Using computers to solve algebraic problems. Questions with this tag should typically include at least one other tag indicating what sort of algebraic problem is involved, such as ac.commutative-algebra or rt.representation-theory.

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82
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66answers
14k views

Most helpful math resources on the web

What are really helpful math resources out there on the web? Please don't only post a link but a short description of what it does and why it is helpful. Please only one resource per answer and let ...
63
votes
33answers
15k views

Computer Algebra Errors

In the course of doing mathematics, I make extensive use of computer-based calculations. There's one CAS that I use mostly, even though I occasionally come across out-and-out wrong answers. After ...
44
votes
2answers
975 views

Reasons to prefer one large prime over another to approximate characteristic zero

Background: In running algebraic geometry computations using software such as Macaulay2, it is often easier and faster to work over $\mathbb F_p = \mathbb Z / p\mathbb Z$ for a large prime $p$, rather ...
32
votes
20answers
7k views

Open source mathematical software.

I want some recomendation on which software I should install on my computer, an open source program for general abstract mathematical purposes (as opposed to applied mathematics). I would likely use ...
30
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there a systematic method for differentiating under the integral sign?

This MO question by Tim Gowers reminded me of a question I've wondered about for some time. In the delightful book Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman!, Feynman praises the technique of differentiating ...
23
votes
4answers
2k views

Can Gröbner bases be used to compute solutions to large, real-world problems?

In particular, suppose I have an affine algebraic variety over $\mathbb{R}^n$ described by generators of a radical ideal $I$ and I want to find (perhaps not all of the) points in the variety. Several ...
21
votes
5answers
6k views

The unification of Mathematics via Topos Theory

When the paper The unification of Mathematics via Topos Theory by Olivia Caramello, says "one can generate a huge number of new results in any mathematical field without any creative effort." is this ...
18
votes
7answers
1k views

Computer package for representation theory of the symmetric group

Is there a computer algebra package in which I can compute the following for representations of a specific symmetric group (e.g. $S_7$): (1) $V \otimes W$ (2) $S_\lambda V$, where $S_\lambda$ is a ...
17
votes
1answer
732 views

Main open computational problems in quantifier elimination?

A language is said to have quantifier elimination if every first-order-logic sentence in the language can be shown to be equivalent to a quantifier-free sentence, i.e., a sentence without any ...
16
votes
5answers
3k views

Fastest Algorithm to Compute the Sum of Primes?

Can anyone help me with references to the current fastest algorithms for counting the exact sum of primes less than some number n? I'm specifically curious about the best case running times, of ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

What to do when your research runs into a computationally challenging problem?

Occasionally, but more frequently lately, I would like to perform some hard computations. As an example, yesterday the following question came up: What is the projective dimension of the edge ...
15
votes
2answers
695 views

Where to publish computer computations

In a paper I developed some theory; some of the applications require extensive computations that are not part of the paper. I wrote a Mathematica notebook. I want to publish a PDF and .nb version ...
13
votes
6answers
2k views

“Oldest” bug in computer algebra system?

The goal of this question is to find an error in a computation by a computer algebra system where the 'correct' answer (complete with correct reasoning to justify the answer) can be found in the ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Computing (on a computer) higher ramification groups and/or conductors of representations.

I am supervising an undergraduate for a project in which he's going to talk about the relationship between Galois representations and modular forms. We decided we'd figure out a few examples of weight ...
12
votes
4answers
971 views

An experiment on random matrices

A bit unsure if my use/mention of proprietary software might be inappropriate or even frowned upon here. If this is the case, or if this kind of experimental question is not welcome, please let me ...
12
votes
1answer
717 views

Computational Question about finite local rings:

Let $(A,\mathfrak{m})$ be a local Artinian ring with finite residue field, which I'm happy to assume is $\mathbf{F}_3$. (In particular, $A$ has finitely many elements.) I would like to do some ...
12
votes
2answers
516 views

Faster multiplication with a restricted set of multiplicands?

Let $A$ be a set of $k>1$ distinct elements from a semigroup. We wish to compute the product $$ p=b_1 b_2 \cdots b_n$$ where each $b_i\in A$. Clearly $n-1$ multiplications suffice to compute $p$; ...
12
votes
1answer
441 views

How can I tell if a variety is normal?

