The computational-number-theo tag has no wiki summary.

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### algorithm to find a new point of small height in a number field extension

By the height of an algebraic number $\alpha$, I mean the absolute, logarithmic (additive) Weil height $h(\alpha)$; e.g. $h(2^{1/n}) = (\log 2)/n.$
If $K$ is a number field, let $\delta(K)$ denote ...

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96 views

### Comparing the size of two sums

Let $q$ be a prime power and $\mathbb{F}_q$ be the field of $q$ elements.
Let $\mathbb{F}_q[t]$ be the polynomial ring over $\mathbb{F}_q$.
I am working on a research project, where I bounded a ...

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213 views

### Error term for prime harmonic

What is known about the asymptotic behavior of
$$
f(x)=\sum_{p\le x}\frac1p-\log\log x-B_1?
$$
Of course by Mertens we know that $f(x)=o(1),$ but has more been proved (in terms of $O$ or ...

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215 views

### Residues and values of Riemann Zeta function at some points

I need the following computational results for proving something.
Let $1/2 + i\gamma_0$, be the first nontrivial zero of Riemann zeta function, $\zeta(s)$,
i.e. $\gamma_0\sim 14.134...$.
1) what is ...

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50 views

### How can I interpolate between these sets of algebraic integers?

Consider the set $S_d(m)$ of algebraic integers whose minimal polynomials are of degree $\leq d$ and have constant and leading coefficients $+1$, and all other coefficients chosen from the set ...

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170 views

### Monte Carlo variant of Hilbert's Tenth Problem

Let $k \in \mathbb{N}$. Given an algorithm $\mathcal{A}$ which takes
as argument a polynomial $P \in \mathbb{Z}[x_1,\dots,x_k]$ and either
returns true or false, we say that $\mathcal{A}$ works for ...

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225 views

### On the ratio of Gilbreath sequences

Definitions: let $n \in \mathbb{N}_{>0} \cup \{ \infty \}$ and let $E_n$ be the set of sequences $(d_i)_{i=1}^n$ such that $d_1=1$, $d_i$ is an even integer (for $i > 1$) and $0<d_i \le i$. ...

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150 views

### What is the ring $A_{\Gamma}$ in the Cohen-Lenstra Heuristics?

I understand the work in Cohen and Lenstra's paper that leads up to the heuristics themselves, where they count weighted averages of functions defined over isomorphism classes of $A$-modules, where ...

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**1**answer

207 views

### Computing all “suboptimal” rational approximations to $\pi/2$

I have an irrational number $\alpha$ ($\alpha=\frac\pi2$), and I would like to determine all integers $n\in[1,N]$ ($N=10^{16}$) that satisfy
$$ n \epsilon(n)^2 \leq \tau $$
where $\tau$ is a known ...

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162 views

### Fourier expansions of newforms at width-1 cusps

Let $f_E$ be the newform attached to the Elliptic Curve $E$ with cremona label
$\textbf{100a1}$ and let $\alpha = \left[\begin{matrix} 1&0 \\ 10&1 \end{matrix}\right] \in SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$. ...

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153 views

### Rings of algebraic integers as quotients of polynomial rings

The ring of integers $\mathcal{O}_K$ of a number field $K$ is always isomorphic to some ring of the form $\mathbb{Z}[x_1, ..., x_r]/\mathfrak{p}$, where $\mathfrak{p} \subset \mathbb{Z}[x_1, ..., ...

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216 views

### How to define the input of computable function or Turing machine over real numbers

Computation or computability over $\mathbb{N}$ can be extended to computation or computability over $\mathbb{R}$ or even computation or computability over $\mathbb{C}$.The following is a formal ...

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143 views

### Algorithm to compute a common denominator of a finite set of rational numbers

Let $x_1,\dots,x_n \in \mathbb{Q} \cap (0,1)$ be fixed, but unknown, and assume that we know a number $K \in \mathbb{N}$ such that there is a number $N \in \{1,\dots,K\}$ such that $x_1 N,\dots,x_n N ...

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408 views

### Is formula valid for relating $\pi$ with ALL of its OEIS A002485(n)/A002486(n) convergents?

Could anyone try to prove that the below conjectured formula is valid for relating $\pi$ with ALL of its convergents - those, which are described in OEIS via A002485(n)/A002486(n) ?
$$(-1)^n\cdot(\pi ...

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108 views

### Growth of the truncation of the integral multiples of an irrational number

Let $[a]$ denote the integral part of a real number $a$.
Let $a$ be an irrational number and $b$ a real number greater than $1$.
Consider the sequence $(b^n(na-[na]))$ with $n$ running on the ...

