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27
votes
0answers
695 views

Computer calculations in A_infinity categories?

Is there a good computer program for doing calculations in A-infinity categories? Explicit calculations in A-infinity categories are an important, useful, yet very tedious task. One has to keep ...
12
votes
0answers
323 views

Splay trees and Thompson's group $F$

( I apologize for only indicating some easy to find references, but new users are not allowed to link more than five). This is very speculative, but: Question: Is there a reformulation of the Dynamic ...
11
votes
0answers
304 views

Does Langton's ant cover every n by 6 gridded torus?

This post follows this other post about times cover by Langton's ant of $n$ by $n$ gridded torus. For $n$ by $n$ gridded torus, I've checked for $n \le 1000$ that the ant covers all. This fact needs ...
9
votes
0answers
293 views

Various definitions of recursion from ordinal machines

Background: I'm trying to get an intuitive understanding of α-recursion and related concepts in higher recursion theory. Once nice book is Peter Hinman's Recursion-Theoretic Hierarchies, available ...
9
votes
0answers
685 views

Finding a set with the maximum number of finite alphabet strings within a fixed Levenshtein distance of one-another

Please consider the set of all possible strings of some finite size $M$ alphabet $\Sigma$, $\alpha$ $= a_1, a_2, ..., a_k, ..., a_n$, of length $|\alpha| = L$. The Levenshtein distance (or 'edit ...
8
votes
0answers
1k views

Question on randomness extractors

Person A has a source $W$ with min-entropy($W$) = $k$. He also has an extra piece of information about the random source, denoted with $y$, such that min-entropy($W|y$) = $k/3$. The adversary doesn't ...
6
votes
0answers
734 views

How many 2L-bit numbers are the product of two L-bit numbers?

If I multiply two integers $x, y $ in $[0,2^L)$, I get an integer in $[0,2^{2L})$. Clearly, this map from $[0,2^L) \times [0,2^L) \to [0,2^{2L})$ is not bijective. I am interested in the size of ...
6
votes
0answers
150 views

Finding a database of representations as matrices

Sorry if this would be more appropriate as a stackoverflow and not a mathoverflow question, but I think it's more likely to be known in this community. There are plenty of places on the internet or ...
5
votes
0answers
110 views

Are there sampNP-intermediate problems?

This questions is approximately cross-posted from theoretical computer science stackexchange Ladner's theorem establishes that if $\mathsf{P} \ne \mathsf{NP}$ then $\mathsf{NPI} := \mathsf{NP} ...
5
votes
0answers
205 views

Büchi automata with acceptance strategy

I have already asked this question on cstheory.stackexchange, but without success. Maybe it is too close to an "open problem", although it is not a famous one. Anyway I try here, I can always remove ...
5
votes
0answers
329 views

Chain/Hierarchy of Monoids

Let's assume that we have the following collection of structures: Some space $P$. Monoids $(M_{i+1},\circ_{i+1})$, and Actions $\bullet_{i+1}:M_{i+1}\times M_i\to M_i$, for $i\ge 0$ And ...
4
votes
0answers
141 views

Correspondence between numerical semigroups and polynomials?

A numerical semigroup $A$ is defined as a subsemigroup of the semigroup $(\mathbb{N},+)$ of the positive integers such that the set $\mathbb{N}\setminus A$ is finite. Equivalently (for a subsemigroup) ...
4
votes
0answers
283 views

About “natural proof” of Razborov and Rudich

The famous "Natural Proof" paper ,http://www.cs.umd.edu/~gasarch/BLOGPAPERS/natural.pdf , ‎of Razborov and Rudich gives a barrier for any proof that try to separate P and NP. It mainly shows that if ...
4
votes
0answers
169 views

Rough structure of the double coset space/Graph bijections up to automorphisms

I am dealing with bijective maps $\pi:\Gamma_1\to \Gamma_2$ between two graphs with the same number of vertices $N=O(10)$. The graphs have a significant automorphism group (these are disconnected ...
4
votes
0answers
107 views

Question about constructing an admissible ideal of a quiver of an algebra with the aid of a computer

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field and $A$ a finite-dimensional, basic, connected $k$-algebra. Then $A$ is Morita-equivalent to a quotient of a path algebra $kQ/I$ and $I$ is an admissible ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

Are all $k$th-longest-tour problems equally hard?

It is well known, that determining the shortest and, the longest Hamilton Cycle of a complete graph with real edge weights are algorithmically two sides of the same medal: one transforms to the other ...
3
votes
0answers
56 views

Is the $d$-dimensional Arrangement of Trees still $NP$-hard?

