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3
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2answers
959 views

Interpretation of Curvature and Torsion

Dear all, When dealing with General Relativity one uses the Levi-Civita connection with is torsion-free. Thus the commutator of the covariant derivatives yields $[\nabla_\mu,\nabla_\nu]V^\rho = ...
9
votes
1answer
582 views

Is there a mathematical explanation for the Aharonov-Casher effect?

Recall that the Aharonov-Bohm effect can be interpreted mathematically as follows. Consider an electromagnetic field A on some smooth manifold M, i.e., A is an element in the first differential ...
7
votes
4answers
348 views

Hamiltonians which commute both as operators and as connections

This is something which I suspect is written up in introductory books on mathematical physics if I knew where to look. Suppose I have some parameters $t_1$, ..., $t_k$ ranging over a neighborhood in ...
5
votes
0answers
179 views

Does every stack with a connection admit an atlas with a connection?

Dear all, Let $S$ be a scheme in characteristic $0$, and let $\mathscr{X}/S$ mean a crystal in Artin stacks over $S$ in the sense of this handout, page 4, Definition 0.5, where we replace the scheme ...
1
vote
2answers
420 views

complex vector bundles and curvature

Let us suppose that $X$, with a 2-form $\omega$. Suppose $J$ is an element of $su(2)$ such that $J^2=-e$ for $e$ the identity. Is there a necessary and sufficient condition on $\omega$ which will give ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Line bundles with complex connection

Suppose that we have a complex manifold $X$, and a line bundle $L$ over $X$. It is known that the line bundles over $X$ are parametrized by their Chern class, the Chern class being the cohomology ...
3
votes
1answer
685 views

Terminology of “covariant derivative” and various “connections”

I apologize for the long question. My ultimate aim is to understand the existing terminology and find appropriate terminology for covariant derivatives on vector bundles which generalizes to ...
0
votes
0answers
157 views

Analytic Characterization of Parallel Transport of Fundamental Groups

(Note that I've edited the main body of the question to make it clear for other readers.) Fix a principal $G$-bundle $\rho: P \rightarrow X$ and fix a point $p \in P_x$ in the fiber above $x \in X$. ...
0
votes
1answer
326 views

A Follow-up About Connection Forms on Principal Bundles

In this question I asked about proving that a connection form $\alpha$ on a $\mathbb{C}^*$ bundle had to have $2\pi i(\alpha - \overline{\alpha})$ be exact. From the answer to that question I ...
2
votes
1answer
680 views

Principal bundle connections

It is my understanding that a connection form on a principal G-bundle over a manifold X is defined to be a Lie algebra-valued 1-form $\alpha$ which reproduces the Lie algebra generators of the ...
1
vote
2answers
308 views

Connections with compatible Hermitian products on complex line bundles

Let $X$ be a manifold, $L$ be a complex line bundle over $X$, and $L^{*}$ be the associated principal bundle. Suppose $\alpha$ is a connection form on $L^{*}$, with associated connection $D$ on $L$. ...
9
votes
1answer
619 views

Are bundle gerbes bundles of algebras?

The category of line bundles (possibly with connection) on a smooth manifold M can be defined in two different ways: The first definition uses transition functions that satisfy a cocycle condition ...
16
votes
3answers
3k views

Geometrical meaning of the Ricci Tensor and its Symmetry

Let $M$ be a smooth, pseudo-Riemannian manifold with $\dim(M) \ge 2.$ Let $\nabla$ be any affine connection on $M$. No reason for it to be the Levi-Civita connection. All we assume is that it has zero ...
4
votes
1answer
632 views

Symmetric Ricci Tensor

Let $M$ be a pseudo-Riemannian manifold. Assume that $M$ comes with a zero-torsion affine connexion $\nabla.$ There is no need for $\nabla$ to be the Levi-Civita connexion. Recall that the curvature ...
6
votes
1answer
534 views

Almost Flat Connections On Principal G-Bundles

Let $E \rightarrow F$ be a principal $G$-bundle. Let $\alpha$ be a connection 1-form with values in the Lie algebra of $G$. Let $\omega$ denote the curvature 2-form of connection $\alpha$. We know ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

The algebraic Version of Riemann Hilbert Correspondence

It is well known that if I have a differentialable manifold (holomorphic maniford) $M$, then I have a functor from the categroy of vector bundles on $M$ with flat connections to the categroy of local ...
1
vote
2answers
844 views

tangent and cotangent bundle

Hi, I am reading "Introduction to symplectic topology" by McDuff and salamon. At some point I cant go further. My question is: Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and consider the cotangent bundle ...
5
votes
3answers
812 views

For quasi-coherent D-Modules

It is well-know that the category of coherent D-modules over a smooth algebraic $k$-scheme is a Tannakian category. So it is equivalent to the category of finite representations of some affine group ...
3
votes
1answer
377 views

“Nash Style” Embedding Theorem for Connections

The strong Whitney embedding theorem states that any smooth (Hausdorff and second-countable) manifold can be smoothly embedded in Euclidean space. John Nash went on to show that any Riemannian ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Why is the integral of the second chern class an integer?