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288 views

### Computational complexity of solution of Pell equation and more

What is computational complexity for computing integral solution of Pell equation .It seems to be in P ,and could any one give an algorithm and reference for proof of it's complexity?
And more,could ...

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103 views

### Size of approximate solution of an integer relation

Let $X_1$, ..., $X_n$ be a list of real numbers.
Consider an integer relation equation
$A_1 X_1 + \ldots + A_n X_n = 0$
where $A_1$, ..., $A_n$ are unknown integers.
Suppose somehow we are not so ...

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197 views

### Calculating (n ^ fibonacci(k)) MOD m for a large value of k

The value of $k$ can be very large indeed (up to $10^{12}$). Is there an efficient way to calculate the output?
Edit : 'm' is a prime number.

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259 views

### Number Field Sieve for factorization with non-monic non-linear polynomial. Can't understand calculating ideal valuations

There is a paper "Factoring integers with the number field sieve" (download it here, for example).
I can't understand how they reason the correctness of computing ideal valuations in the case of ...

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82 views

### Is there any track for proving $D=NP$, besides showing that $D$ has polynomial-bounded universal quantifiers?

Background
By the MRDP theorem, every for every recursively enumerable set $S$, there exists a Diophantine polynomial $p$ such that
$$x \in S \iff \exists y_1, \dots, y_n \in \mathbb{N} \text{ such ...

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243 views

### Minkowski successive minima inequality for a lattice base?

Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice of $\mathbb{R}^n$, and $\lambda_i$ be the radius of the smallest ball containing $i$ linearly independent lattice vectors.
The Minkowski successive minima inequality says ...

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296 views

### Valid Difference Sets

Suppose
$$
P \subseteq \{1,2,\dots,N\},\quad |P| = K
$$
We calculate the differences as:
$$
d=p_i-p_j\mod N,\quad i\ne j
$$
Now let $a_d$ denote the number of occurrence of $d$ (for $d = 0, 1, 2, ...

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356 views

### Question on x coordinates of Mordell Curves where $y^2=x^3+k$ and $k^2 = 1$ mod $24$

In my ongoing search for Mordell curves of rank 8 and above I have currently identified 144,499 curves of a type where $k$ is squarefree and $k^2 = 1$ mod $24$.
In each case the x coordinates are ...

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197 views

### Spreading-out integers via multiplication

Let $a_1,...,a_n\in [0,m]$ be a set of $n$ positive integers, where $n<<m$, $m=poly(n)$.
One can assume $m$ is prime.
Is there an efficient, possibly randomized, way to find an integer ...

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253 views

### On Cubic Non-Residues Modulo a Prime [closed]

What is a good test for identifying cubic non-residues/residues and higher power non-residues/residues modulo a prime $R$ in terms of computational complexity?
Given $M$ and $N$, is there a good way ...

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746 views

### Square Root Algorithm

I would like an efficient algorithm for square root of a positive integer. Is there a reference that compares various square root algorithms?

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336 views

### Textbooks on Algorithmic Number Theory

I am looking for a good textbook suitable for graduate or advanced undergraduate students who want to explore algorithmic number theory. Specifically, algorithms for primality testing, and factoring ...

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160 views

### Computational Ring Theory

I have tried to understand and program CGT algorithms though I am a beginner still. But I never get to hear Computational Ring Theory. Even GAP largely supports Groups Theory. Is there some initiative ...

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407 views

### Average involving the Euler phi function

Does
$$\frac{1}{N^2}\sum _{d=1}^N \log d \sum _{n=1}^{N/d} \frac{\phi(n)}{\log (dn)},$$
converges or not when $N$ goes to infinity?

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193 views

### Hejhal's algorithm and computational methods for non-classical Maass wave forms

Hejhal's algorithm [1] was a little gadget invented in the 90's for calculating the Hecke eigenvalues and Fourier coefficients of Maass wave forms. Later, Booker, Strombergsson, and Venkatesh (BSV) ...

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225 views

### When adding a constant makes a multivariate polynomial reducible?

Given a multivariate polynomial $f(x_1,\dots,x_n)$ with integer coefficients, how to find an integer $m$ (if it exists) such that $f(x_1,\dots,x_n) + m$ factors into polynomials of smaller degrees?
...

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196 views

### Transformation of a bivariate polynomial into a homogeneous one

For a given a bivariate polynomial $P(x,y)$ with rational coefficients:
Q1. How compute such (invertible) substitutions of its variables that would transform the polynomial into a homogeneous one? In ...

