Using computers to solve geometric problems. Questions with this tag should typically have at least one other tag indicating what sort of geometry is involved, such as ag.algebraic-geometry or mg.metric-geometry.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

5
votes
1answer
1k views

Any reference to an algorithm for finding the largest empty circle on a sphere (with great-circle distance)?

Given a set $S$ of 2D points in the plane, there are known algorithms for finding the largest empty circle ($LEC$) of the set of points. The $LEC$ problem is stated in this way: find a $LEC$ whose ...
1
vote
1answer
173 views

Construction of an integral point set given the set of distances, its minimal description to get a measure of its complexity and its unique identifier

Given a set of distances between every pair of points of an integral point set $P$ of $n$ points; say $D = \{{d_i}\}$. Q1. What is the least time complexity possible/known for recreating the ...
4
votes
1answer
423 views

Checking if a binary vector lies in the affine span of given binary vectors

Let $x_1,\ldots,x_N \in \{0,1\}^D$ be $N$ binary vectors in ${\mathbb R}^D$, assumed affinely independent. Is there an efficient algorithm for determining whether a new binary vector $x_{N+1}$ is in ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Covering the annulus of d-cube

Given a convex body $C\subset R^d$ and a positive real $\lambda$, any set of the form $\lambda C + x = \{ \lambda c+x \mid c\in C \}$, for some $x\in R^d$, is called a homothetic copy of $C$. The ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Covering the annulus of symmetric convex body

Consider a symmetric convex body $A$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$. Now, we draw another object, $A'$, concentric and translated with respect to $A$ and having radius slightly greater than twice to the radius of ...
4
votes
1answer
511 views

Algorithms for covering a rectilinear polygon using the same multiple rectangles

Sorry for the crossing-posting: original post is here All angles of the polygon (representing a room) are right. It may be convex or concave. Use rectangles of the same size (representing a sensor ...
4
votes
1answer
246 views

convex polyhedron in the unit cube

Let $P$ be a given finite set of points within the $n$-dimensional unit cube. A finite set $Q$ of points within the $n$-dimensional unit cube covers $P$ if $\operatorname{conv}(Q) \supseteq P$ where ...
4
votes
1answer
345 views

Biggest ball included in an intersection of balls

I would like to prove that for any family of balls $\{B(c_i,r_i)\}_i \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ such that $\{c_1, \dots, c_n\} \subset \bigcap_i B(c_i,r_i) $ and $\forall i, r_i \geq 1$, there exists a ...
3
votes
1answer
178 views

Number of isomorphism classes of triangulations of a convex polygon

The number of triangulations of a convex $n$-gon is $C_{n-2}$ the $n-2$nd Catalan number. What I am wondering, is if there is a way to enumerate the isomorphism types of these as graphs? I am ...
2
votes
1answer
486 views

Regularity of Delaunay triangulation of a hypercube

First using a three dimensional unit cube as an example for the term "regularity", we can have two possible triangulations: (A) (B) We say the lower triangulation is more "regular" than upper ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Trilateration problem

When trying to develop an algorithm for a program, I got with the following problem: Determine the approximate location of $O$, if you can take finite samples $P_n$ from known locations and always ...
48
votes
2answers
1k views

Reasons to prefer one large prime over another to approximate characteristic zero

Background: In running algebraic geometry computations using software such as Macaulay2, it is often easier and faster to work over $\mathbb F_p = \mathbb Z / p\mathbb Z$ for a large prime $p$, rather ...
0
votes
2answers
271 views

Higher dimensional convex hull

Let $CH(S)$ be a convex hull of a finite set $S$ and denote the set of all the vertices of $CH(S)$ as $Vert(S)$. For a vertex $v \in Vert(S)$, it has an associated set $E(v)$ which is defined as ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Inferring the properties of a visibility blocker tangential to a point-like light source

Imagine there's a point-like particle undergoing radioactive decay at some position $(0,0,0)$ in Euclidean $3$-space. We encapsulate this particle with a spherical detector for the decay products it ...
1
vote
0answers
106 views

Boundary surfaces in a 3d Voronoi tessellation with obstacles

Let $x_1,\dots,x_n$ be a set of points in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and let $\mathcal{O}_1 ,\dots, \mathcal{O}_m$ denote a set of polyhedral obstacles. What is the name for the surfaces that describe the ...
6
votes
2answers
353 views

