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### Vector bundle $L$ admits connection if and only if degree of every direct summand of $L$ divisible by $\text{char}\,k$, intuition

Consider the following theorem of Atiyah.
Let $X$ be a connected smooth projective curve over an algebraically closed field $k$. Then a vector bundle $L$ on $X$ admits a connection if and only if ...

**28**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Unifying Geometry for Characteristic Classes

When working with characteristic classes (more concretely Chern classes), one finds at least four essentially distinct approaches:
Axiomatic Approach. See, for instance, Vector Bundles and K-Theory, ...

**26**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### A geometric interpretation of the Levi-Civita connection?

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold. There exists a unique torsion-free connection in the (co)tangent bundle of $M$ such that the metric of $M$ is covariantly constant. This connection is called the ...

**20**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Rolling without slipping interpretation of torsion

This is, in a sense, a follow up to this question.
Hehl and Obukhov try to give an intuitive description of torsion. I am confused about their description. I am looking at the following paragraph on ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### Geometrical meaning of the Ricci Tensor and its Symmetry

Let $M$ be a smooth, pseudo-Riemannian manifold with $\dim(M) \ge 2.$ Let $\nabla$ be any affine connection on $M$. No reason for it to be the Levi-Civita connection. All we assume is that it has zero ...

**17**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Why is it important that partial derivatives commute?

I am asking this in the context of differential geometry (specifically Riemannian).
When the Levi-Civita Connection is defined, we require that the torsion tensor is 0, which in local coordinates ...

**12**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Tensor contraction and Covariant Derivative

What is the importance and intuition behind the the contraction operator on tensors (or the trace of a matrix, for that matter)?
In addition, I see that one of the requirements for a covariant ...

**12**

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**2**answers

1k views

### The algebraic Version of Riemann Hilbert Correspondence

It is well known that if I have a differentialable manifold (holomorphic maniford) $M$, then I have a functor from the categroy of vector bundles on $M$ with flat connections to the categroy of local ...

**12**

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**3**answers

500 views

### Can a homotopy inverse of the map from a Lie group to loops on its classifying space be given by holonomy?

Let $G$ be the compact Lie group $SO(n)$. There are some classical constructions of the classifying bundle of $G$ based upon on direct limits of Grassmann and Stiefel manifolds:
$$BG \simeq ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Manifolds admitting flat connections

For each Riemannian manifold one can construct the Levi-Civita connection. While this connection is unique, we can call a (Riemannian) manifold flat if the Levi-Civita connection is flat. However when ...

**11**

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3k views

### Why is the integral of the second chern class an integer?

I'm currently reading the paper "Holonomy, the Quantum Adiabatic Theorem, and Berry's Phase" by Barry Simon.
Imagine a vector bundle with a connection $\nabla$. For simplicity, we assume that this is ...

**10**

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**2**answers

1k views

### Intuition for Levi-Civita connection?

Levi-Civita connection is usually defined as the unique connection which is torsion free and preserves metric.
Question Is there some intuitively transparent constructive way to define it (or ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Frobenius Descent

Let $S$ be a scheme of positive characteristic $p$ and $X$ a smooth $S$-scheme. Let $F:X\rightarrow X^{(p)}$ denote the relative Frobenius. A result by Cartier (often called Cartier descent or ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Formal adjoint of the covariant derivative

Let $E \to M$ be a vector bundle over some Riemannian metric $(M, g)$ and endow it with some fibre metric. Assume that covariant derivative $\nabla$ is compatible with the metric.
It is essentially ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

684 views

### Are bundle gerbes bundles of algebras?

The category of line bundles (possibly with connection)
on a smooth manifold M can be defined in two different ways:
The first definition uses transition functions that satisfy a cocycle condition
...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

875 views

### How many flat connections has a line bundle in algebraic geometry?

Suppose $X$ is a projective variety over $\mathbb C$. I am happy to entertain more or different adjectives — I'm not looking for the most general statement, but rather to understand when and how ...

