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5
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1answer
140 views

Synthetic projective definition of cubic curves

In a synthetic (Pappian) projective plane, one can define a conic in various clever ways not referring to coordinates. For instance, if $f$ is a projectivity from the pencil of lines through a point ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Reference to parabola lemma

I am looking for a previous reference to the following very simple geometric lemma, which I use in my paper [arXiv:1503.03462]: Let $P$ be the parabola $y=x^2$. Let $a,b,c,d$ be four points on $P$ ...
12
votes
2answers
577 views

Discovery and Study of Conic Sections in Ancient Greece

Is there anything known about what drew the attention of ancient greek mathematicians to conic sections and, what were the models they used to study conic sections? What I would like to know, is ...
0
votes
1answer
126 views

the paraboloid model for hyperbolic space [closed]

In Thurston's Three-Dimensional Geometry and Topology, he gives a recipe for a non-standard model for hyperbolic space which he calls the paraboloid model. I'd like to use the model to try out ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Empty real conic containing two pairs of conjugate points in the projective plane?

Given two conjugate pairs of points in general position in $\mathbb{CP}^2$, there is a pencil of real conics containing these four points. Is there a real empty conic in this pencil?
6
votes
1answer
402 views

Does an origin-centered ellipse in the plane intersect each $L^p$-circle at most 8 times?

The question is in the title: Let $E$ be an origin-centered ellipse in ${\mathbb R}^2$ and let $S$ be an "$L^p$-circle": $S = \{(x,y) : |x|^p + |y|^p = \text{const}\}$, where $1 \leq p \leq \infty$. ...
9
votes
3answers
392 views

Mutually tangent ellipsoids in 3 space

I recently heard a claim that for any n, it is possible to arrange n ellipsoids in 3 space such that each pair of ellipsoids is kissing. Is this true, and if so, how? Edit: By kissing, I mean that I ...
0
votes
0answers
139 views

Asymptotes of hyperbolic sections of a given cone

A book I'm reading (Companion to Concrete Math Vol. I by Melzak) mentions, "...any ellipse occurs as a plane section of any given cone. This is not the case with hyperbolas: for a fixed cone only ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Minimum distance between two arbitrary circles in space?

What is the minimum distance between two arbitrary circles in space? I am working out the problem with Maxima, but I am surprised by how complicated this rapidly turns out to unfold for such a ...
3
votes
1answer
384 views

In the classical construction of conic sections, where does the axis of the cone intersect the plane?

Everybody knows that if I take the intersection of a right circular cone with a plane, I get a conic section. My question is, where does the symmetry axis of the cone intersect the plane? Does this ...
0
votes
1answer
576 views

Can an ellipse's center be determined from a perimeter point's coordinates?

Any arbitrary ellipse in the x-y plane can be described with five parameters -- usually the center’s x and y coordinate positions, x0 and y0; the distance between focal points, d; the eccentricity, ...
1
vote
0answers
237 views

Singular conics on certain algebraic surfaces

Let S be an algebraic surface in 3-dimensional complex projective space. Suppose that: The degree of S is either 5 or 6; The generic plane section of S is a curve of genus 1. (Equivalently, the ...
11
votes
4answers
464 views

Why does the parameterization (F:F':1) happen?

1) To parameterize the conic $x^2+y^2=1$, we can use $(x,y)=(\sin t,\sin't)$ ($\sin'$ meaning the derivative of $\sin$, namely $\cos$). 2) To parameterize an elliptic curve $y^2=4x^3-g_2x-g_3$, we ...
2
votes
2answers
688 views

Isolated conics on a del Pezzo surface

Is there anything known about isolated conics in a del Pezzo surface: their number, arrangement, and the corresponding elements of the class group of surface's minimal desingularization? (Isolated ...
11
votes
2answers
812 views

Geometrically interpreting the answer to a vector calculus question involving tangent line segments to ellipses.

Let E be an ellipse centered at the origin on the x, y plane with major radius b and minor radius a. The length of the shortest line segment tangent to E that begins on the x-axis and ends on the ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Is ellipse on a sphere convex? (proof)

Is 'small enough' ellipse projected on a surface of a sphere convex? By ellipse I mean a set of points 'C' with a constant sum |AC| + |BC|, A and B are the centers. By 'small enough' I mean that the ...
1
vote
1answer
249 views

Systems of conics

It seems well-known that the system of conics given by $\frac{x^2}{a^2}+\frac{y^2}{a^2-c^2}=1$ for $c>0$ fixed and $a \in (0,c)\cup(c,\infty)$ varying is orthogonal: whenever two of these curves ...
2
votes
1answer
943 views

How to find the Fermat Point using the construction of the tangent to ellipse?

Be done the triangle ABC, it is known the method to finding the point Q that minimises the sum QA+QB+QC among all points Q in the plane (The Fermat point). I want a hint for solving this problem using ...