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485 views

### On reducible polynomials with positive coefficients, $1$ as constant coefficient and certain bounds on coefficients

Given $a \in \mathbb{Z}$ with $a > 1$. Let $g(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ be a polynomial with $g(a)=\pm 1$. Let $h(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ be a polynomial with $h(a)= p$, a prime. Let $g(x)$ and $h(x)$ ...

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### Can a Hamkins infinite time Turing Machine with infinite Super Turing jumps (from higher type oracles) get the power to decide $\Sigma_1^2$ sets?

Hamkins showed that his infinite time Turing machine has the power to decide some $\Delta_2^1$ sets. I wonder if some modifications of the machine could be made to reach level $\Sigma_1^2$ sets, or, ...

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252 views

### Large numbers in small systems

Can we ever know the sum of the first $10^{10^{100}}$ digits of $\pi$?
Can we calgulate the $n$th digit of $\pi$ when the Kolmogorov-complexity of $n$ is larger than the complexity of the calculating ...

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1k views

### Is there a composite number that satisfies these conditions?

We know that if $q=4k+3$ ($q$ is a prime), then $(a+bi)^q=a-bi \pmod q$ for every Gaussian integer $a+bi$. Now consider a composite number $N=4k+3$ that satisfies this condition for the case ...

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724 views

### Numerical evaluation of the Petersson product of elliptic modular forms

It is known how to compute the Fourier expansion of elliptic modular forms using modular symbols, and it is known how to get numerical evaluations of $L$-functions of various type ; it's possible to ...

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435 views

### Proving a least prime factor

Suppose that I find a small prime factor $p$ dividing a large number $n$ and I wish to prove that it is the least prime dividing $n$. There are two obvious approaches: either factor $n/p$, or divide ...

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369 views

### Solving equations in a subset of rational numbers

Let $S$ be a set of all positive rational numbers $x$ such that $2x^2 - 1$ is a square, excluding $x=1$.
I am interested in computing as many as possible solutions in $S$ to either the following ...

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176 views

### Counting modular squares in an interval

For an integer $m$, let $S^m_{x_0,x_1} = \{ t | x_0 ≤ t ≤ x_1 $ and $t$ is a square modulo $m \}$. Let $S^m_x$ = $S^m_{0,x}$.
Determining whether the sets $S^m_x$ are empty is easy (1 is always a ...

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575 views

### Integer partition and sum of squares

Hello,
The question below might be well known, and using different words (I made these up, I'm not a number theorist or specialist in combinatorics)
For all integers $n\geq 2$ denote by ...

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230 views

### Most orthogonal lattice basis

Let $n \in \mathbf{N}$ be a natural number and $v_1,\cdots,v_n$ a set of basis vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$. How does one find the matrix $g \in \mathbf{GL}_n(\mathbb{Z})$ orthogonalizing these best ...

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156 views

### Efficiency in deriving differences of divisor pairs

I have a computational problem where I need to derive the differences in divisor pairs in as few cpu cycles as possible.
In particular I am interested in divisors of numbers of the form ...

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550 views

### 12 descent scripts for pari/gp

I'm looking around for scripts to facilitate 12 descent on Mordell curves, preferably in Pari/gp.
I understand that Magma implements this feature, but unfortunately this software isn't available to ...

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280 views

### Does this notion of pseudoprime relative to a matrix appear in the literature?

Let $M$ be a square matrix with integer entries. Then Fermat's little theorem for matrices holds:
$$\text{tr}(M^p) \equiv \text{tr}(M) \bmod p.$$
This follows by an examination of the action of the ...

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735 views

### Saying things rapidly about integer factorisations

Let $N$ be a positive integer. Thanks to the Miller-Rabin test and the work of Agrawal, Kayal and Saxena, these days people have much much faster algorithms for testing whether $N$ is prime or ...

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571 views

### Recent Fast Multiplication Algorithms for Large Integers

The STOC 2008 paper "Fast Integer Multiplication using Modular Arithmetic" by De et al
http://arxiv.org/abs/0801.1416 shows how to use $p$-adic numbers instead of $\mathbb C$ used in Furer's ...

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119 views

### Is there a security analysis of the GQ digital signature scheme?

I'm doing summer cryptography research and I am have been looking for a security analysis of the Guillou-Quisquater (GQ) digital signature scheme, but I have been unable to find one.
Since this is ...

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701 views

### Computational number theory

Hello everybody!
I am interested in learning computational number theory and doing some computational experiments by computer!
I was wondering which sort of number theory problems can be solved by ...

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1k views

### Fibonacci Numbers Modulo m [closed]

In the paper "Fibonacci Series Modulo m" by D.D. Wall (found here), there is a table in the Appendix listing values for the function $k(p)$. This function is defined as the period of the Fibonacci ...