The $d$-dimensional Arrangement Problem for general graphs is known to be $NP$-hard since the special case $d=1$ (OLA) already is (Garey et al, [1976]). For Trees however, the one dimensional case can ...
3
votes
0answers
335 views

Groupoid interpretation of type theory

Hello, I read the paper on groupoid interpretation of type theory by Hofmann and Streicher and I have a question. According to the authors $Tm([[\text{Set}\:[\Gamma]\: ]])$ is the same as ...
3
votes
0answers
313 views

Inversion density: Have you seen this concept?

Let n > 1 be an integer. Let A be an array, indexed from 1 to n, of n values A(i) coming from the finite set {0,1}. (More generally, the values can come from any totally ordered set, but I only need ...
3
votes
0answers
370 views

Wolff's application of CS to analysis

In the foreword of Tom Wolff's "Lectures on Harmonic Analysis", C. Fefferman writes "[Wolff made] (as far as I know) the first serious application of theoretical computer science to analysis." What ...
2
votes
0answers
78 views

Applications of small Kakeya sets over finite fields

It was proved by Dvir that a Kakeya set in $\mathbb{F}_q^n$ has size at least $q^n/n!$, a bound which was later improved to $q^n/2^n$. For $n = 2$ and $q$ odd the exact bound is $q(q+1)/2 + (q-1)/2$ ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

largest size for a randomness extractor

I am not so expert in theoretical computer science, so sorry if the question is trivial, i just could not find it in literature. Suppose we have a source $X$ with min-entropy $\ell$, the randomness ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Private Randomness extractor

Suppose we are given two random variables $X$ and $Y$ with fixed marginal and joint distribution. What is the maximum randomness that we can extract from $Y$ that is independent from $X$, that is, if ...
2
votes
0answers
155 views

Is it possible to implement η-reduction in interaction nets?

There are several ways to encode λ-terms in interaction nets; for instance, using the original optimal algorithm by Lamping, or compiling λ-calculus into interaction combinators. However, all the ...
2
votes
0answers
165 views

A primal-dual (double) circle packing (coin graph) question

I know that any 3-connected simple planar graph with a designated outside face (outer face) has a primal-dual (double) circle packing (Brightwell-Scheinerman Theorem). Q1- But I am not sure whether ...
2
votes
0answers
107 views

How to argue about state transitions?

Computing differs from math by its dependence on state changes, among other things. A program can be seen as a composition of state transitions, and it would be nice to have an inverse function to ...
2
votes
0answers
239 views

what is the largest gap between rank and approximate rank

$\epsilon$-approximation rank of a matrix $M$ is the minimum rank of a real matrix $A$ which differs from $M$ at most $\epsilon$ in each entry. Associating any function $f:X\times Y\rightarrow${1,-1} ...
2
votes
0answers
264 views

Integer relation detection for Subset Sum or NPP?

Is there a way to encode an instance of Subset Sum or the Number Partition Problem so that a (small) solution to an integer relation yields an answer? If not definitely, then in some probabilistic ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Polynomial-time algorithm solving approximately a generalization of the travelling salesman problem

Take a graph $G$ and a number of sets of nodes of $G$. The problem is to find the shortest path passing through at least one node in each node set. If each node set consists of only one node, the ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Counting models in first order logics without existencial quantifiers

My question is about the posibility of to construct a parameter space of models in a first order theory, finitely presented, with out existencial quantifiers (parameter space in the sense of ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Is there any track for proving $D=NP$, besides showing that $D$ has polynomial-bounded universal quantifiers?

Background By the MRDP theorem, every for every recursively enumerable set $S$, there exists a Diophantine polynomial $p$ such that $$x \in S \iff \exists y_1, \dots, y_n \in \mathbb{N} \text{ such ...
1
vote
0answers
91 views

Indecomposability of image transformations (pure algebra). Open questions

W-transformations -- definitions We will consider a class called finite window transformations $\ T:C^\mathbb Z\rightarrow C^\mathbb Z\ $ defined a paragraph below; $\ \mathbb Z\ $ is the ring of ...
1
vote
0answers
95 views

Testing functional equivalence

We are looking for the most efficient (most recent, or best) techniques to check if two algebraic expressions (elementary, Calculus-type functions) are equivalent (or if an expression is equivalent to ...
1
vote
0answers
129 views

Is there an easy decision algorithm for the inhabitation problem for simple types?

