# Tagged Questions

Using computers to solve algebraic problems. Questions with this tag should typically include at least one other tag indicating what sort of algebraic problem is involved, such as ac.commutative-algebra or rt.representation-theory.

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### Most helpful math resources on the web

What are really helpful math resources out there on the web? Please don't only post a link but a short description of what it does and why it is helpful. Please only one resource per answer and let ...
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### Computer Algebra Errors

In the course of doing mathematics, I make extensive use of computer-based calculations. There's one CAS that I use mostly, even though I occasionally come across out-and-out wrong answers. After ...
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### Reasons to prefer one large prime over another to approximate characteristic zero

Background: In running algebraic geometry computations using software such as Macaulay2, it is often easier and faster to work over $\mathbb F_p = \mathbb Z / p\mathbb Z$ for a large prime $p$, rather ...
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### Open source mathematical software

I want some recommendation on which software I should install on my computer. I'm looking for an open source program for general abstract mathematical purposes (as opposed to applied mathematics). I ...
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### Is there a systematic method for differentiating under the integral sign?

This MO question by Tim Gowers reminded me of a question I've wondered about for some time. In the delightful book Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman!, Feynman praises the technique of differentiating ...
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### Algebraic dependency over $\mathbb{F}_{2}$

Let $f_{1},f_{2},\ldots,f_{n}$ be $n$ polynomials in $\mathbb{F}_{2}[x_{1},x_{2},\ldots,x_{n}]$ such that $\forall a=(a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n)\in\mathbb{F}_{2}^{n}$ we have $\forall i\in[n]:f_{i}(a)=a_{i}$....
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### The unification of Mathematics via Topos Theory

When the paper The unification of Mathematics via Topos Theory by Olivia Caramello, says "one can generate a huge number of new results in any mathematical field without any creative effort." is this ...
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### Can Gröbner bases be used to compute solutions to large, real-world problems?

In particular, suppose I have an affine algebraic variety over $\mathbb{R}^n$ described by generators of a radical ideal $I$ and I want to find (perhaps not all of the) points in the variety. Several ...
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### Computer package for representation theory of the symmetric group

Is there a computer algebra package in which I can compute the following for representations of a specific symmetric group (e.g. $S_7$): (1) $V \otimes W$ (2) $S_\lambda V$, where $S_\lambda$ is a ...
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### Is there a way of canonically labelling permutation groups?

When working with large numbers of graphs, a canonical labelling routine is essential as, after the initial cost of canonically labelling each graph, it permits isomorphism checks to be replaced with ...
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### Where to submit this work with several unusual features?

I appreciate that questions about where to submit are generally considered off-topic, but I hope that the unusual features of the present case may make it acceptable. I have put a monograph on github ...
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### Main open computational problems in quantifier elimination?

A language is said to have quantifier elimination if every first-order-logic sentence in the language can be shown to be equivalent to a quantifier-free sentence, i.e., a sentence without any $\forall$...
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### Fastest Algorithm to Compute the Sum of Primes?

Can anyone help me with references to the current fastest algorithms for counting the exact sum of primes less than some number n? I'm specifically curious about the best case running times, of ...
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### Where to publish computer computations

In a paper I developed some theory; some of the applications require extensive computations that are not part of the paper. I wrote a Mathematica notebook. I want to publish a PDF and .nb version ...
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### What to do when your research runs into a computationally challenging problem?

Occasionally, but more frequently lately, I would like to perform some hard computations. As an example, yesterday the following question came up: What is the projective dimension of the edge ...
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### “Oldest” bug in computer algebra system?

The goal of this question is to find an error in a computation by a computer algebra system where the 'correct' answer (complete with correct reasoning to justify the answer) can be found in the ...
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### Computer software for periods

Kontsevich and Zagier define a period as an integral of a rational function (over $\mathbb{Q}$) defined on a $\mathbb{Q}$-semialgebraic set. They conjecture that if two periods are equal, then the ...
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### An experiment on random matrices

A bit unsure if my use/mention of proprietary software might be inappropriate or even frowned upon here. If this is the case, or if this kind of experimental question is not welcome, please let me ...
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### Computational Question about finite local rings:

Let $(A,\mathfrak{m})$ be a local Artinian ring with finite residue field, which I'm happy to assume is $\mathbf{F}_3$. (In particular, $A$ has finitely many elements.) I would like to do some ...
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### Codimension of the range of certain linear operators

Assume that $P(x,y), Q(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}[x,y]$ are two polynomials. We define a linear map $D$ on $\mathbb{R}[x,y]$ with $D(U)=PU_{x}+QU_{y}$. In fact $D$ is the derivational operator correspond ...
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### How can I tell if a variety is normal?

Suppose $R$ is a subalgebra of ${\mathbb C}[x_1,...,x_N]$ generated by polynomials $p_1,...,p_k.$ I know that ${\mathbb C}[x_1,...,x_N]$ is the integral closure of $R$. Is there an algorithm to ...
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### Computing (on a computer) higher ramification groups and/or conductors of representations.

I am supervising an undergraduate for a project in which he's going to talk about the relationship between Galois representations and modular forms. We decided we'd figure out a few examples of weight ...
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### Faster multiplication with a restricted set of multiplicands?

