The connections tag has no wiki summary.

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### A geometric interpretation of the Levi-Civita connection?

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold. There exists a unique torsion-free connection in the (co)tangent bundle of $M$ such that the metric of $M$ is covariantly constant. This connection is called the ...

**18**

votes

**4**answers

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### Rolling without slipping interpretation of torsion

This is, in a sense, a follow up to this question.
Hehl and Obukhov try to give an intuitive description of torsion. I am confused about their description. I am looking at the following paragraph on ...

**17**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Why is it important that partial derivatives commute?

I am asking this in the context of differential geometry (specifically Riemannian).
When the Levi-Civita Connection is defined, we require that the torsion tensor is 0, which in local coordinates ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Geometrical meaning of the Ricci Tensor and its Symmetry

Let $M$ be a smooth, pseudo-Riemannian manifold with $\dim(M) \ge 2.$ Let $\nabla$ be any affine connection on $M$. No reason for it to be the Levi-Civita connection. All we assume is that it has zero ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

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### The algebraic Version of Riemann Hilbert Correspondence

It is well known that if I have a differentialable manifold (holomorphic maniford) $M$, then I have a functor from the categroy of vector bundles on $M$ with flat connections to the categroy of local ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

453 views

### Can a homotopy inverse of the map from a Lie group to loops on its classifying space be given by holonomy?

Let $G$ be the compact Lie group $SO(n)$. There are some classical constructions of the classifying bundle of $G$ based upon on direct limits of Grassmann and Stiefel manifolds:
$$BG \simeq ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Why is the integral of the second chern class an integer?

I'm currently reading the paper "Holonomy, the Quantum Adiabatic Theorem, and Berry's Phase" by Barry Simon.
Imagine a vector bundle with a connection $\nabla$. For simplicity, we assume that this is ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

679 views

### Intuition for Levi-Civita connection?

Levi-Civita connection is usually defined as the unique connection which is torsion free and preserves metric.
Question Is there some intuitively transparent constructive way to define it (or ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

334 views

### Formal adjoint of the covariant derivative

Let $E \to M$ be a vector bundle over some Riemannian metric $(M, g)$ and endow it with some fibre metric. Assume that covariant derivative $\nabla$ is compatible with the metric.
It is essentially ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

546 views

### Is there a mathematical explanation for the Aharonov-Casher effect?

Recall that the Aharonov-Bohm effect can be interpreted mathematically as follows.
Consider an electromagnetic field A on some smooth manifold M, i.e., A is an element in the first differential ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

578 views

### Are bundle gerbes bundles of algebras?

The category of line bundles (possibly with connection)
on a smooth manifold M can be defined in two different ways:
The first definition uses transition functions that satisfy a cocycle condition
...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

820 views

### Frobenius Descent

Let $S$ be a scheme of positive characteristic $p$ and $X$ a smooth $S$-scheme. Let $F:X\rightarrow X^{(p)}$ denote the relative Frobenius. A result by Cartier (often called Cartier descent or ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### regular singularities and comparison isomorphism

Let $X$ be a smooth variety over some field $k \subset \mathbb{C}$. By a theorem of Grothendieck, one has a canonical isomorphism of complex vector spaces
$$
\mathbb{H}^j(X, \Omega_{X/k}^\bullet) ...

**7**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Tensor contraction and Covariant Derivative

What is the importance and intuition behind the the contraction operator on tensors (or the trace of a matrix, for that matter)?
In addition, I see that one of the requirements for a covariant ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

509 views

### How many flat connections has a line bundle in algebraic geometry?

Suppose $X$ is a projective variety over $\mathbb C$. I am happy to entertain more or different adjectives — I'm not looking for the most general statement, but rather to understand when and how ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

340 views

### Hamiltonians which commute both as operators and as connections

This is something which I suspect is written up in introductory books on mathematical physics if I knew where to look. Suppose I have some parameters $t_1$, ..., $t_k$ ranging over a neighborhood in ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### pull-back connection

I have a question related to the definition of the pull-back connection, more specifically about its uniqueness or the canonical way to induce it.
The definition that one finds in general goes ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Global description of the Levi-Civita connection

I'm interested in finding a global (coordinate-free) description of the Levi-Civita connection on a (possibly infinite-dimensional) Riemannian manifold X.
I'm not looking for a description of this ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

