplectic form $\omega=\sum dp_i\wedge dq_i$. Given any manifold $M$, we can get a contact ...
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When does a hypersurface have contact-type?

In a symplectic manifold $(X^{2n},\omega)$, a hypersurface $Y\subset X$ has contact-type if there is a contact form $\lambda$ such that $d\lambda=\omega|_Y$. Recall that a contact form is a 1-form ...
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202 views

Why is tb < 0 for boundary of a convex surface?

Why is $tb(K)$ (Thurston-Bennequin invariant) of a Legendrian knot $K$ which is the boundary of a convex surface $\Sigma$ is negative in a contact 3 manifold?
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361 views

Osculating spaces and distributions on (real) Grassmannian manifold

Hello! Recenlty, doing my research, I came across a quite natural construction, and I would like to know more about it. Unfortunately, being not expert neither in Grassmannians nor in Contact ...