Using computers to solve geometric problems. Questions with this tag should typically have at least one other tag indicating what sort of geometry is involved, such as ag.algebraic-geometry or mg.metric-geometry.

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3
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2answers
530 views

Area of a Convex Polygon (Described via Half-Planes)

The intersection of a collection of half-planes describes a convex polygon, whose vertices can be constructed in $O(n \log n)$ time using a divide-and-conquer approach (e.g., intersect each half-plane ...
6
votes
3answers
253 views

Minimum separating subdivision in Plane

Hi I was thinking about the following problem: Given a planar Graph embedded in the plane and a set of points $P$ contained in the faces (no face contains more than one point) I want to determine ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

How to efficiently vacuum the house

Let $P$ be a polygon (perhaps with no acute angles inside) and let $L$ be a line segment. The segment may move through the area inside $P$ in straight lines, orthogonal to $L$, or it may pivot on any ...
1
vote
1answer
236 views

Characteristics of locally triangle-free graph

Hi I am given a triangulation $T $ of a set of points $S $ in the plane and a disk $D$ which doesn't contain any triangle. If I now look at the subgraph $G(V,E)$ of $T $ whose vertices are the points ...
1
vote
1answer
259 views

Euclidean neighborhoods on Polyhedral surface

Let $(X, Vertex(X))$ be a Polyhedral surface (defined like in Polthier) , $x_0 \in X$ a vertex. Let $B_\epsilon(x_0)$ the euclidean ball centred at $x_0$ with radius $\epsilon$, $\epsilon > max ...
10
votes
1answer
528 views

Complexity of a weirdo two-dimensional sorting problem

Please forgive me if this is easy for some reason. Suppose given $S$, a set of $n^2$ points in $\mathbb{R}^2$. I want to choose a bijective map $f$ from $S$ to the set of lattice points in $\lbrace ...
1
vote
1answer
500 views

Graph drawing: unrooted undirected tree graphs with specified edge lengths.

Has Joseph Felsenstein's equal daylight layout been analyzed by the graph drawing community? The following description is taken from his drawtree documentation: "This iteratively improves an ...
8
votes
1answer
590 views

Can taking the projective closure of an affine variety increase the degrees of its ideal generators?

Say we have some equations $f_1(x)=0, \ldots f_k(x)=0$ defining a variety $X$ in ${\mathbb C}^n$ (not necessarily a minimal number of generators, and not necessarily of minimal degree), and suppose we ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Weighted area of a Voronoi cell

Let $X = \{ x_1,\dots,x_n\} $ denote a set of $n$ points in the unit square $S = [0,1]\times[0,1]$, and let $w = \{w_1,\dots,w_n\}$ denote a set of weights corresponding to the $n$ points in $X$. ...
1
vote
0answers
189 views

Which rational subfields are corresponding to the two dimensional subspaces of holomorphic differentials

I implemented the algorithm that Felipe Voloch's suggested in his reply to the question: Subfields of a function field the algorithm is here: Subfields of a function field I considered the ...
16
votes
8answers
2k views

Determine if circle is covered by some set of other circles

Suppose you have a set of circles $\mathcal{C} = \{ C_1, \ldots, C_n \}$ each with a fixed radius $r$ but varying centre coordinates. Next, you are given a new circle $C_{n+1}$ with the same radius ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Random Sampling a linearly constrained region in n-dimensions…

Hi, So here is my problem: Given a nonlinear, discontinous, cost function $f(x_1,x_2,..,x_N)$ along with linear constraints $x_n \ge 0, \forall n$ $x_n \le c_n$ and $\sum_{n=1}^N x_n = 1$ find an ...
8
votes
2answers
262 views

Computational methods for dealing with geometrically complicated solid boundaries in fluid-air interface problems

Hello, I am a PhD student who does not have extensive computational experience seeking advice from those experienced with computational modelling as to which method would be most appropriate for ...
1
vote
2answers
221 views

Which data structure should I use for hierarchical T-meshes and PHT-splines?