Suppose $R$ is a subalgebra of ${\mathbb C}[x_1,...,x_N]$ generated by polynomials $p_1,...,p_k.$ I know that ${\mathbb C}[x_1,...,x_N]$ is the integral closure of $R$. Is there an algorithm to ...
10
votes
2answers
357 views

Counting points on varieties of low codimension

The graduate students here at MIT have been thinking about questions like the following: Over $\mathbb{F}\_q$, how many symmetric matrices are there with nonzero determinant and $0$'s on the diagonal? ...
10
votes
3answers
455 views

Algorithms in Invariant Theory

Let $V$ be a polynomial representation of the general linear group $\Gamma:=\DeclareMathOperator{\Gl}{Gl}\Gl_n(\newcommand{\C}{\mathbb C}\C)$. In chapter 4.6 of his book "Algorithms in Invariant ...
9
votes
9answers
2k views

Is there a non self-referencing non-computable function?

I've seen in college that some functions are not computable. The proof for that was the case of Halt(x,y) function. The thing is, the proof used a very artificial (IMHO) case which is evaluating ...
9
votes
8answers
2k views

Which computer algebra system should I be using to solve large systems of sparse linear equations over a number field?

This is related to Noah's recent question about solving quadratics in a number field, but about an even earlier and easier step. Suppose I have a huge system of linear equations, say ~10^6 equations ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Compute Lie algebra cohomology

Is there a computer algebra system that is able to compute the Lie algebra cohomology in a given representation? What if the Lie algebra is finite dimensional? In my case I would like to be able to ...
9
votes
5answers
922 views

Multipolynomial resultants

We know that the resultant of two polynomials can be computed as the determinant of their Sylvester matrix ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sylvester_matrix ). How do we compute the resultant of more ...
9
votes
4answers
786 views

Is Gauss-Seidel guaranteed to converge on *semi* positive definite matrices?

I know that the Gauss-Seidel method is guaranteed to converge given that the matrix you want to solve is positive definite. I've looked at the proofs of convergence, and it appears that one cannot ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there a stable algorithm for polynomial division (in several variables)?

Suppose you have a homogeneous ideal $I$ inside the algebra $\mathbb{C}[x_1,...,x_d]$ of complex polynomials in $d$-variables. Can one find a basis for $I$, say $\{f_1,...,f_k\}$, such that every $h ...
9
votes
5answers
581 views

is there a good computer package for working with bicomplexes?

I'm interested in working with bicomplexes of modules over polynomial rings, specifically tensoring them together, and the operation of taking cohomology in one direction, and then the other. Is ...
8
votes
2answers
666 views

Homological computations

Suppose I have a group acting on some Hadamard manifold, and I want to understand as much as possible about the (co)homology of the quotient. In my case I can find a fundamental domain for the action ...
8
votes
4answers
260 views

Fast computation of a Groebner basis - What is Possible

I need to compute a Groebner basis of 18 polynomials in 19 variables the terms of which have degree at most 3. My aim is to exploit a symmetry in a PDE problem and I am not an expert in algebra or ...
8
votes
2answers
211 views

Ideal Membership without Certificate?

I have a homogeneous ideal $I=\langle f_1,\ldots,f_r\rangle$ of the polynomial ring $\mathbb C[X_1,\ldots,X_n]=:R$ where each of the $f_i$ is actually over $\mathbb Z$. My computations are usually ...
8
votes
2answers
276 views

Monomial orderings in noncommutative setting

An ordering of monomials in the free associative algebra $k\langle x_1,\ldots,x_n\rangle$ is called a monomial ordering (EDIT: it seems that an equally common term used in this context is "term ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Program for computing group cohomology

Is there any computer program with which I can compute the group cohomology H^n(G,V) for a group G acting linearly on a vector space? I mainly care about infinite groups.
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Basis for modular forms of half-integral weight.

Given a character $\chi$ and $k$ odd how can one compute a basis for the space of modular forms $M_\frac{k}{2}(\Gamma_0(4),\chi)$. By compute a basis I mean, finding the beginning of the Fourier ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

Finding minimal or canonical expressions for Boolean truth tables

This is not an urgent question, but something I've been curious about for quite some time. Consider a Boolean function in n inputs: the truth table for this function has 2n rows. There are uses of ...
7
votes
1answer
471 views

Mathematical software for computing in integral group rings of discrete groups?