**9**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### pull-back connection

I have a question related to the definition of the pull-back connection, more specifically about its uniqueness or the canonical way to induce it.
The definition that one finds in general goes ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

669 views

### Is there a mathematical explanation for the Aharonov-Casher effect?

Recall that the Aharonov-Bohm effect can be interpreted mathematically as follows.
Consider an electromagnetic field A on some smooth manifold M, i.e., A is an element in the first differential ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

767 views

### Does every manifold have a flat connection?

Suppose I have a manifold and a vector bundle over it, but not a connection or a metric. Can I always find a connection on it that has a Riemann curvature tensor that is identically zero? If so, can I ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### regular singularities and comparison isomorphism

Let $X$ be a smooth variety over some field $k \subset \mathbb{C}$. By a theorem of Grothendieck, one has a canonical isomorphism of complex vector spaces
$$
\mathbb{H}^j(X, \Omega_{X/k}^\bullet) ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

682 views

### Can a manifold have a curvature-free connection that is not torsion-free?

Suppose I have a smooth manifold with a tangent bundle, and I have a connection. If this connection is curvature-free, is it guaranteed to be torsion-free? (I am not assuming a metric, just a ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

355 views

### Hamiltonians which commute both as operators and as connections

This is something which I suspect is written up in introductory books on mathematical physics if I knew where to look. Suppose I have some parameters $t_1$, ..., $t_k$ ranging over a neighborhood in ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Global description of the Levi-Civita connection

I'm interested in finding a global (coordinate-free) description of the Levi-Civita connection on a (possibly infinite-dimensional) Riemannian manifold X.
I'm not looking for a description of this ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

287 views

### A cohomology group which depends on the connection

Warning: I am not a differential geometer, so some of the following might not make sense.
Background:
Let $w: (T\Omega)^k \to \mathbb{R}$ be a $k$-tensor on $\Omega$, an open subset of ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

326 views

### How algebraic is the holonomy map?

Let $G$ be either a compact, simple, simply-connected Lie group, or a simply-connected complex reductive group (so either $SU(n)$ or $SL(n,\mathbb{C})$, for instance), or even complex affine. I don't ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

872 views

### For quasi-coherent D-Modules

It is well-know that the category of coherent D-modules over a smooth algebraic $k$-scheme is a Tannakian category. So it is equivalent to the category of finite representations of some affine group ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Conjecture on homotopy groups of moduli space of self-dual connections

In the paper Stability in Yang-Mills Theories (1983), Taubes puts a (topological) bound on the Hessian of the YM-action on $S^4$. He consequently conjectured:
"The inclusion ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

577 views

### Almost Flat Connections On Principal G-Bundles

Let $E \rightarrow F$ be a principal $G$-bundle. Let $\alpha$ be a connection 1-form with values in the Lie algebra of $G$. Let $\omega$ denote the curvature 2-form of connection $\alpha$.
We know ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

591 views

### semi flat connections

Let $L\to V$ be complex line bundle and $F_{t}:V\to V$, $t\in [0,1]$, be a loop of diffeomorphisms, $F_0=F_1=$ identity.
For every $x\in V$, we get a loop $\gamma_x(t)=\{F_t(x)\}$ whose class in ...

**6**

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**0**answers

188 views

### Does every stack with a connection admit an atlas with a connection?

Dear all,
Let $S$ be a scheme in characteristic $0$,
and let $\mathscr{X}/S$ mean a crystal in Artin stacks over $S$ in the sense of this handout, page 4, Definition 0.5, where we replace the scheme ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

662 views

### Symmetric Ricci Tensor

Let $M$ be a pseudo-Riemannian manifold. Assume that $M$ comes with a zero-torsion affine connexion $\nabla.$ There is no need for $\nabla$ to be the Levi-Civita connexion. Recall that the curvature ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Skellam distribution: Deep connection between Poisson distributions and Bessel function?

The probability mass function for the Skellam distribution for a count difference $k=n_1-n_2$ from two Poisson-distributed variables with means $\mu_1$ and $\mu_2$ is given by:
$$
f(k;\mu_1,\mu_2)= ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

628 views

### how is the dual connection defined?

Let $E$ be a vector bundle (i.e. locally free $\mathcal{O}_X$-module) on some smooth algebraic variety $X$ and let $\nabla: E \to E \otimes \Omega^1_X$ be an integrable connection.
I have seen that ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Connection, compatible with type (1, 1) tensor field

I met with the following problem. Consider real manifold $M^{2n}$ with operator field $R$ (that is the tensor field of type $(1,1)$). We are to find a symmetric connection $\Gamma^k_{ij}$ such that ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

297 views

### Differential forms along the fiber

Let $E \to M$ be a smooth fiber bundle. Instead of differential forms defined on the whole tangent bundle $TE$ one could also consider forms on the vertical tangent bundle $VE$, i.e. forms defined on ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

247 views

### Analogy between connections and $\ell$-adic sheaves: what happens with the residue?

There are many analogies between $\ell$-adic sheaves on varieties over finite fields and vector bundles with connections on varieties over fields of characteristic zero. I would like to know what is ...

