The conformal-field-theory tag has no usage guidance.

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### Understanding Segal's definition of conformal field theory

I have a fundamental problem in understanding Segal's definition of a conformal field theory:
On the one hand his monoidal CFT-functor is a formalization of the fact that, physically, the integrand ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

630 views

### How should a mathematician approach the physics literature concerning percolation?

I would like to read some of the physics literature on two-dimensional percolation, however in attempting this I have run into two problems. (1) Physics papers on percolation are (relatively) hard ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### central charge and Calabi-Yau dimension

I would like to know if there is any setting where the two notions of
central charge of 2D conformal field theories,
Calabi-Yau dimension of fractionally Calabi-Yau categories
can be understood as ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### Conformal welding of annuli

This question is similar to that stated in Conformal Welding Reference:
Let $\Sigma$ be a 1-dim compact connected complex manifold with boundary $\partial \Sigma= \partial\Sigma^+ \cup ...

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votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Is there an E8 symmetry in the zero-field Ising model?

In the paper On classification of modular tensor categories by Rowell, Stong and Wang, they list the Ising modular category $I$ as having 3 objects $1$, $\sigma$ and $\psi$, with fusion rules ...

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votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Choice of framing in Gravitational Chern Simons

I was trying to understand formula(2.21) in Witten's paper "Quantum Field Theory and Jones Polynomial"(link: https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.cmp/1104178138) (Page 360).
There, it was mentioned, the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Quantum dimension in SU(N) level k Kac-Moody algebra

The CFT of the SU(N) level k Kac-Moody current algebra has many Kac-Moody primary fields. I wonder if any one has calculated the quantum dimensions of those Kac-Moody primary fields.
I know that, ...

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votes

**2**answers

100 views

### Distinct 2D RCFTs with the same underlying MTC

A 2d rational conformal field theory (RCFT) gives rise to a modular tensor category (MTC) equipped with a Frobenius algebra object (see, for example, http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/0204148).
Is there an ...

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vote

**0**answers

238 views

### Analogues of the Monster for central charges different from 24

One way to define the Monster group is to consider a conformal field theory (CFT) corresponding to central charge $c=24$ and look at the automorphism group of its vertex operator algebra. For one of ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

568 views

### Neveu-Schwarz and Ramond sector in the free fermion CFT

My question is about the Neveu-Schwarz and the Ramond sector in the free fermion CFT.
The setup is as follows.
We consider two dimensional Minkowski space with a point removed $M = \mathbb{R}^{1, ...

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votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Verlinde Formula and Theta Function Identities

The paper Fusion rules and modular transformations in 2D conformal field theory by Erik Verlinde mentions a simple case of rational conformal field theory, where the fusion algebra is just ...

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votes

**1**answer

191 views

### minimal energy of affine Lie algebra reps

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a simple Lie algebra.
Let $\widetilde{L\mathfrak g}$ be the universal central extension of $L\mathfrak g:=\mathfrak g[t,t^{-1}]$. Let $V_\lambda$ be a positive energy ...

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votes

**2**answers

477 views

### Free Boson Correlator $ \langle X(z)X(w) \rangle =- \ln |z - w| $

In physics papers, the massless free boson has a definition involving an action:
$$ S(X) = \frac{1}{8\pi} \int d\sigma^2\, \partial X \overline{\partial X}$$
The random functions $X(z)$ are ...

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votes

**2**answers

743 views

### 2d Ising model in conformal fields theory and statistical mechanics

I am not completely sure that this question is appropriate for this mathematical site. But since in the past I did get on MO couple of times nice answers to rather physical questions, I will try. ...

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votes

**2**answers

223 views

### In what condition is a conformal flat manifold flat?

$g^{\mu\nu}(x)=\Omega^{2}(x)g'^{\mu\nu}(x)$ is a conformal transformation.
If $g'^{\mu\nu}$ is flat, what kind of $\Omega(x)$ is choosed can make $g^{\mu\nu}$ flat.
We can think about any dimension ...

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votes

**3**answers

557 views

### Interpreting the CS/WZW correspondence

It is understood that there is a correspondence between the 3d Chern-Simons topological quantum field theory (TQFT) and the 2d Wess-Zumino-Witten conformal quantum field theory (CQFT). A good summary ...

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**1**answer

399 views

### $\text{Rep}(D(G))$ as representation category of a vertex operator algebra

The category of representations $\text{Rep}(D(G))$ of the quantum double of a finite group is well-known to be a modular tensor category. Can these modular tensor categories also be obtained as ...