Consider the basic system of simple types usually known as $TA_\lambda$. One can prove that (as a consequence of the Subject Reduction Property and the fact that any typable term is strongly ...
1
vote
0answers
95 views

Schönhage's SMM with only one instruction

It is possible to implement $\lambda$-calculus in Schönhage's storage modification machine using an infinite set of nodes and one single program consisted exclusively of (about hundred) instructions ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Optimal Reduction in Interaction Calculus

We work in interaction calculus. Let $\Sigma = \{\lambda, \psi, \delta, \epsilon\}$, $\text{Ar}(\lambda) = \text{Ar}(\psi) = \text{Ar}(\delta) = 2$, and $\text{Ar}(\epsilon) = 0$. For any $\alpha ...
1
vote
0answers
110 views

Turing-complete primitive interaction systems

Let us call primitive an interaction system with the signature $\Sigma = \{(\rho, 0), (\xi, n)\}, \quad n \geq 2;$ and the only rule being of the form $\rho \bowtie \xi[\rho, \xi(a_1, \dots , a_n), ...
1
vote
0answers
202 views

A Multiplicative version of McDiarmid's Inequality like the one of Chernoff-Hoeffding Bounds

McDiarmid's Inequality basically says the following: Let $X_1, X_2, X_3, \ldots, X_n$ denote independent random variables and $f$ is a function of $n$ real arguments. If changing the value of the ...
1
vote
0answers
330 views

The used symbols for equality and equivalence

Background: I am currently developing a general purpose programming language which allows formal verification (i.e. correctness proofs) of programs. During the development it came out that a lot of ...
1
vote
0answers
129 views

Optimizing for a unique outcome of a probabilistic marriage problem

Let's say I have some number of individuals who are single, $(b_1, ..., b_N) \in B$, and for every possible pairing of two individuals, $b_i$ and $b_j$, I happen to know the exact probability that the ...
1
vote
0answers
212 views

Geometric/Analytic techniques for constructive and asymptotic bounds in the Lee metric

Slight extension of cross posting from http://cstheory.stackexchange.com/questions/7408/lee-metric-gilbert-varshamov-and-hamming-bounds-for-larger-relative-distance-rang (closed there) The following ...
1
vote
0answers
343 views

NP-complete variants of NPI problems

Motivated by these posts, An NP-complete variant of factoring and Relationship between symmetry and computational intractability, It seems to be worthwhile to investigate the different factors that ...
1
vote
0answers
384 views

Minimizing quadratic form over permutations

Let $Q$ be an $n \times n$ real symmetric matrix and $x$ an $n \times 1$ real vector. Consider the following minimization problem: $\min_{\pi \in S_n} ~(\pi x)^{\rm T} Q (\pi x)$, where $S_n$ ...
1
vote
0answers
410 views

Cluster-preserving and distance-maximizing embedding into Hamming Space?

I have a set of data, each instance in the real $[0,1]^{d}$. However, it's actually all in a relatively small range around 0.5, clustered into classes in even smaller ranges. The actual origin of the ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Counting path generating sentences in a specific formal language

Given a formal grammar of a language or an Turing machine of the language, can we count the path that generating sentences of the language? For example, we know that if the grammar is context-free ...
0
votes
0answers
138 views

Trilateration issues, when circles don't intersect

I'm working on Indoor localization where I've deployed multiple iBeacons in my environment. I'm taking distances from all the beacons through their RSSI values. They are not 100% accurate though. Now ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

How can be a conservative field constraint be efficiently implemented in a continuous optimization problem?

Suppose we have the following continuous optimization problem: $$ \underset{x}{\mathrm{minimize}}f\left(x\right) $$ subject to $$ \exists X:\nabla X=Jac\left(X\right)=x $$ where $f$ is a function ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Any software that can symmetrize input sets?

Is there any software that contains symmetrization techniques ex. polarization, Steiner Symmetrization etc. I suppose not. Which software would you suggest for rigid transformations? Thank you
0
votes
0answers
84 views

Proof of conjecture that permutation-free automata restrict the possible states visitable from a stringset sharing prefixes and infixes

An automaton $\mathcal A = (X, Q, \delta, q_0)$ is called permutation-free iff no word $w \in X^*$ induces a nontrivial permutation of a subset of the states of $\mathcal A$. More formally for any $R ...
0
votes
0answers
287 views

Extended definition of unambiguous language and the existence of unambiguous grammar

Let's extend the unambiguity of language and grammar as follows: a language $L$ is unambiguous if there is a grammar that generates every word in $L$ in a unique way, the grammar may be of type 0 or ...