Let $A$ be a set of $k>1$ distinct elements from a semigroup. We wish to compute the product $$p=b_1 b_2 \cdots b_n$$ where each $b_i\in A$. Clearly $n-1$ multiplications suffice to compute $p$; ...
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### An efficient isomorphism between finite fields

Let $p$ be a prime number. Let $f$ and $g$ be irreducible polynomials over $\mathbb{F}_p$, both of degree $n$. We know that factor-rings $\mathbb{F}_p[x]/(f)$ and $\mathbb{F}_p[x]/(g)$ are isomorphic ...
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### Verify that a group is hyperbolic via computer algebra

I would like to know whether there is some computer algebra software that can be used to verify if a group, given by a finite presentation, is hyperbolic (in the sense that it terminates with "yes" if ...
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### Is there a non self-referencing non-computable function?

I've seen in college that some functions are not computable. The proof for that was the case of Halt(x,y) function. The thing is, the proof used a very artificial (IMHO) case which is evaluating ...
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### Compute Lie algebra cohomology

Is there a computer algebra system that is able to compute the Lie algebra cohomology in a given representation? What if the Lie algebra is finite dimensional? In my case I would like to be able to ...
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### Fast computation of a Groebner basis - What is Possible

I need to compute a Groebner basis of 18 polynomials in 19 variables the terms of which have degree at most 3. My aim is to exploit a symmetry in a PDE problem and I am not an expert in algebra or ...
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### Counting points on varieties of low codimension

The graduate students here at MIT have been thinking about questions like the following: Over $\mathbb{F}\_q$, how many symmetric matrices are there with nonzero determinant and $0$'s on the diagonal? ...
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### Algorithms in Invariant Theory

Let $V$ be a polynomial representation of the general linear group $\Gamma:=\DeclareMathOperator{\Gl}{Gl}\Gl_n(\newcommand{\C}{\mathbb C}\C)$. In chapter 4.6 of his book "Algorithms in Invariant ...
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### Program for computing group cohomology

Is there any computer program with which I can compute the group cohomology H^n(G,V) for a group G acting linearly on a vector space? I mainly care about infinite groups.
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### how to determine whether an ideal is prime or not by an algorithm

Given polynomials $f_{1},\cdots,f_{n}\in \mathbb{C}[x_{1},\cdots,x_{m}]$, do we have an algorithm to determine whether the ideal $I=(f_{1},\cdots,f_{n})$ is prime ideal or not? Of course, we assume ...
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### Which computer algebra system should I be using to solve large systems of sparse linear equations over a number field?

This is related to Noah's recent question about solving quadratics in a number field, but about an even earlier and easier step. Suppose I have a huge system of linear equations, say ~10^6 equations ...
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### Computing in quantum groups

I'd be interested in doing some computations in quantum groups $U_q(\mathfrak g)$ that are conceptually simple (is this element 0"?, and $\mathfrak g = sl_5$), but are somewhat lengthy to do by ...
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### Multipolynomial resultants

We know that the resultant of two polynomials can be computed as the determinant of their Sylvester matrix ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sylvester_matrix ). How do we compute the resultant of more ...
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### Is Gauss-Seidel guaranteed to converge on *semi* positive definite matrices?

I know that the Gauss-Seidel method is guaranteed to converge given that the matrix you want to solve is positive definite. I've looked at the proofs of convergence, and it appears that one cannot ...
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### Mathematical software for computing in integral group rings of discrete groups?

I'm doing computations in the integral group ring of a discrete group, in particular the discrete Heisenberg group. In this case elements are integral combinations of monomials $x^k y^m z^n$, where ...
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### Homological computations

Suppose I have a group acting on some Hadamard manifold, and I want to understand as much as possible about the (co)homology of the quotient. In my case I can find a fundamental domain for the action ...
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### Ideal Membership without Certificate?

I have a homogeneous ideal $I=\langle f_1,\ldots,f_r\rangle$ of the polynomial ring $\mathbb C[X_1,\ldots,X_n]=:R$ where each of the $f_i$ is actually over $\mathbb Z$. My computations are usually ...
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### Computing only the order of Galois group (not the group itself).

My question is related to this one: Computing the Galois group of a polynomial. I was wondering if there is a faster algorithm just to compute the order of the group rather than the group itself. ...
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### Basis for modular forms of half-integral weight

Given a character $\chi$ and $k$ odd how can one compute a basis for the space of modular forms $M_\frac{k}{2}(\Gamma_0(4),\chi)$. By compute a basis I mean, finding the beginning of the Fourier ...
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### Finding minimal or canonical expressions for Boolean truth tables

This is not an urgent question, but something I've been curious about for quite some time. Consider a Boolean function in n inputs: the truth table for this function has 2n rows. There are uses of ...
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### Are there any sofware packages for computing Picard numbers?

Are there any computer algebra systems (e.g. Macaulay2 og singular) that allows one to compute the Picard number (i.e. the rank of the Neron-Severi group) of a given variety?
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### Computer Algebra Systems that support variable sized matrices

I'm familiar with sympy, the matlab symbolic package, reduce, and have tried out a few other computer algebra systems. However, as far as I can tell, none of them seem to be able to do algebra on ...
Suppose we have three $n \times n$ matrices $A$, $B$, $C$ with floating point entries. We would like to compute the polynomial $\det (xA+yB+zC)$. At least in Mathematica, and I think in all computer ...