Recently, I'm working on something about polynomial splines over hierarchical T-meshes, which is basically a rectangular grid that allows T-junctions. I want to do some numerical experiments but I ...
2
votes
1answer
510 views

Sequence of polygons containing the shortest path

Hello all, I’m looking at the weighted region problem i.e. trying to find the shortest weighted path across a polygon subdivision, but at this point in my work, I only need to know the sequence of ...
6
votes
2answers
865 views

Conic hulls and cones

Suppose I have a number of vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n.$ The first question is: what is the most efficient algorithm to compute their "conic hull" (the minimal convex cone which contains them)? The next ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

intersection of convex and non-convex polyhedra

Hi everyone, I am trying to find the best appropriate way to intersect polyhedra which may be non-convex. The number of vertices that build the polyhedron is hence always small (up to 20 or so). ...
6
votes
4answers
692 views

Shortest Path in Plane

Hi I thought about the following problem: Given a polygonal subdivision of the euclidian plane where each of the polygons has a speed associated with it, and given two points s,t, I'm interested in ...
4
votes
3answers
692 views

Area-preserving map between rectangles and fat polygons

Are there any well-known continuous area-preserving maps between fat convex polygons and fat rectangles? Specifically, given a fat convex polygon $C$, is there a natural way to choose a fat rectangle ...
3
votes
1answer
359 views

Fast approximation for local Delaunay simplex?

Consider a function $f(x)$ evaluated at a set of points $x_j\in\mathcal{D}\subset\mathbb{R}^d$. I'm working on the following type of low order interpolation method. Consider the Delaunay tesselation ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Formulas for equidistant curves

Hello, I'm trying to draw on the computer a curve that keeps always the same distance(given as parameter) from a given curve. I know the formula for the given curve. I tried moving perpendicular to ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

Partitioning a polygon into convex parts

I'm looking for an algorithm to partition any simple closed polygon into convex sub-polygons--preferably as few as possible. I know almost nothing about this subject, so I've been searching on Google ...
19
votes
4answers
3k views

Computational software in Algebraic Topology?

I was wondering if there is any good software out there that allows you to do specific computations in algebraic topology. For example: Create a simplicial complex/set and ask questions about its ...
13
votes
2answers
913 views

Subfields of a function field

Is there an algorithm for generating (some or all) subfields of a certain genus of a given function field (even a random one,I mean for example generating a random elliptic subfield of a certain given ...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

Get a point inside a polygon

I have a 2D polygon of arbitrary geometry. I need to find any point that is inside of that polygon. Taking the center won't work, because the polygon might not be convex. Is there a way to quickly ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Homogeneous system of polynomial equations

Hi all, Previously I asked a question that currently has no satisfactory answer Least sum squares given constraints on subcomponents It comes from an engineering problem. I was thinking to formulate ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Numerical solution for a system of multivariate polynomial equations

Hi all, I have a system of 6th-order polynomial equations in 4 variables $q_1, q_2, q_3, q_4$ (i.e. polynomials with all the terms such as $q_1^6, q_2^6, q_2^4 q_3^2$): $P_k(q_1, q_2, q_3, q_4) = 0$ ...
8
votes
1answer
214 views

inferring the slope of a digitized line

Given real numbers $a$ and $b$, and an integer $n \geq 2$, let $f(n,a,b)$ be the minimum of $(nint(ja+b)-nint(ia+b)+1)/(j-i)$ (for $1 \leq i < j \leq n$) minus the maximum of ...
1
vote
1answer
304 views

Pointers/Papers on subdivision of planar quadrilateral meshes (PQ-Mesh) in 3D?

I'm interested in the subdivision of planar quadrilateral meshes (PQ-Meshes). Meshes consisting only of planar quadrilaterals, like discrete Voss surfaces and alike. I've been searching the web for ...
7
votes
2answers
766 views

The straightest possible path embeddable in a path of polygons

I'm studying a problem involving the sets of discrete curves that can be embedded in a non-trivial polygon, from a source to a target point, as shown below. Initially my interest was limited to ...
2
votes
2answers
997 views

Finding points inside innermost convex hull [closed]

Given a set of points $S$ on the Euclidean plane, Onion Peeling determines the nested set $H$ of convex hulls on $S$. Define an analytical formula on $S$ which produces a point, not necessarily in ...
6
votes
4answers
652 views

Algorithm for k-medians in a convex polygon

Are there any known approximation algorithms or exact solution schemes for the k-medians problem in a convex polygon? That is, placing a collection of points $p_1,\dots,p_k \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ in a ...
2
votes
1answer
315 views

When are nontopological bistellar flips manifold-preserving?

