The connections tag has no wiki summary.

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### Open problems in sub-Riemannian geometry

What are some open problems in sub-Riemannian geometry?
I am interested especially in problems concerning connections and curvature, but any contribution is welcomed.

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### Interpretation of Curvature and Torsion

Dear all,
When dealing with General Relativity one uses the Levi-Civita connection with is torsion-free. Thus the commutator of the covariant derivatives yields
$[\nabla_\mu,\nabla_\nu]V^\rho = ...

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### Is there a mathematical explanation for the Aharonov-Casher effect?

Recall that the Aharonov-Bohm effect can be interpreted mathematically as follows.
Consider an electromagnetic field A on some smooth manifold M, i.e., A is an element in the first differential ...

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### Hamiltonians which commute both as operators and as connections

This is something which I suspect is written up in introductory books on mathematical physics if I knew where to look. Suppose I have some parameters $t_1$, ..., $t_k$ ranging over a neighborhood in ...

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### Does every stack with a connection admit an atlas with a connection?

Dear all,
Let $S$ be a scheme in characteristic $0$,
and let $\mathscr{X}/S$ mean a crystal in Artin stacks over $S$ in the sense of this handout, page 4, Definition 0.5, where we replace the scheme ...

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### complex vector bundles and curvature

Let us suppose that $X$, with a 2-form $\omega$. Suppose $J$ is an element of $su(2)$ such that $J^2=-e$ for $e$ the identity. Is there a necessary and sufficient condition on $\omega$ which will give ...

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### Line bundles with complex connection

Suppose that we have a complex manifold $X$, and a line bundle $L$ over $X$. It is known that the line bundles over $X$ are parametrized by their Chern class, the Chern class being the cohomology ...

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### Terminology of “covariant derivative” and various “connections”

I apologize for the long question. My ultimate aim is to understand the existing terminology and find appropriate terminology for covariant derivatives on vector bundles which generalizes to ...

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### Analytic Characterization of Parallel Transport of Fundamental Groups

(Note that I've edited the main body of the question to make it clear for other readers.)
Fix a principal $G$-bundle $\rho: P \rightarrow X$ and fix a point $p \in P_x$ in the fiber above $x \in X$. ...

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### A Follow-up About Connection Forms on Principal Bundles

In this question I asked about proving that a connection form $\alpha$ on a $\mathbb{C}^*$ bundle had to have $2\pi i(\alpha - \overline{\alpha})$ be exact. From the answer to that question I ...

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### Principal bundle connections

It is my understanding that a connection form on a principal G-bundle over a manifold X is defined to be a Lie algebra-valued 1-form $\alpha$ which reproduces the Lie algebra generators of the ...

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### Connections with compatible Hermitian products on complex line bundles

Let $X$ be a manifold, $L$ be a complex line bundle over $X$, and $L^{*}$ be the associated principal bundle. Suppose $\alpha$ is a connection form on $L^{*}$, with associated connection $D$ on $L$. ...

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### Are bundle gerbes bundles of algebras?

The category of line bundles (possibly with connection)
on a smooth manifold M can be defined in two different ways:
The first definition uses transition functions that satisfy a cocycle condition
...

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### Geometrical meaning of the Ricci Tensor and its Symmetry

Let $M$ be a smooth, pseudo-Riemannian manifold with $\dim(M) \ge 2.$ Let $\nabla$ be any affine connection on $M$. No reason for it to be the Levi-Civita connection. All we assume is that it has zero ...

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### Symmetric Ricci Tensor

Let $M$ be a pseudo-Riemannian manifold. Assume that $M$ comes with a zero-torsion affine connexion $\nabla.$ There is no need for $\nabla$ to be the Levi-Civita connexion. Recall that the curvature ...

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### Almost Flat Connections On Principal G-Bundles

Let $E \rightarrow F$ be a principal $G$-bundle. Let $\alpha$ be a connection 1-form with values in the Lie algebra of $G$. Let $\omega$ denote the curvature 2-form of connection $\alpha$.
We know ...

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### The algebraic Version of Riemann Hilbert Correspondence

It is well known that if I have a differentialable manifold (holomorphic maniford) $M$, then I have a functor from the categroy of vector bundles on $M$ with flat connections to the categroy of local ...

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### tangent and cotangent bundle

Hi, I am reading "Introduction to symplectic topology" by McDuff and salamon. At some point I cant go further. My question is: Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and consider the cotangent bundle ...

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### For quasi-coherent D-Modules

It is well-know that the category of coherent D-modules over a smooth algebraic $k$-scheme is a Tannakian category. So it is equivalent to the category of finite representations of some affine group ...