Intersection of 2 visibility polygons

Let $P$ be a simple, closed and bounded polygon and $p_1,p_2 \in \mathrm{int}(P)$ be two points in its interior. Is it true that the intersection of the visibility polygons of $p_1$ and $p_2$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

The discrete theory of compressible fluids dynamics

I am working on the discrete theory of compressible fluids dynamics, i.e., numerically solving and simulating the compressible fluids , we are interested in the way using discrete exterior calculus, ...
0
votes
2answers
185 views

Incidences of quadratic forms and points

Is there anything that is known about what is the maximal number of incidences between quadratic forms and points? I looked at the internet and I haven't found anything that works for something that ...
1
vote
0answers
137 views

minimizing the sum of euclidean norms

minimizing the sum of euclidean norms with box constraints I am a graduate student in computer science, making a thesis on uncertainty geometry. During my thesis I came across the following ...
3
votes
2answers
382 views

Questions on Discrete Exterior Calculus in numerial computing

I have several questions about the Discrete Exterior Calculus (DEC) in the numerical method for solving partial differential equation in physics: (Discrete Exterious Calculus is the newly developed ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Uniformly sampling the solution space for points where the free termini of two rays, anchored at 3-space points, can intersect

I have two rays, one of length $L_1$ and one of length $L_2$. I anchor these rays, each at one end, on the 3-space points $p_1$ and $p_2$. Assuming that the Euclidean distance between $p_1$ and ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Triangulation of the surface determined by sampling two of its cross-sections

I have a data set that essentially looks like the picture below, i.e., it's given by sets of points in $\mathbb{R}^3$ that sample the cross-sections of a certain surface that in principle I do not ...
7
votes
1answer
187 views

Fractional Helly for more than one piercing

Fractional Helly Theorem says the following: For every $0<\alpha\leq 1$ there exists $\beta = \beta(d, \alpha)$ with the following property. Let $C_1 , C_2 , ..., C_n$ be convex sets in $R^d$, $n ...
3
votes
1answer
220 views

What properties does generalized Delaunay triangulation have?

Suppose that instead of the usual circle, we pick some other convex set D and make the Delaunay triangulation of a finite planar point set with respect to this set, i.e. connect two points if there is ...
2
votes
0answers
249 views

Find minimum-area ellipse enclosing a set of ellipses, all centered at the origin

Given a set of N > 2 (two-dimensional and coplanar) ellipses, all centered at the origin, how do I find the ellipse with the minimum area which encloses all of them? Background: Thanks to Will Jagy ...
5
votes
2answers
740 views

Find minimum-area ellipse which encloses two ellipses

I need an efficient algorithm to find the ellipse with the smallest possible area which encloses two given ellipses. The given ellipses are constrained to have coincident centers at the origin but can ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

Intersection of Cones in Three Space

In several branches of applied mathematics the problem arises to describe the intersection of two cones in three space. I have searched and found a few references that discuss the problem for cones ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Projection of a point to a convex hull in d dimensions

Hi, I've got n points in d dimensions (typically n is around 30k-60k and d is 5 or 6). I'm using qhull to calculate the Delaunay triangulation and the convex hull of the set of points. You can ...
3
votes
2answers
782 views

Find longest segment through centroid of 2D convex polygon?

Given a 2D convex polygon P and its centroid C, how do I find the longest line segment passing through C, where the endpoints of the segment lie on the boundary of P? Intuitively I imagine there ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Subtract Rectangle from Polygon

I'm looking for an algorithm that will subtract a rectangle from a simple, concave polygon and return a remainder of polygons. If the rectangle encloses the polygon, the remainder is null. In most ...
0
votes
0answers
265 views

Determining the simplices in freudenthal triangulation

HI, I have a doubt on Freudenthal Triangulation. I want to partition a simplex into finer simplices. The FT gives me the vertices of the simplices which partition my original simplex into ...
1
vote
0answers
464 views

Solving 3D equation system (inverse-projecting a triangle)

Please, how is the equation system below named exactly (to search further literature)? Does it have an analytical solution? If it doesn't, then what could be the fastest numerical method for it ...
1
vote
0answers
159 views

Compute generalized pentagram map

Hi, (This is my first question on MathOverflow! :-) Imagine you have a set of points $S = \{p_1, \ldots, p_n\}$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$, of which $t$ are "bad". I want to compute a "safe convex hull", ...
10
votes
3answers
575 views