A topological bistellar flip is the term used by Dougherty, Faber, and Murphy to describe a bistellar flip that does not cause any face of a complex to be duplicated. Suppose we consider a ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

n-dimensional voronoi diagram

Hi, I need to compute the voronoi diagram of a set of points in $R^n$. I'm quite unschooled on the topic, could someone point me to the right references so that I can a) understand the theory behind ...
0
votes
2answers
561 views

Detect if directed cycle is clockwise or counterclockwise in 3D [closed]

I need to check if cycle given by $(x_1, y_1, z_1), (x_2, y_2, z_2), (x_3, y_3, z_3)$ is clockwise or counterclockwise. I have found this answer: Detecting whether directed cycle is clockwise or ...
5
votes
1answer
420 views

Intersections of irreducible components

Let $V$ be an algebraic variety (not irreducible) over $\mathbb{C}$, defined by an ideal $I = \{f_1,f_2,\dots, f_n\}$. $V$ is not necessarily pure dimensional. Suppose $V = R_1\cup R_2\cup\dots\cup ...
3
votes
1answer
418 views

Algorithm for Ham Sandwich with Points

I just recently learned the Ham Sandwich Theorem in my algebraic topology class. If we take the measure to be the counting measure and let $n=2$, then the theorem tells us that given a set of black ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Detecting whether directed cycle is clockwise or counterclockwise

Given a directed cycle in the plane I need to walk it and detect whether it is clockwise or counterclockwise. My first idea is to gather the sum of the turn angles, where a "left" turn is a negative ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Anuloid (Torus) x line intersection

Hi, I need calculate ray (line) intersection with torus for my ray-tracing program (I know, its to graphics, but i need math behind it). I can solve equation of order x^4, but thats too way slow ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Open questions in mesh generation

A mesh is a discretization of a geometric domain. An unstructured mesh is typically a triangulation. Unstructured meshes are catching up especially in the academic community. I'm looking for open ...
2
votes
2answers
307 views

formulate edge length problem as convex optimization problem

I want to us convex optimization to describe a problem in computational geometry. Let $E = (E_1, E_2,\ldots , E_m) $ be a sequence of line segments in the plane, where $E_1$ and $E_m$ may be points ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

Missing document request

I received a request for another long-lost document: I am wondering if there is any way I might obtain a copy of The geometry of circles: Voronoi diagrams, Moebius transformations, ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

What can be said about the Shadow hull and the Sight hull?

This is a question implicitly raised by Is the sphere the only surface all of whose projections are circles? Or: Can we deduce a spherical Earth by observing that its shadows on the Moon are always ...
1
vote
2answers
776 views

Regular vs. Irregular Vertices in a Mesh

Hi everybody, Reading about Geometry Processing, I have realized that people in this area are very interested in regular vertices(degree=6) rather than irregular ones. Can anybody give me reasons ...
4
votes
0answers
402 views

Generating random polygons from a given triangulation of points

Given a triangulation $T$ of a planar set point $S$, we would like to randomly generate a polygon (hamiltonian cycle) $P$. However, it has been proved that Hamiltonian Circuit Problem on maximal ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Light rays bouncing around inside a sphere in d-dimensions

Suppose $S=\mathbb{S}^d$ is a unit sphere in $(d-1)$ dimensional space, with $d=3$ of special interest. The surface of $S$ is a perfect (internal) mirror. You stand at point $x$ (not the sphere center ...
5
votes
3answers
287 views

What is the most general class of metric spaces for which the closest pair of points in a finite subset can be found in time O(n^(1+eps))?

What is the most general class of metric spaces for which the closest pair of points in any finite subset can be found in time O(n^(1+eps))? I have studied how to do this in O(n log(n)) in the plane, ...
5
votes
1answer
603 views

Minimizing variance of distances between points when mean distance is fixed

In Rd, I have n > d+1 points. The mean distance between pairs of points is 1. How can I minimize the variance of the distances (equivalently, the mean squared distance)? I'm mainly interested in d ...
5
votes
1answer
616 views

Algorithm for embedding a graph with metric constraints

Suppose I have a graph $G$ with vertex set $V$, edge set $E \subseteq {V \choose 2}$, and a weight function $w:E \to \mathbb{R}^{+}$. Is there a nice algorithmic way to decide if there is an ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Computational geometry, tetrahedron signed volume

Short version: I'm trying to compute the orientation of a triangle on a plane, formed by the intersection of 3 edges, without explicitly computing the intersection points. Long version: I need to ...