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### “Nash Style” Embedding Theorem for Connections

The strong Whitney embedding theorem states that any smooth (Hausdorff and second-countable) manifold can be smoothly embedded in Euclidean space. John Nash went on to show that any Riemannian ...

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### Why is the integral of the second chern class an integer?

I'm currently reading the paper "Holonomy, the Quantum Adiabatic Theorem, and Berry's Phase" by Barry Simon.
Imagine a vector bundle with a connection $\nabla$. For simplicity, we assume that this is ...

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### Holonomy Groups and the Hopf Fibration

I am trying to understand holonomy groups at the moment and am focusing on the example of the Hopf fibration $SU_2 \to S^2$. Since $S^2$ is path connected we can talk about the holonomy group of a ...

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### Flat Principal Connections and Homotopy Groups?

I've come across a comment in a paper that hints at a relation between the set of (flat) connections for a principal bundle and the homotopy group of the base of the bundle. Can anyone tell me what ...

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### Non-Existence of a Principal Connection for the Sphere over Projective Space?

As of the Wikipedia article on principal bundles connections:
Let $\pi: P \to M$ be a smooth principal bundle, a principal $G$-bundle over a smooth manifold $M$. Then a principal $G$-connection on ...

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### Rolling without slipping interpretation of torsion

This is, in a sense, a follow up to this question.
Hehl and Obukhov try to give an intuitive description of torsion. I am confused about their description. I am looking at the following paragraph on ...

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### Hermitian connections on real hypersurfaces of $\mathbb C^{n+1}$

I would like to find some non-trivial and "geometric" examples of hermitian connections (that is compatible with a give hermitian metric) on complex hermitian vector bundles over a smooth real ...

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### Why must a reducible flat SU(2)-connection over a homology sphere be trivial?

Let $M$ be a homology sphere. Suppose $P=M\times SU(2)$ is the trivial $SU(2)$ principal bundle. Let $R$ be all reducible connections on $P$. Here $A$ in $R$ is reducible if the gauge transformation ...

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### Can a homotopy inverse of the map from a Lie group to loops on its classifying space be given by holonomy?

Let $G$ be the compact Lie group $SO(n)$. There are some classical constructions of the classifying bundle of $G$ based upon on direct limits of Grassmann and Stiefel manifolds:
$$BG \simeq ...

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### pull-back connection

I have a question related to the definition of the pull-back connection, more specifically about its uniqueness or the canonical way to induce it.
The definition that one finds in general goes ...

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### Flat connections with logarithmic poles and p-adic parallel transport under choice of branch of logarithm

Consider the following simple situation: We work over the ring $R=\mathbb{Z}_p[[t]]$, over which we consider a rank $2$ free module $M$ with basis $(e,f)$. On $M$, we define a flat (topologically ...

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### notion of connection on Torsors

Hi,
Can anyone please enlighten me on the notion of connection for G-torsors?
Edit (by WW) For some reason the OP decides to add clarification below as an answer rather than editing the question. ...

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### A geometric interpretation of the Levi-Civita connection?

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold. There exists a unique torsion-free connection in the (co)tangent bundle of $M$ such that the metric of $M$ is covariantly constant. This connection is called the ...

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### Proving the basic identity which implies the Chern-Weil theorem

If $E$ is a complex vector bundle over a manifold $M$ then one defines the space of vector valued $p$-differential forms on them as $\Omega^p(M,E) = \Gamma ( \wedge ^p (T^*M) \otimes E) $
The ...

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### Skellam distribution: Deep connection between Poisson distributions and Bessel function?

The probability mass function for the Skellam distribution for a count difference $k=n_1-n_2$ from two Poisson-distributed variables with means $\mu_1$ and $\mu_2$ is given by:
$$
f(k;\mu_1,\mu_2)= ...

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### Gauss--Manin connection for de Rham realisation

Let $X$ and $S$ be smooth schemes of finite type over a field $k$ and let $\pi:X\to S$ be a smooth morphism of finite type. The relative de Rham cohomology $H^i_{dR}(X/S)$ of $X$ over $S$ is a ...

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### Global description of the Levi-Civita connection

I'm interested in finding a global (coordinate-free) description of the Levi-Civita connection on a (possibly infinite-dimensional) Riemannian manifold X.
I'm not looking for a description of this ...

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### Immersion with respect to a connection?

In the paper hep-th/9712042v2, p. 20, the following setup is given:
A complex manifold M and an n+1-dimensional vector bundle V on it. V has an underlying real bundle $V_{\mathbb{R}}$ with a flat ...

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### Frobenius Descent

Let $S$ be a scheme of positive characteristic $p$ and $X$ a smooth $S$-scheme. Let $F:X\rightarrow X^{(p)}$ denote the relative Frobenius. A result by Cartier (often called Cartier descent or ...