The conformal-geometry tag has no usage guidance.

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### Intuition behind moduli space of curves

For a genus g compact smooth surface $M$, an algebraic structure is the same as a complex structure is the same as a conformal structure. So the moduli space of smooth curves should be the same as the ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### A question about the proof of Mostow rigidity

I have recently been studying a proof of Mostow rigidity (along the lines of Mostow's original argument), and I'm left a little confused about something. We start with an isomorphism $\alpha: \Gamma ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

628 views

### Conformal Welding Reference

I'm looking for a reference for the following fact: given two Riemann surfaces and an identification of their boundaries, once I topologically glue the surfaces together there exists a unique ...

**11**

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**0**answers

283 views

### Continuous extension of Riemann maps and the Caratheodory-Torhorst Theorem

If $G\subsetneq\mathbb{C}$ is a simply-connected plane domain, then by the Riemann mapping theorem there is a conformal isomorphism $\newcommand{\D}{\mathbb{D}}\varphi:\D\to G$, where $\D$ is the unit ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

420 views

### Surfaces in a 3-manifold with the same Gaussian curvature with respect to two ambient conformal metrics

Let $M$ be a 3-smooth manifold and $g_{1}$ and $g_{2}$ two conformal metrics on $M$. Consider an immersed surface S in $M$ and let $K_{1}$ and $K_{2}$ be the Gaussian curvatures of $S$ with respect to ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### On the conformal removability of Jordan curves

We say that a compact subset $E$ of the Riemann sphere $\mathbb{C}_\infty$ is (conformally) removable if every homeomorphism of $\mathbb{C}_\infty$ conformal outside $E$ is actually conformal ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

718 views

### How large can you draw an island on a map?

A cartographer friend asked me this question: could you classify (shapes of) islands by how much space they occupy on a map (comparatively to how much space is occupied by water) if you draw them as ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

332 views

### Can one use Brownian motion to prove that two manifolds are not conformally equivalent?

Let me start by a very simple example; consider the following question:
"Let D1 be a square and D2 a rectangle (boundary included). View them
as subsets of the complex plane. Does there exist a ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

459 views

### How unique is a conformal compactification?

I'm trying to understand the term "conformal compactification" which is often used in physics. I reckon that most places take this to mean a (sometimes specific) compact conformal completion. That is, ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

851 views

### Geometric Interpretation of $Q$-curvature

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n>2$. Thanks to the late T.Branson we have the following definition of the so-called $Q$-curvature:
$Q= \Delta R + ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

119 views

### A Generalization of the Ahlfors function to have varying degrees?

It's a classical result of Ahlfors that, for any sufficiently nice n-connected domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb C$ there is a holomorphic branched covering $f: \Omega \rightarrow \mathbb D$ to the disk ...

**7**

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**1**answer

188 views

### A question on the twistor space of a manifold

Let $M$ be either (a) self-dual conformal 4-manifold, or (b) hypercomplex $4n$-manifold.
In either case one can construct the twistor space $Z$ (in the case (b) $Z=\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^1\times M$ as a ...

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votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Is there a manifold structure on a space of conformal maps?

I would be very grateful for any information or pointers for the following:
1) Fix an open subset $U$ of $\mathbb{CP}^1$. a) Does the set of all holomorphic maps from $U$ to $\mathbb{C}$ (with the ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Extremal length of graphs in surfaces

Given a surface $\Sigma$ with conformal structure $\omega$, the extremal length of a homotopy class $\gamma$ of curves in $\Sigma$ is defined to be
$$
\sup_{g \in \omega} ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### Is the Poincaré metric continuous with respect to the domain?

Suppose $K \subset \mathbb{C}$ is a Cantor set and let $u:\mathbb{C} \setminus K \to \mathbb{R}$ be the maximal smooth function such that the conformal metric $e^{2u}(\mathrm{d}x^2 + \mathrm{d}y^2)$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

482 views

### Analogy of Liouville conformal mapping theorem with Mostow rigidity?

I often hear mention of two theorems, Mostow's rigidity theorem and Liouville's theorem on conformal mappings, which superficially sound similar: they say that a set of geometric structures is, if ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

425 views

### Conformal structure does not see conical singularities

the conformal structure does not see the conical singularities of a polyhedral surface.
This is a quote from the Preface of Quantum Triangulations (eds.: Carfora, Marzuoli).
The sentiment is ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

258 views

### Adding segments to an annulus - a question regarding the conformal modulus.

Let $A \subset \mathbb{C}$ be an topological annulus, i.e. a region of $\mathbb{C}$ bounded by two disjoint Jordan curves.
Let $B \subset \mathbb{C}$ be a quadrilateral, i.e. a topological disc with ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

380 views

### Proof of the general expression for anomaly in a CFT and its partition function

I think the statement is that for any dimensional CFT the following is true,
$$\langle T^{\mu}_\mu \rangle = \sum B_n I_n - 2(-1)^{d/2}AE_d,$$
where $E_d$ is the `"Euler density" and $I_n$ are ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

250 views

### Green's function for *GJMS* operator

Consider a Riemannian manifold $(M^n, g)$ of dimension $n$ with a metric $g$. We assume $M$ to be closed (compact without boundary). Let's not assume any hypothesis on the Yamabe invariant of the ...