I'm currently reading the paper "Holonomy, the Quantum Adiabatic Theorem, and Berry's Phase" by Barry Simon. Imagine a vector bundle with a connection $\nabla$. For simplicity, we assume that this is ...
3
votes
1answer
551 views

Holonomy Groups and the Hopf Fibration

I am trying to understand holonomy groups at the moment and am focusing on the example of the Hopf fibration $SU_2 \to S^2$. Since $S^2$ is path connected we can talk about the holonomy group of a ...
5
votes
1answer
576 views

Flat Principal Connections and Homotopy Groups?

I've come across a comment in a paper that hints at a relation between the set of (flat) connections for a principal bundle and the homotopy group of the base of the bundle. Can anyone tell me what ...
0
votes
0answers
241 views

Non-Existence of a Principal Connection for the Sphere over Projective Space?

As of the Wikipedia article on principal bundles connections: Let $\pi: P \to M$ be a smooth principal bundle, a principal $G$-bundle over a smooth manifold $M$. Then a principal $G$-connection on ...
18
votes
4answers
2k views

Rolling without slipping interpretation of torsion

This is, in a sense, a follow up to this question. Hehl and Obukhov try to give an intuitive description of torsion. I am confused about their description. I am looking at the following paragraph on ...
2
votes
0answers
178 views

Hermitian connections on real hypersurfaces of $\mathbb C^{n+1}$

I would like to find some non-trivial and "geometric" examples of hermitian connections (that is compatible with a give hermitian metric) on complex hermitian vector bundles over a smooth real ...
3
votes
2answers
789 views

Why must a reducible flat SU(2)-connection over a homology sphere be trivial?

Let $M$ be a homology sphere. Suppose $P=M\times SU(2)$ is the trivial $SU(2)$ principal bundle. Let $R$ be all reducible connections on $P$. Here $A$ in $R$ is reducible if the gauge transformation ...
11
votes
3answers
474 views

Can a homotopy inverse of the map from a Lie group to loops on its classifying space be given by holonomy?

Let $G$ be the compact Lie group $SO(n)$. There are some classical constructions of the classifying bundle of $G$ based upon on direct limits of Grassmann and Stiefel manifolds: $$BG \simeq ...
9
votes
5answers
2k views

pull-back connection

I have a question related to the definition of the pull-back connection, more specifically about its uniqueness or the canonical way to induce it. The definition that one finds in general goes ...
5
votes
0answers
439 views

Flat connections with logarithmic poles and p-adic parallel transport under choice of branch of logarithm

Consider the following simple situation: We work over the ring $R=\mathbb{Z}_p[[t]]$, over which we consider a rank $2$ free module $M$ with basis $(e,f)$. On $M$, we define a flat (topologically ...
1
vote
1answer
402 views

notion of connection on Torsors

Hi, Can anyone please enlighten me on the notion of connection for G-torsors? Edit (by WW) For some reason the OP decides to add clarification below as an answer rather than editing the question. ...
24
votes
5answers
3k views

A geometric interpretation of the Levi-Civita connection?

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold. There exists a unique torsion-free connection in the (co)tangent bundle of $M$ such that the metric of $M$ is covariantly constant. This connection is called the ...
4
votes
4answers
911 views

Proving the basic identity which implies the Chern-Weil theorem

If $E$ is a complex vector bundle over a manifold $M$ then one defines the space of vector valued $p$-differential forms on them as $\Omega^p(M,E) = \Gamma ( \wedge ^p (T^*M) \otimes E) $ The ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Skellam distribution: Deep connection between Poisson distributions and Bessel function?

The probability mass function for the Skellam distribution for a count difference $k=n_1-n_2$ from two Poisson-distributed variables with means $\mu_1$ and $\mu_2$ is given by: $$ f(k;\mu_1,\mu_2)= ...
3
votes
0answers
573 views

Gauss--Manin connection for de Rham realisation

Let $X$ and $S$ be smooth schemes of finite type over a field $k$ and let $\pi:X\to S$ be a smooth morphism of finite type. The relative de Rham cohomology $H^i_{dR}(X/S)$ of $X$ over $S$ is a ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Global description of the Levi-Civita connection

I'm interested in finding a global (coordinate-free) description of the Levi-Civita connection on a (possibly infinite-dimensional) Riemannian manifold X. I'm not looking for a description of this ...
2
votes
1answer
210 views

Immersion with respect to a connection?

In the paper hep-th/9712042v2, p. 20, the following setup is given: A complex manifold M and an n+1-dimensional vector bundle V on it. V has an underlying real bundle $V_{\mathbb{R}}$ with a flat ...
8
votes
1answer
894 views

Frobenius Descent

Let $S$ be a scheme of positive characteristic $p$ and $X$ a smooth $S$-scheme. Let $F:X\rightarrow X^{(p)}$ denote the relative Frobenius. A result by Cartier (often called Cartier descent or ...