**5**

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**1**answer

623 views

### Flat Principal Connections and Homotopy Groups?

I've come across a comment in a paper that hints at a relation between the set of (flat) connections for a principal bundle and the homotopy group of the base of the bundle. Can anyone tell me what ...

**5**

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**0**answers

168 views

### Aren't Riemannian geodesics also geodesics of the associated Cartan geometry?

I was inspired by R. W. Sharpe's book on doing differential geometry through Cartan connections. Unfortunately, the book is fairly thin in terms of specific examples in Riemannian geometry, so I ...

**5**

votes

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333 views

### Correspondence between line bundles and $U(1)$-bundles: a possible mistake from physicists? [closed]

I am reading a paper written by physicists and they say the following:
Let $(L,h,\nabla)$ be an holomorphic Line bundle equipped with a hermitian metric $h$ and Chern connection $\nabla$. If ...

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**0**answers

477 views

### Connections on a Lie Group

A Lie group $G$ can be considered as a reductive homogeneous space in at least two different ways; $G/\{e\}$ and $G\times G/G^*$. In the first case, the canonical connection associated with the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

249 views

### Anti-self-dual connections on CP^2

I'm learning Yang-Mills theory and its applications on 4-manifold.
I want to know that have someone computed all the anti-self-dual connections on principle
$SU(2)$ bundles over complex projective ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

464 views

### Flat connections with logarithmic poles and p-adic parallel transport under choice of branch of logarithm

Consider the following simple situation: We work over the ring $R=\mathbb{Z}_p[[t]]$, over which we consider a rank $2$ free module $M$ with basis $(e,f)$. On $M$, we define a flat (topologically ...

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votes

**2**answers

263 views

### Existence of connections making a bundle endomorphism parallel

Let $M$ be a manifold, $TM$ its tangent bundle, and $N:TM\to TM$ a vector bundle morphism. It is possible to find a torsionless linear connection $\nabla$ on $TM$ such that $\nabla N=0$?

**4**

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**3**answers

721 views

### Open problems in sub-Riemannian geometry

What are some open problems in sub-Riemannian geometry?
I am interested especially in problems concerning connections and curvature, but any contribution is welcomed.

**4**

votes

**1**answer

407 views

### “Nash Style” Embedding Theorem for Connections

The strong Whitney embedding theorem states that any smooth (Hausdorff and second-countable) manifold can be smoothly embedded in Euclidean space. John Nash went on to show that any Riemannian ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

421 views

### Are constant connection coefficients uniquely determined by the (1,3) curvature coefficients?

Suppose that on a certain coordinate system the coefficients $\Gamma^i_{jk}$, $i,j,k=1,\cdots, n$, of a linear connection are constant. We do not require compatibility with a metric, however I am ...

**4**

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**2**answers

363 views

### Chern class of a logarithmic connection

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective algebraic variety and $E$ a line bundle on $X$. It is a classical result that if $E$ carries an integrable connection, then the first Chern class $c_1(E)$ ...

**4**

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**1**answer

120 views

### connections on principal bundles over $S^1$

Suppose $G$ is a compact connected Lie group and $P$ is a $G$-bundle over $S^1$, $A$ is a connection. Then we can choose a frame such that $A = a d\theta$ where $a\in \mathfrak{g}$ is constant. My ...

**4**

votes

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943 views

### Proving the basic identity which implies the Chern-Weil theorem

If $E$ is a complex vector bundle over a manifold $M$ then one defines the space of vector valued $p$-differential forms on them as $\Omega^p(M,E) = \Gamma ( \wedge ^p (T^*M) \otimes E) $
The ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

158 views

### What is the space for the coefficients of the connection 1-form of a connection in a vector bundle?

Let $E\to X$ is a a (smooth real) vector bundle with structure group some Lie group $G$. Suppose we have a (linear) connection $\nabla$ on $E$.
Is it true that if $A$ is the connection 1-form of ...