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votes

**4**answers

264 views

### When is the boundary of an open planar set a Jordan curve?

Is the boundary of an open, regular, bounded, path-connected, and simply connected set a Jordan curve?
Trying to find weakest condition on an open bounded set to apply Carathéodory's theorem.
My ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

762 views

### Conformal-symplectic geometry ?

I think in priciple it's possible to consider a theory of "conformal-symplectic manifolds", in an analogous fashion as the usual conformal geometry.
To spell out the spontaneous definitions: say ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

198 views

### The necessary and sufficient condition for $\textbf{global}$ conformal flatness of a n-dim (pseudo-)Riemannian manifold

There is a theorem :
1) 2-dim (pseudo-)Riemannian manifold must be local conformal flat;
2) 3-dim (pseudo-)Riemannian manifold is local conformal flat iff the Cotton tensor vanishes.
3) n-dim (n>3) ...

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votes

**2**answers

228 views

### Conformal map and Jordan curve

Here is my question :
Suppose you have a simple (analytic) closed curve $\gamma$ in an open simply connected domain $\Omega \neq \mathbb{C}$. Does there exist a conformal bijection $f : \Omega ...

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votes

**2**answers

301 views

### Non-bijective conformal maps between annuli

I need to answer the following question, hopefully in the negative.
Question: Does there exist a conformal map $f$ of degree $1$ from the annulus $\{1<|z|<R\}$ to the punctured disk ...

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votes

**1**answer

98 views

### Explanation that Twistor Space of $S^4$ is $\mathbb{C}P^3$?

I am attempting to read Atiyah's paper on self-duality in four-dimensional Riemannian geometry, and I came across the following basic example:
Let $S_-$ be the $SU(2)$-bundle of anti-self dual ...

**4**

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**1**answer

181 views

### What's the height of the capped hyperbolic pants?

Consider a hyperbolic pair of pants with totally-geodesic boundaries of lengths $l_1,l_2,l_3$. Cap off boundary 1 with a conformal disk. The result is a conformal cylinder, which has a unique flat ...

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**0**answers

56 views

### Bi-Lipschitz classification of germs of conformal metrics at a singularity

First let me introduce some definitions.
By a germ of conformal metrics at a singularity, or simply a germ, I mean a conformal Riemannian metric $g$ defined on a punctured neighborhood $U$ of $0$ in ...

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156 views

### Does the concept of connective constant make sense for any tiling of the plane?

First let me define what is the "connective constant" of a two dimensional lattice.
Let $c_{n}$ denote the number of $n$ step self-avoiding walks starting from a fixed origin point in the lattice. ...

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**0**answers

115 views

### The Tangent Bundle of the Space of CR Structures on S^(2n+1)

Let $M$ be a smooth compact $n$-manifold without boundary, $g$ some choice of Riemannian metric on $M$, and $\omega_g$ the volume form gotten from $g$. Say you're interested in finding extrema for ...

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382 views

### Correlation functions of complex operators

One defines the "scaling dimension" (as opposed to "engineering dimension") of an operator $\cal{O}$ as $[\cal{O}]$ such that if $\cal{O}(t^{-1}x) = t^{[\cal{O}]}\cal{O}(x)$ then the Lagrangian in ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

225 views

### In what condition is a conformal flat manifold flat?

$g^{\mu\nu}(x)=\Omega^{2}(x)g'^{\mu\nu}(x)$ is a conformal transformation.
If $g'^{\mu\nu}$ is flat, what kind of $\Omega(x)$ is choosed can make $g^{\mu\nu}$ flat.
We can think about any dimension ...

**3**

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**1**answer

150 views

### Ricci flow and conformal classes

Is it true that the conformal class of the metric is preserved under Ricci flow? I have seen it mentioned in an answer on this site. Is there an easy argument?
(This question was asked on MSE but it ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Change of coordinates for Teichmüller space of the 4-holed sphere

The diagram below indicates 2 ways to use Fenchel-Nielsen coordinates to parameterize the Teichmüller space of conformal structures on the 4-holed sphere with totally-geodesic boundary, corresponding ...