I'm doing computations in the integral group ring of a discrete group, in particular the discrete Heisenberg group. In this case elements are integral combinations of monomials $x^k y^m z^n$, where ...
7
votes
1answer
479 views

Are there any sofware packages for computing Picard numbers?

Are there any computer algebra systems (e.g. Macaulay2 og singular) that allows one to compute the Picard number (i.e. the rank of the Neron-Severi group) of a given variety?
7
votes
2answers
332 views

Computing determinants of matrices of linear forms

Suppose we have three $n \times n$ matrices $A$, $B$, $C$ with floating point entries. We would like to compute the polynomial $\det (xA+yB+zC)$. At least in Mathematica, and I think in all computer ...
7
votes
0answers
224 views

Computer Algebra solution for simplicial resolutions for André-Quillen cohomology

Hello, I would like to experiment with André-Quillen (co)homology. Especially for singular rings. A key problem is that the construction of a simplicial resolution of a ring seems to require a rather ...
6
votes
6answers
1k views

What are you using for symbolic computation?

What are the pluses and minuses of different software packages? Anything new worth checking out? I'm especially interested in open source packages.
6
votes
4answers
1k views

how to determine whether an ideal is prime or not by an algorithm

Given polynomials $f_{1},\cdots,f_{n}\in \mathbb{C}[x_{1},\cdots,x_{m}]$, do we have an algorithm to determine whether the ideal $I=(f_{1},\cdots,f_{n})$ is prime ideal or not? Of course, we assume ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Computing only the order of Galois group (not the group itself).

My question is related to this one: Computing the Galois group of a polynomial. I was wondering if there is a faster algorithm just to compute the order of the group rather than the group itself. ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Rational exponential expressions

Consider the following extension of polynomials. The rational exponential expressions (REXes) are given by: The leaves 1 and $x$ for $x$ drawn from a class of variables; and Closed under the binary ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Using MAGMA for Group Theory

I've just started a PhD in Group Theory and need to use the computer programme MAGMA. I wonder if anyone could help me with a couple of (probably very basic things). I need to produce a Hasse ...
6
votes
1answer
313 views

Using math software to show that the following groups are infinite?

I would like to show that the following finitely presented group in 3 generators $P, Q, R$ is infinite in certain cases: $$P^p, Q^q, R^r, (PQ)^2, (QR)^2, (PQR)^2, (QR^{r/2+1})^a (RQR^{r/2})^b$$ For ...
6
votes
1answer
514 views

Is there a good computer package for working with complexes over non-commutative rings?

I'm interested in doing computations with certain non-commutative rings, most of which involve taking derived tensor products. Does anyone know of a computer algebra package which will find ...
6
votes
1answer
587 views

Choosing a fast computer algebra system that works in characteristic p?

Hi all, I want to compute in $\mathbb{F}_q (x)((y))$ i.e. a Laurent series ring over the rational functions over $\mathbb{F}_q$. The computations are fairly basic, but they involve raising to the qth ...
6
votes
1answer
831 views

A 2F1 Hypergeometric identity from a Feynman integral

Using two different approaches to evaluating the dimensionally regularized ($d=4-2\epsilon$ dimensional Euclidean space), equal mass ($x=m^2$), 2-loop vacuum Feynman diagram $$ \begin{align} I(x) ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Constructing a unitary matrix

Setting: Given a set of $n\times n$ matrices $A_i$, I would like to find a linear combination of these matrices $Q = \sum_i A_i x_i$ with $x_i$ a set of complex numbers, such that $Q$ is unitary: ...
6
votes
0answers
405 views

Where can I find tables of dual canonical basis vectors?

Leclerc (arXiv:math/0209133) has given us an algorithm for computing the dual canonical basis of the upper part of a quantised enveloping algebra. Now presumably this algorithm has been implemented ...
5
votes
4answers
815 views

computer algebra system for polynomial algebras over finite fields

Is there a computer algebra system that can do arithmetic over polynomial algebras over finite fields where I can specify the extension? Exempli gratia, if $f(x), g(x) \in ...