Algorithms in Invariant Theory

Let $V$ be a polynomial representation of the general linear group $\Gamma:=\DeclareMathOperator{\Gl}{Gl}\Gl_n(\newcommand{\C}{\mathbb C}\C)$. In chapter 4.6 of his book "Algorithms in Invariant ...
5
votes
5answers
683 views

Finding an axis-aligned ellipsoid of minimal volume which contains a given ellipsoid

A friend asked me to post the following question. He's not an MO user and felt it would be better received if asked by someone who was already known to the community. This is not my area, but I'll do ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Get Largest Inscribed Rectangle of a Concave Polygon

I'm looking for an algorithm to find a set of largest inscribed rectangles of a concave polygon where each rectangle must be collinear with one of the edges of the polygon. In other words, I want to ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

Covering a Polygon with Rectangles

I am tyring to cover a simple concave polygon with a minimum rectangles. My rectangles can be any length, but they have maximum widths, and the polygon will never have an acute angle. I thought about ...
3
votes
2answers
487 views

The (Sigma) Algebra of Convex Sets

This is a question-by-proxy for a colleague from computer science. I'm sure many people here are already aware that convex decomposition forms an important sub-field of both computational geometry and ...
2
votes
2answers
794 views

Decomposing a polygon with holes

It is known that given a polygon $P$ with holes it is NP-hard to find a decomposition of $P$ into convex polygons, s.t. their number is minimized (even if Steiner points are allowed). I am wondering ...
1
vote
0answers
186 views

Techniques for refining or constraining a Voronoi diagram?

I have a dataset coming from weather stations where each vertex used to generate the Voronoi diagram is the lat/long of the station. As such, each cell represents the area whose weather is being ...
0
votes
0answers
210 views

Orientation predicate CG

Shewchuk 97 gives me the orientation of 4 points, by finding the sign of a determinant, where the matrix is composed of the coordinates of the points. So, the signed volume of a tetrahedron, or which ...
11
votes
3answers
562 views

finding the most-isolated point in a high-dimensional cube

I have a set of points {$x_1,\ldots,x_n$} located in the d-dimensional unit cube $[0,1]^d$. $n$ is about 1000 and $d$ is about 25. I'd like to find $\max_{\omega\in [0,1]^d}\min_{i=1,\ldots,n} ...
4
votes
1answer
339 views

Are point sets of the same order type connected by continuous (order type)-preserving motion?

Given two general position point sets in $\mathbb{R}^2$ of the same size and order type, is it possible to continuously move the points of one set until they coincide with those of the other set in ...
5
votes
5answers
817 views

Segments of Voronoi Diagrams on smooth manifolds. Are they geodesics?

Let $S$ be a patch of a smooth 2-manifold in $\mathbb{R}^3$, and pick two distinct points $a,\ b \in S$. Let $c$ be the set of points on $S$ equidistant to $a$ and $b$, where distance is defined by ...
3
votes
3answers
672 views

How to find the minimum number of hyperplanes to define a convex hull?

I have the following problem: I have a convex hull $\Omega$ defined by a set of n-dimensional hyperplanes $S = [(n_1,d_1), (n_2,d_2),...,(n_k,d_k)]$ such that a point $p \in \Omega$ if $n_i^T p \geq ...
2
votes
2answers
670 views

maximum number of shortest path among a set of n triangle obstacles

Assume that we have a two distinct points. The number of shortest path between these two points is one. When we add a triangle obstacle to the plane and this triangle intersects the line connecting ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

practical algorithm for constrained triangulation in two dimensions?

I'm looking for an algorithm that is easy to implement in practice (resulting in small amount of code), preferably incremental. As far as I know, the biggest problem with incremental constrained ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Minimum distance between two arbitrary circles in space?

What is the minimum distance between two arbitrary circles in space? I am working out the problem with Maxima, but I am surprised by how complicated this rapidly turns out to unfold for such a ...
5
votes
1answer
260 views

Checking if one polytope is contained in another

Hi, I have two sets of inequalities, say, $Ax \leq 0$ and $Bx \leq 0$. I would like to know if they both define the same polytope. Or, even, whether one is contained in the other. At the moment I am ...
4
votes
2answers
587 views

Area ratio of a minimum bounding rectangle of a convex polygon

Take a convex polygon $P$ in the plane, and find its minimum area bounding rectangle, $R$. I'm interested in the ratio of the area of $R$ to the area of $P$. The ratio has a minimum of $1$ for ...