**3**

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**1**answer

168 views

### Complex function for mapping a circle to a superellipse

I was wondering if anyone knows an analytic complex function that would map a circle to a superellipse, or vice versa. Any ideas, comments, or functions are much appreciated!
Thanks,
Kayvan

**3**

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**1**answer

350 views

### eigenspinors of Dirac operator

$M$ compact manifold. Let $\lambda$ be an eigenvalue for the Dirac operator of multiplicity greater than 2. I'm interested in showing the existence of two linearly independant eigenspinors $u$ and $v$ ...

**3**

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**1**answer

340 views

### What are Euler density and Weyl invariants?

I would like to know as to what is the definition and significance of what are called "Euler density" and "Weyl invariants" (of weight $-d$ on a $d-$manifold)
Do many (which?) of them vanish when ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

119 views

### Equivalence of Harmonic Maps and Conformal Maps on Genus-0 closed surfaces

By the uniformization theorem, for every genus-0 closed surface $\mathcal{M}\subset\mathbb{R}^3$, there is a conformal map $f:\mathcal{M}\rightarrow \mathbb{S}^2$. Furthermore consider the Dirichlet ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

299 views

### Variant of the Riemann Mapping Theorem for $Conf(\mathbb H^2)$?

According to the Riemann mapping theorem it is possible to map a simply connected open subset $B \subset \mathbb C$ into any other $B' \subset \mathbb C$ by a (bi-)holomorphic mapping. Moreover, such ...

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votes

**2**answers

212 views

### general conformal transf. extension to hyperbolic manifold

I have an hyperbolic manifold with boundary a conformal sphere. Can I extend any conformal transformation of boundary to the interior of the ball? I know how to do with Moebius but I wonder if there ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Global conformal equivalence of two regions of Minkowski spacetime

I am wondering whether the region $H:=\{(t,x):x^2−t^2<1\}$ of $(1+1)$-dimensional Minkowski spacetime, equipped with the restriction $g_H$ of the standard Minkowski metric $g=−\mathrm{d} t\otimes ...

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**3**answers

701 views

### conformal diffeomorphism of sphere

I want to understand Prop 6 in the paper "Convergence of the Q-curvarture flow on $S^4$" by Simon Brendle. I understand that for every $p\in B^4$, where $B^4=\{x\in\mathbb{R}^5: |x|\leq 1\}$,
...

**2**

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**1**answer

225 views

### hayman's result for $ A^2(D) $

Consider injective homolomorphic functions $f:\mathbb D\to \mathbb C$ on the unit disk $|z|\leq 1$, normalized by the conditions $f(0)=0$ and $f'(0)=1$.
Thus for $|z|\leq 1$ we have $ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

85 views

### Control of the metric in isothermal coordinates

Suppose you have a riemannian surface $(\Sigma,g)$, and an open simply-connected set $U \subset \Sigma$. You know that you can find isothermal coordinates - that is a map $\varphi : U \rightarrow D$ ...

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**1**answer

149 views

### Coordinates for Teichmuller space for compact conformal surfaces

Fenchel-Nielsen coordinates give a coordinatization of Teichmuller space for compact conformal surfaces admitting a pants decomposition. But not all compact conformal surfaces (possibly with boundary, ...

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**0**answers

65 views

### What are “minimal lines” in complex geometry?

Schwarz reflection across a real analytic arc $C$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$ is usually defined analytically. Thinking of the arc as the image of an interval in $\mathbb{R}$ under an invertible holomorphic map ...

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292 views

### Collection of charged line segments in 2D - where do electric field lines meet it?

Suppose we have a collection of charged line segments in 2D. I'd like to be able to do two things :
from an arbitrary point in the plane, follow the electric field and find where it meets the ...

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**1**answer

235 views

### Harmonic/conformal map composition between manifolds in either order?

Suppose $\mathcal{M}$, $\mathcal{N}$, and $\mathcal{P}$ are Riemannian manifolds (compact and of dimension 2, if it matters). It seems well-known that if $\phi:\mathcal{M}\rightarrow\mathcal{N}$ is ...

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**1**answer

160 views

### Are there compact Riemannian manifolds whith Q-curvature negative?

Are there known examples of compact Riemannian manifolds with Q-curvature negative?

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**1**answer

335 views

### How to determine bounds on the extremal length around annuli?

I wish to determine bounds for the sum of moduli of a family of topological annuli in the complex plane. Towards that end I would like to ask a question about the closely related concept of extremal ...