505 views

### Almost Flat Connections On Principal G-Bundles

Let $E \rightarrow F$ be a principal $G$-bundle. Let $\alpha$ be a connection 1-form with values in the Lie algebra of $G$. Let $\omega$ denote the curvature 2-form of connection $\alpha$.
We know ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

771 views

### For quasi-coherent D-Modules

It is well-know that the category of coherent D-modules over a smooth algebraic $k$-scheme is a Tannakian category. So it is equivalent to the category of finite representations of some affine group ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Conjecture on homotopy groups of moduli space of self-dual connections

In the paper Stability in Yang-Mills Theories (1983), Taubes puts a (topological) bound on the Hessian of the YM-action on $S^4$. He consequently conjectured:
"The inclusion ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

549 views

### Flat Principal Connections and Homotopy Groups?

I've come across a comment in a paper that hints at a relation between the set of (flat) connections for a principal bundle and the homotopy group of the base of the bundle. Can anyone tell me what ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

237 views

### Anti-self-dual connections on CP^2

I'm learning Yang-Mills theory and its applications on 4-manifold.
I want to know that have someone computed all the anti-self-dual connections on principle
$SU(2)$ bundles over complex projective ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

176 views

### Does every stack with a connection admit an atlas with a connection?

Dear all,
Let $S$ be a scheme in characteristic $0$,
and let $\mathscr{X}/S$ mean a crystal in Artin stacks over $S$ in the sense of this handout, page 4, Definition 0.5, where we replace the scheme ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

162 views

### Existence of connections making a bundle endomorphism parallel

Let $M$ be a manifold, $TM$ its tangent bundle, and $N:TM\to TM$ a vector bundle morphism. It is possible to find a torsionless linear connection $\nabla$ on $TM$ such that $\nabla N=0$?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

614 views

### Symmetric Ricci Tensor

Let $M$ be a pseudo-Riemannian manifold. Assume that $M$ comes with a zero-torsion affine connexion $\nabla.$ There is no need for $\nabla$ to be the Levi-Civita connexion. Recall that the curvature ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Skellam distribution: Deep connection between Poisson distributions and Bessel function?

The probability mass function for the Skellam distribution for a count difference $k=n_1-n_2$ from two Poisson-distributed variables with means $\mu_1$ and $\mu_2$ is given by:
$$
f(k;\mu_1,\mu_2)= ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### connections on principal bundles over $S^1$

Suppose $G$ is a compact connected Lie group and $P$ is a $G$-bundle over $S^1$, $A$ is a connection. Then we can choose a frame such that $A = a d\theta$ where $a\in \mathfrak{g}$ is constant. My ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### how is the dual connection defined?

Let $E$ be a vector bundle (i.e. locally free $\mathcal{O}_X$-module) on some smooth algebraic variety $X$ and let $\nabla: E \to E \otimes \Omega^1_X$ be an integrable connection.
I have seen that ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

877 views

### Proving the basic identity which implies the Chern-Weil theorem

If $E$ is a complex vector bundle over a manifold $M$ then one defines the space of vector valued $p$-differential forms on them as $\Omega^p(M,E) = \Gamma ( \wedge ^p (T^*M) \otimes E) $
The ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### locally free sheaves and logarithmic connections

I know that, when $\mathcal{F}$ is a coherent sheaf on a smooth algebraic variety $X$ over a field $k$ equipped with a connection
$$
\nabla: \mathcal{F} \to \mathcal{F} \otimes \Omega^1_X,
$$ then ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

333 views

### Connection Transformation Formula; Degree 3 Cech Cohomology

While reading through Brylinski, as in all of my posts, I am trying to understand the following equation:
$ g_* \tilde{\theta} = \tilde{\theta} - g^{-1} dg$
Setting
I have a principal ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

149 views

### Chern class of a logarithmic connection

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective algebraic variety and $E$ a line bundle on $X$. It is a classical result that if $E$ carries an integrable connection, then the first Chern class $c_1(E)$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

486 views

### Why do we use the less simple convention for the definition of a vector bundle connection?

For a (smooth) vector bundle $F$ over a manifold $M$, one normally defines a connection to be a linear map
$$
\nabla:\Gamma^{\infty}(V) \to \Omega^1(M) \otimes \Gamma^{\infty}(V),
$$
satisfying ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### a technical question on the definition of connections with regular singularities

Let $X$ be a quasi-projective variety over a field $k$ of characteristic zero. A good compactification of $X$ means a projective variety $\overline{X}$ containing $X$ as the complement of a simple ...