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votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Vertex Operators with nonlinear terms in Conformal Field Theory

Suppose that we have a simple theory described by the following Hamiltonian
$$
H=\sum_{k>0}k a_k^{\dagger}a_k,
$$
where $[a_k,a_{k'}^{\dagger}]=\delta_{k,k'}$. We can usually define the Vertex ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

281 views

### Duality between orbifold and quasi-Hopf algebra (twisted quantum doubles)

A quick Question:
Is there some duality known between the quasi Hopf algebra
$D^\omega(H)$ of a finite group $H$ to an orbifold model (such as
SU(2)/$G$ or SO(3)/$G$ orbifold of some ...

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votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Verlinde's formula

"Verlinde's formula" predicts the dimension of the space of conformal blocks of a chiral CFT.
Depending on...
• which chiral CFT one considers (does one restrict to WZW models, or not?)
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

321 views

### What are Euler density and Weyl invariants?

I would like to know as to what is the definition and significance of what are called "Euler density" and "Weyl invariants" (of weight $-d$ on a $d-$manifold)
Do many (which?) of them vanish when ...

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votes

**0**answers

349 views

### A gentle introduction to CFT [closed]

1) Which is the definition of a conformal field theory?
2) Which are the physical prerequisites one would need to start studying conformal field theories?
(i.e Does one need to know supersymmetry? ...

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**0**answers

239 views

### The space-time dimension of the N-superstring theory?

Let $\mathfrak{W}$ be the Lie algebra generated by $d_{n} = ie^{in\theta}\frac{d}{d\theta}$ and $\mathfrak{Vir} = \mathfrak{W} \oplus C \mathbb{C}$ its central extension:
$$
...

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**0**answers

249 views

### Are there exactly solvable CFTs?

I am wondering if there are CFTs such that n-point correlation functions in them of the fields (may be the primaries or of some notion of twist fields) is exactly known.
Are there such?
Aren't ...

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votes

**1**answer

849 views

### Is this error in this paper of Langlands fixable?

The FQS criterion for the Virasoro algebra was discovered by Friedan, Qiu and Shenker (1), but the mathematicians found their proof insufficient, so that, FQS (2) and Langlands (3), published in the ...

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votes

**0**answers

150 views

### Proving conformal invariance of a field theory by property of its stress energy tensor.

I have a question about proving conformal invariance of a field theory by property of its stress energy tensor.
In physics there is argument that when the stress-energy tensor is traceless, ...

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votes

**1**answer

751 views

### Has the conformally field theoretic metric on a Calabi-Yau variety been proved to exist?

Let $(X,g)$ be a compact Kähler manifold. Physics allows us to consider a supersymmetric
sigma model with target $(X,g)$, which is a N=2 two-dimensional field theory.
From the two-dimensional point ...

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votes

**0**answers

195 views

### Quantum Drinfeld-Sokolov reduction for a module

There is a well-established procedure for quantizing the Drinfeld-Sokolov reduction for an affine Lie algebra. In particular, this paper of de Boer and Tjin describes an algorithm to produce the ...

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**0**answers

256 views

### fake Calabi-Yau threefold

(1) What is a "fake Calabi-Yau threefold"? Can I describe as a complex or symplectic manifold with trivial canonical bundle, but no compatible Kahler structure? Some mathematicians actually seem to ...

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votes

**1**answer

622 views

### wrapping M5-branes on a Riemann surface

AdS/CFT gives us a way to use geometry to study field theory! I am trying to wrap M5-branes on a Riemann surface $\Sigma_{g}$. In my problem, for a Riemann surface in 11d, the normal bundle is max ...

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votes

**2**answers

271 views

### pseutotensor category

In the paper B. Bakalov, A.D'Andrea and V.G.Kac, Theory of finite pseudoalgebras, section 3, one finds the following definition of pseudotensor category:
A pseudotensor category is a class of ...

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votes

**6**answers

4k views

### Explanations for mathematicians, about the falsifiability (or not) of string theory [closed]

Like many other mathematicians, I think string theory very attractive. This theory has wonderfully influenced many new topics in mathematics (I myself have worked on one of them), but it's not the ...

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votes

**5**answers

501 views

### Example for non equivalent rational full CFTs with same modular invariant (partition function)

I am looking for a counter example which shows, that a full rational 2D CFT (with respect to a given chiral subtheory) is not characterized by its modular invariant partition function. People tell me ...

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843 views

### What happens to Virasoro at c=25?

The Virasoro algebras $Vir_c$ are a family of infinite dimensional Lie *-algebras parametrized by a real number $c$, called the central charge.¹
I hear that there exist two critical values of the ...

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votes

**2**answers

606 views

### Is this a vertex algebroid?… What is vertex algebroid?

A couple of day ago, I was lamenting to a friend about the fact that I have no idea what vertex algebroids are.
During our discussion, I came up with a guess of what a vertex algebroid might be.
I'm ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

189 views

### Analytic curve on Riemann surface

Suppose there is a closed analytic curve $C$ on a Riemann surface $S$, that is the image of a map $\gamma$ from the equator $E$ of the Riemann sphere to the surface $S$ which is a restriction of a ...

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votes

**2**answers

727 views

### What do correlation functions compute in CFT?

I would like to understand what correlation functions compute in Conformal Field Theory in mathematics. Let me begin with basic definitions. We define a free boson field $\phi(z)$ as a formal power ...

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**0**answers

928 views

### conformal blocks for beginners

I have given now a couple of talks that involve conformal blocks bundles on the moduli stack $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$, in front of a public of algebraic geometers but not specialists of the ...

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**0**answers

257 views

### definitions of primary fields

I have come across two similar definitions of primary fields in conformal field theory. Depending on what I am doing each definition has its own usefulness. I expect both definitions to be compatible ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

200 views

### Algebra out of a set of modules of a Lie algebra? Fusion

The problem I faced is how to organize a set of finite-dimensional irreducible representations $U_\alpha$ of some simple Lie algebra $g$ into an Lie algebra $A$ that contains $g$ as a Lie subalgebra ...

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votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Why is there a discrepancy between the normalizations of the central terms for the commutation relations of the Virasoro versus Neveu-Schwarz Lie algebras?

Following the standard conventions in the literature, the commutation relations of the Virasoro Lie algebra are given by
$$[L_m,L_n]=(m-n)L_{m+n}+\delta_{m,-n}\frac1{12}(m^3-m)c,$$
$$[c,L_n]=0.$$
...

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votes

**1**answer

433 views

### Character of parity-twisted supersymmetric VOA module — question inspired by the Stolz-Teichner program

I'll begin with some background that is unnecessary for the actual question, but that might be interesting to the reader:
Topological modular forms ($TMF$) is a generalized cohomology theory whose ...

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votes

**7**answers

3k views

### The Chern-Simons/Wess-Zumino-Witten correspondence

I have often seen a relationship being alluded to between these two theories but I am unable to find any literature which proves/derives/explains this relationship.
I guess in the condensed matter ...

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votes

**1**answer

371 views

### Is there a fusion rule in positive characteristic?

Verlinde's fusion gives a certain "tensor product" of representations of loop groups. The category of representations of loop groups has (essentially equivalent) two incarnations. One is analytic, ...

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votes

**1**answer

349 views

### eigenspinors of Dirac operator

$M$ compact manifold. Let $\lambda$ be an eigenvalue for the Dirac operator of multiplicity greater than 2. I'm interested in showing the existence of two linearly independant eigenspinors $u$ and $v$ ...

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378 views

### Correlation functions of complex operators

One defines the "scaling dimension" (as opposed to "engineering dimension") of an operator $\cal{O}$ as $[\cal{O}]$ such that if $\cal{O}(t^{-1}x) = t^{[\cal{O}]}\cal{O}(x)$ then the Lagrangian in ...

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votes

**1**answer

532 views

### What is known about the connection of positive energy representations of loop groups and modular forms

At the end of Section 14.1 in Pressley, Segal "Loop Groups" there is the remark that
the partition function is a modular function in the sense that the Dedekind $\eta$ function is a modular form. I ...

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**3**answers

3k views

### What exactly is the relation between string theory and conformal field theory?

Maybe it would be helpful for me to summarize the little bit I
think know. A 2D CFT assigns a Hilbert space ${\cal H}$ to a circle and
an operator
$$A(X): {\cal H}^{\otimes n}\rightarrow {\cal ...

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votes

**1**answer

1k views

### H^4 of the Monster

The Monster group $M$ acts on the moonshine vertex algebra $V^\natural$.
Because $V^\natural$ is a holomorphic vertex algebra (i.e., it has a unique irreducible module), there is a corresponding ...

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706 views

### local equivalence of loop group representations

Let $G$ be a compact, simple, connected, simply connected (cscsc) Lie group, and let its smooth loop group $LG:=C^\infty(S^1,G)$. Given an interval $I\subset S^1$, we have the local loop group
$$
L_IG ...