**4**

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**0**answers

412 views

### Flat connections with logarithmic poles and p-adic parallel transport under choice of branch of logarithm

Consider the following simple situation: We work over the ring $R=\mathbb{Z}_p[[t]]$, over which we consider a rank $2$ free module $M$ with basis $(e,f)$. On $M$, we define a flat (topologically ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

800 views

### Interpretation of Curvature and Torsion

Dear all,
When dealing with General Relativity one uses the Levi-Civita connection with is torsion-free. Thus the commutator of the covariant derivatives yields
$[\nabla_\mu,\nabla_\nu]V^\rho = ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

359 views

### “Nash Style” Embedding Theorem for Connections

The strong Whitney embedding theorem states that any smooth (Hausdorff and second-countable) manifold can be smoothly embedded in Euclidean space. John Nash went on to show that any Riemannian ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

706 views

### Why must a reducible flat SU(2)-connection over a homology sphere be trivial?

Let $M$ be a homology sphere. Suppose $P=M\times SU(2)$ is the trivial $SU(2)$ principal bundle. Let $R$ be all reducible connections on $P$. Here $A$ in $R$ is reducible if the gauge transformation ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

177 views

### Kernel of an integrable holomorphic dee-bar connection is a holomorphic vector bundle

I'm looking for references for the following fact, to pass on to a grad student. I think I can prove it, but it is a bit sloppy and I'd rather have something which is already written up.
Let $X$ be a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

402 views

### 1-jet bundle on vector bundle with metric connection

Background
I'm working to simplify the Lagrangian formalism of classical field theory for the situation of a vector bundle with a bundle metric and a metric connection. Particularly, I want to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

520 views

### Holonomy Groups and the Hopf Fibration

I am trying to understand holonomy groups at the moment and am focusing on the example of the Hopf fibration $SU_2 \to S^2$. Since $S^2$ is path connected we can talk about the holonomy group of a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

611 views

### Terminology of “covariant derivative” and various “connections”

I apologize for the long question. My ultimate aim is to understand the existing terminology and find appropriate terminology for covariant derivatives on vector bundles which generalizes to ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

551 views

### Gauss--Manin connection for de Rham realisation

Let $X$ and $S$ be smooth schemes of finite type over a field $k$ and let $\pi:X\to S$ be a smooth morphism of finite type. The relative de Rham cohomology $H^i_{dR}(X/S)$ of $X$ over $S$ is a ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

211 views

### Two ways to differentiate a section of vector bundle

Let $\pi:E\rightarrow M$ be a vector bundle, and $D$ a connection on it. Suppose $\sigma_1,\sigma_2\in\Gamma(E)$, $p\in M$, $V\in T_pM$ such that $\sigma_1(p)=\sigma_2(p)$. Are the following two ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

288 views

### cohomology of the Gauss-Manin connection

Let $U$ be a smooth algebraic variety defined over $k \hookrightarrow \mathbb{C}$. Let $\mathcal{E}$ be a locally free sheaf on $U$ equipped with an integrable connection
$\nabla: \mathcal{E} \to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### Immersion with respect to a connection?

In the paper hep-th/9712042v2, p. 20, the following setup is given:
A complex manifold M and an n+1-dimensional vector bundle V on it. V has an underlying real bundle $V_{\mathbb{R}}$ with a flat ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

71 views

### A 3-connected graph property by Tutte

Tutte （1961): A graph $G$ is $3$-connected if and only if there exists a sequence
$G_0, ...,G_n$ of graphs that have the following two properties
1) $G_0 = K_4$ and $G_n = G$
2) $G_{i+1}$ has an ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Construction of a classifying map from a connection 1-form

From a connection 1-form on $M$, I can construct a parallel transport from which in turn I can construct a classifying map $M \to BG$.
Is there a construction of such a classifying map directly from a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### comparison theorem for connections with regular singularities

This is something I've never understood.
Let me first recall the classical case, in which you start with a smooth algebraic variety $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$. One has the algebraic de Rham complex ...